Edgardo Etchezahar

Edgardo Etchezahar
National Scientific and Technical Research Council | conicet · CIIPME - Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigaciones en Psicología Matemática y Experimental "Dr. Horacio J. A. Rimoldi"

Doctor of Psychology

About

88
Publications
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Introduction
Social Psychology. Social learning. Prejudice, stereotype and discrimination. Social justice (redistribution, recognition, representation). Inclusive education. Self and identity.
Education
March 2009 - March 2013
Universidad de Buenos Aires
Field of study
  • Facultad de Psicología

Publications

Publications (88)
Article
Full-text available
The current article describes the validation of the Attitudes towards Maghrebis in Education (AMES) scale in the Spanish context and examines the relation with other psychosocial variables. A Spanish sample of 807 participants aged between 18 and 80 years old completed the AMES. The analyses were performed using CFA, mainly considering the statisti...
Article
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Teacher training programs usually contain specific psychoeducational aspects, but these should also promote citizenship competences based on social justice in order to encourage a more sustainable world. The three dimensions of Social Justice, the Belief in a Just World (BJW) and Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) are psychosocial variables linked...
Article
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Among the studies on prejudice that consider its indirect expressions, we point out the absence of instruments for measuring prejudice towards people affected by poverty. The objective of this study was to adapt and validate a scale of subtle and blatant prejudice towards people living in poverty, as well as to analyse its relationships with variab...
Article
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The Cognitive Fusion Questionnaire (CFQ) consists in an instrument used to measure cognitive fusion. Cognitive fusion can be described as a core process in the psychopathology model of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). The purpose of this study was to adapt the CFQ for the Argentinian population, to validate it through a confirmatory factor...
Article
In recent years the percentage of Latin American immigrants in Argentina has grown all over the country. However, due to the economic crisis that the country is going through, the State offers economic support to the entire population, even to Latin American immigrants living in Argentina. Therefore, prejudiced attitudes towards these minority grou...
Article
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The current article describes the adaptation and validation of the Self-compassion Scale (SCS) developed by Neff (2003a) in an argentine sample of undergraduate college students and examines the factor structure of the scale to test three distinct models: six-factor correlated, second higher order, and single-bifactor. An argentine sample of underg...
Article
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This study aims to understand how willingness to help people in poverty and the agreement with providing government aid are connected to emotions and attributional processes, in a country with a high poverty rate such as Argentina. Differences in poverty attributions and emotions among self-reported social class are also analysed. A total sample of...
Article
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En respuesta a las necesidades educativas presentadas a causa de la pandemia de COVID-19, las instituciones de educación superior implementaron la educación a distancia, adoptando el aprendizaje en línea como modalidad de enseñanza. Este cambio repentino trajo consigo un abanico de problemas para el alumnado y el profesorado, tales como afecciones...
Article
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Emotional intelligence (EI) is a fundamental skill related to different aspects of human life, such as psychological well-being or mood states. The present study has a triple objective: first, to explore the psychometric properties of the TMMS-24 in three Spanish-speaking countries (Argentina, Ecuador, and Spain); second, to examine the relation of...
Article
RESUMEN Cada año aumenta de forma ostensible la cantidad de población migrante a nivel global que intenta acceder al sistema educativo, encontrándose con múltiples dificultades para su integración, incluyendo la integración en materia de género. Diferentes estudios han analizado el grado de integración de la población migrante en el ámbito educativ...
Article
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Cada año aumenta de forma ostensible la cantidad de población migrante a nivel global que intenta acceder al sistema educativo, encontrándose con múltiples dificultades para su integración, incluyendo la integración en materia de género. Diferentes estudios han analizado el grado de integración de la población migrante en el ámbito educativo, así c...
Article
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The aim of this research is to recognize the burnout levels in a group of high school teachers that exercised their profession during the COVID-19 pandemic, looking forward to examining the correlation between burnout levels, trait emotional intelligence and socioemotional competencies (Autonomy, Regulation, Prosocial Behaviour and Empathy). The st...
Article
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Las instituciones educativas cada vez se plantean, con una mayor frecuencia, incorporar prácticas que persigan la inclusión socioeducativa. Sin embargo, ciertas variables psicosociales pueden dificultar que se produzca este cambio entre el profesorado. El objetivo principal del presente estudio fue investigar diferentes creencias de futuros maestro...
Article
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Precarious manhood beliefs portray manhood, relative to womanhood, as a social status that is hard to earn, easy to lose, and proven via public action. Here, we present cross-cultural data on a brief measure of precarious manhood beliefs (the Precarious Manhood Beliefs scale [PMB]) that covaries meaningfully with other cross-culturally validated ge...
Article
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El uso de teléfonos celulares ha aumentado exponencialmente en la mayoría de los países del mundo. Desde una perspectiva psicológica, se han desarrollado diferentes técnicas para evaluar el nivel de dependencia hacia el uso del teléfono móvil, y el test TDMB es una de las más utilizadas. Objetivo. El objetivo principal del trabajo fue realizar la a...
Article
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The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the subtle and blatant prejudice scale toward indigenous people in Argentina and its relationship with right wing authoritarianism, social dominance orientation, tolerance for disagreement, ideological-political self-positioning, sex and age. A sample of 304 participants from Bueno...
Article
This study validates the Mood Questionnaire for adults in three Spanish-speaking countries: Argentina, Ecuador, and Spain. It then analyzes the influence of gender and cultural differences on mood, and whether there is a relationship between mood, emotional intelligence, and the Avoidance of Responsibility. A convenience sample of 1048 adults, with...
Article
Men sometimes withdraw support for gender equality movements when their higher gender status is threatened. Here, we expand the focus of this phenomenon by examining it cross‐culturally, to test if both individual‐ and country‐level variables predict men's collective action intentions to support gender equality. We tested a model in which men's zer...
Article
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In Argentina, as well as in many countries, indigenous people have been the target of prejudice for centuries. This situation mostly dates to the “Conquest of the Desert”, a military campaign waged by the Argentine government against the indigenous population during the late 19th century. Although in the last three decades, indigenous groups’ claim...
Article
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Throughout history men and women have maintained intimate relationships based on structural asymmetry or inequality, which they maintain is a set of sexist attitudes such as chivalry, added to a conventional framework and stability according to authoritarianism and gender roles beliefs, based on attributes belong to each gender. The aim of the pres...
Article
El fundamentalismo religioso expresa un conjunto de creencias basadas en una interpretación literal de un manuscrito considerado sagrado, con una exigencia intransigente de sometimiento a una doctrina. Diferentes variables psicosociales como el autoritarismo, la dominancia social, la necesidad de cierre y la ideología del rol de género han sido est...
Article
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The notion of citizenship has changed since its origins to the present, moving forward toward societies that are less participatory in socio-political issues but that are more inclusive. Likewise, citizenship conceptions are directly related to the most frequent sociopolitical participation of future teachers. The main aim of the study was to inves...
Article
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El objetivo del presente trabajo fue describir la relación entre las actitudes y uso del Lenguaje Inclusivo (LI) con las variables demográficas género y edad. El Lenguaje Inclusivo es aquel uso del lenguaje que no reconoce al género masculino como genérico de la humanidad, buscando reducir los estereotipos y discriminación a través de la comunicaci...
Presentation
The use of cell phones has increased exponentially in most countries of the world, since there are as many people as mobile devices. In Argentina, different studies state that the penetration rate (number of cell phones per inhabitant) has increased, bringing the figure of 39.9 million users to 44.5 million. Now, what is the line that divides the a...
Article
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This study describes the social representation of indigenous people and analyzes the existence of differential positioning according to subtle and blatant prejudice levels. Participants (N = 304 residents from Buenos Aires, aged 18-41) answered the word association technique and the subtle and blatant prejudice scale towards indigenous people. The...
Conference Paper
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Una creciente cantidad de estudios en psicología política se han ocupado de evaluar distintas variables psicosociales asociadas con la justificación de la desigualdad. Sin embargo, a pesar de contar con escalas adaptadas y validadas en Argentina, se registran escasos antecedentes que evalúen las propiedades psicométricas de las mismas fuera de las...
Article
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A partir del desarrollo de nuevas tecnologías en el campo de la psicoterapia surge la necesidad de contar con pruebas válidas y confiables que permitan indagar la presencia de sintomatología desde el formato on-line. El objetivo del trabajo fue desarrollar una escala que permita evaluar sintomatología de ansiedad, depresión, relaciones interpersona...
Article
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Los temas vinculados a la sexualidad, y más específicamente la orientación sexual, han tomado significativa importancia en los últimos años, sobre todo en la adolescencia tanto en ámbitos educativos como en el campo de la salud. En Argentina no se dispone de estudios que permitan com- prender la naturaleza de la orientación sexual en adolescentes....
Chapter
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Hoy en día, es posible encontrar una gran diversidad de concepciones acerca del término justicia social. En las últimas décadas, en el campo teórico de diversas disciplinas, se han logrado grandes avances para consensuar una concepción común acerca de un concepto tan tremendamente subjetivo como es el de justicia social. En este sentido, es importa...
Chapter
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A lo largo del siglo XX los estudios sociales en torno al género cobraron fuerza a partir de los traba-jos sobre las influencias culturales, los procesos de socialización y otros factores psicosociales clave que han influido en su desarrollo como los estereotipos y el prejuicio (Pilcher & Whelehan, 2016). Es a partir de estos desarrollos que existe...
Book
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Las personas viven inmersas en un entorno social estructurado simbólicamente que dan por supuesto. Lo piensan del mismo modo que al mundo natural y solo lo cuestionan ante situaciones específicas. Sin embargo, ese entorno es una construcción colectiva que, así como se transmite, puede reconstruirse. Representaciones sociales, prejuicio y relaciones...
Article
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The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Personal and General Belief in a Just World (BJW) Scales. Through a confirmatory factor analysis, the internal structure of both scales was examined by testing if they measure the same global construct or if they constitute two different dimensions. The internal consistency of...
Article
Psychological factors that encourage—as well as discourage— participation in social protest are often overlooked in the social sciences. In this article, we draw together recent contributions to the understanding of the social and psychological bases of political action and inaction from the perspective of system justification theory. This perspect...
Article
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Based on the model of Social Justice in Education (3-R´s): Redistribution, Recognition and Representation, some researchers have studied the student´s social justice representation. However, there are not so many empirical studies focused in the analysis of psychosocial variables that could be related with the social justice representation. In this...
Article
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Sexist prejudice in Argentina is a current problem given that during 2017 more than 16,000 calls for gender violence were made. From a psychological perspective, ambivalent sexism is composed of hostile and benevolent sexism. The first describes the hostility towards women who do not conform to traditional gender roles and the second defines subjec...
Article
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It is commonly assumed that political attitudes are driven by self-interest and that poor people heavily favor policies aimed at redistributing wealth. This assumption fails to explain the popularity of economic conservatism and the degree of support for the capitalist system. Such outcomes are typically explained by the suggestion that most poor p...
Article
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Emergency lands in Argentina or "villas" (suburbs) are the result of migratory movements, and their inhabitants are a minority group called “villeros” (inhabitants of shantytowns). Sometimes the term is used with a negative connotation being associated to different kinds of criminal behavior. Thereby, prejudice levels towards shantytowns’ inhabitan...
Article
Right wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation are two main variables for the analysis of different phenomena in Political Psychology. In this line, it is stated that both independent constructs are targeting different worldviews, but that would be found linked, varying its level of relations, based on certain characteristics of the s...
Article
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Resumen Las visiones del mundo son esquemas mentales que se presentan accesibles al individuo a través del proceso de socialización cultural, generando cosmovisiones sociales estables. Dos visiones del mundo, como un lugar peligroso (DW) y como una jungla competitiva (CW), han sido ampliamente estudiadas. Ambas se relacionan con 2 actitudes sociale...
Article
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Prejudice defined as an antipathy based on faulty and inflexible generalization, directed towards a group as a whole or to an individual as a member of it, has been considered widespread. In this sense, it has been shown that individuals who typically have high levels of prejudice towards a particular social group, usually also express high levels...
Chapter
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En este capítulo nos proponemos realizar un recorrido por las características fundamentales del prejuicio, entendiéndolo como una de las manifestaciones mas comunes de la existencia de relaciones intergrupales de tipo conflictivas en una sociedad. Para ello, explicaremos los principales enfoques teóricos y definiciones que históricamente se han pro...
Article
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Even though prejudice toward male homosexuality is one of the main reasons for discrimination in Argentina, there is no valid measure to assess it. The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Attitudes Toward Gay Men Scale (ATG) and to examine the influence of sex, right wing authoritarianism, and social dominance orient...
Article
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La centralidad de la religión y las orientaciones religiosas han sido estudiadas en sus relaciones con el autoritarismo debido a que dichas expresiones de la religiosidad ofrecen un marco social convencional estable, el cual incluye una serie de pautas que rigen el comportamiento del sujeto autoritario. Sin embargo, estudios previos que analizaron...
Article
El prejuicio ha sido descrito como un fenómeno generalizado ya que individuos prejuiciosos hacia determinados grupos sociales también suelen serlo hacia otros. Sin embargo, estudios recientes indican que la percepción de peligro expresada por el autoritarismo del ala de derechas y la percepción de competencia intergrupal, expresada por la orientaci...
Article
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p>El objetivo principal de este trabajo fue conocer cuáles son los principales estereotipos de la mujer en una muestra de jóvenes adolescentes de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, para luego indagar cuál es su valoración de tales estereotipos y analizar si los mismos pueden ser categorizados como hostiles, benevolentes o de otro tipo. Participaron del est...
Article
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Prejudice has been described as a generalized phenomenon because individuals who express prejudice towards certain social groups also tend to express prejudice toward other groups. However, recent studies indicate that the perception of danger expressed by right-wing authoritarians and the perception of intergroup competence expressed by individual...
Article
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Uno de los principales conceptos que se ha estudiado en la psicología social y política es el autoritarismo, dado que el mismo es uno de los principales moduladores de las relaciones intergrupales. Si bien se han desarrollado diferentes perspectivas psicológicas para su análisis, la definición del constructo como una covariación de tres conglomerad...
Article
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Anomie is a phenomenon which not only affects daily life but also the quality of institutions and therefore, as studied by economic neo-institutionalism, the possibilities of economic development. So far the treatment of this phenomenon comes predominantly from the sociological theory. In the fi rst part of this paper we recognize some of Emile Dur...
Article
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El objetivo principal de este trabajo fue analizar los diferentes procesos psicológicos involucrados en la construcción de género a partir de la Teoría de la Identidad Social. En primer lugar, se analiza cómo los individuos mantienen su autoestima a partir de la identificación con diferentes grupos sociales, a la vez que opera el pensamiento catego...
Article
The Social Dominance Theory explains individuals’ desire to establish and maintain social hierarchies by subordination of certain groups upon others. The Social Dominance Orientation Scale was constructed so as to evaluate individual differences in this construct. Originally, the first version of the scales had a unidimensional structure;however...
Article
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The Social Dominance Theory explains individuals’ desire to establish and maintain social hierarchies by subordination of certain groups upon others. The Social Dominance Orientation Scale was constructed so as to evaluate individual differences in this construct. Originally, the frst version of the scales had a unidimensional structure; however, s...
Article
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La caballerosidad ha sido estudiada como una forma de sexismo que favorece la desigualdad entre los sexos. Una de las principales discusiones sobre esta temática ha sido si las creencias sobre la caballerosidad difieren según el sexo, debido a que diferentes trabajos señalan que los hombres serían quienes fomentan el desarrollo de esta forma de pre...
Article
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The main objective of this study was to determine which woman stereotypes are most common in a group of young adolescents from Buenos Aires; to then see how they value these stereotypes and analyse whether they can be categorised as hostile, benevolent or of another kind. The total sample was composed of 250 secondary school students from Buenos Ai...
Article
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El objetivo principal del trabajo que se in- forma fue adaptar y validar la Escala de Creencia Global en un Mundo Justo ( Global Belief in a Just World Scale - GBJWS) de Lipkus (1991) en una muestra de estudiantes universitarios de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires (Argentina). Se admi- nistró un instrumento de evaluación a 328 estu- diantes con edades ent...
Article
The researches on the Belief in a Just World (BJW) started in the 60' with the experimental studies carried out by Lerner (Lerner, 1965, 1980; Lerner & Clayton, 2011; Lerner & Simmons, 1966). Those studies pointed out that social injustices are frightening for individuals, therefore they need to belief that everyone gets what deserve during his or...
Article
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Allport and Ross (1967) originally developed the religious orientation concept, identifying two types: intrinsic and extrinsic orientation. Later, Batson (1976) conceptualized a third type: the quest orientation, measured by the unidimensional Quest Religious Orientation Key Words: Scale. However, subsequent works have reported the presence of a th...
Article
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Inicialmente la Religiosidad y la Espiritualidad fueron categorías utilizadas indistintamente en la literatura académica. Sin embargo, actualmente se plantean como categorías independientes, tanto en términos de opuestos como complementarios. En este sentido, ciertos aspectos de la religiosidad –en mayor medida que de la espiritualidad– se han asoc...
Data
Different theoretical perspectives have been developed within the psychology framework for the analysis of the authoritarian phenomenon. They constituted some of the background lines of what would afterwards be considered as the field of Political Psychology. The first approach takes place in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century's, along...
Article
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The historical construction of social roles that men and women must fulfil reveals a traditional gender role ideology that favours the maintenance of inequality. This study analyses gender role ideology according to sex, age, acceptance of women's rights and acceptance-rejection of gay marriage. The analysis was carried out with a sample composed o...
Article
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Con el trabajo pionero de Allport y Ross (1967) comenzaron a estudiarse empíricamente las orientaciones religiosas. Inicialmente, se observaron 2 orientaciones: extrínseca e intrínseca. Tiempo más tarde, a partir de análisis factorial confirmatorios, se observó que la orientación extrínseca estaba compuesta a su vez por 2 dimensiones, la extrínseca...
Article
Full-text available
Different theoretical perspectives have been developed within the psychology framework for the analysis of the authoritarian phenomenon. They constituted some of the background lines of what would afterwards be considered as the field of Political Psychology. The first approach takes place in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century’s, along...
Article
Full-text available
Since the pioneering work of Allport and Ross (1967) religious orientations began to be studied empirically. Initially 2 orientations were observed: extrinsic and intrinsic. However, confirmatory factor analysis later revealed that the extrinsic orientation consisted of 2 dimensions: social extrinsic and personal extrinsic (Gorsuch & McPherson, 198...
Article
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There is a broad consensus on the conceptualization of the phenomenon of authoritarianism in the terms proposed by Altemeyer (1981, 1996) as the covariation of three attitudinal clusters: authoritarian aggression, authoritarian submission and conventionalism. Recent studies indicate an inconsistency between this theoretical proposal to define the c...
Article
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El presente trabajo tiene por objetivo analizar las diferentes conceptualizaciones del prejuicio desde una perspectiva psicológica. Inicialmente se presenta una distinción con otros dos conceptos afines (estereotipos y discriminación). Posteriormente se proponen cuatro períodos histórico-conceptuales en los que se estudió el prejuicio: 1) desde la...
Article
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Actualmente existe un amplio consenso respecto a la conceptualización del fenómeno del autoritarismo en los términos propuestos por Altemeyer (1981, 1996), como la covariación de tres conglomerados actitudinales: la agresión autoritaria, la sumisión autoritaria y el convencionalismo. Estudios recientes indican una inconsistencia entre esa propuesta...
Article
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En los últimos años se han incrementado los estudios que exploran la relación entre la personalidad y la autoestima desde el Modelo de los Cinco Factores (FFM) y la Teoría de los Cinco Factores (FFT). Aunque se observan asociaciones robustas entre ciertos factores de la personalidad y la autoestima, la naturaleza teórica de ésta relación es tema de...
Conference Paper
Uno de los enfoques para el estudio de la personalidad que concentra mayor cantidad de investigaciones es el modelo de los Cinco Factores de la Personalidad (FFM; Costa y McCrae, 1987). De acuerdo con este modelo, la personalidad puede comprenderse a partir de la evaluación de cinco grandes dimensiones: Apertura a la experiencia, Responsabilidad, E...
Article
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Este artículo examina las diferentes corrientes de investigación que estudiaron al fenómeno del autoritarismo desde una perspectiva psicológica. Se consideran los límites y alcances de los trabajos del Grupo de Berkeley acerca de la personalidad autoritaria y del Dogmatismo de Rokeach para establecer la especificidad de la relevancia de los estudio...
Conference Paper
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En la actualidad se considera de gran relevancia la necesidad de incrementar diversos abordajes desde el plano psicosocial y cultural que puedan dar cuenta de las problemáticas actuales que enfrenta la población docente (Rabadà & Artazcoz, 2002). Para algunos investigadores, los sujetos que llevan un ritmo distinto del de la mayoría de las personas...
Conference Paper
En contexto del Programa de Reconocimiento Institucional de la Facultad de Ciencias Sociales (UBA 2008/2009) se realizará un estudio descriptivo exploratorio con población docente de Capital Federal y Gran Buenos Aires a efectos de indagar sobre las estrategias de afrontamiento de dicha población. Es nuestro objetivo focalizar sobre los factores co...