Edet Udoh

Edet Udoh
University of Uyo | UNIUYO · Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension

PhD (Agricultural Economics)

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67
Publications
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661
Citations

Publications

Publications (67)
Article
Full-text available
Although, Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are faced with numerous challenges that threaten their existence and survival, it is widely recognized that they are the major drivers of sustainable economic growth, sources of income and panacea for poverty reduction in developing countries. This precocity of small entrepreneurial organizations in ent...
Article
It is widely recognized that Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) are the major drivers of sustainable economic growth, sources of income generation and panacea for poverty reduction in developing countries. Unfortunately, they are faced with numerous challenges that threaten their existence and survival. This precarity of small entrepreneurial orga...
Article
Full-text available
In spite of the enormous benefits derivable from pig production, farmers are yet to fully maximize output due largely to inefficiency in the use of resources. An empirical study was carried out to examine the technical efficiency of resource use in swine production under different waste management strategies. Multistage sampling procedure was emplo...
Article
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Farmer organizations are effective mechanisms for increasing agricultural production, darners income and reducing poverty. Regrettably, farmers have not taken advantage of the lofty benefits accruable to those who voluntarily join these organizations. The study estimated the factors influencing households decision to participate in cooperative orga...
Article
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Generally, study analysed the food safety practices of household food preparers in Akwa Ibom state. A multi-stage sampling procedure was used to collect cross-sectional data from 457 respondents. Specifically, study determined the prevalence, margin and intensity of and factors influencing food safety practices of household food preparers. Given tw...
Article
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The study is an attempt to examine the influence of macroeconomic variables on the growth of fishery sub-sector in Nigeria. The study covers the period from 1961 and 2017. The results apparently revealed that aquaculture production, artisanal fish production, and total fish production, grew exponentially at the rate of 8.90%, 3.75%, and 4.25% respe...
Article
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This study analysed the dietary diversity of households in Akwa Ibom State. Cross-sectional data was collected using a multistage sampling procedure resulting in 457 respondents. Specifically, the study determined the prevalence, margin and intensity of dietary diversity of households based on three critical indices. Additionally, a fractional prob...
Book
Full-text available
THE BOOK IS THE 59TH INAUGURAL LECTURE PRESENTATION OF THE UNIVERSITY OF UYO, UYO, NIGERIA. IT ENCAPSULATES THE MAJOR RESEARCH FINDINGS ON THE ECONOMICS OF FARMING HOUSEHOLDS IN NIGERIA IN THE AREAS OF PRODUCTION, UTILITY (DEMAND, CONSUMPTION, ADOPTION), WELLBEING (POVERTY & LIVELIHOOD) AND HOW MACROECONOMIC FUNDAMENTALS AFFECT THE PRODUCTION IMPER...
Article
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In Nigeria, agriculture plays a significant role in growth and development of the economy. To sustain this development however, an active population comprising the youths should be encouraged to participate effectively in agricultural activities. Many factors are responsible for the low participation of youths in agriculture. An empirical study was...
Article
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In Nigeria, agriculture plays a significant role in growth and development of the economy. To sustain this development however, an active population comprising the youths should be encouraged to participate effectively in agricultural activities. Many factors are responsible for the low participation of youths in agriculture. An empirical study was...
Article
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Challenges to business survival in developing regions have been noted to be different from those in the developed regions of the world. Thus, the competencies among the business managers in these regions differ considerably in magnitude and direction over eighteen traits that can influence the quality of performances technically; shortfall or profi...
Article
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There is surfeit of evidence on increase poverty and low agricultural productivity among majority of rural dwellers in Nigeria. Researches have established an inverse linked between rural poverty and sustainable households’ asset based. Agricultural production, being the major livelihood source for majority of rural dwellers needs considerable asse...
Article
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This study examined the economic relationship between agricultural productivity and institutional agricultural credit in Nigeria. The two institutionalized credit sources are the commercial bank loans which were proxy as the private sector credit and the government owned Agricultural Credit Guarantee Scheme (ACGS) proxy as the public sector credit...
Article
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Producer – consumer price behaviour in the long run depends on several factors. This study tested for the long run price adjustment behaviour between the producer price of captured fish and its urban or retailed price in the Southern region of Nigeria. Monthly price of low quality fresh fish; high quality fresh fish; low quality dry fish; high qual...
Article
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The incidence of poverty is evidenced among rural farm households in developing societies. As a result of persistence poverty among rural farm households, there is sudden upsurge in agricultural livelihood diversification and rural-urban migration resulting in high rate of urban unemployment. To help generate suitable policThe incidence of poverty...
Article
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Increasing levels in Non-Performing loans (NPLs) which has remained an area of great concern contributed to issue of declining agribusiness activities in Nigeria in the 1990s and thereafter. The study examined non-performing loans relationship with agricultural lending and agricultural productivity from 1980 to 2015 in Nigeria. Time series data obt...
Article
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Most government agricultural programmes in developing countries are designed following the political ideology of the ruling class and farmers have mixed responses regarding participation. The top – bottom approach adopted in designing these programmes further created dissatisfaction among farmers. Achieving the objectives of these programmes will d...
Conference Paper
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The study determined relationships between foreign direct investment and agricultural sub sector's productivity as well as the overall sector's productivity in Nigeria. Time-series data were used, and the time frame covered the period 1986 to 2015. Data were sourced from Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO); Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) and Nat...
Article
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Price relationship of homogenous commodity in spatial market depends on several factors. This study tested the long and short run price relationship in palm oil, palm kernel oil, groundnut oil and shell groundnut markets in South-South region of Nigeria. Monthly prices of these commodities in rural and urban markets were extracted from quarterly pu...
Article
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The study assessed the impacts of climate variability on wetland and fishing households in the Niger Delta region, Nigeria. Three hundred and twenty four respondents were selected using multi-stage sampling technique. Primary data were collected using questionnaire, in-depth interview and focus group discussion, while secondary data was collected f...
Article
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Evidence has shown that, sustainable agricultural intensification amidst stable economic environment offers workable options to eradicate poverty and hunger. This study examined the trend in agricultural intensification and determined the influence of some macroeconomic variables from 1960 to 2014 in Nigeria. The result showed that, all series were...
Article
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This study analyzed factors influencing defaults in loan repayments among agricultural credit guarantee scheme (ACGS) loan beneficiaries in Akwa Ibom State using Tobit model. A total of 109 ACGS loan beneficiaries were randomly sampled from the study area. Analysis of data using the model revealed that 12 explanatory variables namely: age of the be...
Article
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The study examined the price transmission and market integration of Maize and Beans in the rural and urban markets of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Average monthly prices (measured in naira per kilogram) of Maize and Cowpea in rural and urban markets were used in the analysis. The data was obtained from the quarterly publications of the Akwa Ibom State...
Article
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Indigenous vegetables have historically played an important role in farming and consumption systems in Nigeria. Vegetable production like any other farming activity requires the use of inputs as efficiently as possible to optimize production. To identify the sources of efficiency among indigenous vegetable farmers, the stochastic frontier productio...
Article
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The negative consequences of alcohol consumption on the drinker are well documented. Alcohol is the cause of many physical and mental health conditions and is associated with social problems affecting the drinker, the family and the society at-large. Nondrinkers also experience the impact of other people’s drinking though the extent of this experie...
Article
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Most of the population of Nigeria is rural and agriculture is the mainstay of the impoverished people’s livelihood. This paper estimated the determinants of rural poverty in Nigeria using the Tobit regression model. Through the multistage sampling technique, primary data were obtained from 150 rural farming households using a questionnaire. The Res...
Article
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Household-level micro data were fitted on Linearized Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) model to estimate the structure of starchy, animal protein, plant protein and fatty foods demand in Uyo Metropolis of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Panel data used in this study came from four months household food consumption survey. Thirty responding households...
Article
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Household-level micro data were fitted on Linearized Almost Ideal Demand System (LA/AIDS) model to estimate the structure of starchy, animal protein, plant protein and fatty foods demand in Uyo Metropolis of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Panel data used in this study came from four months household food consumption survey. Thirty responding households...
Article
A two year study was conducted at University of Uyo Teaching and Research Farm, Use Offot, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State in 2009 and 2010 cropping seasons to assess the effects of complementary use of different organic manures on water yam growth and yield, economic returns to management as well as attack by some pests. The experiment was laid out in a...
Article
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The study modeled the short run and long run food crop output volatility equations in Nigeria. Time series data derived from the FAO data base for Nigeria and publications of the CBN covering the period 1961 to 2010 was used in the study. Unit root test conducted on the specified time series shows that all series were integrated of order one at 1%...
Article
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The study analyzed farm input productivity and estimated constant elasticity of substitution of fertilizer for manure for vegetable farmers in the southern region of Nigeria. Primary data obtained from four hundred and eighty vegetable farmers in Uyo and Itu regions of the southern part of Nigeria were used in the study. A combination of analytical...
Article
The utilization of Hura crepitans seed oil in the formulation of alkyd resins was investigated using a two-stage alcoholysis-polyesterification method. The percentage yield of the oil was 36.4%; and the physicochemical characterization revealed that the seed oil is an unsaturated semi-drying oil. The fatty acid profile of the oil showed that it con...
Article
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This study investigates the agricultural land allocation pattern and the level of land use intensification among farming household heads in Uruan local government area of Akwa Ibom state in the southern Nigeria. Two - stage random sampling technique was used to select 240 farming household heads. Structured questionnaire was used to collect primary...
Article
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The study estimated the constant elasticity of substitution of fertilizer for manure in arable crop production in Akwa Ibom State. The approximation of the generalized constant elasticity of substitution (CES) model using Taylor’s expansion series yielded a linear equation that was estimated using OLS method. The CES parameters were estimated throu...
Article
This article examines the effect of exchange rate volatility and inflation uncertainty on foreign direct investment in Nigeria. The investigation covers the period between 1970 and 2005. Exchange rate volatility and inflation uncertainty were estimated using the GARCH model. Estimation results indicated that exchange rate volatility and inflation u...
Article
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The study examined the socio-economic characteristics of participating seed farmers in a community-based seed production scheme organized by the project, Promoting Sustainable Agriculture in Borno State (PROSAB). In addition, it determined the technical efficiency of resource use in PROSAB seed farms. Farm level survey data from 396 seed producers...
Article
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The study estimated the functional relationship between relative price variability of grains and inflation rate in Nigeria. The study also estimated price instability indices for major grains and also investigated the impact of government stability and instability on relative price variability of grains in Nigeria. Data were obtained from various p...
Article
The study focuses on evaluating factors that farmers consider relevant in adopting cassava production in five semi-arid zone of West African countries. The study is based on primary data randomly collected as part of collaborative study of cassava in semiarid zones of Africa (COSCASSA) village level survey from five West African countries namely: N...
Article
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This paper analyses the extent of default among beneficiaries of government sponsored loan scheme. The loan performance indices estimated reveal that over 75% of the loans disbursed by AKSALB in the period under review were still held by 59 percent of the loan beneficiaries. This situation is an indication of high level of loan defaulting among the...
Article
In this study cross-sectional data from 200 rice farmers were used to examine the various factors that influence the adoption of improved rice varieties distributed by the State Agricultural Development Programme (AKADEP) and its welfare impact on the farmers. The Foster, Greer and Thorbecke (FGT) class of measures was used to determine the inciden...
Article
This paper uses the multinomial logit model to estimate the factors that determine choice of malaria treatment sources among fishing households in Nigeria. The study reveals low patronage of conventional treatment source (modern health services) among the fishing households and high level of self-medication and herbal means as treatment options. Th...
Article
This study examined poverty and its determinants among Nigerian households. The data employed were obtained from 150 randomly selected households from Akinyele Local Government Area of Oyo State. The data were analyzed using the FGT weighted poverty index and the Ordinary Least Squares Regression Model. The poverty threshold obtained was N1203.13....
Article
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The technical efficiency of water-leaf farms in Akwa Ibom State was investigated using the stochastic frontier production function which incorporates a model for the technical inefficiency effects. Farm-level survey data from 70 urban water-leaf farmers were obtained using well structured questionnaire. The parameters were estimated simultaneously...
Article
This study modeled the link and impact of inflation on tree-crop commodity relative price variability in Nigeria under different agricultural policy regimes. Empirical results revealed that aggregate inflation had a negative non-linear impact on relative price variability of tree-crop commodities in Nigeria. Furthermore, the results revealed that t...
Article
This study analyzed the domestic water consumption pattern of farming households through the use of cross-sectional data collected from 100 households in Itu Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. The study utilized both exploratory statistical techniques and econometric procedure in data analysis. Findings revealed that though, the num...
Article
Full-text available
The technical efficiency of cassava farms in Akwa Ibom State was investigated using a stochastic frontier production function which incorporated a model for the technical inefficiency effects. Farm-level data from 180 cassava farmers were obtained using well structured questionnaire. Variables included in the model for the inefficiency effects are...
Article
This study analysed the level and the determinants of technical efficiency among urban crop farmers in Ibadan metropolis. The random sampling technique was used in selecting 85 farmers from the following three areas where urban food crop production is prominent: Ajibode, Ijokodo, and Eleyele. The data were collected through structured questionnaire...
Article
Stochastic production frontier function is applied to estimate output-oriented technical inefficiency of urban women cultivating waterleaf. By means of MLE, asymptotically consistent and efficient maximum likelihood (ML) estimates are obtained together with inefficiency determinants. Empirical result reveals the mean level of technical inefficiency...
Article
Information on economics of production of minor vegetables is largely limited. This is the case for waterleaf [Talinum triangulare (Jacq). Wild]. Farm-level, output-oriented technical efficiency indices were estimated by fitting stochastic production frontier functions to survey data collected from waterleaf producers. By use of the Maximum Likelih...
Article
The study was carried out to determine the socio-economic variables that affect the output of waterleaf in Calabar Municipality and Calabar South Local Government Areas of Cross River State. Data for the investigation were collected from 30 farmers (15 in each location) selected for the study through personal interviews and participatory observati...
Article
The practise of agriculture depends on land-use and resource allocation. For the subsistence farmer resource endowment and management capacity are low, the framework of land-use is viewed therefore, to have a short-term planning horizon as little attention is paid to the status and management of their agricultural land. However, allocation, use and...
Article
Full-text available
Output-oriented technical efficiency indices were estimated by stochastic production frontier functions to survey data collected from 60 waterleaf farmers in Uyo, Akwa Ibom State with the aid of structured questionnaire. Using the maximum likelihood estimation technique, asymptotic parameter estimates were evaluated to describe efficiency determina...
Article
Full-text available
The stochastic production frontier function is applied to estimate output oriented technical inefficiency of crop mix of the farmers in a typical farm settlement. By means of MLE, asymptotically consistent and efficient ML estimates are obtained together with inefficiency determinants. The mean output oriented efficiency of 73%, showing that there...
Article
Full-text available
This paper employed a cross sectional data set to assess how sustainable land use and management practices of migrant farmers are in typical farming settlement. Through stochastic frontier modelling both indices of inefficiency and land use and management were estimated. Empirical result revealed mean level of inefficiency in resource use of 23%. T...
Article
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This study analyzes factors that influenced fertilizer use intensity among arable crop farmers in Abak agricultural zone in Akwa Ibom state, Nigeria. Primary data were obtained from 150 arable crop farmers in the zone. Descriptive statistics and multivariate regression analysis were used to analyze data collected. The result reveals that majority o...
Article
Full-text available
The Stochastic production frontier function is applied to estimate output-oriented technical inefficiency of urban women cultivating waterleaf. By means of MLE, asymptotically consistent and efficient ML estimates are obtained together with inefficiency determinants. Empirical result reveals the mean level of technical inefficiency of 65%, showing...
Article
Full-text available
This paper employs a cross sectional data set from rice producing women of Ini Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria to estimate demand function and control index of agricultural credit from informal sources. The study reveals moneylenders and rotational contribution scheme-Osusu (Etibe) as the major informal sources of credit by the wo...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I am writing research on the topic: ENTREPRENEURIAL ORIENTATION OF SMALL SCALE AGRO-ALLIED ENTERPRISES IN AKWA IBOM STATE, NIGERIA. I am now constructing an entrepreneurial orientation scale. I need a sample of multidimensional EO questionnaire to adapt for the study

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