Eddy S. Ng

Eddy S. Ng
Queen's University | QueensU · School of Business

PhD, McMaster University

About

123
Publications
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Publications

Publications (123)
Article
Full-text available
This is a qualitative study of the career perspectives of early female leaders in Canada whose careers emerged from the second‐wave feminist movement and who ascended to executive leadership positions. Using a discourse analytic lens, we analyze their perspectives on women's limited presence in executive leadership roles. The research participants...
Article
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Purpose Although skilled migrants have a high capacity for integration, many report experiences of exclusion which impacts their ability to contribute fully to the host country. This experience of exclusion, which can diminish their self-efficacy at work, is especially acute for skilled migrants from non-English speaking backgrounds when functionin...
Article
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This research investigates how top management team national diversity (TMTND) and corporate social responsibility (CSR) institutional uncertainty affect strategic CSR focus in foreign-owned subsidiaries. The paper develops a theoretical framework based on institutional theory and upper echelon perspectives to test a sample of MNE subsidiaries. Surv...
Article
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There has been a stream of research that explores how the present generation of workers (i.e., Millennials) may be different from previous generations (e.g., Baby Boomers and Gen Xers). This line of research often considers Millennials as homogeneous and concludes any differences to be “generational effects.” However, it is unlikely for a generatio...
Article
We rely on social identity and self-categorization theories to investigate how human capital and social capital may be associated with a sense of inclusion and exclusion. We conducted a qualitative study in a professional academic association, since these organizations exist to serve both the profession and the professionals they represent and shou...
Chapter
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This chapter introduces the Handbook on Diversity and Inclusion Indices published by Edward Elgar. On top of an overview of all 23 indices covered by the handbook, we explain the criteria for inclusion and exclusion in the handbook, their scope, their use, the type of data they rely upon.
Article
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The months since society observed the horrific, real time murder of George Floyd in Minneapolis have the potential to be transformational in so many areas, including the academy. Many White academics renewed their wokeness, born out of tragedy and pledged to do better. Yet, Dar et al. (2020), in a provoking essay, aptly points to how the academy in...
Chapter
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As the population in many western democracies becomes increasingly diverse as a result of global migration, national governments are challenged with settling and integrating minority groups into mainstream society. Yet accomplishing sustainable integration is difficult and issue-laden, as anti-immigrant sentiments, discrimination and barriers to em...
Article
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Purpose Building on the notion of “White fragility,” this study aims to explore how Whites react and cope with perceived discrimination at work. Specifically, the authors explore whether: (1) Whites react more negatively than minorities when they perceive discrimination at work and (2) Whites are more likely than minorities to restore the status qu...
Article
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Systemic discrimination, racism, and inequality have garnered renewed and intense attention following the George Floyd murder and demonstrations of Black Lives Matter (BLM) around the world. In sharing our anger and sorrow, we reached out to several colleagues and scholars in the Black community. We wanted to provide a forum [1] for them to express...
Article
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Although CEO commitment is recognized as being crucial to organizational diversity efforts, we know little about how CEOs signal their priorities and mobilize key organizational actors to implement diversity management. We tested an integrative model in which CEO beliefs about diversity were theorized to predict the implementation of organizational...
Chapter
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In response to increasing backlash incidents towards affirmative action policies (AAPs), there is little effort in understanding backlash and its manifestations. Backlash often receives less or no research attention compared to AAPs as the primary topic of investigation. This lack of research attention has hindered our understanding of AAP backlash...
Preprint
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Purpose Drawing on the relational demography literature and a social identity perspective, several research propositions in which the authors postulate that demographic characteristics (e.g. gender and race) of senior leaders will influence the implementation and effectiveness of diversity management practices were presented. Specifically, the auth...
Article
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Successful managers must develop strong interpersonal skills alongside their ability to achieve personal and organizational goals. For educational institutions to stay relevant, courses must equip students with necessary psychological competencies in addition to technical knowledge, skills and abilities for the constantly evolving business climate....
Technical Report
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While Canada faces labour shortages due to a declining birthrate and aging population, many Canadians experience obstacles to employment and are underemployed relative to their educational and professional backgrounds. This report summarizes current data on employment outcomes for racialized Canadians and for recent immigrants to Canada, reviews th...
Article
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Purpose A major trend in the changing nature of work is the increasing use of temporary workers. Although common among students, older employees have joined the ranks of temporary workers as they extend their work lives. Temporary workers tend to report lower affective commitment and consequently poorer work outcomes. However, different generations...
Article
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The public and nonprofit sectors generally pay less than the private sector, and individuals are willing to forgo higher salaries in exchange for greater intrinsic satisfaction derived from making a contribution to society. However, personal financial considerations, such as education debt, may discourage individuals from pursuing careers in lower...
Article
The fair and equal treatment of individuals across demographic groups represents both challenges and opportunities within domestic settings. Within international settings, where there is additional complexity and variety, the challenges and opportunities are heightened. This panel symposium will identify what makes diversity and inclusion (D&I) uni...
Article
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Australia has been aggressively pursuing skilled migrants to sustain its population and foster economic growth. However, many skilled migrants experience a downward career move upon migration to Australia. Based on a survey of recent skilled migrants, this study investigates how individual (age, years of settlement, qualifications), national/societ...
Article
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International students can be a source of skilled workers for many industrialized countries with an aging population. However, it is unclear if international students would stay after completing their studies, given booming economies in their home countries. The present paper explores the decision processes international students make when contempl...
Book
Organizations and employers are currently managing an inter-generational workforce, and the most prudent of these are seeking to enhance the careers of new entrants. HRM, careers, and work researchers have begun to explore career-related differences among the four generations of workers currently in employment, but to date there has been very littl...
Chapter
The cohort of young workers born between 1980 and 1995 has been given a wide range of labels by various authors and commentators, including “Millennials” (Strauss and Howe 1991), “Generation Y” (Johnson and Johnson 2010),“Gen Me” (Twenge 2006), “Nexters” (Zemke et al. 2000), “the next great generation” (Howe and Strauss 2000), and the “nexus genera...
Article
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The organization literature on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) workplace issues is well over three decades old, a milestone that warrants celebration and reflection given that the study of LGBT sexualities and genders has not garnered enormous attention from organization researchers. Indeed, this special issue is timely in that respe...
Article
While we recognize that it is important for a nation to take measures to protect its citizens from potential harm, EDI Journal is concerned with the need to ensure that all national security and social policies do not unfairly discriminate against individuals because of their national origin, country of birth, race or ethnicity, religious beliefs,...
Chapter
Globalization and talent flow around the world have resulted in greater demands on managers and leaders to adapt to different cultures. This chapter explores the role of intercultural communication in the world of business. Intercultural competence refers to the interaction that occurs when two or more cultural groups come together and is part of a...
Article
This study examines macro-level organisational determinants of women in management. Specifically, we examined organisational characteristics and strategies, including firm levels of internationalisation, firm foreign ownership, chief executive officer gender and the active recruitment of women, as predictors of an organisation's level of representa...
Book
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Introduction to Research Handbook of International and Comparative Perspectives on Diversity Management, Edward Elgar Publishing, a handbook that finds its place in a series of volumes on international perspectives on equality and diversity management addressing the need to expand the study of equality and diversity management beyond the USA and to...
Article
Abstract Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the factors that may be related to a career choice in the public vs the private sector in a developing African country. Design/methodology/approach – Using a sample of graduate management students, the authors tested reward preferences and altruism, elements of public service motivation, on...
Article
Purpose: This study investigates the relationship between “new career” profiles (Briscoe and Hall, 2006) and two sets of career factors: agency (i.e. career commitment, self-efficacy, and work locus of control), and career attitudes (i.e. salience and satisfaction). Thus, the purpose of this paper is to understand whether career profiles are a valu...
Article
The healthcare system underwent considerable restructuring and downsizing in the early to mid-1990s as governments cut costs to reduce their budget deficits. Studies of the effects of these efforts on nursing staff and hospital functioning generally reported negative impacts. Healthcare restructuring and hospital downsizing was again being implemen...
Chapter
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Interest in generational research has garnered a lot of attention, as the workplace is seeing multiple generations (i.e., the Silent Generation, Baby Boomers, Gen Xers, and Millennials) working side-by-side for the first time. However, it is unclear how multiple generations of workers interact with each other and affect the workplace. Although ther...
Article
Employment equity initiatives – redressing past inequities or discrimination by promoting the hiring of members of underrepresented groups – are controversial and divisive. Although a national Gallup poll (1993) indicated 74 % of Canadians felt a person's qualifications should solely determine hiring decisions, many have little knowledge and unders...
Article
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Purpose – This is a special issue introduction on cross-cultural and comparative diversity management (DM). The purpose of this paper is to present five articles that explore and examine some of the complexities of equality and DM in various countries around the world. Design/methodology/approach – In this introductory paper, the authors provide a...
Article
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This study explores the forces that promote and hinder gender equality efforts of a multinational corporation (MNC) operating in the Middle East. Specifically, we draw from a case study to document the formal and informal pressures exerted on a British MNC operating in Saudi Arabia to better understand the multiple forces that influence gender equa...
Article
Aim: This paper seeks to identify gaps within nursing collective agreements for opportunities to implement practices to sustain the nursing workforce. Background: Since the majority of nurses in Canada are unionised, some of the strategies recommended in the literature to cope with nursing shortage may not apply to unionised nurses, making colle...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether work values vary across different life and career stages in a sample of Millennials. Design/methodology/approach – The sample for this study was comprised of 906 Canadian Millennials (born between 1980 and 1994). Findings – Pre-career and working Millennials varied in terms of the impo...
Article
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Purpose – Career resilience (CR) is an increasingly important, but under-researched aspect of modern careers. The purpose of this paper is to examine the mediating effect of CR on the relationships between personality factors, career self-evaluations and modern career orientation and the outcome of career satisfaction (CS). The authors hypothesized...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to offer an alternative approach to traditional campus recruiting, using the social media. Specifically, we propose a three-step strategy using Facebook to attract and recruit college graduates. Design/methodology/approach – In Step 1, employers use Facebook to attract as many target students as possible to a...
Article
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The nonprofit sector has become increasingly reliant on paid professional staff and now faces competition from the private and public sectors, which often pay higher to attract and retain workers. Although Millennials are attracted to nonprofit work, there are concerns that they will not remain committed to the nonprofit workforce due to low pay. W...
Article
Full-text available
The healthcare system underwent considerable restructuring and downsizing in the early to mid-1990s in several countries as governments cut costs to reduce their budget deficits. Studies of the effects of these efforts on nursing staff and hospital functioning in various countries generally reported negative impacts. Healthcare restructuring and ho...
Article
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In this special issue on “Multiculturalism During Challenging Times,” we present six articles focused on multiculturalism as it is currently practiced or implemented in Canada, across Europe, in Mauritius, and in South Korea. We apply SWOT (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, threats) analysis to assess the strengths and weaknesses of its applica...
Article
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Purpose – Popular literature argues that successive generations are experiencing more job changes and changes of employer. The “new careers” literature also proposes that career mobility patterns are becoming more diverse as people engage in more downward and lateral job changes and changes of occupation. The purpose of this paper is to test these...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the gender gap in pre-career salary expectations. Five major explanations are tested to explain the gap, as well as understand the relative contribution of each explanation. Design/methodology/approach – Data were collected from 452 post-secondary students from Canada. Findings – Young women h...
Article
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To deliver truly representative and effective democratic governance, a public service (PS) should employ individuals from diverse backgrounds throughout its workforce. In the Canadian government, patterns of underrepresentation persist for each of the four employment equity (EE) groups. This study explores three questions: First, are there differen...
Chapter
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Introductory chapter to the 2 nd edition of the International Handbook on Diversity Management at Work: Country Perspectives on Diversity and Equal Treatment, p. 1-12 The first edition of the International Handbook on Diversity Management at Work (Klarsfeld, ed., 2010) considered the practice of diversity management within the national contexts of...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to offer an insight into why men do research on in-equality. Design/methodology/approach – The author utilizes autoethnography, as a form of self-reflection, to help make sense of the own experiences and to connect it with the broader world. It is a narrative based on personal experiences which connects the a...
Chapter
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International Human Resource Management - edited by Mustafa F. Özbilgin March 2014
Article
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Research on human resource development is needed to empirically document the changing nature of careers among successive generational cohorts of workers. This article offers a conceptual framework for examining shifting careers, which accounts for important demographic shifts occurring in the labor force. Our research framework provides a comprehen...
Article
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This article proposes that the variation in perceived job stress by individuals is explained by the interaction between the situational "Other 3" dimensions (locus of control, self-monitoring, and self-efficacy) and the "Big 5" personality traits. Situational stressors primarily impact the "Other 3" dimensions in the general model. The "Other 3" di...
Article
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In this paper, we propose that multiculturalism can serve as an effective public policy tool to enhance a nation’s competitiveness, in an era characterized by financial crises, globalization, immigration, and changing demographics. Specifically, we articulate how multiculturalism and strategic tolerance of differences can promote socioeconomic mobi...
Article
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RÉSUMÉ Comment les travailleurs âgés, après l’âge de 55 ans, peuvent-ils se maintenir et s’adapter à un milieu de travail en évolution? En explorant cette question, cette étude a examiné précisément comment les changements liés à l’âge touchent aux travailleurs, comment les travailleurs âgés font face à une perte de ressources, comment ils s’engage...
Article
Evidence shows that gay men hold fewer government jobs in the US than their share of the population would predict. Two large surveys of Canadian university and college students, however, indicate no lack of interest in public sector jobs among gay, lesbian, transgender and queer people (GLBTQs). This article explores data on the differing perceptio...
Article
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A recent survey of 19,261 university students in Canada revealed the Government of Canada as the employer of choice, among the millennial generation. Drawing on the employer knowledge framework, we explore how the Millennials make career choices, what they find attractive, and how public service may help them achieve their career goals, work values...
Article
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The present study seeks to explore the factors that may be related to a career choice in the public vs. the private in a developing African country. Perry and Wise (1990) developed the concept of public service motivation to explain why individuals may be motivated to serve the public. Studies conducted in this domain have been conducted in Western...
Article
Since the events of September 11, 2001, there has been a shift in the attitudes towards immigration and multiculturalism. In Germany, Chancellor Angela Merkel has declared that "multiculturalism... has utterly failed." Likewise, the U.K. is moving towards "post-multiculturalism" as a way forward to foster social cohesion and promote assimilation an...
Article
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This article introduces the special issue on diversity and equality. We discuss the development of European Union anti-discrimination legislation, in particular as relates to gender and race/ethnicity, and the ways in which different European countries have implemented equality legislation. We also explore the complexities of the translation of the...
Article
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Much of the diversity management debate is trapped in a binary opposition between regulation and voluntarism. We argue for an evidence-based approach and illustrate this by offering a context-sensitive overview of workforce diversity debate and practice in three countries: France, Canada and the UK. We use Reynaud's social regulation theory in orde...
Article
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As a stigmatized group, lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered (LGBT) individuals are vulnerable to employment discrimination and receive little legal protection. They have had to cope with discrimination and engage in identity management to conceal their sexual identity. This study seeks to determine whether LGBT individuals, in anticipation of dis...
Book
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Shifting demographics around the world have created a unique historical phenomenon in which a large cohort of employees (i.e., post-war Baby Boomers) are nearing retirement, and a new cadre of younger workers are being recruited to replace them. These twenty-something year-olds, often referred to as 'Gen Y' or Millennials, represent the workforce o...
Article
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Copyright - Copyright Emerald Group Publishing Limited 2012, Last updated - 2012-09-14, 1. Adams, M. (1998), Sex in the Snow: Canadian Social Values at the End of the Millennium, Penguin, Toronto., 2. Al Ariss, A. (2010), Modes of engagement: migration, self-initiated expatriation, and career development, Career Development International, Vol. 15 N...
Article
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Drawing on strategic choice theory, we investigate the influence of CEO leadership styles and personal attributes on the implementation of organizational diversity management practices. Specifically, we examined CEO transformational and transactional leadership in relation to organizational diversity practices and whether CEO social values and age...