Edda Humprecht

Edda Humprecht
University of Zurich | UZH · Institut für Kommunikationswissenschaft und Medienforschung – IKMZ

PhD

About

50
Publications
23,817
Reads
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1,033
Citations
Introduction
I am a Senior Reserach and Teaching Associate in the Department of Communication and Media Research at the University of Zurich. My main research interests include news, political communication, online disinformation, social media, and cross-nationally comparative research.
Additional affiliations
August 2013 - January 2014
New York University
Position
  • Visiting scholar

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
The increasing dissemination of online misinformation in recent years has raised the question which individuals interact with this kind of information and what role attitudinal congruence plays in this context. To answer these questions, we conduct surveys in six countries (BE, CH, DE, FR, UK, U.S.) and investigate the drivers of the dissemination...
Article
Full-text available
Media systems have changed significantly as a result of the development of information technologies. However, typologies of media systems that incorporate aspects of digitalization are rare. This study fills this gap by identifying, operationalizing, and measuring indicators of media systems in the digital age. We build on previous work, extend it...
Article
Full-text available
Responding to widespread concerns about misinformation’s impact on democracy, we conducted an experiment in which we exposed German participants to different degrees of misinformation on COVID-19 connected to politicized (immigration) and apolitical (runners) issues (N = 1,490). Our key findings show that partially false information is more credibl...
Article
Full-text available
Although the problem of disinformation is on the rise across the globe, previous research has found that countries differ in the extent of widespread disinformation. In this study, we examine the willingness to disseminate disinformation across six countries (Belgium, France, Germany, Switzerland, the U.K. and the U.S.). We use a model by Humprecht...
Chapter
Full-text available
In dieser Studie untersuchen wir die Darstellung von Frauen in der Schweizer Medienberichterstattung. Wir zeigen mittels zweier Teilstudien, wie sich die mediale Repräsentation von Frauen und Männern seit 2015 verändert hat und wie Frauen und Männer in den Medien dargestellt werden. Unsere Resultate zeigen, dass Frauen im Vergleich zu Männern in Sc...
Article
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Throughout the current global health crisis, false and misleading content has proliferated on social media. Previous research indicates that users of social media primarily share information that contains attention-grabbing elements. Because sensationalist elements are prevalent in disinformation, this study examines the role of sensationalism in s...
Article
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Analyses of actor diversity are theoretically linked to news performance and the democratic media function of integration (Imhof, 2010). This construct is related to the normative assumption that news content should represent society as a whole and thus cover a large variety of societal groups (Boydstun et al., 2014). More recent studies also focus...
Article
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Analyses of change of perspectives are theoretically linked to the news performance and democratic function of the media (McQuail, 1992). This construct is related to viewpoint diversity and the normative expectation that different views should be presented in news coverage (Napoli & Gillis, 2008). In addition, more recent analysis focus on differe...
Article
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Analyses using the constructs cause/antecedents/history in news content are theoretically related to news performance and the democratic function of the media (McQuail, 1992). This construct is linked to professional standards and the normative assumption that the media should provide the audience with background information on current events and i...
Article
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Studies of critical analysis and comment are theoretically linked to news performance and the watchdog function of the media (Donsbach, 1995; McQuail, 1992). This construct is related to the normative expectation that the news media should critically analyze and comment on cases of abuse of power, incompetence, failures and grievances in government...
Article
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The topic variabl is used in research on disinformation to analyze thematic differences in the content of false news, rumors, conspiracies, etc. Those topics are frequently based on national news agendas, i.e. producers of disinformation address current national or world events (e.g. elections, immigration, etc.) (Humprecht, 2019).
Article
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Recent research has mainly used two approaches to identify publishers or sources of disinformation: First, alternative media are identified as potential publishers of disinformation. Second, potential publishers of disinformation are identified via fact-checking websites. Samples created using those approaches can partly overlap. However, the two a...
Article
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Disinformation can appear in various forms. Firstly, different formats can be manipulated,such as texts, images, and videos. Secondly, the amount and degree of falseness can vary, from completely fabricated content to decontextualized information to satire that intentionally mis-leads recipients. Therefore, the forms and format of disinformation mi...
Chapter
Full-text available
This policy paper focuses on the nexus between trust and mis- and disinformation in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. First, we use the image of a spiral to illustrate selected predictors of distrust at the macro-level of societal institutions (particularly democratic institutions and the media), the meso-level of intergroup relations, and the...
Article
Full-text available
This policy paper focuses on the nexus between trust and mis- and disinformation in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. First, we use the image of a spiral to illustrate selected predictors of distrust at the macro-level of societal institutions (particularly democratic institutions and the media), the meso-level of intergroup relations, and the...
Article
This study examines the role of heavy commenters on social media. We propose typologies of heavy commenters on Facebook pages of six news organizations in two systems that historically embraced different discourse cultures—the United States and Germany. We find that discourse cultures are impacted by news outlet and country: the US discourse is mor...
Article
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Recent work demonstrates that hostile emotions can contribute to a strong polarization of political discussion on social media. However, little is known regarding the extent to which media organizations and media systems trigger hostile emotions. We content-analyzed comments on Facebook pages from six news organizations ( N = 1,800) based in the Un...
Article
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Online disinformation is considered a major challenge for modern democracies. It is widely understood as misleading content produced to generate profits, pursue political goals, or maliciously deceive. Our starting point is the assumption that some countries are more resilient to online disinformation than others. To understand what conditions infl...
Article
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Fact-checking has gained importance in recent years, as so-called “fake news” has started to spread on social media. News outlets and independent organizations engage in debunking to combat the massive spread of disinformation. However, several authors have argued that fact checkers can only be successful if they win the trust of the audience - by...
Article
Immer öfter schreiben Softwareprogramme ganze Artikel. Noch weiss man wenig darüber, wie das Publikum solche Texte wahrnimmt. Eine Studie der Universität Zürich gibt erste Hinweise, wie es in der Schweiz um die Glaubwürdigkeit von algorithmisch generiertem Journalismus steht. Link: https://medienwoche.ch/2019/05/24/fuer-wie-glaubwuerdig-haelt-das-p...
Article
Does media ownership matter for the news that is produced? In the course of the twentieth century when journalistic professionalization advanced in most Western democracies, journalistic norms were thought of as a “firewall” between the management side and the journalistic side of a media company. Editors and media managers were expected to make de...
Chapter
Full-text available
Does media ownership matter for the news that is produced? In the course of the twentieth century when journalistic professionalization advanced in most Western democracies, journalistic norms were thought of as a “firewall” between the management side and the journalistic side of a media company. Editors and media managers were expected to make de...
Chapter
Full-text available
The way news is produced and consumed has changed dramatically during the first two decades of the 21st century due to digitalization and economic pressures. In a globalized world, current events are reported in almost real time in various countries and are diffused rapidly via social media. Thus much scholarly attention is devoted to determining w...
Article
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How does the content of so-called ‘fake news’ differ across Western democracies? While previous research on online disinformation has focused on the individual level, the current study aims to shed light on cross-national differences. It compares online disinformation re-published by fact checkers from four Western democracies (the US, the UK, Germ...
Article
Wie häufig und warum zitieren sich Medien gegenseitig? Ist Zitierhäufigkeit ein Indikator für Leitmedien? Zur Beantwortung dieser Fragen wird in der vorliegenden Studie der Zusammenhang zwischen Zitierhäufigkeit und anderen Leitmedienindikatoren analysiert und es werden die Unterschiede in der Zitierhäufigkeit einzelner Medien erklärt. Untersucht w...
Article
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In previous decades, women in Western countries have gained more influence in various social realms. The percentage of females in higher education, the workforce, boards at publicly traded companies and national parliaments has increased. However, substantial underrepresentation of women in political news has remained. To explain the reasons behind...
Article
http://de.ejo-online.eu/digitales/onlinenachrichten-im-postfaktischen-zeitalter
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines diversity in online news with special attention paid to the role of different types of media ownership (meso level) and media systems (macro level). After identifying relevant perspectives and operationalizations of diversity, and discussing the economic implications of ownership and market conditions for diversity, the study te...
Article
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This study aimed to validate and extend Hallin and Mancini’s framework of comparison to discriminate empirical types of media systems in Central and Eastern Europe. We tested and complemented their original dimensions by using aggregated data from 11 countries (Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania,...
Article
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Media organizations throughout the Western world struggle to adjust their practices to rapidly changing conditions. Initially, online journalism was celebrated for potentially revolutionizing political reporting due to its new technological possibilities: According to this, it is able to (1) increase transparency by providing hyperlink sources, (2)...
Article
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Typologies are omnipresent both in everyday life as well as in the sciences. Epistemologically, there are several systematic ways to build typologies, such as qualitative, theory-based descriptions on one end and quantitative, exploratory statistical means on the other end of the spectrum. Both have their specific advantages and disadvantages, whic...
Book
The author offers a comprehensive portrait of online news performance in Western countries in changing media environments. Drawing on a content analysis of 48 news outlets from different types of media organization in France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Switzerland, and USA, Edda Humprecht investigates the complex interplay of systemic and organ...
Chapter
It has often been claimed that the news media play a key role in democracy: they are assumed to enable communication between power-holders and citizens, serve as a check on political decisions and facilitate deliberation (McQuail, 2010). News journalism is therefore expected to provide relevant information, comprehensive analysis, and critical refl...
Chapter
Is journalism at a major crossroads? It has been argued that the ‘digital revolution’ has changed the news media’s traditional roles and that there is a ‘crisis of journalism’ with serious consequences for democracy (Barnett, 2002; Downie & Schudson, 2009). The reasons for these fears are visible in changes to the industry and the pressures on the...
Chapter
When in 2010 the web-based news outlet Médiapart revealed one of the biggest political scandals in France — the so-called Bettencourt affair — it turned traditional French political journalism upside down. The news outlet reported that millionaire and L’Oréal heiress Liliane Bettencourt had made illegal payments to members of the UMP, the French co...
Chapter
The overall research questions guiding this study have addressed whether online news outlets produce high-level news performance — understood as hard news, analytical depth, critical distance — and which combinations of causal conditions foster high-level news performance.
Chapter
The major aim of this book was to explain the occurrence of news performance, understood as the degree to which single news outlets fulfilled democratic functions. Consequently, the analysis of news performance was conducted at the outlet level. The functions of interest included information, accountability, legitimation, and integration. These fun...
Chapter
This study is primarily concerned with the differences in news performance of online outlets from different Western countries and with different ownership types and with the framework conditions that are the most conducive in this respect. Therefore, two main research questions are raised: To what extent do different online news outlets offer high-...
Book
The author offers a comprehensive portrait of online news performance in Western countries in changing media environments. Drawing on a content analysis of 48 news outlets from different types of media organization in France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Switzerland, and USA, Edda Humprecht investigates the complex interplay of systemic and organ...
Article
Full-text available
This article argues that discourses of a newspaper “crisis” should not be regarded simply as descriptions of the actual state of the press but also as a means by which strategic actors frame the situation. The emerging frames can have substantial consequences for media policy making. The study identifies four key frames used to portray the newspape...
Article
Full-text available
This article argues that discourses of a newspaper “crisis” should not be regarded simply as descriptions of the actual state of the press but also as a means by which strategic actors frame the situation. The emerging frames can have substantial consequences for media policy making. The study identifies four key frames used to portray the newspape...
Conference Paper
Block 1: The “Do-It-All” Paradox It is not easy to be a young scholar these days: You are supposed to be international but connect with your national community, be innovative but mainstream enough to be published, learn from your supervisors but not copy them, collaborate but also show you can work independently, find your one true topic but have a...
Chapter
This study examines the amount of enterprise reporting, based on original news gathering by in-house staff, at 48 online news sites from six news systems (United States, Great Britain, Germany, Switzerland, France, and Italy). It uses three factors to explain differences in enterprise reporting: at the organizational level, editorial mission (profi...
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of media systems has become a cornerstone in the field of comparative communication research. Ten years after its publication, we revisit the landmark study in the field, Hallin and Mancini's “Comparing Media Systems”, and operationalize its framework for standardized measurement. The study at hand is, to the best of our knowledge, the...
Article
This paper investigates how professional news media use Twitter. It conceptually distinguishes quantitative and skillful Twitter use and takes influencing factors on macro and meso levels into account. A structure and content analysis of Twitter accounts from 39 news outlets in five Western countries (France, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, and the...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines diversity in online news reporting and explanatory factors that shape news production. The analysis is based on online news from six countries (the United States, Germany, the United Kingdom, Switzerland, France, and Italy), comparing online-only news sites and legacy media. The analysis shows that most online media reported in...
Article
Full-text available
Germany could be considered a deviant case in the comparative study of the current transformations in media markets as publishers continue to be profitable despite painting a gloomy picture of the possibility of there being a “media crisis.” What is specific about the German case is the strong economic position and political lobbying of the publish...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Dimensions of media systems
Project
Comparing Journalism and News Cultures