Edda Bild

Edda Bild
McGill University | McGill · School of Information Studies (SIS)

Doctor of Philosophy
Integrating sound considerations into the Montreal nightlife policy (McGill Univ. - SITC & City of Montreal - SDE)

About

25
Publications
6,550
Reads
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187
Citations
Introduction
I am a researcher working on urban soundscapes and their relationship to the use of urban spaces. I am interested in developing and testing methodologies for documenting the urban auditory experience and findings ways of improving it in practice through intentional urban design and planning. My broader interest lies in knowledge mobilization and communication, by educating urban stakeholders on soundscape and promoting the idea of sound awareness as a resource.
Additional affiliations
June 2014 - November 2019
University of Amsterdam
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • My PhD thesis researched the relationship between the activities that public space users perform in their spaces and the ways in which they interpret and evaluate their auditory environments on site
September 2012 - December 2012
Centre for Latin American Research and Documentation
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
We critically review the literature on the relationship between users of public spaces and their auditory environments, and how this knowledge is integrated in the planning, design, and management of public spaces as well as in technologies for acoustic and spatial data collection, analysis, and communication. To address the gaps identified in the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We argue for a reconsideration of the role of public sharing of music and technology in urban, public settings, based on the results of research involving an interactive sound system. While current legislation in Quebec prevents the playing of amplified music in public, with the support of a Montreal borough, we developed and installed an open, fre...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sound, particularly noise and its effects on urban dwellers, has been a main concern for urban public campaigns for centuries worldwide. While policies relating to noise control have origins documented as far back as the 7th century, noise abatement campaigns, with the objective to assess and reduce ”annoying” or dangerous noise, started in the ear...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed how people relate to and use outdoor spaces, particularly in densely populated areas. We investigate the transformations that took place during the 2020 lockdown and the first post-lockdown summer, with an emphasis on changes to the sound environment, in the context of a mixed-use central neighbourhood in Montreal...
Article
Full-text available
In 2020, the pandemic impacted the social and economic dynamics of cities around the world. Entertainment districts hosting events, festivals, and other cultural activities were particularly affected, as their loss of attractiveness also impacted their livability. Reflecting on how the experience of the sonic environment contributes to attractivene...
Article
Full-text available
Cities struggle to balance vitality and livability, and noise is at the center of many of these debates. Preconceived ideas on the sonic expectations and needs of groups of city users can be misleading, particularly in entertainment districts such as the Quartier des Spectacles in Montreal (CA). We investigated what life was like in QDS for its yea...
Article
Le bruit environnemental – enjeu de santé publique et de qualité de vie – est encadré par différents paliers de gouvernement avec des prises en charge distinctes selon les États et régions du monde. Au Canada, le gouvernement fédéral, les provinces et les municipalités (et entités régionales et locales) se partagent la responsabilité du bruit prove...
Article
Full-text available
Developing innovative noise policies that build on international best practices is difficult when policies around the world differ along many dimensions, ranging from different sources covered to different levels of governance involved. This is particularly critical in the context of road traffic, identified as one of the main culprits leading to n...
Article
Full-text available
Montreal’s Quartier des Spectacles – a central, one-square-kilometer downtown neighborhood, dedicated to housing most of the city’s festivals and artistic life as well as diverse groups of residents, students, and workers – provides a unique setting to investigate the livability-vitality debate that many cities are currently struggling with. In thi...
Article
Full-text available
Large parks have been studied for their tranquil and restorative properties, including in the sonic dimension. The auditory experience of users in small urban public spaces, such as pocket parks is less well understood, especially as they can contain sound sources much more reflective of dense, urban activities. Musikiosk, a soundscape intervention...
Poster
Full-text available
Sound researchers have spent at least two decades converging on an established need for professionals of the built environment (PBEs) to exhibit sound ‘awareness’ and ‘literacy’. On the side of practice, PBEs are tasked with integrating and making sense of a wide array of details (of which sound is but one consideration) in order to create feasible...
Chapter
While sound and its role in shaping experiences is increasingly recognized as an expression of urban life, sound awareness remains low both among city users and city makers in their everyday discourses, with the auditory experience relegated to discussions on the negative effects of sound-as-noise. In this chapter, we report on 'Crowdsourcing Mr. V...
Book
Full-text available
Despite growing scientific and anecdotal evidence on the effects of sound on the emotional and physical wellbeing of people, the auditory aspect of the urban experience has remained largely ignored and its effect on urban life (especially on the use of public spaces) has yet to be considered in earnest in current urban policy and design initiatives...
Article
Full-text available
Decades of research support the idea that striving for lower sound levels is the cornerstone of protecting urban public health. Growing insight on urban soundscapes, however, highlights a more complex role of sound in public spaces, mediated by context, and the potential of soundscape interventions to contribute to the urban experience. We discuss...
Article
This paper is an exploration into whether public space users performing different activities describe their auditory environments in noticeably different ways. Building on soundscape and psycholinguistic literature, a questionnaire study was conducted in a large park in Amsterdam (NL), where 92 park users described, in writing, their activities and...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the relationship between people and their soundscapes in an urban context of innumerable and diverse sensory stimulations is a difficult endeavor. What public space users hear and how they evaluate it in relation to their performed or intended activities can influence users’ engagement with their spaces as well as their assessment of...
Chapter
Sound is receiving increasing attention in urban planning and design due to its effects on human health and quality of life. Soundscape researchers have sought ecologically valid measures to describe and explain the complex relationship between people and their auditory environments, largely employing laboratory studies and neglecting the active ro...
Article
The relationship between activity and soundscape has recently garnered research attention, particularly in public spaces. In the summer of 2015, we installed an interactivesound system (Musikiosk) in a busy public park allowing users to play their own content over high-quality speakers. Questionnaires (N = 197) were administered over 3 conditions:...
Article
Full-text available
Processes of urban transformation and technological advances are leading to drastic changes in urban environments and to novel local challenges for urban planners. Scientific research is exploring the potential of various technologies to support planning and Planning Support Systems (PSS) have been proposed as strategies to improve current planning...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Current studies in soundscape research indicate that the relationship between users of spaces and their soundscapes is influenced by users' activities as well as their characteristics (including age). However, few studies have focused on researching this influence in a systematic manner. Based on psycholinguistic theories on the existence of two au...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Combining surveys with other methods like observations can offer a more holistic understanding of participants' experience, with respect to activity and the evaluation of acoustic environments. Reconciling data from multiple methods remains a challenge for soundscape research, even in well-studied park settings. We compare 3 methods (behavioral map...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the summer of 2015, we installed Musikiosk (an interactive sound system) in a busy public park allowing users to play their own content over high-quality speakers. Using mixed-methods, soundscape measurements were collected with questionnaires, recordings, interviews, logs, and observations. This analysis concentrates on quantitative findings fr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Habitats Assen Pilot was a joint initiative of INCAS 3 and Gemeente Assen that researched the interaction between human activity and the physical environment. During the four month duration of this pilot we used a multidisciplinary approach that used techniques from both human and physical sciences to investigate how professionals, locals and n...
Conference Paper
Physical environments have specific characteristics affordances that can encourage, enable or inhibit the performance of certain activities by certain groups of users. Public spaces in particular are subject to numerous assessments of “publicness” that are dependant on the quality of affordances and activities present (or not). This paper explores...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I am interested in any new studies that detail on how urban form interacts with the way in which users of public spaces engage in activities and, particularly, the profile of these users and how the activities were categorized. I have read the "classics" on this and was wondering whether any new research has been performed on this, either from an urban planning or environmental psychology perspective. Thank you for any ideas.

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Archived project
www.musikiosk.org/ Musikiosk is an interactive soundscape intervention using a music installation. A multi-method study aims to capture the effects of the intervention
Project
www.sounds-in-the-city.org The soundscape approach captures the idea that ‘appropriate’ sounds can be used to positive effect; it is a deviation from the traditional urban noise mitigation approach that aims to make the city less negative but not necessarily more positive. Traditionally, the field of soundscape research has focused on the perspective of ‘city users’, but we are extending that relationship to include and understand the role that ‘city makers’ play on the perception of urban sounds by city users. To advance these ideas, the Sounds in the City team has been assembled and comprises partners from McGill University, the City of Montreal, and the professional realm. The proposed research aims to position Montreal as a leader in urban noise management and soundscape by connecting research and practice. With experts in soundscape, urban planning, and noise regulation, and based on our collaborative track record, our research team is uniquely positioned to address this established research-practice gap, and be among the firsts to do so.