E. Reitz

E. Reitz
Utrecht University | UU

About

82
Publications
18,599
Reads
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1,556
Citations
Citations since 2016
22 Research Items
992 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
Full-text available
The sexual double standard (SDS), which prescribes that boys should be sexually active and dominant, and girls should be sexually reactive and submissive, is still present in today’s society. To gain insight into the role the SDS plays in adolescents’ sexual behavior, this study investigated how the SDS-stereotypes of Dutch adolescents (aged 16–20,...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of the present meta-analysis were to (1) examine long-term effects of universal secondary school-based interventions on a broad range of competencies and problems and (2) analyze which intervention components were related to stronger or weaker intervention effects at follow-up. Fifty-four studies of controlled evaluations (283 effect sizes...
Preprint
Full-text available
This preregistered longitudinal study examined changes in adolescents' depressive and anxiety symptoms before and during the COVID-19 pandemic using latent piece-wise growth models. It also assessed whether perceived support from and conflict with mothers, fathers, siblings, and best friends could explain heterogeneity in these change patterns. 192...
Article
Students following a preparatory vocational education track seem most in need of an intervention stimulating their competencies and preventing the development of problems in the intrapersonal and interpersonal domain. The aim of the present study was to examine, first, whether Rock & Water, a social emotional learning intervention that uses active...
Article
Full-text available
(Hetero)sexual double standards (SDS) entail that different sexual behaviors are appropriate for men and women. There is large variation in whether people endorse SDS in their expectations about the sexual behavior of women and men (i.e., SDS-norms). To explain these individual differences, we examined associations between SDS-norms of Dutch adoles...
Article
The aim of the present study was to determine whether Big Five personality traits moderated intervention effects through differential susceptibility for environmental factors. We conducted a randomized controlled trial in which adolescents received either Rock & Water (a universal school based intervention aiming to enhance youth's psychosocial dev...
Article
Full-text available
This research longitudinally explored adolescent pornography (porn) consumption and its association with sexual development in early and middle adolescence. A four-wave design with half-year intervals investigated pornography consumption and different (sexual) activities, such as masturbation, French kissing, petting, giving/receiving manual and or...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to examine whether early adolescents’ positive development (i.e., resilience and psychological wellbeing) could be enhanced by stimulating three dimensions of self-awareness: emotional self-regulation, self-esteem, and self-reflection. An experimental field study (randomized controlled trial) was conducted. Seventh...
Article
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Experiences with classmates can affect adolescents' academic, emotional, and social development. The aim was to examine whether changes in classmates' modeling and reinforcement, induced by an intervention, affected changes in adolescents' perceived classroom peer context and whether these associations were moderated by dyadic mutuality. Questionna...
Article
Full-text available
We aimed to obtain reliable reference charts for sleep duration, estimate the prevalence of sleep complaints across the lifespan and identify risk indicators of poor sleep. Studies were identified through systematic literature search in Embase, Medline and Web of Science (9 August 2019) and through personal contacts. Eligible studies had to be publ...
Article
Full-text available
Many universal school-based interventions aim to stimulate students’ intrapersonal (e.g., self-esteem) and interpersonal (e.g., school climate) domains. To improve our understanding of why some of these interventions yield stronger effects than others, we identified intervention components that are related to stronger or weaker intervention effects...
Article
Full-text available
The role of peers in adolescents’ sexual behaviors is not yet fully understood. We investigated the association between sexual communication with friends (at T1) and subsequent changes in adolescents’ experience with sexual behaviors (between T1–T3), and examined whether this association was explained by adolescents’ perceptions of three sexual pee...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The aim of the study was to explore and explain two hypothesized indirect longitudinal pathways and investigate gender differences in linking parenting factors to adolescents' sexual emotions. The general pathway expected higher parent-adolescent relationship quality to be related to more positive and less negative sexual emotions through...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Students following a low education track have an increased risk for developing problem behaviors. Rock and Water is a widespread, but still poorly evaluated, intervention that aims to improve students' socio-emotional adjustment and social safety. The aims of this study are to evaluate (1) the effectiveness of Rock and Water on socio-e...
Article
Full-text available
The current study examined the relations between observed normativity and deviance during adolescents' and young adults' conversations about sex with their friends and their individual perceptions of sexual peer norms. Participants were 16-21-year-old same-sex friendship dyads (31 male and 30 female dyads) who performed a peer interaction task that...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the findings are described of Project STARS sub-project 2, in which a multi-method approach (longitudinal questionnaires, observations, meta-analysis) was used to investigate how different aspects of adolescents’ developing sexuality (behaviors, cognitions, emotions) are related over time to various aspects of adolescents’ relations...
Article
The current three-wave longitudinal study examined the differential relations between general parenting behaviour (monitoring, autonomy granting, and the quality of the parent-adolescent relationship) and adolescent sleep (bedtimes, time in bed, sleep quality and sleepiness) over a period of 2 years. At Time 1, the sample consisted of 650 adolescen...
Article
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The present study examined indirect over-time relations between parenting and adolescent sexuality through global self-esteem. Three waves of online questionnaire data were collected among a community sample of 1,116 Dutch adolescents (M = 13.9 years at baseline). Participants rated the quality of their relationship with parents, their global self-...
Article
In deze studie is gekeken naar verschillen tussen adolescenten van Marokkaanse en Nederlandse afkomst in (1) kwaliteit van de broer/zusrelatie en probleemgedrag en in (2) verbanden tussen kwaliteit van de broer/zusrelatie en externaliserend en internaliserend probleemgedrag. Tijdens vijf jaarlijkse meetrondes zijn vragenlijsten afgenomen bij 159 M...
Article
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Research on the role of sex-related Internet use in adolescents' sexual development has often isolated the Internet and online behaviors from other, offline influencing factors in adolescents' lives, such as processes in the peer domain. The aim of this study was to test an integrative model explaining how receptive (i.e., use of sexually explicit...
Article
Full-text available
The death of a parent or sibling (family bereavement) is associated with mental health problems in approximately, 25 % of the affected children. However, it is still unknown whether mental health problems of family-bereaved adolescents are predicted by pre-existing mental health problems, pre-loss family functioning, or multiple bereavements. In th...
Article
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This study gives an overview of Project STARS (Studies on Trajectories of Adolescent Relationships and Sexuality), a four-wave longitudinal study of 1297 Dutch adolescents. First, the sample, measures and four sub-projects are described. Second, hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to examine how key variables from the individual domain...
Chapter
Vroeg seksueel debuut brengt potentiële risico’s met zich mee, zoals onveilige en ongewenste seksuele ervaringen. Deze longitudinale studie onderzocht de gezamenlijke en relatieve rol van biopsychosociale factoren in de timing van seksueel debuut. Nederlandse adolescenten (n = 366) vulden drie keer vragenlijsten in (interval: één jaar). Voor de anc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Het leren omgaan met seksualiteit, lichamelijkheid, en intimiteit hoort bij een gezonde ontwikkeling. Intieme relaties en seksualiteit zijn voor jongeren zelf een belangrijk thema. De ervaringen die ze opdoen op dit gebied leggen een belangrijke basis voor latere intieme contacten en relaties. Ondanks dit is seksualiteit bij kinderen en adolescente...
Book
De seksuele carriere van Nederlandse en Vlaamse jongeren.- Eerste geslachtsgemeenschap op jonge leeftijd: hoe wordt dit beleefd en wat beınvloedt deze beleving?.- Vroeg seksueel debuut in Nederland: een longitudinale studie naar de rol van individuele kenmerken, opvoeding en leeftijdgenoten.- De rol van persoonlijkheid in de ontwikkeling van seksue...
Article
Using simulation investigation for empirical network analyses (in RSiena) we examined how personality and sexual behavior and intention were related to peer processes in Dutch adolescents. Our main research questions were: (a) do adolescents cluster together in friendship networks based on personality, sexual behavior, and/or sexual intention? And...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present meta-analysis was to investigate the associations between three types of peer norms –descriptive norms (peer sexual behaviors), injunctive norms (peer sexual attitudes), and peer pressure to have sex– and two adolescent sexual behavior outcomes (sexual activity and sexual risk behavior). Adolescent sexual activity was more st...
Article
Abstract Purpose: The current study investigated how parents and peers interact in promoting or delaying Dutch adolescents’ sexual initiation and intention, and focused specifically on parents as moderators of peer influence. Methods: Using a longitudinal design, two waves of online questionnaire data were collected among 900 Dutch adolescents (M...
Article
Full-text available
Vroeg seksueel debuut brengt potentiële risico’s met zich mee, zoals onveilige en ongewenste seksuele ervaringen. Deze longitudinale studie onderzocht de gezamenlijke en relatieve rol van biopsychosociale factoren in de timing van seksueel debuut. Nederlandse adolescenten (n = 366) vulden drie keer vragenlijsten in (interval: één jaar). Voor de anc...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: The aim of the present study was to examine whether adolescents of Moroccan and Dutch origin differ concerning sibling relationship quality and to examine whether the associations between quality of the sibling relationship and level and change in externalizing and internalizing problem behavior are comparable for Moroccan and Dutch adolescent...
Article
People often displace their anger and aggression against innocent targets, sometimes called scapegoats. Tragic historic events suggest that members of ethnic minority out-groups may be especially likely to be innocent targets. The current experiment examined displaced aggression of Dutch youths against Dutch in-group peers versus Moroccan out-group...
Article
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Thema's als intieme relaties en seksualiteit van adolescenten krijgen, in vergelijking met bijvoorbeeld problematisch gedrag van jongeren zoals delinquentie, relatief weinig aandacht in de wetenschappelijke literatuur. Dit staat in schril contrast met de aandacht die jongeren er zelf hiervoor hebben. In dit themanummer wordt door middel van tien bi...
Article
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English: Early sexual debut entails potential risks, such as unsafe and non-consensual sexual experiences. This longitudinal study examined the combined and relative role of biopsychosocial factors in the timing of sexual debut. Dutch adolescents (n = 366) completed three questionnaires (interval: one year). For the ANCOVAs and logistic regression...
Article
Full-text available
Studies among adults have shown that symptoms of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) are distinct from those of bereavement-related depression and post-traumatic stress-disorder (PTSD). This study was an attempt to replicate this finding in two distinct samples of bereaved children (N = 197; aged 8-12 years) and adolescents (N = 135; 13-18 years), confr...
Article
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In a longitudinal dataset of 470 Dutch adolescents, the current study examined the ways in which early sexual initiation was related to subsequent attachment, self-perception, internalizing problems, and externalizing problems. For male adolescents, analyses revealed general attachment to mother and externalizing problems at Wave 1 to predict to ea...
Article
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The present study aimed to (1) determine the long-term effectiveness of Home-Start, a preventive parenting program, and (2) test the hypothesis that changes in maternal sense of competence mediate the program's effects. Participants were 124 mothers (n = 66 intervention, n = 58 comparison). Four assessments took place during a 1-year period. Latent...
Article
Nowadays, more and more assessment instruments are taken online, at home, by candidates (unproctored assessment). Unproctored assessment has many advantages, such as lower costs and more user-friendliness. One of the crucial questions with online- or web-based assessment concerns fraud. Is it easier for candidates to commit fraud on an online asses...
Article
Full-text available
Does fraud pay off? The effects of fraud on an online, unproctored intelligence test Does fraud pay off? The effects of fraud on an online, unproctored intelligence test A.N.M. Oud, W. Bloemers & E. Reitz, Gedrag & Organisatie, volume 22, September 2009, nr. 3, pp. 200-213 Nowadays, more and more assessment instruments are taken online, at home, by...
Article
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Reitz, E., Prinzie, P., Deković, M., & Buist, K.L. (2008). Parental knowledge, peer contacts, and externalizing problem behaviour of adolescents: a longitudinal study. Kind en Adolescent, 29 (3), 134-146 The current longitudinal study examined the direct and indirect effects (through peer contacts) of parental knowledge on externalizing problem beh...
Article
Full-text available
An important issue in attachment theory and research is explaining individual differences in attachment quality. In this study, we examined (i) the relative importance of individual, dyadic, and family characteristics in explaining attachment quality differences and (ii) changes in the importance of these characteristics during adolescence. We exam...
Article
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Dit onderzoek onderzocht directe en indirecte effecten van ouderlijke persoonlijkheidskenmerken (gemeten volgens het Vijf Factor Model) en negatief opvoedingshandelen op externaliserend probleemgedrag bij 599 kinderen uit een proportioneel gestratificeerde steekproef. Consistent met eerder onderzoek, werden de effecten van Extraversie, Vriendelijkh...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the present study was to examine the direct and indirect effects (through peer contacts) of parental knowledge on adolescents’ delinquent and aggressive problem behavior, using latent growth curve modeling. A sample of 457 13- to 14-year old adolescents at first measurement wave (M=13.27; SD=0.45 years) filled out questionnaires abou...
Article
The current study examines predictive effects of participant's characteristics, program characteristics, and their interaction, on changes in parenting behavior of mothers who participated in the Home-Start parenting support program. The results confirm previous findings that effects of participant's and program characteristics differ by outcome va...
Article
Full-text available
In this longitudinal study, the bidirectional relations between parenting and friends’ deviance, on one hand, and early adolescent externalizing and internalizing problem behavior, on the other hand, are examined. Of the 650 adolescents (13- to 14-year-olds) who filled out the Youth Self-Report and questionnaires about their parents at two times wi...
Article
In this longitudinal study we investigated relations between parenting and externalizing and internalizing problem behaviour during early adolescence. First, we examined parenting effects on problem behaviour, including child behaviour as a moderator. Second, we examined child behaviour as predictor of parenting, also including moderator effects. A...
Article
Full-text available
Reitz, E., & Dekovic, M. (2006). The parent-child relationship: who influences who?, Kind en Adolescent, 27 (2), 84-99. The present study investigates reciprocal relationships between parents and children. On two occasions adolescents between 12 and 15 years old (N = 650) filled out questionnaires about problem behaviour and parenting. Relations be...
Article
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The first aim of this study was to examine the structure of externalizing and internalizing problem behavior during early adolescence. Our second aim was to determine the stability of these problems for boys and for girls over time. A total of 650, 13–14-year-olds filled out (an expanded version of) the Youth Self-Report [YSR; Manual for the Youth...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to examine growth trajectories of externalizing and internalizing problems during adolescence. In addition, we also examined factors that might account for individual differences in the level of problem behavior and in the rate of change: Adolescent gender and the quality of the relationships with parents and peers. The sa...