E. Paul Roetert

E. Paul Roetert
United States Tennis Association · Player and Coach Development

PhD

About

127
Publications
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2,325
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Publications

Publications (127)
Article
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Background In elite tennis players, musculoskeletal adaptations in the dominant upper extremity have been reported for range of motion, strength, and scapular biomechanics. In addition to scapular dysfunction, tightness and inflexibility of the pectoral musculature have been identified as risk factors for the development of overuse shoulder injury...
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The principles discussed in this article have been designed for junior players of all ages and abilities, and therefore, are translational to 10 and under tennis. These are the same principles that are represented in the USTA’s American Development Model (ADM). The theory behind the principles will be represented and then practical applications wil...
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The concept of “skill transfer” is introduced with the sports of ice hockey and tennis as examples. Skill transfer is addressed with a backdrop and understanding that it is based on existing concepts that have been researched significantly over the past few decades. They include Physical Literacy, Early Sport Specialization and Long-Term Athlete De...
Article
Early disclosure of possible concussive symptoms has the potential to improve concussion-related clinical outcomes. The objective of the present consensus process was to provide useful and feasible recommendations for collegiate athletic departments and military service academy leaders about how to increase concussion symptom disclosure in their se...
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Early disclosure of possible concussive symptoms has the potential to improve concussion-related clinical outcomes. The objective of the present consensus process was to provide useful and feasible recommendations for collegiate athletic departments and military service academy leaders about how to increase concussion symptom disclosure in their se...
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In the United States, collegiate sport is intimately tied to American Higher Education. In other words, National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) student-athletes are first and foremost students, and the NCAA governance is interwoven with higher education governance. While the structure of typical student life may evolve over time, and while...
Book
Emphasizing a movement-based approach to conditioning, Tennis Anatomy offers over 75 exercises designed to mimic the unique physical demands of the game and train the body as an integrated unit to maximize explosive power.
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The purpose of this editorial viewpoint is to serve as a call to action in the following three ways: 1) unify and amplify the messages of health literacy and physical literacy to educational leaders, health- and physical activity–related organizations, and decision makers; 2) recommend collaboration among leadership structures involved with each of...
Article
El objetivo de este artículo es comentar cómo se relacionan las tres etapas aceptadas e investigadas del aprendizaje motriz y el concepto de agrupar mentalmente la información para la adquisición y aceleración del proceso de aprendizaje en el tenis. Se hace referencia también a las etapas de aprendizaje, al rol de jugar versus practicar tenis, y a...
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The goal of this article is to address how three accepted and researched motor learning stages, as well as the concept of mentally chunking information, relate to acquiring and accelerating the learning process in tennis. Stages of learning, the role of playing vs. practicing tennis, and the interaction between biomechanics and motor learning are d...
Article
While it is commonly thought that physical literacy is an early 21st-century construct and is often credited to Margaret Whitehead, in fact, the term physical literacy can be traced back to the late 1800s. In this narrative, the authors review descriptions of physical literacy that appeared in the late 19th and early to mid-20th century literature...
Article
This viewpoint evaluates the National Physical Education Service, which the federal government implemented in 1918 to combat low levels of physical fitness and poor physical development in youth, and determines what 21st-century health professionals can learn from it.
Article
THIS ARTICLE INTRODUCES THE CONSTRUCT OF PHYSICAL LITERACY PARTICULARLY AS IT RELATES TO THE OLDER ADULT. MOST ARTICLES PERTAINING TO PHYSICAL LITERACY IN THE SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE HAVE SHARED INFORMATION RELATIVE TO THE SECTORS OF YOUTH SPORTS AND CHILDHOOD EDUCATION. HOWEVER, THE DEFINITION OF PHYSICAL LITERACY HIGHLIGHTS THE IMPORTANCE OF TAKING...
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Durante la última década, el tema de la especialización deportiva temprana ha sido ampliamente debatido. En este artículo revisamos algunas de las investigaciones recientes relacionadas con el tenis y proporcionamos algunas recomendaciones para la participación en múltiples deportes con el fin de ayudar a reducir las lesiones, mejorar las habilidad...
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Over the past decade, there has been a lot of debate about the topic of early sport specialization. In this article we review some of the current research as it relates to tennis and provide recommendations for multi-sport participation to help reduce injuries, improve overall sport skills and allow for the enjoyment of lifetime physical participat...
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The term physical literacy has been embraced by a number of different countries around the world. Although the concept has regained momentum over the past few decades, little has been written about specific activities that may assist in providing the foundation for physical literacy as a life-long journey. This article introduces selected physical...
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Tennis may just be the perfect sport along the journey of physically literacy. Few sports can claim all the lifelong benefits that tennis provides. These benefits include physical, psychological, social and emotional aspects that lead us to achieving the competence, confidence and desire to enjoy physical activities for a lifetime. That is exactly...
Book
This strength and conditioning resource is endorsed by the United States Tennis Association. The content details how to maximize your training with exercises, drills, and programs.
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The term "physical literacy" is gaining traction in many countries and institutions as a goal for physical education. This paper explores the concept of physical literacy and highlights the foundational work in this area, particularly that of Margaret Whitehead. The relationship of physical literacy to physical education is also discussed with pote...
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At the most recent SHAPE America National Convention held in St. Louis, MO, an international perspective of the term “physical literacy” was introduced. Experts representing North America, Europe, and Asia provided insight into the increased acceptance and implementation of the term. Since the terms “physical education” and “physical activity” are...
Chapter
Tennis is a sport with unique, whole-body demands, played on four different surfaces that produce specific anatomical adaptations and injury profiles in its elite players. This chapter considers the injury patterns and biomechanical characteristics of tennis play and provides a tennis-specific training program template for both young developing pla...
Article
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Introduction. Tennis has at times been characterized as a sport of emergencies. It requires short bursts of energy, quickness, agility and sometimes lunging for wide balls. Because of these demands on the body, proper preparation and training is vital to a strong performance on the court. The goal is to be as balanced and properly set up for each s...
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THE DESIGN OF STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING PROGRAMS SPECIFIC TO TENNIS HAS RECEIVED SIGNIFICANT ATTENTION, PARTICULARLY OVER THE PAST 25 YEARS. MUCH OF THE AVAILABLE RESEARCH IS BASED ON OUR KNOWLEDGE OF THE PHYSIOLOGICAL DEMANDS OF TENNIS. LESS IS KNOWN ABOUT THE LINK BETWEEN THE ACTUAL STROKES (SERVES, FOREHANDS, AND BACKHANDS) AND THE SPECIFIC TRAI...
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THE PURPOSE OF THIS ARTICLE WAS TO SUMMARIZE RECENT RESEARCH RELATED TO THE BIOMECHANICS OF TENNIS TECHNIQUE IN GROUNDSTROKES AND THEN TO RECOMMEND SPECIFIC STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING EXERCISES THAT WOULD TEND TO IMPROVE TENNIS PERFORMANCE AND PREVENT INJURY. BASED ON THE AVAILABLE RESEARCH, IT WAS DETERMINED THAT TRAINING EXERCISES SHOULD EMULATE T...
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EFFICIENT DECELERATION IS PARAMOUNT TO ALLOW FOR FAST AND EXPLOSIVE CHANGES OF DIRECTION. BECAUSE MOST TENNIS POINTS HAVE BETWEEN 3 AND 7 CHANGES OF DIRECTIONS, THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE COMPONENTS IN CHANGE OF DIRECTION MOVEMENTS IS A MAJOR COMPONENT OF COMPETITIVE PLAY. TRAINING FOR TENNIS REQUIRES A STRONG UNDERSTANDING NOT ONLY OF THE ACCELERATION...
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Tennis requires repetitive multidirectional movement patterns that can lead to lower extremity injury. Knowledge of population and age-specific strength parameters can be used during performance enhancement training and rehabilitation of tennis players. The purpose of this study was to generate population and age-specific descriptive profiles of co...
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Repetitive loading to the hip joint in athletes has been reported as a factor in the development of degenerative joint disease and intra-articular injury. Little information is available on the bilateral symmetry of hip rotational measures in unilaterally dominant upper extremity athletes. Side-to-side differences in hip joint range of motion may b...
Article
The influence of physical activity during childhood on activity during middle age and beyond as well as coronary heart disease risk is discussed.
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In tennis, injuries to the elbow and wrist occur secondary to the repetitive nature of play and are seen at increasingly young ages. Isokinetic testing can be used to determine muscular strength levels, but dominant/non-dominant and agonist/antagonist relations are needed for meaningful interpretation of the results. To determine whether there are...
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Concerns have long existed over the participation of adolescent athletes in professional sports. In 2004, the Sony Ericsson WTA Tour (WTA Tour) commissioned a Professional Development Advisory Panel (PDAP) to evaluate the WTA Tour's age eligibility rule (AER) and professional development programmes (PDPs) for female tennis players since their incep...
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Strength and conditioning professionals are frequently asked about exercise before, during, and after pregnancy. This article highlights some of the changes in fitness levels and strength prepartum and postpartum.
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A lot has been written over the last decade about both flexibility and strength training as each relates to the sport of tennis. The purpose of this article is to focus on the practical aspects of both and provide exercise recommendations that can be implemented with a minimum of equipment. The reason flexibility and strength exercises are combined...
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summary: The authors of this study outline whom among different levels of athletes might be at greatest risk for the Female Athlete Triad.
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Bone health can be improved in children and adults with vigorous weight-bearing physical activity.
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summary: Physical Education programs in schools, particularly enhanced programs, provide good fitness habits in children which carry over into adulthood. (C) 2005 National Strength and Conditioning Association
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This column looks at issues related to the use of supplements in college athletics.
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The changes in stroke production in the modern game of tennis have increased the demands on trunk rotation in elite tennis players. Unlike the shoulder, where unilateral strength adaptations have been identified, no study to date has objectively quantified side to side rotational trunk strength in elite tennis players. One hundred nine elite tennis...
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This column looks at some of the benefits of strength training in elderly populations.
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Isokinetic strength testing provides objective and reliable muscular performance data on elite tennis players; however, such data are not highly correlated with performance on a multiple-joint kinetic chain activity such as the tennis serve. In this brief review, an overview of the muscular performance characteristics generated through isokinetic t...
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Proper nutrition for young athletes is essential for proper growth, health, and athletic performance. The diet should focus on adequate amounts of carbohydrate, protein, calcium, iron, and fluids.
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Children in the United States were shown to be less fit than children in Sweden and Australia.
Chapter
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There are many ways to optimize the ball-racket interaction, from finding the best location on the head to impact the ball, to determining the optimum racket head speed and orientation, to choosing the best racket and strings for your game and the court conditions. What may be an optimum for one player may not be best for another player. However, o...
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The high incidence of overuse shoulder injuries in elite junior tennis players is often attributed to both the high repetitive stresses inherent in the game, as well as muscular imbalances in the humeral rotators. The purpose of this study was to isokinetically measure concentric glenohumeral joint internal and external rotation strength, to develo...
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Descriptive study. To determine whether bilateral differences exist in concentric elbow flexion and extension strength in elite junior tennis players. The repetitive nature of tennis frequently produces upper extremity overuse injuries. Prior research has identified tennis-specific strength adaptation in the dominant shoulder and distal upper extre...
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The amount of glenohumeral joint internal and external rotation used during overhead sport activities has been measured experimentally by sports scientists. Clinical measurement of glenohumeral joint internal and external rotation using goniometry is an integral part of a shoulder evaluation after injury or surgery or during preseason or preventati...
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The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a 4-month season of collegiate tennis on glenohumeral joint internal and external rotation strength and range of motion in female collegiate tennis players. Eleven female collegiate tennis players were isokinetically tested to assess glenohumeral joint internal and external rotation strength w...
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This study longitudinally examined shoulder internal rotation (IR), external rotation (ER), and total rotation (TROT) in the dominant (D) and nondominant (ND) arms of 44 nationally ranked junior tennis players aged 14-17 years. Analyses conducted across the 4 age groups revealed a significant main effect of age for IR ranges of motion (ROMs; p < 0....
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Single group, post-test only descriptive analysis of isokinetically measured shoulder internal and external rotation muscular fatigue. To determine whether differences in isokinetically measured muscular fatigue exist between shoulder external (ER) and internal rotation (IR) and between the dominant (DOM) and nondominant (NDOM) extremity in elite j...
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