Dylan Nielson

Dylan Nielson
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) | NIMH · Data Science and Sharing Team

PhD in Neuroscience

About

62
Publications
16,119
Reads
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1,697
Citations
Education
June 2009 - June 2016
The Ohio State University
Field of study
  • Neuroscience
August 2003 - June 2007
Clemson University
Field of study
  • Chemistry and Genetics

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Despite its omnipresence in everyday interactions and its importance for mental health, mood and its neuronal underpinnings are poorly understood. Computational models can help identify parameters affecting self-reported mood during mood induction tasks. Here, we test if computationally modeled dynamics of self-reported mood during monetary gamblin...
Chapter
Full-text available
Anhedonia reflects a reduced ability to engage in previously pleasurable activities and has been reported in children as young as 3 years of age. It manifests early and is a strong predictor of psychiatric disease onset and progression over the course of development and into adulthood. However, little is known about its mechanistic origins, particu...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To investigate whether, compared to pre-pandemic levels, depressive and anxiety symptoms in adolescents with depression increased during the pandemic. Method We utilized data from National Institute of Mental Health Characterization and Treatment of Depression (NIMH CAT-D) cohort, a longitudinal case control study that started pre-pandem...
Preprint
Mood is a key factor that determines our well-being and a lot of effort goes into taming and regulating it. The role of positive and negative environmental stimuli on mood and whether they can promote mood resilience or susceptibility, remains relatively unexplored. The aim of the present study is to investigate whether mood could be trained to bec...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Family history of depression (FHD) is a known risk factor for the new onset of depression. However, it is unclear if FHD is clinically useful for prognosis in adolescents with current, ongoing, or past depression. This preregistered study uses a longitudinal, multi-informant design to examine whether a child's FHD adds information abou...
Article
Full-text available
Humans refer to their mood state regularly in day-to-day as well as clinical interactions. Theoretical accounts suggest that when reporting on our mood we integrate over the history of our experiences; yet, the temporal structure of this integration remains unexamined. Here we use a computational approach to quantitatively answer this question and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Does our mood change as time passes, and is this change different in people with depression? These questions are central to affective neuroscience theory and methodology, yet they remain largely unexamined. Here we demonstrate that rest periods lowered participants' mood, an effect we call "passage-of-time dysphoria." This finding was replicated in...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic and its social and economic consequences have had adverse impacts on physical and mental health worldwide and exposed all segments of the population to protracted uncertainty and daily disruptions. The CoRonavIruS health and Impact Survey (CRISIS) was developed for use as an easy to implement and robust questionnaire covering...
Article
Full-text available
Adolescent depression is a potentially lethal condition and a leading cause of disability for this age group. There is an urgent need for novel efficacious treatments since half of adolescents with depression fail to respond to current therapies and up to 70% of those who respond will relapse within 5 years. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimula...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite its omnipresence in everyday interactions and its importance for mental health, mood and its neuronal underpinnings are poorly understood. Computational models can help identify parameters affecting self-reported mood during mood induction tasks. Here we test if computationally modelled dynamics of self-reported mood during monetary gamblin...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Suicide deaths and suicidal thoughts and behaviors are considered a public health emergency, yet their underpinnings in the brain remain elusive. The authors examined the classification accuracy of individual, environmental, and clinical characteristics, as well as multimodal brain imaging correlates, of suicidal thoughts and behaviors...
Preprint
Full-text available
Task, resting state, and diffusion MRI data are usually acquired from subjects using echo-planar based imaging techniques. These techniques are highly susceptible to B 0 homogeneity effects that result in geometric distortions in the reconstructed images. As researchers work to link the information from these scans back to various developmental sta...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic and its social and economic consequences have had adverse impacts on physical and mental health worldwide and exposed all segments of the population to protracted uncertainty and daily disruptions. The CoRonavIruS health and Impact Survey (CRISIS) was developed for use as an easy to implement and robust questionnaire covering...
Article
Full-text available
Data analysis workflows in many scientific domains have become increasingly complex and flexible. Here we assess the effect of this flexibility on the results of functional magnetic resonance imaging by asking 70 independent teams to analyse the same dataset, testing the same 9 ex-ante hypotheses1. The flexibility of analytical approaches is exempl...
Article
Full-text available
Both human and animal studies support the relationship between depression and reward processing abnormalities, giving rise to the expectation that neural signals of these processes may serve as biomarkers or mechanistic treatment targets. Given the great promise of this research line, we scrutinize those findings and the theoretical claims that und...
Article
Full-text available
Two ongoing movements in human cognitive neuroscience have researchers shifting focus from group-level inferences to characterizing single subjects, and complementing tightly controlled tasks with rich, dynamic paradigms such as movies and stories. Yet relatively little work combines these two, perhaps because traditional analysis approaches for na...
Preprint
Full-text available
Both human and animal studies support the relationship between depression and reward processing abnormalities, giving rise to the expectation that neural signals of these processes may serve as biomarkers or mechanistic treatment targets. Given the great promise of this research line, we scrutinize those findings and the theoretical claims that und...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Childhood suicidality is a major public health concern with poorly defined neurobiology, especially in young people. We sought to address this gap by examining multimodal brain imaging correlates of suicidality in a US population-based sample of school-aged children from the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development study. Methods: Unr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Data analysis workflows in many scientific domains have become increasingly complex and flexible. To assess the impact of this flexibility on functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) results, the same dataset was independently analyzed by 70 teams, testing nine ex-ante hypotheses. The flexibility of analytic approaches is exemplified by the fac...
Preprint
Full-text available
Humans refer to their own mood state regularly in day-to-day as well as in clinical interactions. Theoretical accounts suggest that when reporting on our mood we integrate over the history of our experiences; yet, the temporal structure of this integration remains unexamined. Here we use a computational approach to quantitatively answer this questi...
Preprint
Two ongoing movements in human cognitive neuroscience have researchers shifting focus from group-level inferences to characterizing single subjects, and complementing tightly controlled tasks with rich, dynamic paradigms such as movies and stories. Yet relatively little work combines these two, perhaps because traditional analysis approaches for na...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we describe a Bayesian deep neural network (DNN) for predicting FreeSurfer segmentations of structural MRI volumes, in minutes rather than hours. The network was trained and evaluated on a large dataset (n = 11,480), obtained by combining data from more than a hundred different sites, and also evaluated on another completely held-out...
Article
Full-text available
The neuroimaging community is steering towards increasingly large sample sizes, which are highly heterogeneous because they can only be acquired by multi-site consortia. The visual assessment of every imaging scan is a necessary quality control step, yet arduous and time-consuming. A sizeable body of evidence shows that images of low quality are a...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we describe a deep neural network for predicting FreeSurfer segmentations of structural MRI volumes, in seconds rather than hours. The network was trained and evaluated on an extremely large dataset (n = 11,148), obtained by combining data from more than a hundred sites. We also show that the prediction uncertainty of the network at...
Article
Full-text available
Collecting the large datasets needed to train deep neural networks can be very difficult, particularly for the many applications for which sharing and pooling data is complicated by practical, ethical, or legal concerns. However, it may be the case that derivative datasets or predictive models developed within individual sites can be shared and com...
Article
Full-text available
The human posteromedial cortex, which includes core regions of the default mode network (DMN), is thought to play an important role in episodic memory. However, the nature and functional role of representations in these brain regions remain unspecified. Nine participants (all female) wore smartphone devices to record episodes from their daily lives...
Preprint
Full-text available
The neuroimaging community is steering towards increasingly large sample sizes, which are highly heterogeneous because they can only be acquired by multi-site consortia. The visual assessment of every imaging scan is a necessary quality control step, yet arduous and time-consuming. A sizeable body of evidence shows that images of low quality are a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Collecting the large datasets needed to train deep neural networks can be very difficult, particularly for the many applications for which sharing and pooling data is complicated by practical, ethical, or legal concerns. However, it may be the case that derivative datasets or predictive models developed within individual sites can be shared and com...
Preprint
Full-text available
In order to obtain the sample sizes needed for robustly reproducible effects, it is often necessary to acquire data at multiple sites using different MRI scanners. This poses a challenge for investigators to account for the variance due to scanner, as balanced sampling is often not an option. Similarly, longitudinal studies must deal with known and...
Article
The study objective was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of deep brain stimulation (DBS) at the ventral capsule/ventral striatum (VC/VS) region to specifically modulate frontal lobe behavioral and cognitive networks as a novel treatment approach for Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. This is a non-randomized phase I prospective open label interv...
Preprint
Full-text available
Synopsis The MRIQC Web-API is a resource for scientists to train new automatic quality classifiers. The MRIQC Web-API has collected more than 30K sets of image quality measures automatically extracted from BOLD and T1-weighted scans using MRIQC. MRIQC is an automated MRI Quality Control tool, and here we present an extension to crowdsource these qu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent studies have suggested that the human posteromedial cortex (PMC), which includes core regions of the default mode network (DMN), plays an important role in episodic memory. Whereas various roles relating to self-relevant processing and memory retrieval have been attributed to different subsystems within this broad network, the nature of repr...
Article
Full-text available
Mixed effects models provide significant advantages in sensitivity and flexibility over typical statistical approaches to neural data analysis, but mass univariate application of mixed effects models to large neural datasets is computationally intensive. Threshold free cluster enhancement also provides a significant increase in sensitivity, but req...
Poster
Full-text available
The disparity between an individual’s brain age and one’s chronological age can be an indicator for various neurological disorders throughout one’s life. A previous brain-age prediction study investigated the ability of multimodal brain imaging data to predict age, relying on anatomical and functional brain data to build a machine learning model wi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Mixed effects models provide significant advantages in sensitivity and flexibility over typical statistical approaches to neural data analysis, but mass univariate application of mixed effects models to large neural datasets is computationally intensive. Threshold free cluster enhancement also provides a significant increase in sensitivity, but req...
Article
Full-text available
Millions of people worldwide suffer from diseases that lead to paralysis through disruption of signal pathways between the brain and the muscles. Neuroprosthetic devices are designed to restore lost function and could be used to form an electronic 'neural bypass' to circumvent disconnected pathways in the nervous system. It has previously been show...
Article
Background: Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) damages the frontal lobes and connecting networks, which impairs executive functions, including the ability to self-regulate. Despite significant disabling effects, there are few treatment options in the chronic phase after injury. Objective: To investigate the safety and potential effectiveness of...
Article
Introduction: The neurophysiological basis of pain relief due to spinal cord stimulation (SCS) and the related cortical processing of sensory information are not completely understood. The aim of this study was to use resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) to detect changes in cortical networks and cortical processing relate...
Article
Full-text available
Memory stretches over a lifetime. In controlled laboratory settings, the hippocampus and other medial temporal lobe brain structures have been shown to represent space and time on the scale of meters and seconds. It remains unclear whether the hippocampus also represents space and time over the longer scales necessary for human episodic memory. We...
Article
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has generated extensive interest within the traumatic brain injury (TBI) rehabilitation community, but little work has been done with repetitive protocols, which can produce prolonged changes in behavior. This is partly due to concerns about the safety of repetitive TMS (rTMS) in traumatic brain injury subjec...
Article
The aim of this study was to use resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) to detect changes in cortical networks and cortical processing linked to pain relief from spinal cord stimulation.
Article
Several lines of evidence suggest that autism may be associated with abnormalities in white matter development. However, inconsistencies remain in the literature regarding the nature and extent of these abnormalities, partly because of the limited types of measurements that have been used. Here, we used magnetization transfer imaging to provide ins...
Conference Paper
Background: Increasing evidence indicates that brain growth in children with autism may be accelerated early in life and then slow, resulting in more significantly enlarged brain volumes in younger children (Courchesne, Neuron 2007). Development of surface area and thickness of the cortex may be affected by different factors (Rakic, Science 1988),...

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Projects (2)