Dvora Yanow

Dvora Yanow
Wageningen University & Research | WUR · Department of Communication, Technology and Philosophy

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89
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Publications

Publications (89)
Chapter
Can the idea of mainstreaming help resolve implementation problems and achieve integration goals? Can successful mainstreaming resolve the conundrum that population-naming categories created for social justice purposes in the end undermine those very purposes? This afterword first reflects on the metaphoric character of ‘mainstreaming’, which shift...
Article
p>No systematic assessment exists that justifies the extension of ethics regulations to non-experimental social science research. Instead, three studies—by MILGRAM, HUMPHREYS, and ZIMBARDO—are repeatedly cited to support such regulation, based on their use of deception and/or covertness. Challenging such regulation requires these studies' detailed...
Article
We have been invited by Politics & Gender 's editors to review the origins and current standing of the Data Access and Research Transparency (DA-RT) policy, an effort initiated by the eponymous American Political Science Association (APSA) Ad Hoc Committee and led primarily by Colin Elman, Diana Kapiszewski, and Arthur (“Skip”) Lupia. We have not b...
Article
Tabulating population demographics, including “ethnicity,” “nationality,” and “race,” has long been a mark of the modern state. Achieved through its statisticians, this requires the designation and operationalization of relevant categories. Such category-making practices are commonly “invisible,” as is, consequently, their role in making up race-et...
Article
This essay corrects and updates one that was originally published in Qualitative & Multi-Method Research and, in a condensed version, in three other APSA Organized Section newsletters. Our research into IRB policy has shown that many political scientists are not familiar with some of its key provisions. The intent of the essay is to increase awaren...
Article
Full-text available
The ‘interpretive turn’ has gained traction as a research approach in recent decades in the empirical social sciences. While the contributions of interpretive research and interpretive research methods are clear, we wonder: Does an interpretive perspective lend itself to – or even demand – a particular style of teaching? This question was at the he...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter begins by explicating the character of interpretive policy analysis and then looks at the history and present state of the field in the Netherlands. That history is narrated by looking at the actors (an ever-expanding group), places or settings and events who and which have made it at home in this state. We will also engage the specifi...
Chapter
This book, part of the International Library of Policy Analysis, provides an overview of developments in policy analysis in both academia and practice at various levels of governance, and offers an overview of the current state of affairs.
Article
No observational method is "point and shoot." Even bracketing interpretive methodologies and their attendant philosophies, a researcher-including an experimentalist-always frames observation in terms of the topic of interest. I cannot ever be "just a camera lens," not as researcher and not as photographer. Framing research " shots," an observer alw...
Article
The concept of frames or framing, especially cast as “frame analysis,” has an established history in public policy. Taking off from the work of Donald Schön and Martin Rein, we develop the idea of policy analytic framing, the more dynamic of the two terms, in ways that strengthen what we see as its promise for a more process-oriented and politicall...
Article
As noted in the editorial in Issue 2(2) of this journal (Yanow, 2013a,b), after the comments on Morey and Luthans’ (1987/2013) reprinted article had been assembled (Luthans et al., 2013), the editor of that symposium, Dvora Yanow, had occasion to meet Jean-François Chanlat, professor of business anthropology at the University of Paris-Dauphine, and...
Chapter
Imagine a comparative analysis of primary school breakfast programmes, an undertaking of different states’ health agency policies intended to make more nutritional food available to young children whose families cannot afford it. All schools serve dry cornflakes with milk for breakfast. Informed by a model of comparative research that begins with n...
Article
The articles in this special issue on linguistic approaches to analysing policies and the political share the goal of taking language seriously, achieved through detailed attention to linguistic usage in its respective contexts. They reflect a stance common to both cognitive linguistic and interpretive/constructivist approaches, namely a view of la...
Article
As with much of Europe, the Netherlands has no explicit ‘race’ discourse; however, the state, through its public policy and administrative practices, does categorise its population along ‘ethnic’ lines, using birthplace — one's own or one's (grand-) parent's — as the surrogate determining factor. The contemporary operative taxonomy has until recent...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to take account of organizational ethnography in its historical and methodological context, on the occasion of the inauguration of the Journal of Organizational Ethnography. Design/methodology/approach – This essay brings together some current issues and concerns in one form of “marked” ethnography. Findings –...
Article
Full-text available
As with much of Europe, the Netherlands has no explicit 'race' discourse; but the state, through its public policy and administrative practices, does categorize its population along 'ethnic' lines, using birthplace – one's own or one's (grand)parent's – as the surrogate determining factor. The contemporary operative taxonomy has until recently been...
Article
Scientific conversations can be riddled with confusion when contributions to the discussion are based on notions about ways of knowing that remain implicit. Researchers often mix different methodological positions in their research designs due to their lack of awareness of distinctions between different ways of knowing and their associated methods....
Article
It is the pervading law of all things organic and inorganic, of all things physical and metaphysical, of all things human and all things superhuman, … that form ever follows function. This is the law. —Louis H. Sullivan, 1896 Form follows failure. —Henry Petroski, 1993
Article
Peregrine Schwartz-Shea is a professor of political science at the University of Utah. Her peregrinations have taken her from rational choice experimental projects to interpretive methodologies and their attendant evaluative criteria and standards. The author of a recently published assessment of Elinor Ostrom's work honoring her Nobel Prize, she i...
Conference Paper
Federal policy protecting human subjects exempts research involving 'elected or appointed public officials or candidates for public office' from complying with research regulations. However, anecdotal evidence suggests that what 'exempt' means in practice as implemented by university institutional review boards (IRBs) varies from one campus to anot...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
What are migrants/immigrants expected to do, and to become, in order to gain full citizenship in the nation-state? What formal processes have been developed for marking the transition from immigrant to citizen, including examinations for citizenship as well as the range of prior preparations that lead up to that point? How do immigrant-receiving co...
Book
Full-text available
'Space and spatiality have been "present absentees" of organization studies for decades. Since the early days they figured prominently in studies of organizations yet important conceptualization of their nature and import has not been begun since recently. Improved understanding of contemporary management and organization cannot circumvent a more p...
Article
Full-text available
The study of practices has a long theoretical history and draws on a wide range of methods. This introductory essay sets the stage for the five articles presented in this Special Issue by explaining its background and providing one narrative of the theoretical background on which both its editors and the authors of its articles, in one way or anoth...
Article
For all the attention that the concept of reflective practice has attracted, very little has been said concerning what might incline someone to be open to engage in it. My concern in this essay is with two characteristics of professional, including administrative, practice—a language of certainty and a language of inquiry —and, when the conditions...
Article
Building on the work of Donald Schön and phenomenological treatments of practice, we propose a phenomenological theory of reflection-in-action that develops this concept further, thereby transcending a number of limitations we find in his theorizing. Our theory includes: an appreciation for the evaluative dimensions built into competent practice th...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to assess the myths and challenges in the field of organizational ethnography and methodological angst. Design/methodology/approach – This paper is initially written as an invited keynote address for the 3rd Annual Joint Symposium on “Current Developments in Ethnographic Research in the Social and Management S...
Chapter
In studying human political acts, actions, interactions, and their attendant language and material culture, can the researcher generate understanding from a point external to that which is being studied? It is this sort of question that has driven the development of what are increasingly becoming known as “interpretive research methods“ (Yanow/Schw...
Book
Much of the ‘mystery’ of organizational life is hidden in plain sight in individuals’ everyday communications and everyday practices. Ethnographic approaches provide in-depth and up-close understandings of how the everyday-ness of work is organized and how work organizes people in everyday organizational life. Organizational Ethnography brings cont...
Article
Full-text available
Interpretive approaches to science are found in many social sciences, including organizational studies. They trace their antecedents, sometimes consciously, sometimes by implication, to a set of philosophical arguments that developed largely in the first part of the twentieth century in Europe (initially in Germany, at mid-century in France, with t...
Article
Full-text available
Political science as a discipline has largely ignored research regulatory policies associated with institutional review boards (IRBs). Many political scientists—especially those in the senior ranks—are either oblivious to the existence of IRBs or actively decide to sidestep them by not submitting their proposals for review. Based on research conduc...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars paint theoretical canvases, using words, without always making transparent the logic of inquiry embedded within their writing. This is especially so when writing for their own epistemic communities, whose members share a set of usually unspoken methodological presuppositions concerning the 'reality status' of what they study and its 'know-...
Article
Metaphor analysis in political and social science has taken one of two streams: exploring the roles of metaphor in social and political theories and theorizing, and exploring the roles of metaphor in practice, such as in organizations or public policies. This paper is primarily concerned with the latter. Unlike "theory metaphors," "metaphors-in-pra...
Article
Interpretive research methods of various sorts have long been used to study “the political,” but the full range of such methods is not widely known, and many are curious about what they entail. Others, who begin to use one or another of them, have questions about how to proceed. For those just learning about these methods, questions may be as basic...
Article
Interpretive policy analysis entails the application to studies of public policies of approaches building on ontological and epistemological presuppositions deriving from interpretive philosophies. Its central characteristic is its focus on meaning. Interpretive policy analyses are, then, situation‐specific, rather than entailing general laws or un...
Article
Julian Orr's ethnographic study of copier technicians explores three themes-practices, practitioners, and learning-gathered under the heading of 'work' and situated in geographic spaces-the team's territory-and places. In my reading, the book addresses three central concerns in organizational studies today: moves to (re-)ground theorizing in work p...
Article
To speak of Athe@ philosophy of public administration or of Apublic administration theory@ as a timeless and placeless umbrella term presupposes a universalism in the meaning of its referents, including its three components, Apublic,@ Aadministration,@ and Apublic administration.@ Yet taking constructivist ontological and interpretive epistemologic...
Article
Policy analysis, both of a positivist and of an interpretivist bent, often focuses on the explicit, formal language of legislation. But policy meanings are also communicated through agency acts that take place in settings. In this essay I explore what we might learn for policy analysis in seeing built spaces–that is, policy settings–as texts, and s...
Article
This article theorizes about the kinds of knowing present in organizations that share both a structural similarity in the organization of work and work practices – a ‘double periphery’ in which a community of practitioners acts across both a horizontal, geographic periphery and a vertical, hierarchical periphery – and a common mode of practice – tr...
Article
Full-text available
Beginnings In recent years the concepts of practice and activity have attracted the atten- tion of academics and practitioners working on learning and knowledge in organizational and work settings. These scholars and practitioners have all begun to explore the implications for research and intervention of the notion that knowledge and learning are...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports on an interpretive content analysis of fourteen research methods texts. We read them as a genre—exploring their structural and rhetorical features—to address two questions: To what extent do research methods texts reflect the breadth of methods used in political science and its fields? To what extent do they reflect contemporar...
Chapter
Full-text available
This essay considers the role of passion and humility in the theory and practice of public administration in response to one of its central conundrums: how to act in administrative capacities with “passionate” commitment and conviction, while at the same time entertaining the possibility that, in its formulation and/or application, this commitment...
Article
What sight does a 'cultural' approach to organizational learn- ing enable? In an earlier essay my co-author and I argued that such an approach made it possible to bypass certain conceptual problems inher- ent in treating organizational learning as an attribute of individuals. In this essay I reflect on the metaphoric process that enabled that argum...
Book
Underlying Assumptions of an Interpretive Approach The Importance of Local Knowledge Accessing Local Knowledge Identifying Interpretive Communities and Policy Artifacts Symbolic Language Symbolic Objects Symbolic Acts Moving from Fieldwork and Deskwork to Textwork and Beyond
Article
Theorists of collective organizational learning "borrow" the ontological status that comes with two terms from other disciplines: "culture" (anthropology) or "community" (sociology, community organization, urban planning). In a metaphoric process, both of these terms carry with them not just the "reality status" of these terms from their sources bu...
Article
What would policy analysis look like if we were to begin with the assumptions of multivocality and incommensurability, rather than discover them in the midst of analytic research? Much interpretive policy analysis begins and ends by arguing on philosophical grounds with the positivist presuppositions of the field. Reflecting on the organizational a...
Article
The categories that we have created in the United States to divide ourselves according to racial and ethnic characteristics are social constructions, not reflections of the natural world and as such are flexible and evolving. Yet we tend to regard and treat them as fixed, stable, scientifically grounded entities. In this way they become the basis f...
Article
The title of this collection of short essays derives from Tales of the Field (Van Maanen: Tales of the Field: On Writing Ethnography. Chicago University Press, Chicago, IL). In it, John Van Maanen argues that researchers’ writings are “tales”---that is, constructions---rather than objective reports or “mirrors,” to use Richard Rorty’s (Rorty, R. 19...
Article
Full-text available
Traditionally, theories of organizational learning have taken one of two approaches that share a common characterization of learning but differ in focus. One approach focuses on learning by individuals in organizational contexts; the other, on individual learning as a model for organizational action. Both base their understanding of organizational...
Article
Interpretive approaches to policy analysis introduce a set of questions about how policy meanings are communicated to multiple audiences, and exploring these questions is a useful alternative to more traditional positivist approaches to understanding policy implementation. The article explores the theoretical background for one such approach illust...
Article
Myths are not only tales told by “prescientific” peoples about the origins of their universe. Myths also are constructed by modern Western peoples in the arena of public policy, where they direct attention away from equally valued but contradictory societal principles. Agencies created to implement policies also construct myths. Policy myths and th...
Article
Metaphor analysis traditionally treats its subject as a figure of speech, that is, a purely literary device that can be replaced by literal language. However, recent work suggests that metaphors should be thought of as figures of thought strongly based in cognition; they thus imply action. This article examines a particular organizational metaphor...

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