Durk Gorter

Durk Gorter
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea | UPV/EHU · Departamento de Teoría e Historia de la Educación

Professor

About

180
Publications
266,084
Reads
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5,189
Citations
Introduction
Research lines: Multilingualism in Educational Contexts; Comparative studies of European minority languages; Linguistic Landscape studies; Applied Linguistics; Sociolinguistics; Multilingualism; Minority Languages. ............................... ................................. ........................... Award for Distinguished Scholar of Multilingualism by the International Association of Multilingualism, Lisbon, Sept 2018
Additional affiliations
July 2013 - present
Language, Culture and Curriculum
Position
  • Editor
Description
  • http://www.tandfonline.com/toc/rlcc20/current
January 2008 - present
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea
Position
  • Ikerbasque Research Professor
Description
  • DREAM research on multilingualism in educational settings + EUROPEAN MASTER IN MULTILINGUALISM AND EDUCATION (EMME) www.multilingualeducation.eu
December 2007 - present
Ikerbasque - Basque Foundation for Science
Position
  • Ikerbasque research professor
Education
February 1993
University of Amsterdam
Field of study
  • Humanities

Publications

Publications (180)
Article
Full-text available
Three languages play an important role in the province of Fryslan: Frisian as the minority language spoken by a majority of the population, Dutch as the dominant language in society, and English as an increasingly important additional language. The position of Frisian as a language for teaching is marginal at all levels of education. Although it is...
Article
Full-text available
download from: http://depot.knaw.nl/3009/1/20895.pdf
Article
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While heritage languages have been part of the linguistic situation in many if not all European countries their position has shifted in the last decades due to a number of socio-political changes that have taken place. Here we want to show how some of these changes have affected policies towards heritage languages in Europe.
Data
Our video with some of our ideas about multilingualism: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vg8i2UHAf8s The ‘Donostia Research group on Education and Multilingualism' (DREAM) of the UPV/EHU conducts research on multilingualism in educational settings. www.ehu.eus/multilingualism
Article
Translanguaging has its origin in Welsh bilingual education and it refers to a pedagogical practice which alternates the languages of the input and the output in the same lesson. Pedagogical translanguaging is closely related to the original approach to translanguaging but goes beyond the practice of language alternation. Pedagogical translanguagin...
Article
Pedagogical translanguaging refers to the use of different planned strategies based on activating students’ resources from their whole linguistic repertoire . The aim of this article is to examine the theoretical foundations of pedagogical translanguaging and its application in the classroom. The core characteristics of pedagogical translanguaging...
Book
Full-text available
Learning through the medium of a second or additional language is becoming very common in different parts of the world because of the increasing use of English as the language of instruction and the mobility of populations. This situation demands a specific approach that considers multilingualism as its core. Pedagogical translanguaging is a theore...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we explore the role of linguistic landscapes, which refers to language on display in public spaces, in the teaching of languages and enhancing language awareness. Signage can be useful for language learners as a pedagogical tool for language acquisition and to explore issues of multilingualism. We focus in particular on the multilin...
Chapter
A basic distinction can be made between, on one hand, the study of the display of signs in what has been referred to as the ‘schoolscape’ and, on the other hand, the use of linguistic materials from signage as a pedagogical tool (Gorter, 2018). In this book, we see the results of studies that show how texts and images in educational spaces provide...
Article
This article is on pedagogical translanguaging, understood as planned instructional strategies used with a pedagogical purpose in a multilingual educational context. The paper reports a study on cognate identification and cognate awareness carried out in a multilingual primary school. The study aims at analyzing whether the identification of cognat...
Chapter
El multilingüismo es la norma en la mayoría de los territorios donde coexisten numerosas lenguas entre distintas comunidades. El constante flujo migratorio y la globalización mundial han renovado el paradigma educativo y, por lo general, han alimentado la ya existente tendencia de la educación multilingüe, sobre todo en territorios donde existe una...
Article
Full-text available
English medium education at university level is widely used in different contexts and it poses a challenge for students who are not used to studying through the medium of English. This study was carried out in a university in the Basque Country in Spain and it focuses on a course where students who are mostly Basque–Spanish bilinguals are taught th...
Article
(Article in Chinese) This article aims to provide a short introduction to the emerging field of Linguistic Landscape Studies. It starts off by providing a definition of linguistic landscape and a short history of the field. The second part summarizes the ten most important edited books in order to provide a basic overview. It further mentions the s...
Article
Full-text available
[click on DOI to get] In recent years new ideas about multilingualism and translanguaging have been widely debated in applied linguistics and sociolinguistics. A growing number of studies have investigated different aspects of translanguaging. Thus far only a few studies have focused on teachers’ beliefs, attitudes or ideologies. In an earlier stud...
Article
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Teaching English has traditionally been associated with a monolingual bias and the exclusive use of English in the classroom is highly recommended in different countries. Nowadays English is widely used to teach academic content and this strict separation of languages can be problematic because it prevents students from using resources they have pr...
Article
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Teaching English has traditionally been associated with a monolingual bias and the exclusive use of English in the classroom is highly recommended in different countries. Nowadays English is widely used to teach academic content and this strict separation of languages can be problematic because it prevents students from using resources they have pr...
Chapter
“In linguistic landscapes two or more languages will be said to be in contact if they are used on the same sign”. This could be a definition for the field of linguistic landscape studies, in which the study of language(s) on signage in public spaces takes central stage. In actual fact, the statement rephrases the opening sentence of Weinreich’s (19...
Article
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This article focuses on the development of morphological awareness in English as a third language. It analyses how the activation of previous linguistic knowledge can influence morphological awareness. Participants were 104 primary school students who were learning English as a third language and were already fluent in two other languages, Basque a...
Presentation
Full-text available
This is a video on pedagogical translanguaging understood as the use of “pedagogical strategies to learn languages based on the learners’ whole linguistic repertoire” (Cenoz & Gorter, 2017: 314)
Article
Full-text available
The article From bilingualism to multilingualism in the workplace: the case of the Basque Autonomous Community, written by Karin van der Worp, Jasone Cenoz, Durk Gorter, was originally published Online First without open access.
Article
Several studies on multilingualism in the workplace have emphasized the role of English as a lingua franca. Other studies have paid attention to the interaction between English and local languages in workplaces where global orientations and local languages co-occur. The present study focuses on internationally oriented workplaces in the bilingual B...
Preprint
Full-text available
This chapter discusses some issues related to the development of the study of Linguistic Landscapes (LL), with a focus on methods and techniques of data collection and presentation. The chapter has three parts. In the first part, two definitions of this field of study and how these definitions have been used will be discussed, followed by a brief t...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we discuss the outcomes of a study into the languages of the workplace of internationally operating companies. Our aim is to contribute to studies of multilingualism in the workplace by adopting a holistic approach that focuses on several languages and relates the competences and attitudes of multilingual professionals to the repert...
Article
This closing article puts the articles of the special issue in the wider perspective of the burgeoning field of linguistic landscape studies. It provides a summary of several earlier studies. More in particular the article focuses on contributions based on research in educational settings or schoolscapes in general. It continues with studies of env...
Article
Book review: Jackie Jia Lou , The linguistic landscape of Chinatown: A sociolinguistic ethnography. Bristol: Multilingual Matters, 2016. - Durk Gorter
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to focus on university students’ attitudes towards English and their anxieties concerning the use of English in the Basque Country, a multilingual context where exposure to English is limited but internationalisation is an important aim. Participants were 360 undergraduate university students of business (N = 180) and edu...
Article
Full-text available
Learning two or more languages at school is quite common all over Europe, but languages are often isolated from each other. This pedagogical practice is in contrast to the way multilingual speakers use their whole linguistic repertoire when communicating in social contexts. These multilingual solitudes are challenged when translanguaging pedagogies...
Article
Full-text available
Traditionally, languages have been separated from each other in the school curriculum and there has been little consideration for resources that learners possess as emergent multilinguals. This policy is aimed at the protection of minority languages and has sought to avoid cross-linguistic influence and codeswitching. However, these ideas have been...
Article
The present paper reports a study on communicative anxiety of two groups of adult users. The paper aims at exploring the communicative anxiety of multilingual speakers and at analysing the communicative anxiety in second and third languages. This study includes 532 participants who were divided in two groups according their L1. One group of partici...
Chapter
This chapter looks at the development of language awareness within the context of multilingual education by focusing on translanguaging as a pedagogical tool. The origin of translanguaging in the context of Welsh-English bilingual education is discussed as well as its spread to other contexts. The focus of the article is on the use of translanguagi...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, an overview will be provided of the recently emerged field of linguistic landscape studies. Even if this topic has its origins dating back over 40 years, its major development has taken place during the last 10 years. A number of edited books bring together major contributions to the field. Researchers from all over the world have...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we establish direct links between language policy on the one hand and assessment in multilingual contexts on the other hand. We illustrate the bi-directional relationship with the examples of the USA, Canada, and the Basque Country. That comparison is placed in the context of the changing views about the use of languages in educati...
Article
The present study focuses on the link between three factors, proficiency, language certificates and bilingualism, and levels of communicative anxiety in the third language (English) in two groups of adult users, university students and young professionals. The first group consisted of 217 university students who were enrolled at the University of t...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we analyze teachers’ beliefs about learning different languages in multilingual education, which include forms of immersion in the minority and the majority languages. In this study interviews were held with 51 primary school teachers from the Basque Country (Spain), and Friesland (The Netherlands). In both regions three languages a...
Article
Full-text available
Available as full-text here: ............... .................. https://benjamins.com/#catalog/journals/ll.1.1-2.04gor/fulltext ......................... QUOTE: "Gorter and Cenoz (2015) explore these points in much detail in their seminal article and take it even further by connecting multilingual practices in the LL of Donostia-San Sebastian in S...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Ynlieding Donostia, de haadstêd fan de provinsje Gipuzkoa yn Baskelân, Spanje en Ljouwert, de haadstêd fan Fryslân, binne beide útkeazen as Kulturele Haadstêd fan Europa, de earste yn 2016 en de twadde yn 2018. It betsjut, ûnder oaren, dat beide stêden har in jier lang sjen litte sille foar in ynternasjonaal publyk. Yn beide stêden kin sawat ientre...
Data
Full-text available
Nederlandstalige samenvatting van proefschrift UvA
Chapter
This cutting edge volume explores holistic trends in multilingualism, analysing the processes of both 'becoming multilingual' and 'being multilingual'. Multilingualism has increased in recent years due to globalisation, transnational mobility and the spread of Information and Communications Technology (ICT). This volume explores some of the trends...
Chapter
This chapter looks at the development of language awareness within the context of multilingual education by focusing on translanguaging as a pedagogical tool. The origin of translanguaging in the context of Welsh-English bilingual education is discussed as well as its spread to other contexts. The focus of the article is on the use of translanguagi...
Chapter
In this chapter, an overview will be provided of the recently emerged field of linguistic landscape studies. Even if this topic has its origins dating back over 40 years, its major development has taken place during the last 10 years. A number of edited books bring together major contributions to the field. Researchers from all over the world have...
Chapter
“Focus on Multilingualism” is a holistic approach to the study of multilingualism in educational contexts. This approach can be characterized by focusing on the following three elements: the multilingual speaker, the whole linguistic repertoire and the context. Multilingual speakers use languages as a resource to communicate successfully and to dev...
Chapter
Full-text available
This introductory chapter discusses the relevance of the focus on minority languages in multilingual education from different perspectives. It argues that minority languages, although they have a strong local dimension also have an important global dimension. Multilingual education here involves the use of minority, majority and English as language...
Chapter
This chapter provides a discussion of the significant changes for the Basque language in Spain and in France, in particular in multilingual education. The sociolinguistic situation underwent an important development based on a robust language policy in the Basque Autonomous Community. The revival of the minority language was much less in the provin...
Book
Full-text available
This book presents research on the situation minority language schoolchildren face when they need to learn languages of international communication, in particular English. The book takes minority languages as a starting point and it bridges local and global perspectives in the analysis of multilingual education contexts. It examines the interaction...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the assessment of writing skills in an educational setting in which Basque, Spanish and English are taught, but Basque, a minority language, is the main medium of instruction. The chapter starts by looking at bilingual programs involving regional minority languages and highlights their dual role as both immersion and languag...
Article
This article offers an overview of the main developments in the field of linguistic landscape studies. A large number of research projects and publications indicate an increasing interest in applied linguistics in the use of written texts in urban spaces, especially in bilingual and multilingual settings. The article looks into some of the pioneer...
Article
Full-text available
This multidisciplinary study adopts an econometric analysis for investigating how different characteristics determine the choice of the language used in the signs of a shopping street in two selected minority language cities. We work with a dataset containing about 200 observations collected in the main shopping streets of the cities of Donostia (S...
Article
The growing interest in Content and Language Integrated Learning (CLIL) has resulted in enthusiasm in and active pursuit of improved methods of foreign/second-language (L2) teaching in Europe. However, the definition and scope of the term CLIL both internally, as used by CLIL advocates in Europe, and externally, as compared with immersion education...
Article
Full-text available
This paper adopts the contingent valuation (CV) methodology in order to elicit stakeholders' (tourists and residents) preferences for the linguistic landscape in two minority language cities: Leeuwarden and San Sebastian. The study uses a very modern CV derivation: preferences (and related WTP) are elicited by the use of a reallocation scheme, both...
Article
Full-text available
In this plenary speech I examine multilingual interaction in a number of European regions in which minority languages are being revitalized. Education is a crucial variable, but the wider society is equally significant. The context of revitalization is no longer bilingual but increasingly multilingual. I draw on the results of a long-running projec...
Book
Full-text available
The Basque school has opened its doors to the Basque language and has turned standard, from kindergarten to university, adjusting the effect of our own language to the new requirements. It already time to search for integrated responses based on the available empirical evidence. It is necessary to identify the elements that best describe the variab...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we present three studies about the linguistic landscape in Donostia-San Sebastián. In the first study we approach the linguistic landscape in a quantitative and comparative way. We count the number of different languages on the signs and we compare with the city of Leeuwarden-Ljouwert, in Friesland, The Netherlands, where also a min...
Chapter
Overview article
Chapter
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Minority languages are commonly defined in relationship to the country where they are spoken. Keywords: educational linguistics; endangered languages; European Union; language policy; language revitalization; multilingualism
Article
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Over the last three decades, regional minority languages in Europe have regained increased recognition and support. Their revitalisation is partly due to their being taught in schools. Multilingualism has special characteristics for speakers of minority languages and it poses unique challenges for learning minority languages. This article looks at...
Article
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This paper deals with the role of researchers in the development of language policies for European minority languages. This question is placed in the context of a long-standing debate in sociology to which several authors have contributed; among them are Max Weber, Howard Becker and Alvin Gouldner. This article also briefly refers to the European C...
Article
JaworskiAdam & ThurlowCrispin (eds.), Semiotic landscapes: Language, image, space. London: Continuum, 2010. Pp. ix, 314. Hb. $160. - Volume 41 Issue 1 - Durk Gorter
Chapter
Full-text available
Being visible may be as important for minority languages as being heard. Traditional research on minority languages focuses on language maintenance and language shift, on language endangerment and revitalization, on language transmission in the family, on education, and on language policies in other social domains such as the media. Although litera...
Chapter
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Many linguistic minorities in Europe are vulnerable or severely endangered and in need of protection. Although there are still many weaknesses, there is a trend in Europe towards the improvement of minority rights. Inside the European Union (EU), Spain and the United Kingdom have taken the lead in devolving central power to minoritydominated region...
Chapter
Full-text available
When we first started the project of looking at minority languages through a linguistic landscape lens, we felt that the visibility of minority languages in public space had been insufficiently dealt with in traditional minority language research. A linguistic landscape approach, as it had developed over the last years, would constitute a valuable...
Chapter
Full-text available
Efforts at protecting and revitalizing minority languages are a worldwide phenomenon supported by state, regional or local authorities and by numerous NGOs. Many of these languages are severely endangered (Moseley, 2009) and efforts are usually too weak to be successful in safeguarding a sustainable future for minority languages. In Europe, indige...
Article
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In this article, we analyze the relationship between studies in second language acquisition and studies in bilingualism as areas that have been traditionally ignored but which share some common perspectives. Then we look at new trends in both areas that are compatible with a holistic perspective in the study of multilingualism. Based on these trend...
Article
This article summarizes the individual contributions to this special issue and discusses the advantages and implications of adopting a multilingual approach. The advantages include the possibility of examining language practices in context and providing insights about the way languages are acquired and used. This multilingual approach also opens ne...
Article
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In contrast to more traditional approaches that look at one language at a time, in this issue we propose a holistic approach that takes into account all of the languages in the learner's repertoire. First, we discuss some ideas about the monolingual bias both in research and in language teaching. Then we look at multilingual practices among multili...
Article
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KeywordsMultilingualism–Australia–Government policy–Teaching languages
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This article analyzes diversity as related to different types of multilingual education. Diversity in education is linked to different factors that can be classified as linguistic (language distance, different scripts, etc.), sociolinguistic status (minority, official, international, immigrant, etc.) and educational (school subjects, medium of inst...