Duoru Lin

Duoru Lin
Sun Yat-Sen University | SYSU · Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center

Ph.D.

About

87
Publications
17,605
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
629
Citations

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
Aim: To investigate the ocular development of patients who had unilateral congenital cataract (CC) combined with persistent fetal vasculature (PFV). Methods: This cross-sectional, observational study included patients who had unilateral CC and PFV and those with isolated unilateral CC. Axial length (AL), keratometry, anterior chamber depth (ACD)...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To investigate the incidence and characteristics of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) premature infants with late gestational age (GA) and large birth weight (BW) and show a 7-year trend of ROP incidence in South China. Methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional study included premature infants who received ROP screening in a 7-year pe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: We aimed to evaluate the morphological characteristics of the subfoveal choroid and explore the possible association of these characteristics with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in postoperative patients with unilateral congenital cataracts (CCs). Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Subfoveal choroidal structures were mea...
Article
Medical artificial intelligence (AI) and big data technology have rapidly advanced in recent years, and they are now routinely used for image-based diagnosis. China has a massive amount of medical data. However, a uniform criteria for medical data quality have yet to be established. Therefore, this review aimed to develop a standardized and detaile...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To broaden the mutation and phenotype spectrum of the GJA8 and CHMP4B genes and to reveal genotype-phenotype correlations in a cohort of Chinese patients with congenital cataracts (CCs). Methods: Six Chinese Han families with CCs inherited in an autosomal dominant (AD) pattern were recruited for this study. All patients underwent full ocul...
Article
Retinal exudates and/or drusen (RED) can be signs of many fundus diseases that can lead to irreversible vision loss. Early detection and treatment of these diseases are critical for improving vision prognosis. However, manual RED screening on a large scale is time-consuming and labour-intensive. Here, we aim to develop and assess a deep learning sy...
Article
Full-text available
Background Medical artificial intelligence (AI) has entered the clinical implementation phase, although real-world performance of deep-learning systems (DLSs) for screening fundus disease remains unsatisfactory. Our study aimed to train a clinically applicable DLS for fundus diseases using data derived from the real world, and externally test the m...
Article
Full-text available
Reliable validated methods are necessary to verify the performance of diagnosis and therapy-assisted models in clinical practice. However, some validated results have research bias and may not reflect the results of real-world application. In addition, the conduct of clinical trials has executive risks for the indeterminate effectiveness of models...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To study the morphology of the posterior lens cortex and posterior capsules (PCs) in pediatric patients with posterior lens opacities using intraoperative optical coherence tomography (iOCT). Setting: Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China. Design: A prospective observational study. Methods: Pediatric...
Article
Full-text available
Visual neuroadaptation is believed to play an important role in determining the final visual outcomes following intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. To investigate visual neuroadaptation in patients with age-related cataracts (ARCs) after phacoemulsification with multifocal and monofocal IOL implantation, we conducted a prospective, controlled clin...
Article
Infantile cataract is the main cause of infant blindness worldwide. Although previous studies developed artificial intelligence (AI) diagnostic systems for detecting infantile cataracts in a single center, its generalizability is not ideal because of the complicated noises and heterogeneity of multicenter slit-lamp images, which impedes the applica...
Article
Full-text available
Background Ocular changes are traditionally associated with only a few hepatobiliary diseases. These changes are non-specific and have a low detection rate, limiting their potential use as clinically independent diagnostic features. Therefore, we aimed to engineer deep learning models to establish associations between ocular features and major hepa...
Article
Background: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has become a chronic disease and attracted public attention globally. Population migration was considered hindering the control and management of HIV infection, but limited studies have explored how population mobility could influence the development of HIV-related complications and overall...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cryptophthalmos is characterized by congenital ocular dysplasia with eyelid malformation. The pathogenicity of mutations in genes encoding components of the FRAS1/FREM protein complex is well established, but the underlying pathomechanisms of this disease are still unclear. In the previous study, we generated mice carrying Frem2 R725X/R2...
Article
Full-text available
Background The high prevalence of ocular manifestations (OMs) in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and chronic diseases such as diabetes has become a global health issue. However, there is still a lack of an appropriate ophthalmic diagnostic procedure for the early detection of OMs in this population, leading to the risk of...
Article
Full-text available
A challenge of chronic diseases that remains to be solved is how to liberate patients and medical resources from the burdens of long-term monitoring and periodic visits. Precise management based on artificial intelligence (AI) holds great promise; however, a clinical application that fully integrates prediction and telehealth computing has not been...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although influencing the severity of postoperative intraocular inflammation of congenital cataract, the developmental characteristics of cytokine profile in the aqueous humor during childhood had not been described. And its relationship with the inflammatory response after intraocular surgery remained unsolved. Methods: Preoperative...
Article
Full-text available
Cerebrovascular disease (CeVD) is one of the leading global causes of death and severe disability. To date, retinal microangiopathy has become a reflection of cerebral microangiopathy, mirroring the vascular pathological modifications in vivo. To evaluate the retinal structure and microvasculature in patients with CeVD, we conducted a cross-section...
Article
Full-text available
Artificial intelligence (AI) based on deep learning has shown excellent diagnostic performance in detecting various diseases with good-quality clinical images. Recently, AI diagnostic systems developed from ultra-widefield fundus (UWF) images have become popular standard-of-care tools in screening for ocular fundus diseases. However, in real-world...
Article
Background/aims: To develop a deep learning system for automated glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON) detection using ultra-widefield fundus (UWF) images. Methods: We trained, validated and externally evaluated a deep learning system for GON detection based on 22 972 UWF images from 10 590 subjects that were collected at 4 different institutions...
Article
Background: About 30% of cell lines have been cellular cross-contaminated and misidentification, which can result in invalidated experimental results and unusable therapeutic products. Cell morphology under the microscope was observed routinely, and further DNA sequencing analysis was performed periodically to verify cell line identity, but the se...
Article
Background: Myopia is the leading cause of visual impairment and affects millions of children worldwide. Timely and annual manual optometric screenings of the entire at-risk population improve outcomes, but screening is challenging due to the lack of availability and training of assessors and the economic burden imposed by the screenings. Recently...
Article
Background: To investigate the attitude and formal suggestions on talent cultivation in the field of medical artificial intelligence (AI). Methods: An electronic questionnaire was sent to both medical-related field or non-medical field population using the WenJuanXing web-application via social media. The questionnaire was designed to collect: (...
Article
Full-text available
Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) have shown great prospects as real-time bidirectional links between living brains and actuators. Artificial intelligence (AI), which can advance the analysis and decoding of neural activity, has turbocharged the field of BCIs. Over the past decade, a wide range of BCI applications with AI assistance have emerged. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Aims To compare macular structure and vasculature between neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) and primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) using optical coherence tomography angiography. Methods NMOSD patients (n=124) with/without a history of optic neuritis (ON) (NMO+ON: 113 eyes; NMO-ON: 95 eyes), glaucomatous patients (n=102) with early/ad...
Article
Full-text available
Background Color vision is the ability to detect, distinguish, and analyze the wavelength distributions of light independent of the total intensity. It mediates the interaction between an organism and its environment from multiple important aspects. However, the physicochemical basis of color coding has not been explored completely, and how color p...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To develop and evaluate a deep learning (DL) system for retinal hemorrhage (RH) screening using ultra-widefield fundus (UWF) images. Methods: A total of 16,827 UWF images from 11,339 individuals were used to develop the DL system. Three experienced retina specialists were recruited to grade UWF images independently. Three independent data...
Article
Full-text available
Retinal detachment can lead to severe visual loss if not treated timely. The early diagnosis of retinal detachment can improve the rate of successful reattachment and the visual results, especially before macular involvement. Manual retinal detachment screening is time-consuming and labour-intensive, which is difficult for large-scale clinical appl...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background Approximately 1 in 33 newborns is affected by congenital anomalies worldwide. We aimed to develop a practical model for identifying infants with a high risk of congenital cataracts (CCs), which is the leading cause of avoidable childhood blindness. Methods This case-control study was performed in the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center...
Article
Full-text available
Tacrolimus has been widely applied to prevent organ rejection after transplantation. However, the conventional pharmaceutical formulation of tacrolimus limits its applications in ocular therapy due to its hydrophobicity and low corneal penetrability. We optimized tacrolimus-loaded methoxy poly (ethylene glycol-block-poly (d, l)-lactic-co-glycolic a...
Article
The general public’s attitudes, demands, and expectations regarding medical AI could provide guidance for the future development of medical AI to satisfy the increasing needs of doctors and patients. The objective of this study is to investigate public perceptions, receptivity, and demands regarding the implementation of medical AI. An online quest...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lattice degeneration and/or retinal breaks, defined as notable peripheral retinal lesions (NPRLs), are prone to evolving into rhegmatogenous retinal detachment which can cause severe visual loss. However, screening NPRLs is time-consuming and labor-intensive. Therefore, we aimed to develop and evaluate a deep learning (DL) system for au...
Article
Background Ocular manifestation, which occurs in 82·6% patients with HIV/AIDS, affects quality of life and has become a serious global public health problem. However, little attention has been paid to this issue because of its uncertain relationship with survival outcome. We aimed to demonstrate the potential relationship between ocular manifestati...
Article
Background Common diseases are not satisfactorily managed under the current health-care system because of inadequate medical resources and limited accessibility. We aimed to establish and validate a universal artificial intelligence (AI) platform for collaborative management of cataracts involving multilevel clinical scenarios, and explored an AI-b...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To establish and validate a universal artificial intelligence (AI) platform for collaborative management of cataracts involving multilevel clinical scenarios and explored an AI-based medical referral pattern to improve collaborative efficiency and resource coverage. Methods The training and validation datasets were derived from the Chinese...
Preprint
BACKGROUND In vitro human cell line models have been widely used for biomedical research to predict clinical response, identify novel mechanisms and drug response. However, one-fifth to one-third of cell lines have been cross-contaminated, which can seriously result in invalidated experimental results, unusable therapeutic products and waste of res...
Article
Full-text available
Background CC-Cruiser is an artificial intelligence (AI) platform developed for diagnosing childhood cataracts and providing risk stratification and treatment recommendations. The high accuracy of CC-Cruiser was previously validated using specific datasets. The objective of this study was to compare the diagnostic efficacy and treatment decision-ma...
Article
Cryptophthalmos is a rare congenital disorder characterized by ocular dysplasia with eyelid malformation. Complete cryptophthalmos is characterized by the presence of continuous skin from the forehead over the eyes and onto the cheek, along with complete fusion of the eyelids. In the present study, we characterized the clinical manifestations of th...
Article
Full-text available
Background The ideal surgical timings for cataract extraction (CE) and intraocular lens (IOL) implantation are vital for vision reconstruction in patients with childhood cataract (CC), yet they still remain controversial. We aimed to analyze the real-world practical pattern of surgical timings of CE and IOL implantations among a large number of Chi...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: We assess the prevalence of spectacle wear and the factors associated with compliance among aphakic infants with congenital cataracts who underwent lens extraction in South China. Methods: Infants aged 3 months to 3 years were enrolled from among participants in the Childhood Cataract Program of the Chinese Ministry of Health (CCPMOH)....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose We investigate visual function impairment and ocular structure in patients with unilateral posterior lens opacity, a type of congenital cataract (CC) in our novel CC category system. Methods We studied patients aged 3 to 15 years who were diagnosed with unilateral posterior CC. Best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and visual evoked potentia...
Article
Full-text available
Aim To investigate the characteristics of young adult cataract (YAC) patients over a 10-year period. Methods This observational study included YAC patients aged 18–49 years who were treated surgically for the first time at the Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center in China. YAC patients were analysed and compared with patients with childhood cataract (CC) i...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: To measure the aqueous humor concentrations of inflammatory factors in patients with congenital cataract and to investigate the relationship between the levels and postoperative inflammatory responses. Methods: Aqueous humor samples were prospectively collected from 65 eyes of children with congenital cataracts from January to June 2015...
Article
Full-text available
Background Visual function and brain function decline concurrently with aging. Notably, cataract patients often present with accelerated age-related decreases in brain function, but the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. Optical structures of the anterior segment of the eyes, such as the lens and cornea, can be readily reconstructed to improv...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To compare visual prognoses and postoperative adverse events of congenital cataract surgery performed at different times and using different surgical approaches. Methods: In this prospective, randomized controlled trial, we recruited congenital cataract patients aged 3mo or younger before cataract surgery. Sixty-one eligible patients were r...