Duncan Smith

Duncan Smith
Mahidol University | MU · Institute of Molecular Biosciences

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308
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15,432
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Publications

Publications (308)
Article
Full-text available
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted virus that has emerged as a major public health concern due to its association with neurological disorders in humans, including microcephaly in fetuses. ZIKV infection has been shown to alter the miRNA profile in host cells, and these changes can contain elements that are proviral, while others can be ant...
Article
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Objective Studies have shown that Flavivirus infection remodels the host cell to favour viral replication. In particular, the host cell lipid profile is altered, and it has been proposed that this process alters membrane fluidity to allow wrapping of the outer structural proteins around the viral nucleocapsid. We investigated whether expression of...
Article
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Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) continues to circulate throughout Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific where approximately 3 billion people in 24 countries are at risk of infection. Surveillance targeting the mosquito vectors of JEV was conducted at four military installations on Okinawa, Japan, between 2016 and 2021. Out of a total of 10,426 m...
Article
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Vitamin D has been shown to have antiviral activity in a number of different systems. However, few studies have investigated whether the antiviral activity is exerted through the vitamin D receptor (VDR). In this study, we investigated whether the antiviral activity of a vitamin D receptor agonist (EB1089) towards dengue virus (DENV) was modulated...
Preprint
Full-text available
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) continues to circulate throughout Southeast Asia and the Western Pacific where approximately 3 billion people in 24 countries are at risk of infection. Surveillance targeting the mosquito vectors of JEV was conducted at four military installations on Okinawa, Japan, between 2016 and 2021. Out of a total of 10,426 m...
Article
Full-text available
In the current study, we identified a mechanism of resveratrol (RES) underlying its anti-cancer properties against human ovarian adenocarcinoma SKOV-3 cells. We investigated its anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects in combination with cisplatin, using cell viability assay, flow cytometry, immunofluorescence study and Western blot analy...
Article
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Background Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito transmitted virus spread primarily by Aedes species mosquitoes that can cause disease in humans, particularly when infection occurs in pregnancy where the virus can have a significant impact on the developing fetus. Despite this, there remains no prophylactic agent or therapeutic treatment for infection. B...
Article
Background Elsholtzia is a genus in the family Lamiaceae, and some species in this genus are commonly used for food and in ethnomedicinal formulations by some ethnic groups of China and Thailand. Despite their apparent utility, few studies have been conducted to evaluate their potential as sources of medicinally active agents. Purpose We aimed to...
Article
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Zika virus (ZIKV) infection has been recognized to cause adverse sequelae in the developing fetus. Specially, this virus activates the excessive release of IL-1β causing inflammation and altered physiological functions in multiple organs. Although many attempts have been invested to develop vaccine, antiviral, and antibody therapies, development of...
Article
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Objective The mosquito transmitted dengue virus (DENV) the causative agent of dengue fever (DF) remains a significant public health burden in many countries. Thailand, along with many countries in Asia and elsewhere, has a long history of using traditional medicines to combat febrile diseases such as DF. Screening bioactive compounds from tradition...
Article
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A co-expressed Penaeus stylirostris densovirus (PstDNV) capsid and dsRNA specific to the yellow head virus (YHV) protease (CoEx cpPstDNV/dspro) has been shown to suppress YHV replication in the Pacific white-legged shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). However, maintaining two plasmids in a single bacterial cell is not desirable; therefore, a single plasm...
Article
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Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR A. baumannii) is an emerging pathogen in the ESKAPE group. The global burden of antimicrobial resistance has led to renewed interest in alternative antimicrobial treatment strategies, including phage therapy. This study isolated and characterized a phage vB_AbaM_ ABPW7 (vABPW7) specific to MDR A. bau...
Article
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A lipid bilayer produced from the host membrane makes up around 20% of the weight of the dengue virus (DENV) virion and is crucial for virus entry. Despite its significance, the virion’s lipid composition is still poorly understood. In tandem with lipid profiles of the cells utilised to generate the virions, this work determined a partial lipid pro...
Article
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β-Thalassaemia results from defects in β-globin chain production, leading to ineffective erythropoiesis and subsequently to severe anaemia and other complications. Apoptosis and autophagy are the main pathways that regulate the balance between cell survival and cell death in response to diverse cellular stresses. Herein, the death of erythroid line...
Article
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Influenza A virus (IAV) infection in pregnant women is a major public health concern. However, the effect of IAV infection on human embryogenesis is still unclear. Here we show that human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) and hiPSC-derived ectodermal, mesodermal and endodermal cells are susceptible to IAV infection. These cell types stained p...
Article
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β-Thalassemia is one of the most common genetically inherited disorders worldwide, and it is characterized by defective β-globin chain synthesis leading to reduced or absent β-globin chains. The excess α-globin chains are the key factor leading to the death of differentiating erythroblasts in a process termed ineffective erythropoiesis, leading to...
Article
CD147/Basigin/EMMPRIN is overexpressed in several cancerous tissues and it has been shown to induce matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) whose expression is associated with cancer metastasis. Thus, targeting CD147 with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) potentially has therapeutic applications in cancer immunotherapy. Here, we report the use of anti-CD147 mA...
Article
Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is an important starchy root crop representing food security for more than one billion people in the world. Plant architecture (PA) is a key factor underlying yield, and understanding the physiological basis of PA may lead to improved yield plants. In this study, we identified genomic regions controlling several t...
Article
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The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB) has been increasingly reported, leading to greater challenges in treating infections. With the development of phage therapy and phage-antibiotic combinations, it is promising to improve the treatment of bacterial infections. In the present study, a novel vB_AbaP_WU2001 (vWU2001) p...
Article
This study sought to develop a genetic map of cassava based on 91 progenies derived from a cross between “Rayong 60” (R60) and “Piroon 1” (PR1) cultivars. A total of 4,515 simple sequence repeat (SSR) primer pairs were screened against the parental lines and six progenies resulting in 656 informative polymorphic markers, which were then used to gen...
Article
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Infections with viruses in the genus Flavivirus are a worldwide public health problem. These enveloped, positive sense single stranded RNA viruses use a small complement of only 10 encoded proteins and the RNA genome itself to remodel host cells to achieve conditions favoring viral replication. A consequence of the limited viral armamentarium is th...
Article
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Mosquito transmitted viruses, particularly those of the genus Flavivirus, are a significant healthcare burden worldwide, especially in tropical and sub-tropical areas. However, effective medicines for these viral infections remains lacking. Berberine (BBR) is an alkaloid found in some plants used in traditional medicines in Southeast Asia and elsew...
Article
Bauhinia winitii Craib is an endemic species native to Thailand. Genetic diversity was assessed using microsatellite markers developed from a library enriched using (AG)20/(CAG)20 oligonucleotide probes. Eight polymorphic loci produced a total of 28 alleles with a mean number of 3.5 alleles per locus from 33 specimens of B. winitii. The averages of...
Article
Mis-functional βAPP processing is deemed to be the major phenomenon resulting in increased neuronal cell death, impaired neurogenesis and the loss of synapses, which eventually manifest as the complex symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. Despite of several milestones having been achieved in the field of drug development, the stigma of the disorder as a...
Article
Duck tembusu virus (DTMUV) is an emerging duck pathogen in China and other Asian countries. It is unclear whether this emerging zoonotic infection poses a threat to humans. A previous study in 2012 showed surprisingly high rates of seropositivity and positive viral detection by RT‐PCR in duck farm workers in China. To understand the nature of the t...
Article
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Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted virus that has caused significant public health concerns around the world, partly because of an association with microcephaly in babies born to mothers who were infected with ZIKV during pregnancy. As a recently emerging virus, little is known as to how the virus interacts with the host cell machinery. A...
Article
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Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) which has recently emerged as a potential threat to global public health. SARS-CoV-2 is the third known human coronavirus that has huge impact on the human population after SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. Although some vaccines and therapeut...
Chapter
Viruses are obligate parasites in that they can only replicate within a living host cell. Thus the science of virology is largely dependent upon the requirement to be able to grow and propagate such host cells. While it is relatively simple to be able to grow and maintain suitable host cells for viruses that infect prokaryotic cells, the situation...
Article
As with many countries around the world, Thailand is currently experiencing restrictions to daily life as a consequence of the worldwide transmission of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). SARS-CoV-2 is the third respiratory syndrome coronavirus to be introduced into Thailand, following previous importation of cases of...
Article
Tembusu virus (TMUV) causes disease in poultry, especially in ducks, resulting in abnormality in egg production and with high morbidity and mortality, resulting in great loss in duck farming industry in China and Southeast Asia. Previous studies on the pathogenesis of TMUV infection have been mostly conducted in poultry, with a few studies being un...
Article
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Red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) has threatened aquaculture of the Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer) in many countries of the Asia-Pacific for decades. To understand the pathogenesis of RGNNV, a transcriptome analysis of the head kidney, a major fish lymphoid tissue which performs important immune functions and is involved in the h...
Article
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Andrographolide is a labdene diterpenoid with potential applications against a number of viruses, including the mosquito-transmitted dengue virus (DENV). In this study, we evaluated the anti-viral activity of three 14-aryloxy analogues (ZAD-1 to ZAD-3) of andrographolide against Zika virus (ZIKV) and DENV. Interestingly, one analogue, ZAD-1, showed...
Article
Full-text available
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) is responsible for the ongoing global outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) which is a significant threat to global public health. The rapid spread of COVID-19 necessitates the development of cost-effective technology platforms for the production of vaccines, drugs, and protein reage...
Article
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Objective The mosquito transmitted RNA virus dengue virus (DENV) shows significant variation as a consequence of the lack of proofreading activity of the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase that synthesizes new virus genomes. How this variation affects DENV replication, and how this in turn impacts drug development remains largely unknown. Given the techn...
Article
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Dengue virus (DENV) is an arthropod-borne Flavivirus that can cause a range of symptomatic disease in humans. There are four dengue viruses (DENV 1 to 4) and infection with one DENV only provides transient protection against a heterotypic virus. Second infections are often more severe as the disease is potentiated by antibodies from the first infec...
Chapter
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted virus that has caused major outbreaks of disease around the world over the last few years. The infectious ZIKV consists of a structural protein outer shell surrounding a nucleocapsid. Virus-like particles (VLP) consist of the outer structural protein shell, but without the nucleocapsid, and are hence noni...
Article
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Most fish species are susceptible to red-spotted grouper nervous necrosis virus (RGNNV) which causes viral encephalopathy and retinopathy leading to huge financial losses in the aquaculture farming industry for decades. A knowledge of RGNNV replication and the host response in depth is warranted to understand the host-virus interaction and to devel...
Article
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Oxyresveratrol (OXY), a major phytochemical component derived from several plants, has been proved to have several pharmacological properties. However, the role of OXY in regulating neuroinflammation is still unclear. Here, we focused mainly on the anti-neuroinflammatory effects at the cellular level of OXY in the interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β)-stimula...
Article
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In this study, we compared the characteristics of two strains of Zika virus (ZIKV) isolated in Thailand, one isolated from a febrile patient and one isolated from tissues of a fetus medically terminated due to congenital Zika syndrome (CZS). Replication profiles showed that the isolate from the fetal tissues replicated significantly more slowly tha...
Article
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Extended spectrum β lactamase-producing Klebsiellapneumoniae (ESBL-KP) is being reported with high morbidity and mortality rates and is considered as the highest priority for new antimicrobial strategies. To develop an alternative antimicrobial agent, phage KP1801 with broad lytic activity was isolated. The genome of phage KP1801 was double strande...
Article
Full-text available
Infections with the mosquito-transmitted dengue virus (DENV) are a pressing public health problem in many parts of the world. The recently released commercial vaccine for DENV has encountered some problems, and there is still no effective drug to treat infections. Vitamin D has a well characterized role in calcium and phosphorus homeostasis, but ad...
Article
Flavaglines are cyclopenta[b]benzofurans found in plants of the genus Aglaia, several species of which are used in traditional Chinese medicine. These compounds target the initiation factor of translation eIF4A and the scaffold proteins prohibitins-1 and 2 (PHB1/2) to exert various pharmacological activities, including antiviral effects against sev...
Article
Apparent amylose content (AAC), resistant starch (RS) content, pasting, gelatinization, retrogradation properties, and fine structural parameters amongst starches from five Thai cassava cultivars grown in two different locations were determined. Results indicated that significant differences among different varieties were found for most traits. The...
Preprint
Full-text available
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 is responsible for an ongoing global outbreak of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and represents a significant public health threat. The rapid spread of COVID-19 necessitates the development of cost-effective technology platforms for the production of diagnostic reagents/biopharmaceuticals for COVID-19....
Article
Chicken anemia virus (CAV) causes severe anemia and immunosuppression in chickens. VP1 is the main capsid protein, and is suitable for diagnostic kit development, however, it has 24 arginine residues in the first forty N-terminal amino acids of the protein causing toxicity to bacteria leading to reduced prokaryotic expression. In this study, a 60 a...
Article
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Noninvasive bioluminescence imaging (BLI) of luciferase-expressing tumor cells has advanced pre-clinical evaluation of cancer therapies. Yet despite its successes, BLI is limited by poor spatial resolution and signal penetration, making it unusable for deep tissue or large animal imaging and preventing precise anatomical localization or signal quan...
Article
Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito‐borne virus that causes arthralgic fever. Fibroblast‐like synoviocytes play a key role in joint damage in inflammatory arthritides and can additionally serve as target cells for CHIKV infection. To get a better understanding of CHIKV‐induced arthralgia, we investigated the interaction between CHIKV and synovi...
Article
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Kaempferol, a plant-derived flavonoid, has been reported to have activity against Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) in BHK-21 cells. To determine the broader utility of this compound, we initially evaluated the activity of kaempferol against JEV and dengue virus (DENV) in HEK293T/17 cells. Results showed no significant antiviral activity against ei...
Article
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: Artocarpus lakoocha Roxb. (AL) has been known for its high content of stilbenoids, especially oxyresveratrol. AL has been used in Thai traditional medicine for centuries. However, the role of AL in regulating inflammation has not been elucidated. Here we investigated the molecular mechanisms underlying the anti-inflammation of AL ethanolic extrac...
Article
Genetic diversity in the physicochemical properties and fine structures of seven cassava starches samples was studied. The apparent amylose content ranged from 24.8 to 27.6%. The whole branched starches showed significant differences in average hydrodynamic radius, ranging from 53.35 to 58.45 nm, while debranched starch exhibited differences in deg...
Article
High dietary iron intake is a risk factor for the development of colorectal cancer. However, how iron subsequently impacts the proliferation of colorectal cancer cells remains unclear. This study determined the expression of six iron regulatory genes in twenty-one human colorectal cancer (CRC) biopsies and matched normal colonic tissue. The results...
Article
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Many mosquito transmitted viruses of the genera Alphavirus and Flavivirus are human pathogens of significant concern, and there is currently no specific antiviral for any member of these two genera. This study sought to investigate the broad utility of orlistat (tetrahydrolipstatin) in reducing virus infection for several mosquito borne viruses inc...
Article
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Zika virus (ZIKV), a mosquito transmitted virus in the family Flaviviridae, genus Flavivirus, recently emerged to cause infections in more than 70 countries and territories around the world. While human infection is normally asymptomatic, it can also result in a mild febrile disease similar to dengue fever. However, when a pregnant woman is infecte...
Article
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Despite the widespread presence of the mosquito transmitted Zika virus (ZIKV) over much of Southeast Asia, the number of reported cases remains low. One possibility is that residents in Southeast Asia are immunologically protected, although the nature of any such protection remains unclear. This study sought to investigate the presence of antibodie...
Article
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Kaempferia parviflora (KP) has been reported to have anti-cancer activities. We previously reported its effects against cervical cancer cells and continued to elucidate the effects of KP on inhibiting the production and secretion of interleukin (IL)-6, as well as its relevant signaling pathways involved in cervical tumorigenesis. We discovered that...
Article
Mosquito-borne flaviviruses, including dengue virus (DENV), Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) and Zika virus (ZIKV), are major human pathogens. Among the flaviviral proteins, the non-structural protein 5 (NS5) is the largest, most conserved and major enzymatic component of the viral replication complex. Disruption of the common key NS5-host protein...
Article
Purpose: Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) strains of Acinetobacter baumannii are being reported worldwide, and they are associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. These strains are considered to be the highest priority for the development of new antibacterial agents. Therefore, we aimed to develop an effective alternative antimicrobial ag...
Article
Full-text available
A hypercoagulable state leading to a high risk of a thrombotic event is one of the most common complications observed in β-thalassemia/HbE disease, particularly in patients who have undergone a splenectomy. However, the hypercoagulable state, as well as the molecular mechanism of this aspect of the pathogenesis of β-thalassemia/HbE, remains poorly...
Article
Full-text available
Zika virus (ZIKV) has been endemic in Southeast Asian countries for several years, but the presence of the virus has not been associated with significant outbreaks of infection unlike other countries around the world where the Asian lineage ZIKV was introduced recently. However, few studies have been undertaken using the endemic virus. The Thai iso...
Article
Full-text available
Andrographolide is a major bioactive constituent of Andrographis paniculata that has been shown in vitro to have antiviral activity against a number of viruses, including the mosquito transmitted dengue virus (DENV). However, how andrographolide exerts an anti-DENV effect remains unclear. This study therefore sought to further understand the mechan...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Infections with the mosquito transmitted dengue virus (DENV) are a significant public health burden in many parts of the world. Despite the introduction of a commercial vaccine in some parts of the world, the majority of the populations at risk of infection remain unprotected against this disease, and there is currently no treatment for...
Article
The endosomal sorting complexes required for transport (ESCRT) pathway accessory protein apoptosis linked gene-2-interacting protein X (ALIX) has been shown to be upregulated during dengue virus (DENV) replication. Yeast-two-hybrid screens have additionally shown that ALIX interacts with DENV NS3 protein, but evaluation of the interaction through a...
Article
Full-text available
Zika virus (ZIKV) infections have been reported from all over Thailand, but the number of reported cases remains low, suggesting a degree of immune protection against ZIKV infection. To address this possibility, the presence of ZIKV neutralizing antibodies was determined in serum from 135 healthy Thai adults with a plaque reduction neutralization t...
Article
Background: Starch is the most important carbohydrate source of plant species. Both amylose and amylopectin are components of starch whose content and structures contribute to its unique properties used in food processing and industrial applications. Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) is a starchy root crop used as a staple food for human consumpti...
Article
The recent emergence of Zika virus (ZIKV) has caused global concern as a result of the association with neurological disorders, and brain development dysfunction in fetuses of mothers who become infected with ZIKV during pregnancy. The NS2B-NS3 protease is important for viral replication and offers an attractive drug target. In addition to processi...