Duarte Araujo

Duarte Araujo
University of Lisbon | UL · Faculdade de Motricidade Humana (Human Kinetics)

Associate Professor

About

332
Publications
352,898
Reads
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15,062
Citations
Introduction
Duarte Araujo currently works at the CIPER; BIOLAD; Department of Sport and Health, University of Lisbon. I'm interested in affordances and decision-making, development of expertise, performance analysis, and sport psychology. I follow an ecological dynamics approach to sport and physical activity behavior grounded in complex systems methods.
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - present
January 2010 - December 2011
Universidade Técnica de Lisboa
January 2010 - January 2018
University of Lisbon
Position
  • Head of Department
Education
January 1999 - November 2005

Publications

Publications (332)
Article
Full-text available
Individual players act as a coherent unit during team sports performance, forming a team synergy. A synergy is a collective property of a task-specific organization of individuals, such that the degrees of freedom of each individual in the system are coupled, enabling the degrees of freedom of different individuals to co-regulate each other. Here,...
Article
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Expert decision-making can be directly assessed, if sport action is understood as an expression of embedded and embodied cognition. Here, we discuss evidence for this claim, starting with a critical review of research literature on the perceptual-cognitive basis for expertise. In reviewing how performance and underlying processes are conceived and...
Chapter
The ecological dynamics approach offers new insights to understand how athlete nervous systems are embedded within the body–environment system in sport. Cognitive neuroscience focuses on the neural bases of athlete behaviors in terms of perceptual, cognitive, and motor functions defined within specific brain structures. Here, we discuss some limita...
Article
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Background: Expertise has been extensively studied in several sports over recent years. The specificities of how excellence is achieved in Association Football, a sport practiced worldwide, are being repeatedly investigated by many researchers through a variety of approaches and scientific disciplines. Objective: The aim of this review was to id...
Article
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Background Match analysis has evolved exponentially over the past decades in team sports resulting in a significant number of published systematic reviews and meta-analyses. An umbrella review of the available literature is needed to provide an integrated overview of current knowledge and contribute to more robust theoretical explanations of team p...
Article
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What would it mean to consider research in the sport sciences as a sustainable practice? Taking a step back, in such a context, what would sustainability even mean? The time is ripe to address such questions, and what we lay out here are our initial thoughts on this most contemporary of issues. We start by exploring what is meant by the term ‘susta...
Article
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The target article promotes an enactive approach to human behaviour, highlighting the phenomenology of agent-environment coupling, and is rooted in the course of experience from pre-reflective self-consciousness. In our comment we debate the idea that experience does equate with subjectivity. Such an equation reflects an organismic asymmetry locati...
Preprint
This chapter presents an ecological dynamics approach to conceptualizing affordances in the context of sports to understand the acquisition of skilled behaviors. Ecological dynamics is a multidisciplinary framework anchored in the sciences of complex systems, framed by concepts in ecological psychology and nonlinear dynamics, for analyzing behavior...
Article
Full-text available
The latest World Health Organization report on green and blue space and mental health (2021) calls for greater, and better, urban nature environments, i. e., “wilder” urban parks, tree-laden sidewalks, and overall presence of nature in the urban environment. Evidence shows that living close to and interacting with nature promotes benefits to numero...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Scientists and sport practitioners widely recognize the importance of visual information for soccer player’s performance. While previous research has highlighted the usefulness of spatial vision occlusion googles to enhance the performance of typical soccer skills (e.g., passing) [1], no evidence is available in youth soccer players. The purpose of...
Chapter
A common belief is that closed self-paced motor tasks enable the per-former to “activate” a pre-prepared plan to (re)produce actions, despite top performers underperforming at “big” moments. Elite athletes and players seem incapable of repeating a movement pattern, despite having “plenty of time to prepare and ‘run-off’ their well-drilled, standard...
Chapter
A common belief is that closed self-paced motor tasks enable the per-former to “activate” a pre-prepared plan to (re)produce actions, despite top performers underperforming at “big” moments. Elite athletes and players seem incapable of repeating a movement pattern, despite having “plenty of time to prepare and ‘run-off’ their well-drilled, standard...
Article
Full-text available
What should professional development of knowledge and skills of academic sport scientists look like? We address this question by first dwelling in what ‘being a professional academic’ entails. Professionals work methodically, typically specialising their knowledge and skills while strategically planning how to progress their careers, often not rock...
Article
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Self-regulation of learning (SRL) in sports has received much attention from sport sciences researchers. Zimmerman's theory of SRL is frequently used in sport psychology, which, in turn, is derived from the social cognitive theory of self-regulation developed by Bandura. Despite all the contributions to the domain of expertise in general, and sport...
Article
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Education measures put in place during the COVID-19 pandemic to mitigate learning loss among students has triggered scientific exploration of mentorship, hybrid, and virtual learning spaces in the context of talent development. In fact, a cursory search of the terms: ‘talent development,’ ‘education,’ ‘hybrid learning,’ and ‘virtual learning’ yield...
Article
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The Feeling Scale and Felt Arousal Scale are widely used in sport research. They provide a practical assessment of self-reported affect and arousal during exercise. The original scales were translated for English to Portuguese. Afterwards, it was tested if the affect and arousal scores in the picture-based Self-Assessment Manikin predicted the scor...
Article
Background: The behaviours of golfers could be interpreted as emergent, resulting from the cyclical relations of perception-action couplings established under the interacting constraints of competitive performance environments. Underpinned by an ecological dynamics approach, the aim of this study was to investigate how a simple adaptation of ta...
Article
The purpose of this study was to characterise perturbations created from the baseline in men’s tennis following Barker’s ecological psychology approach. In selected rallies of expert level tennis matches we identified the shot responsible for this perturbation and characterised it using a sequential approach based on the positioning of the players...
Article
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Cognition plays a key role in sports performance. This meta-analytic review synthesizes research that examined the relationship between cognitive functions, skills, and sports performance. We identified literature by searching Cochrane Library, APA PsycINFO, PubMed, and Web of Science. We included studies conducted on competitive athletes, assessed...
Article
In this article, we present an original method to measure the rate of positional change observed during a soccer match based on the relative spatial distribution of players on the pitch. This is justified as players use their relative position as a key tactical tool to contribute to their team’s objectives. A temporal network representation of the...
Article
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Information technology has been integrated into most areas of sport, providing new insights, improving the efficiency of operational processes, and offering unique opportunities for exploration and inquiry. While acknowledging this positive impact, this paper explores whether sufficient consideration has been directed towards what technology risks...
Article
Bernstein's (1996) levels of movement organization includes tonus, the muscular-contraction level that primes individual movement systems for (re)organizing coordination patterns. The hypothesis advanced is that the tonus architecture is a multi-fractal tensegrity system, deeply reliant on haptic perception for regulating movement of an individual...
Article
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The promotion of inter- and multidisciplinarity - broadly drawing on other disciplines to help collaboratively answer important questions to the field - has been an important goal for many professional development organisations, universities, and research institutes in sport science. While welcoming collaboration, this opinion piece discusses the v...
Article
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This paper considers the study of driving skill and performance of human drivers as a key domain to improve the design and the "expertise" of self-driving cars. Concerted driving with others in roundabouts is a special kind of social expertise-understood as competence in ordinary, mundane activities-deployed by members of society. We illustrate our...
Article
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Worldwide, 1.3 billion people live in Poverty , a socio-economic status that has been identified as a key determinant of a lack of sports participation. Still, numerous athletes around the world have grown up in underprivileged socio-economic conditions. This is the case in Brazil, a country with around 13.5 million impoverished citizens, yet, over...
Preprint
Full-text available
We modeled the dynamics of a soccer match based on a network representation where players are nodes discretely clustered into homogeneous groups. Players were grouped by physical proximity, supported by the intuitive notion that competing and same-team players use relative position as a key tactical tool to contribute to the team's objectives. The...
Book
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To understand the dynamic patterns of behaviours and interactions between athletes that characterize successful performance in different sports is an important challenge for all sport practitioners. This book guides the reader in understanding how an ecological dynamics framework for use of artificial intelligence (AI) can be implemented to interpr...
Article
Rietveld discusses three skills that artistic practices have to offer to makers of technologies for embedding such technologies in society. An ecological dynamics model of skill learning empowers the embedding of Rietveld’s described skills in three social domains: technology makers, artworkers, and visitors of such artworks.
Article
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This study analyzes whether the relationship between serious leisure and recreation specialization differs for federated sportspeople with and without physical disabilities. Sportspeople with and without physical disabilities in the Basque Country (Spain) (n = 370) completed a questionnaire assessing the component dimensions of two constructs, “ser...
Book
Dynamics of Skill Acquisition, Second Edition, provides an analysis of the processes underlying human skill acquisition. As the first text to outline the multidisciplinary ecological dynamics framework for understanding movement behavior, this heavily updated edition stays on the cutting edge, with principles of nonlinear pedagogy and methodologies...
Article
In an ecological dynamics rationale, the development of expertise in sports is shaped by interactions of personal, task and environmental constraints. A notable outcome of this process is the distinctive performance styles of athletes shaped by socio-cultural-historical constraints. To understand this process, we examined the role of socio-cultural...
Article
Full-text available
Collective behaviors in sports teams emerge from the coordination between players formed from their perception of shared affordances. Recent studies based on the theoretical framework of ecological dynamics reported new analytical tools to capture collective behavior variables that describe team synergies. Here, we introduce a novel hypothesis base...
Chapter
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The theory of Ecological Dynamics proposes that talented performance in sport emerges when an individual continuously adapts to surrounding constraints to develop an increasingly functional relationship with a specific performance environment. Crucial to this relationship is the way in which a talent development environment (conceptualized as an ec...
Chapter
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The question of what individual differences in working memory capacity reflect has been a topic of intensive interest in research for several decades. This research has shed light on mechanisms underlying working memory performance. At the same time, the chapter authors argue this research has been myopic in two respects. First, it has largely igno...
Article
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Where do novel and innovative ideas in sport science come from? How do researchers and practitioners collectively explore the dynamic landscape of inquiry, problem, solution and application? How do they learn to skilfully navigate from current place and practice toward the next idea located beyond their current vantage point? These questions are no...
Data
The original anatomic schematics and lines of action were published previously (Conconi, Sancisi et al. 2019) and are used by permission of Professor Michele Conconi.
Article
This study aimed to understand the level of agreement between different methods of observation and assessment of the performance of football referees carried out by Referee Match Observers: (i) live; (ii) live + video and (iii) single video. A total of 34 Referee Match Observers from the 1st category of the Portuguese Football Association (FA) part...
Article
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The ecological dynamics approach to interpersonal relationships provides theoretical support to the use of kinematic data, obtained with sensor-based systems, in which players of a team are linked mainly by information from the performance environment. Our goal was to capture the properties of synergic behavior in football, using spatiotemporal dat...
Article
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Surgical design in personalized medicine is often based on native anatomy, which may not accurately reflect the interaction between native musculoskeletal tissues and biomechanical artifacts. To overcome this problem, researchers have developed alternative methods based on affordance-based design. The design process can be viewed in terms of action...
Article
Full-text available
Human-nature interactions have been presented as important for promoting and sustaining wellbeing and health benefits. Research has shown that pictures of nature, interacting with nature, physical activity in nature, immersion in nature and even feeling connected to nature can improve health. While considerable research supports this notion that na...
Article
In sport performance, patterns in perceptions, actions, intentions, ideas, feelings, and thoughts continuously emerge under environmental, task, and personal constraints. This chapter summarizes advances in ecological dynamics and discusses their implications for sport psychologists. Key concepts in ecological dynamics capture the nature of skill t...
Article
Considering soccer matches as complex systems facilitates the identification of properties that emerge from the interactions between players. Such properties include the regularities and statistical patterns that characterize couplings and sets between players established during matches. Empirical studies on the statistical distributions of number...
Article
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Interpersonal coordination is an important skill for promoting collective behavior in team sports. This study tested the impact of two types of tools in facilitating triadic coordination. 16 males aged under 12 years were divided into four groups with similar skill levels and average ages. Each group performed a three-versus-one ball passing task u...
Article
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Over two decades ago, Davids et al. (1994) and Handford et al. (1997) raised theoretical concerns associated with traditional, reductionist, mechanistic perspectives of movement coordination and skill acquisition for sport scientists interested in practical applications for training designs. These seminal papers advocated an emerging consciousness...
Article
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The present research analyzes the relation between the height of penalty kicks in association football and (a) the probability that goalkeepers stop the ball, (b) the kinematics of the kicker, and (c) the movements of the goalkeeper. We re-analyzed movement registration data that were collected in an experiment (with professional and semi-professio...
Article
This study investigates the factors driving football players with identical training experience and genetics to have dramatically different career paths. We studied two paired cases from a pool of 32 talented U-20 players who were twice World Champions. The first paired case is a set of monozygotic twins that played football for exactly the same pe...
Article
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Previous work has sought to explain team coordination using insights from theories of synergy formation in collective systems. Under this theoretical rationale, players are conceptualised as independent degrees of freedom, whose interactions can become coupled to produce team synergies, guided by shared affordances. Previous conceptualisation from...
Article
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Understanding team behaviours in sports performance requires understanding the interdependencies established between their levels of complexity (micro-meso-macro). Previously, most studies examined interactions emerging at micro- and macro-levels, thus neglecting those emerging at a meso-level (reveals connections between player and team levels, de...
Presentation
Full-text available
Existe evidência para a prevalência de sintomas relacionados com o distress, ansiedade, depressão, ou abuso de substâncias de futebolistas (Gouttbarge et al., 2015), contudo pouco se sabe da realidade em Portugal. Neste sentido, o propósito do presente estudo foi identificar os principais sintomas relacionados com a perturbação mental de futebolist...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumo: Existe evidência para a prevalência de sintomas relacionados com o distress, ansiedade, depressão, ou abuso de substâncias de futebolistas (Gouttbarge et al., 2015), contudo pouco se sabe da realidade em Portugal. Neste sentido, o propósito do presente estudo foi identificar os principais sintomas relacionados com a perturbação mental de fu...
Article
Full-text available
Promoting adherence to exercise, especially in a long-term, remains a critical issue in fitness and wellness (F&W) context. Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and Non-Linear Pedagogy (NLP) have progressively established themselves as valid backgrounds for intervention in F&W context. Analysing the assumptions of both, seems to reveal points of contact...
Article
Promoting adherence to exercise, especially in a long-term, remains a critical issue in fitness and wellness (F&W) context. Self-Determination Theory (SDT) and Non-Linear Pedagogy (NLP) have progressively established themselves as valid backgrounds for intervention in F&W context. Analysing the assumptions of both, seems to reveal points of contact...
Article
Full-text available
Research has revealed how inherent self-organising tendencies in athletes and sports teams can be exploited to facilitate emergence of dynamical patterns in synergy for-mation in sports teams. Here we discuss how game models, and associated tactical prin-ciples of play, may be implemented to constrain co-existing global-to-local and local-to-global...
Article
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Despite its importance in many academic fields, traditional scientific methodologies struggle to cope with analysis of interactions in many complex adaptive systems, including team sports. Inherent features of such systems (e.g. emergent behaviours) require a more holistic approach to measurement and analysis for understanding system properties. Co...
Article
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In this conceptual analysis contribution to the special issue on radical embodied cognition, we discuss how embodied cognition can exist with and without representations. We explore this concept through the lens of judgment and decision-making in sports (JDMS). Embodied cognition has featured in many investigations of human behavior, but no single...
Article
Of fundamental, theoretical and practical, relevance to sport science is the conceptualisation of talent, skill and expertise. Revisiting the question of innate talent is timely, given current pressure on young children selected to specialise in sport at an early age. Here, we re-iterate the conceptualisation of talent, skill and expertise in sport...
Article
Objectives: Evidence suggests that ‘green exercise’ (defined as physical activity in nature's environments) provides an important context for health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA), offering opportunities for (mental) health and well-being outcomes, compared to urban/manufactured environments. Theoretical explanations for HEPA tend to emphasize...
Article
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The objective of this article is to overview the principles of the constraints-led approach and nonlinear pedagogy and how they can be applied to volleyball training. To better structure volleyball training and enhance game performance are developed the principles of representative context, task manipulation, instructions based on external focus of...
Article
The recent upsurge in “brain training and perceptual-cognitive training,” proposing to improve isolated processes, such as brain function, visual perception, and decision-making, has created significant interest in elite sports practitioners, seeking to create an “edge” for athletes. The claims of these related “performance-enhancing industries” ca...