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  • D.s. Van Maren
D.s. Van Maren

D.s. Van Maren
Deltares · Department of Marine and Coastal Systems

Dr.

About

84
Publications
27,747
Reads
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1,934
Citations
Citations since 2017
25 Research Items
1253 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
Additional affiliations
April 2004 - present
Delft University of Technology
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (84)
Article
Full-text available
At a global scale, intertidal areas are being reclaimed for agriculture as well as urban expansion, imposing high human pressure on the coastal zone. The Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta (GBD) is an exponent of this development. In this delta, land reclamation accelerated in the 1960's to 1980's, when polders were constructed in areas subject to regular ma...
Article
Full-text available
Plain Language Summary The bottom of coastal seas is often composed of two sediment types, namely sand and mud. The evolution of the seabed, and thus of our coasts, depends on how these sediment types move. A correct representation of the spatial sand‐mud patterns in the bed is therefore essential if we want to understand and predict coastal evolut...
Article
Full-text available
The mechanisms controlling the formation of an estuarine turbidity maximum (ETM) in estuaries have been extensively investigated, but one aspect that has received much less scientific attention is the role of high suspended sediment concentrations in combination with tidal asymmetry in ETM formation. Particularly in highly turbid estuaries, sedimen...
Article
Full-text available
Estuarine tidal dynamics are influenced by changes in morphology and friction. In this work, we quantified changes in tidal damping in the Yangtze Estuary and explored the impact of morphology and friction using a numerical model. In‐depth analyses of tidal data reveal a strong reduction in tidal damping from 1990 to 2010, followed by a slightly en...
Article
Full-text available
Human interventions and climate change can heavily influence the large-scale morphological development of tidal basins. This has implications on sediment management strategies, as well as ecological and recreational purposes. Examples of heavily impacted tidal basins are those in the Western Dutch Wadden Sea. The closure of a large sub-basin in 193...
Article
Full-text available
An estuarine turbidity maximum (ETM) is a region of elevated suspended sediment concentration (SSC) resulting from residual transport mechanisms driven by river flow, tides, and salinity-induced density gradients (SalDG). However, in energetic and highly turbid environments such as the Yangtze Estuary, SedDG may also substantially contribute to the...
Article
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Cheniers are important for stabilising mud-dominated coastlines. A chenier is a body of wave-reworked, coarse-grained sediment consisting of sand and shells overlying a muddy substrate. In this paper we present and analyse a week of field observations of the dynamics of a single chenier along the coast of Demak, Indonesia. Despite relatively calm h...
Article
Full-text available
Sediment transport over intertidal flats is driven by a combination of waves, tides, and wind-driven flow. In this study we aimed at identifying and quantifying the interactions between these processes. A five week long dataset consisting of flow velocities, waves, water depths, suspended sediment concentrations, and bed level changes was collected...
Article
Full-text available
The fast economic development of the People’s Republic of China has created an increasing demand for usable land, resulting in large-scale land reclamations along the coastal zone. One of these regions is Tongzhou Bay (Jiangsu coast), a region characterized by large intertidal mudflats and deep tidal channels with potential for the development of a...
Article
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China’s continuous and rapid economic growth has led to the reclamation of large sections of the intertidal mud coast in combination with port construction, such as that of the proposed Tongzhou Bay port on the Jiangsu coast. These reclamations threaten the local ecosystem services. An ecotope distribution map was created and a hydrodynamic numeric...
Article
Full-text available
Despite availability of a large amount of observational data and modelling studies, the mechanisms maintaining the Turbidity Maximum in the Belgian-Dutch coastal zone around the port of Zeebrugge (Belgium) are insufficiently understood. In order to better understand the dynamics of this turbidity maximum we examine the role of baroclinic (salinity...
Article
Full-text available
At a global scale, delta morphologies are subject to rapid change as a result of direct and indirect effects of human activity. This jeopardizes the ecosystem services of deltas, including protection against flood hazards, facilitation of navigation, and biodiversity. Direct manifestations of delta morphological instability include river bank failu...
Article
Full-text available
Lateral flow significantly contributes to the near‐bottom mass transport of salinity in a channel‐shoal system. In this study, an integrated tripod system was deployed in the transition zone of a channel‐shoal system of the Changjiang Estuary (CE), China, to observe the near‐bottom physics with high temporal/spatial resolution, particularly focusing...
Article
Full-text available
The morphology of the Yangtze Estuary has changed substantially at decadal time scales in response to natural processes, local human interference and reduced sediment supply. Due to its high sediment load, the morphodynamic response time of the estuary is short, providing a valuable semi‐natural system to evaluate large‐scale estuarine morphodynami...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mine pit lakes are a common feature of open cut mine closures that extend below the local groundwater levels. Due to the relatively steep lake bottom profiles compared to natural lakes, shoreline stability remains a significant limitation for the long-term sustainability of many pit lakes, potentially impacting upon highwall geotechnical stability,...
Article
Full-text available
We test an innovative approach to beneficially re-use dredged sediment to enhance salt marsh development. A Mud Motor is a dredged sediment disposal in the form of a semi-continuous source of mud in a shallow tidal channel allowing natural processes to disperse the sediment to nearby mudflats and salt marshes. We describe the various steps in the d...
Article
This paper presents a new model, using existing consolidation theory, suitable for long-term morphodynamic simulations; we refer to the dynamic equilibrium consolidation (DECON) model. This model is applicable for muddy systems at small suspended particulate matter (SPM) concentrations, where the sedimentation rates are smaller than the consolidati...
Article
Deltaic and coastal ecosystems are changing in response to natural and anthropogenic forces that require ecosystem-level restoration efforts to avoid habitat degradation or loss. Models that link ecosystem components of hydrodynamics, morphodynamics, nutrient and vegetation dynamics to represent essential processes and feedbacks are advancing the f...
Article
Examination of large scale, alluvial estuarine morphology and associated time evolution is of particular importance regarding management of channel navigability, ecosystem, etc. In this work, we analyze morphological evolution and changes of the channel-shoal system in the Changjiang Estuary, a river- and tide-controlled coastal plain estuary, base...
Article
The downstream peak discharge increase during hyperconcentrated floods in the Yellow River has been attributed to bed erosion, roughness reduction and floodplain effects. While great improvements have been made on the understandings of the roles of bed erosion and roughness reduction, the effects of floodplain remain poorly understood. Here, as a f...
Article
In this paper, we analyse the behaviour of fine sediments in the hyper-turbid Lower Ems River, with focus on the river’s upper reaches, a stretch of about 25 km up-estuary of Terborg. Our analysis is based on long records of suspended particulate matter (SPM) from optical backscatter (OBS) measurements close to the bed at seven stations along the r...
Article
Full-text available
Wadden Sea ports are situated at the border of the UNESCO World Heritage site Wadden Sea. Because of the protected status of this area, developing new economic activities is not straightforward. However, maintaining and developing port activities is needed to safeguard the economic viability of the Wadden Sea socio-economic region. In this paper we...
Article
Full-text available
Estuarine suspended sediment transport models are typically calibrated against suspended sediment concentration data. These data typically cover a limited range of the actual suspended sediment concentration dynamics, constrained in either time or space. As a result of these data limitations, the available data can be reproduced with complex 3D tra...
Article
Full-text available
Natural sediment sinks have been removed in many estuaries and tidal basins, and the resulting loss in accommodation space likely led to an increase in the suspended sediment concentration (SSC). The effect of land reclamations and changes in other sediment sinks on SSC has been investigated using the Ems Estuary as a well-documented example. Coast...
Article
Full-text available
Several harbours along the Dutch Wadden Sea deal with large siltation rates and limited possibilities for developments. However, development of new harbour activities is needed for these harbours to be able to survive in the long run. As these harbours lie in or close to areas with a protected status, expansion is not straightforward. In this paper...
Conference Paper
Sediment diversions on the lower Mississippi River were proposed as a large scale restoration tool in Louisiana’s 2012 Coastal Master Plan by the State of Louisiana Coastal Protection and Restoration Authority. The primary goal of the proposed sediment diversions was to create new wetlands and replenish existing areas that were deteriorating as a r...
Conference Paper
Light is a key parameter for sensitive ecosystems such as corals and seagrasses, which used to be abundant around Singapore but are now in decline. One of the reasons for the poor state of coral reef systems is the poor visibility, but little is known about factors influencing the visibility in this region. This paper addresses the dynamics of ligh...
Article
Full-text available
Sediment particles smaller than 64 μm, with a noncohesive base mineral, are referred to as silt. The settling velocity of suspended sediment decreases with increasing concentration due to hindered settling effects. Compared with clay and sand, hindered settling of silt is poorly documented and understood. A formulation is proposed for the hindered...
Article
Full-text available
Deepening of estuarine tidal channels often leads to tidal amplification and increasing fine sediment import. Increasing fine sediment import, in turn, may lower the hydraulic drag (due to a smoother muddy bed and/or sediment-induced damping of turbulence), and therefore, further strengthen tidal amplification, setting in motion a process in which...
Article
Full-text available
Many estuaries worldwide are becoming more urbanised with heavier traffic in the waterways, requiring continuous channel deepening and larger ports, and increasing suspended sediment concentration (SSC). An example of a heavily impacted estuary where SSC levels are rising is the Ems Estuary, located between the Netherlands and Germany. In order to...
Article
Full-text available
The peak of river floods usually decreases in the downstream direction unless it is compensated by freshwater inflow from tributaries. In the Yellow River (China) the opposite is regularly observed, where the peak discharge of river floods increases in the downstream direction (at a rate far exceeding the contribution from tributaries). This flood...
Article
Full-text available
River floods are usually featured by a downstream flattening discharge peak whereas a downstream increasing discharge peak is observed at a rate exceeding the tributary discharge during highly silt-laden floods (hyperconcentrated floods) in China's Yellow River. It entails a great challenge in the downstream flood defence and the underlying mechani...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Water diversions along alluvial rivers cause water and sediment loss, and thereby affect morphological development. Assuming spatially continuous diversions along a constant-width channel, previous studies suggest a longitudinally convex bed at the equilibrium state. However, the validity of a convex bed profile for practically discrete d...
Article
Full-text available
In the past decades, the turbidity in Singapore's coastal waters has been increasing. This has led to reduced visibility and increased siltation rates, detrimental for the coral reefs and other sensitive ecosystems around Singapore. The reasons for this increased turbidity are poorly known because little quantitative information exists on sediment...
Article
It is well known that landward transport of fine sediments on tidal flats is caused by lag effects, of which the scour lag and the settling lag are the best known. These lag effects result from a combination of sediment properties and hydrodynamic asymmetries. However, it is not well-understood how, in a quantitative way, these lag effects depend o...
Conference Paper
Important questions with regard the release of dredged material in the natural environment are: 'How does it spread?' and 'Where does it deposit?' and particularly near sensitive ecosystems: 'What is the duration and magnitude of increased turbidity levels?'. Often the dispersion of individual plumes is considered, but on the long term the cumulati...
Article
Full-text available
The sediment load of the Yangtze River (China) is decreasing because of construction of dams, of which the Three Gorges Dam (TGD) is the best known example. The rate of the decline in sediment load is well known, but changes in the sediment grain size distribution have not been given much attention. The TGD mostly traps sand and silt while clay is...
Article
[1] High-resolution morphological modeling of fluvial processes with complex, rapidly varying flows has been limited so far by model accuracy or computational efficiency. One of the most widely used numerical algorithms is based on the total variation diminishing method, solved by either upwind or centered approaches. An upwind scheme preserves hig...
Article
Sediment found in China’s Yangtze and Yellow River systems is characterized by large silt fractions. In contrast to sand and clay, sedimentation and erosion behaviour of silt and silt–clay–sand mixtures is relatively unknown. Therefore, settling and consolidation behaviour of silt-rich sediment from these river systems is analysed under laboratory...
Article
Full-text available
Recruitment constraints on Singapore's dwindling fluted giant clam, Tridacna squamosa, population were studied by modelling fertilisation, larval transport, and settlement using real-time hydrodynamic forcing combined with knowledge of spawning characteristics, larval development, behaviour, and settlement cues. Larval transport was simulated using...
Article
This paper describes the results of a study on potential wave damping in the Dutch Wadden Sea by viscous wave energy dissipation within soft and/or liquefied mud layers. The results are relevant for wave height boundary conditions for levee design along the mainland coast.From a site inspection, we observed that the mud fields along the Wadden Sea...
Article
Full-text available
A three-dimensional hydrodynamic model is used to investigate intratidal spring-neap variations of turbulent mixing and stratification in the Strait of Singapore and its adjacent Johor estuary area. The waters in the Johor estuary are ebb dominant because of interaction of the O1–K1–M2 tidal constituents. In most estuaries mixing rates during the f...
Article
Full-text available
The Singapore Strait connects the South China Sea, where tides are dominantly diurnal, to the dominantly semidiurnal Indian Ocean. At this transition, the tidal water level oscillations are observed to be semidiurnal while the tidal current oscillations are mixed, diurnal to fully diurnal. Due to the interaction of the diurnal constituents with the...
Book
Full-text available
Dit document is geschreven in opdracht van Programma naar een Rijke Waddenzee met in het achterhoofd het Integrale Management Plan dat momenteel in ontwikkeling is en dat gezamenlijk wordt opgesteld door Duitsland en Nederland. In dit document kwalificeren wij het Eems-Dollard estuarium als een gedegradeerd ecosysteem. Deze beoordeling is gebaseerd...
Article
Full-text available
The Ems-Dollard estuary, located at the eastern side of the Dutch Wadden Sea, is influenced by conflicting human demands ranging from flood protection, shipping, ports and dredging activities, nature preservation, energy demands, fisheries, tourism and recreational activities. This combination of pressures jeopardizes the water quality and ecologic...
Article
The Bay of Banten provides an example of a semicircular shallow tidal embayment in a tropical ROFI (Region Of Freshwater Influence), subject to a mixed, mainly diurnal tidal regime and a monsoon-driven residual circulation. A partially inactivated delta shapes the east coast of the bay and constitutes a distributed source of freshwater during the w...
Article
A new container dock in the Port of Antwerp, the Deurganckdok, was recently constructed in a location close to the Estuarine Turbidity Maximum (ETM) of the Scheldt River. In order to minimise sedimentation in the new dock, a Current Deflecting Wall (CDW) will be constructed. The aim of this paper is to assess the effect of the CDW on exchange flows...
Article
Full-text available
Water levels and flows in the Singapore coastal waters are driven by the complex interactions of the Indian and Pacific Ocean tides, seasonal monsoon-driven contributions and also forced by local winds. The Singapore Regional Model was developed to simulate hydrodynamics in the Strait of Singapore which produces representative sea level variation i...
Article
Full-text available
Yangshan Deepwater Harbor, located in the Qiqu Archipelago adjacent to Hangzhou Bay, is the new deepwater harbor of the Port of Shanghai. Its construction, which began in 2002, entails three types of engineering projects: closing a series of inlets, land reclamation, and dredging. After the construction of harbors 1, 2, and 3, these engineering pro...
Article
Full-text available
The high sediment load of the Yellow River results in rapid infilling of its reservoirs when sediment is not regularly flushed. Simultaneously, the downstream reaches of the Yellow River experience extremely high siltation rates, which are reduced when sediment is retained in its reservoirs. To minimize siltation in the reservoirs and the downstrea...
Article
Density-driven exchange flows between estuaries and harbour docks are influenced by the length of the dock. As a result, increasing dock size through its lengthening, not necessarily results in an increase in sedimentation rates. The propagation of a low-salinity surface patch into the dock is blocked at the head of a relatively short dock, resulti...
Article
The Yellow River in China carries large amounts of sediments in suspension at concentrations up to several hundreds of kilograms per cubic metre; the sediment is composed mainly of silt. These high sediment concentrations influence the hydrodynamics (flow velocity and turbulence) which, in turn, determine the sediment concentration profile, whereas...
Article
A large amount of the total sediment load in the Chinese Yellow River is transported during hyperconcentrated floods. These floods are characterized by very high suspended sediment concentrations and rapid morphological changes with alternating sedimentation and erosion in the main channel, and persistent sedimentation on the floodplain. However, t...
Article
This paper evaluates the applicability of the sediment transport methods developed by Engelund and Hansen, Ackers and White, Yang et al., and van Rijn, together with the Wuhan methods developed in China, to the Yellow River, which has highly concentrated and fine-grained sediment. The sediment data includes over 1000 observations from the Yellow Ri...
Article
The Yellow River in China is characterized by channel erosion and a meandering channel pattern at both low sediment concentrations and at hyperconcentrations, whereas deposition and braiding tends to dominate at intermediate sediment concentrations. A 3D numerical model (Delft3D) is used to analyze the effect of sediment-induced density effects on...
Article
The coastline of the Red River Delta is characterized by alternating patterns of rapid accretion and severe erosion. The main branch of the Red River, the Ba Lat, is presently expanding seaward with a main depositional area several km downstream and offshore the Ba Lat River mouth. Sediment deposition rates are approximately 6 m in the past 50 year...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A large amount of the total sediment load in the Chinese Yellow River is transported during hyperconcentrated floods. These floods are characterized by very high suspended sediment concentrations and rapid morphological changes with alternating sedimentation and erosion in the main channel, and persistent sedimentation on the floodplain. However, t...
Article
The present paper comments on a recent publication by Woodworth et al. [Woodworth, P.L., Blackman, D.L., Pugh, D.T., Vassie J.M., 2005. On the role of diurnal tides in contributing to asymmetries in tidal probability distribution functions in areas of predominantly semi-diurnal tide. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 64 (2¿3), 235¿240.]. It is s...
Article
An extensive barrier-spit system 20 to 30 km long developed on the delta front platform of the Ba lat Delta within a relatively short period (10–20 years). However, it was not evident whether the formation was related to river floods, typhoons or calm weather conditions, or to cross-shore or alongshore sediment transport mechanisms. Therefore a pro...
Article
The Red River, annually transporting 100 million tons of sediment, flows into a shallow shelf sea where it rapidly deposits most of its sediment on a prograding delta front. Oceanographic cruises were carried out in February–March and July–August 2000 to determine the vertical structure of the Ba Lat river plume and sediment transport patterns on t...
Article
Full-text available
The relation between tidal flow asymmetry and net transport of sediment in the semidiurnal regime has been extensively described. This study reveals that in the diurnal regime, the direction of long-term net bed-load transport and resulting morphologic changes is partly determined by the phase-angle relationship of O 1 , K 1 , and M 2. Simple analy...