Dr Brama Kone

Dr Brama Kone
Swiss Center for Scientific Research in Côte Ivory | CSRS · Environnement et Santé

PhD

About

62
Publications
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324
Citations

Publications

Publications (62)
Chapter
West African cities face critical societal challenges that are linked to environmental and health changes. These challenges are further exacerbated by urbanization dynamics, climate change, socio-economic mutation and lack of capacity for sustainable urban development, governance and basic services delivery. The deficiency of environmental sanitati...
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Human health and wellbeing and the health of the biosphere are inextricably linked. The state of Earth’s life-support systems, including freshwater, oceans, land, biodiversity, atmosphere, and climate, affect human health. At the same time, human activities are adversely affecting natural systems. This review paper is the outcome of an interdiscipl...
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On 11 March 2020, COVID-19 was officially characterized as a pandemic. By this time, the SARS-CoV-2 virus had already spread across continents, causing significant morbidity and mortality, and affecting social and economic systems. The complexities of the impact of COVID-19 call for multidisciplinary to trans-disciplinary research that goes beyond...
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Background: Since 2000, substantial progress has been made in reducing malaria worldwide. However, some countries in West Africa remain a hotspot for malaria with all age groups at risk. Asymptomatic carriers of Plasmodium spp. are important sources of infections for malaria vectors and thus contribute to the anchoring of the disease in favourable...
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Background: Schistosomiasis is a water-based disease transmitted by trematodes belonging to the genus Schistosoma. The aim of this study was to assess the relationship between the prevalence of schistosomiasis and access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and environmental and socioeconomic factors in the city of Korhogo, northern Côte d'Ivoi...
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Background: Among parasitic infections, schistosomiasis ranks second after malaria in terms of worldwide morbidity. Despite efforts to contain transmission, more than 230 million people are infected, of which 85% live in Sub-Saharan Africa. While the epidemiologic characteristics of schistosomiasis have been extensively studied across endemic sett...
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Malaria contributes substantially to the poor health situation in the northern region of Ghana, especially in the Bole district. This paper is an outcome of a study, which assessed the factors that influenced the vulnerability of farming households to malaria, as well as the economic burden of the malaria prevalence in the Bole District, Ghana. The...
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Since the 1970s, the northern part of Côte d'Ivoire has experienced considerable fluctuation in its meteorology including a general decrease of rainfall and increase of temperature from 1970 to 2000, a slight increase of rainfall since 2000, a severe drought in 2004–2005 and flooding in 2006–2007. Such changing climate patterns might affect the tra...
Data
Time series of average annual (a) and monthly (b) temperature over the period 2004–2013. (TIF)
Data
Rainfall anomalies over 2004–2013 in Korhogo. (TIF)
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Monthly mean NDVI in Korhogo over 2004–2013 (USGS LandDAAC MODIS version_005 WAF). (TIF)
Data
Climate data M’Bra et al. (xlsx-file). Contains variables year, month, temp (= mean monthly temperature in°C), rainfall (= monthly quantity of rain fall in mm), ndvi (= monthly value of normalized difference vegetation index). (XLSX)
Data
Clinical data M’Bra et al. (xlsx-file). Contains variables health_centre, year, month, malaria_under5 (= monthly count of malaria cases among children under 5 years), malaria_over5 (= monthly count of malaria cases among persons aged 5 years or more), malaria_total (= monthly count of malaria cases). (XLSX)
Data
Plot of the empirical monthly malaria counts against counts predicted, by centre. a) centre 1 = CSI AN NOUR, b) centre 2 = HB TORGO, c) centre 3 = IP SOBA, d) centre 4 = IP TENEMANGA. (TIF)
Data
Supplementary material_M’Bra et al. (docx-file). —Table A. Rank correlations of the three climatic variables considered; Table B. Estimated associations of the monthly malaria count with the climate scores of the same and the two preceding months.; Table C. Estimated associations of the monthly malaria count with concurrent and preceding monthly le...
Article
Introduction: Drinking water and sanitation are two factors of inter-linked inextricably public health especially in the city of Nouakchott where the low availability of these services leads to a multitude of use and hygiene practices involving a complex socio-ecological system with an increased risk of waterborne diseases transmission (diarrhea,...
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Background Mauritania is at the fringe of transmission of human schistosomiasis, which mainly occurs in the southern and southeastern parts of the country. This study aimed to assess the influence of rainfall seasonality on the prevalence of Schistosoma haematobium infection among school-aged children in Kaedi, southern Mauritania. Methods Cross-se...
Article
Buruli ulcer (BU) is a cutaneous infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. It is the third most common mycobacterial disease in the world in the immunocompetent patient and second in Côte d'Ivoire after tuberculosis. This study aimed to assess the characteristics and epidemiological profile of BU in the district of Tiassalé, an important...
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Background: Buruli ulcer (BU) is a cutaneous infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium ulcerans. The exact mode of transmission remains elusive; yet, some studies identified environmental, socio-sanitary, and behavioral risk factors. The purpose of this study was to assess the association of such factors to contracting BU in Tiassalé, south Côte...
Data
A woman from Tiassalé district, collecting water at a surface water point (case-control study, August-September 2012, Source: N’krumah et al.). (TIF)
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Laundry and swimming activities in a village of Tiassalé district, South Côte d’Ivoire (case-control study, August-September 2012, Source: N’krumah et al.). (TIF)
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STROBE checklist of items that should be included in reports of case-control studies. (PDF)
Data
Database of the study (case-control study, August-September 2012, Source: N’krumah et al.). (XLS)
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Rice cultivation site in the district of Tiassalé, South Côte d’Ivoire (case-control study, August-September 2012, Source: N’krumah et al.). (TIF)
Article
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In Kaédi, a secondary city of Mauritania with approximately 71,000 inhabitants, the analyses of historical climate time series data (1919-2010) and some projections showed a likely occurrence of more frequent heavy rains and higher risks of flooding events in the future. Vulnerability assessments, facilitated through transversal household surveys t...
Article
Over the last decades, the area of Korhogo, Ivory Coast, has experienced climatic variations that disturbed populations' agricultural activities. This study was conducted from March 2009 to February 2012 in order to identify the causes perceptible by the populations of the climate variability and environmental change, and their endogenous strategie...
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Access to safe water supply and sanitation in developing countries is challenging and this situation was aggravated in the city of Korhogo (Nord Côte d'Ivoire) due to huge climate variability during the decade 2000-2010. The objectives of the study are to : (i) characterize water access in Korhogo, (ii) determine the environmental and socio-sanitar...
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Les maladies diarrheiques constituent la deuxieme cause de morbidite chez les enfants de moins de 5 ans en Afrique, au sud du Sahara et plus particulierement en Cote d’Ivoire. Un projet pilote de gestion des diarrhees par l’approche ecosante a ete initie en 2006 dans un village periurbain de la commune de Yopougon, a Abidjan. Apres plusieurs rencon...
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Dans les grandes villes africaines à l’instar de Nouakchott, plusieurs facteurs rendent difficiles la maîtrise de la gestion de l’assainissement urbain et l’accès à l’eau potable. Les populations s’installent sans avoir la possibilité d’accéder aux services urbains. C’est notamment le cas de nombreux quartiers spontanés et précaires très peuplés co...
Article
The experiences of students, young researchers and professionals trained in ecosystem approaches to health (ecohealth) offer new perspectives on the challenge of changing the world in which we live. Guided by the pillars of transdisciplinarity, participation and social/gender equity, ecohealth aims to effectively intervene in complex problems linki...
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Yang is a concept that denotes balance and harmony. This Chinese philosophy recognizes that opposite forces can actually complement each other. One side of the classic Yin-Yang symbol is a mirror image of the other and together they denote a unity of opposites; a dark circle within a white background and a white circle within a dark background. The...
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In northern Côte d'Ivoire, specifically in Korhogo, the decade 2000-2010 was marked by major climate variability, including relatively low rainfall in 2002-2003, followed by a severe drought in 2004 that led in 2005 to the drying of the dam holding the drinking water for the city of Korhogo. 2006 was characterized by a gradual recovery in rainfall...
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L’équité est un principe de justice sociale qui reflète les valeurs de la société. Il n’est pas synonyme d’égalité des chances, mais plutôt un accès acceptable pour tous. Garantir un accès équitable à l’eau potable permet de protéger la santé, et concoure à l’atteinte des Objectifs du Millénaire pour le Développement (OMD). Cela n’est pourtant pas...
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In 2009, for the first time in history, more people were found to live in urban areas than in rural settings. Predictions for 2025 are that 70% of the world’s population will be urban. Urban dwellers in particular, then, will need to adapt to climate change. Urbanization occurs at a rapid pace in secondary cities across Africa. Indeed, half the inc...
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Rapid urbanization leads to challenges in housing and food access for all the international community and particularly in developing countries. In Abidjan, the developments of Yopougon municipality and population increase have caused significant pressure on agricultural lands and represent a danger for agriculture in the surrounding villages. The p...
Chapter
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Achieving the MDGs in water and sanitation as well as in food and nutrition in developing countries will require new strategies. Among other things, this implies 1) accurate diagnosis of problems and their consequences; 2) a variety of solutions adapted to the realities of heterogeneity and complexity in the target context; 3) revision of the imple...
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This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
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This article was submitted without an abstract, please refer to the full-text PDF file.
Article
The integration into a Geographical information system (GIS) of multi-source data from QUICKBIRD imagery, ancilliary data and the results from socio-environmental investigations alowed to analyse the sanitary environment of 6 precarious settlements located along an open and exposed drainage channel, in Yopougon (Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire). The observa...
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The lagoon of Abidjan is polluted by urban waste. The peri urban populations bordering the lagoon are exposed to the pollution.The study aimed at evaluating aspects of vulnerability and resilience of the exposed populations. Nine focus groups discussions were performed in three lagoon-bordering sites. People consider themselves as victims of "the c...
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Current debates about slums centre on the growing inequality brought about by economic globalisation. Within this context, slums are typically viewed as bounded units within the city emphasising differentiation with other neighbourhoods. This paper questions whether a focus exclusively on slums is useful for the examination of the provision of wate...
Conference Paper
Le Centre Suisse de Recherches Scientifiques (CSRS) en Côte d'Ivoire, en collaboration avec l'Ecole inter-états d'Ingénieurs de l'Equipement Rural (ElER) de Ouagadougou, a entrepris une étude sur les déterminants de succès des programmes d'amélioration des conditions de vie des populations pauvres dans les contextes urbains complexes des pays en vo...
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La filière de revalorisation des déchets solides plastiques à la zone industrielle de Yopougon à Abidjan utilise les eaux usées issues des activités industrielles pour le lavage des sachets plastiques. Cette revalorisation et les risques sanitaires associés ont été étudiés d’août à novembre 2006. Des visites exploratoires de certains sites de récup...

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