Douglas Lee Van Bossuyt

Douglas Lee Van Bossuyt
Naval Postgraduate School | NPS · Department of Systems Engineering

PhD

About

101
Publications
31,698
Reads
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392
Citations
Introduction
My research is generally focused on risk and failure analysis, and design decision-making during the conceptual phase of system design. I am working on a variety of projects for the DoD including base microgrid energy resilience work, physics of failure of defense systems, failure analysis of ground vehicles, mission engineering for a variety of Naval assets, the psychology of decision-making among technicians and operators in the fleet, defense against micro UAVs using failure analysis techniques, and other activities. I like SCUBA diving, riding motorcycles, backpacking, 4x4ing in my Toyota, amateur radio, playing the cello, and cooking. When I went to college, I signed up to be an engineer thinking I was going to get to drive trains. I'm still waiting to be a locomotive engineer...
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - present
Naval Postgraduate School
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2013 - November 2016
Colorado School of Mines
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
August 2012 - August 2013
NuScale Power
Position
  • Engineer
Education
January 2009 - June 2012
Oregon State University
Field of study
  • Mechanical Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Systems Engineering

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
Full-text available
This article presents an educational approach to applied capstone research projects using a mission engineering focus. It reviews recent advances in mission engineering within the Department of Defense and integrates that work into an approach for research within the Systems Engineering Department at the Naval Postgraduate School. A generalized seq...
Article
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System of interest (SoI) failures can sometimes be traced to an unexpected behavior occurring within another system that is a member of the system of systems (SoS) with the SoI. This article presents a method for use when designing an SoI that helps to analyze an SoS for unexpected behaviors from existing SoS members during the SoI's conceptual fun...
Article
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Increasingly tight coupling and heavy connectedness in systems of systems (SoS) presents new problems for systems designers and engineers. While the failure of one system within a loosely coupled SoS may produce little collateral damage beyond a loss in SoS capability, a highly interconnected SoS can experience significant damage when one member sy...
Article
Full-text available
Designing complex, socio-technical, cyber-physical systems has become increasingly challenging in recent years. Interdependencies between engineering domains can lead to emergent behavior that is difficult to predict and manage. The recent shift toward model-based design has demonstrated significant advantages for minimizing these challenges. Furth...
Article
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In recent years there has been increased demand for readiness and availability metrics across many industries and especially in national defense to enable data-driven decision making at all levels of planning, maintenance, and operations, and in leveraging integrated models that inform stakeholders of current operational system health and performan...
Article
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This research investigates the feasibility of using mobile hybrid microgrids to increase energy resilience in DoD Installations. The primary question examined is whether a standardized mobile microgrid, constrained within an International Standards Organization (ISO) Triple Container (TriCon) and not to exceed 10,000 lbs (approximately 4535 kg), ca...
Article
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This article details the preliminary design and testing of a Resetting Anchor/Antenna Tether Mechanism (RAATM) for an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV). The proposed mechanism is intended to enable an AUV to secure itself to the seabed, ascend, descend, transmit and receive signals via the tether, retract the anchor, and re-anchor again as requir...
Conference Paper
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Incentive mechanisms are used to encourage a behavior. Incentive mechanisms can be reputation incentives (social standing risks and rewards), gamification incentives (game-based elements in non-gaming environments), and feedback incentives (verbal or text feedback). Previous research suggests that reputation and gamification incentives provide extr...
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We propose a methodology to determine the impact of different potential mission scenarios upon energy resilience for mission-critical loads attached to a military base’s microgrid infrastructure. The proposed methodology applies to any installation with changing operational states that has energy-resilience requirements. The proposed methodology ma...
Chapter
The historical failure data reliability prediction method commonly used by systems engineering practitioners has several limitations. Recent literature promotes the physics of failure reliability prediction approach and has seen limited adoption. However, there is limited guidance available to practitioners to determine when the historical failure...
Article
Full-text available
The Department of Defense (DoD) is often exhorted to adopt best practices from industry, and more recently, innovation in software development as exemplified by Silicon Valley. Yet, the DoD is vastly different from industry in multiple aspects, and adoption of such practices is not as straightforward as in industry. This article investigates the ch...
Conference Paper
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Modern complex cyber-physical systems heavily rely on humans and AI for mission-critical operations and decision making. Unfortunately, these components are often “black boxes” to the operator, either because the decision models are too complex for human comprehension (e.g. deep neural networks) or are intentionally hidden (e.g. proprietary intelle...
Article
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The ability to provide uninterrupted power to military installations is paramount in executing a country’s national defense strategy. Microgrid architectures increase installation energy resilience through redundant local generation sources and the capability for grid independence. However, deliberate attacks from near-peer competitors can disrupt...
Article
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This article presents a Model-Based Systems Engineering (MBSE) methodology for the development of a Digital Twin (DT) for an Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) with the ability to demonstrate route selection capability with a Mission Engineering (ME) focus. It reviews the concept of ME and integrates ME with a MBSE framework for the development of the DT...
Article
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The proliferation of Unmanned Aerial System (UAS) capabilities in the commercial sector is posing potentially significant threats to the traditional perimeter defense of civilian and military facilities. Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) UAS are small, cheap, and come with multiple types of functions which have growing interest among hobbyists. This...
Article
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This article develops a method to model, analyze, and design military microgrids with the objective to improve their resilience in the face of disconnections from the larger electrical grid. Military microgrids provide power to installation and base facilities to enable base mission objective accomplishments that are related to national security. P...
Article
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This article examines the trade space between the resilience and cost of an island microgrid. The article presents two models for the resilience and the cost of the microgrid. The resilience model considers the invulnerability and recoverability of the microgrid and represents the power balance of the microgrid, energy storage, and maintenance poli...
Conference Paper
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Fuelled by recent technological advances, Machine Learning (ML) is being introduced to safety and security-critical applications like defence systems, financial systems, and autonomous machines. ML components can be used either for processing input data and/or for decision making. The response time and success rate demands are very high and this me...
Conference Paper
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We introduce a method to help protect against and mitigate possible consequences of major regional and global events that can disrupt a system design and manufacturing process. The method is intended to be used during the conceptual phase of system design when functional models have been developed and component solutions are being chosen. Disruptiv...
Article
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This paper presents a user-friendly design method for accurately sizing the distributed energy resources of a stand-alone microgrid to meet the critical load demands of a military, commercial, industrial, or residential facility when utility power is not available. The microgrid combines renewable resources such as photovoltaics (PV) with an energy...
Article
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Military bases perform important national security missions. In order to perform these missions, specific electrical energy loads must have continuous, uninterrupted power even during terrorist attacks, adversary action, natural disasters, and other threats of specific interest to the military. While many global military bases have established micr...
Conference Paper
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The advancement of information technology has increased the prevalence of autonomous systems within day-today activities. Autonomous systems save time for users, performing set tasks with increased speed and efficiency while simultaneously providing financial benefits. However, one of the biggest issues faced by designers and decision makers is the...
Article
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An open area of research for complex, cyber‐physical systems is how to adequately support decision making using reliability and failure data early in the systems engineering process. Having meaningful reliability and failure data available early offers information to decision makers at a point in the design process where decisions have a high impac...
Conference Paper
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Extensive research and technological advances have led to the evolution of autonomous systems. The world offers various autonomous systems while there seems to only be a trace of literature evaluating possible mission critical determinants that would affect one’s willingness to accept and adopt said autonomous systems. Developing SE approaches and...
Conference Paper
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The historical failure data reliability prediction method commonly used by systems engineering practitioners has several limitations. Recent literature promotes the physics of failure reliability prediction approach and has seen limited adoption. However, there is limited guidance available to practitioners to determine when the historical failure...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Designing and improving the resilience of complex sociotechnical/cyber-physical systems is not a simple task. Interdependencies between engineering domains can lead to emerging behavior which is difficult to predict and handle. Early identification of safety and security weaknesses of a safety-critical system leads to reduced redesign costs in late...
Article
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Systems engineering practices in the maritime industry and the Navy consider operational availability as a system attribute determined by system components and a maintenance concept. A better understanding of the risk attitudes of system operators and maintainers may be useful in understanding potential impacts the system operators and maintainers...
Conference Paper
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This article investigates the systems engineering issues involved in the design of microgrid systems for military installations. A review of how microgrids function including major system elements is provided from a systems engineering perspective for non‐microgrid experts. Specific issues that systems engineers are beginning to address and that re...
Conference Paper
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There is a significant delta between the acknowledged probability of potential mishaps under the current safety assessment approach derived from Military Standard 882E (MIL‐STD‐882E), Department of Defense Standard Practice of System Safety, and what is observed from actualized mishaps being reported. When assessing systems safety during the design...
Conference Paper
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Safety and security of complex critical infrastructures is very important for economic, environmental and social reasons. The interdisciplinary and inter-system dependencies within these infrastructures introduce difficulties in the safety and security design. Late discovery of safety and security design weaknesses can lead to increased costs, addi...
Conference Paper
Increasingly tight coupling and heavy connectedness in systems of systems (SoS) presents new problems for systems designers and engineers. While the failure of one system within a SoS may produce little collateral damage beyond a loss in SoS capability, a highly interconnected SoS can experience significant damage when one member system fails in an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As complex systems such as nuclear power plants, naval ships, critical infrastructure, and other systems become more connected to the internet and digital control interfaces, the chance of a cyber attack causing physical damage to a system and failure of the system increases. In many systems, recovery actions can prevent an incipient failure from c...
Article
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A challenge systems engineers and designers face when applying system failure risk assessment methods such as probabilistic risk assessment (PRA) during conceptual design is their reliance on historical data and behavioral models. This paper presents a framework for exploring a space of functional models using graph rewriting rules and a qualitativ...
Article
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This paper presents a method of assessing cable routing for systems with significant cabling to help system engineers make risk-informed decisions on cable routing and cable bundle management. We present the Cable Routing Failure Analysis (CRFA) method of cable routing planning that integrates with system architecture tools such as functional model...
Article
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Through the application of statistical models, the active mission success estimation (AMSE) introduced in this paper can be performed during a rapidly developing unanticipated failure scenario to support decision making. AMSE allows for system operators to make informed management and control decisions by performing analyses on a nested system of f...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A challenge systems engineers and designers face when applying system failure risk assessment methods such as Proba-bilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) during conceptual design is their reliance on historical data and behavioral models. This paper presents a framework for exploring a space of functional models using graph rewriting rules and a qualitati...
Article
Full-text available
As component engineering has progressively advanced over the past 20 years to encompass a robust element of reliability, a paradigm shift has occurred in how complex systems fail. While failures used to be dominated by ‘component failures,’ failures are now governed by other factors such as environmental factors, integration capability, design qual...
Conference Paper
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This research contributes to the lifecycle assessment of complex cyber-physical systems (CCPSs) to better understand and mitigate risks of malicious attacks through design. This assessment capability is proposed during the early phase of engineering design where significant decision-making flexibility exists. This is done by assessing potential mal...
Conference Paper
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System of systems (SoS) failures can sometimes be traced to a system within the SoS behaving in unexpected ways. Due to their emergent complexity, these types of failures are notoriously challenging to foresee. This paper presents a method to aid in predicting unknown unknowns in a SoS. Irrationality initiators-failure flows emanating from one syst...
Article
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This paper presents a method to conceptually model sacrificing non-critical sub-systems, or components, in a failure scenario to protect critical system functionality through a functional failure modeling technique. Understanding the potential benefits and drawbacks of choosing how a failure is directed in a system away from critical sub-systems an...
Article
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Hydroturbine operators who wish to collect cavitation intensity data to estimate cavitation erosion rates and calculate remaining useful life (RUL) of the turbine runner face several practical challenges related to long term cavitation detection. This paper presents a novel method that addresses these challenges including: a method to create an ada...
Conference Paper
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Defense in Depth (DiD) is a key design principle helping to improve the safety of complex systems in domains like nuclear power, oil and gas, and mining. DiD affects the basic design of the system because it contains requirements for isolation, diversity and safety divisions. If the DiD assessment happens late in the design process, there is a risk...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents a framework to quantify failure propagation potential for complex, cyber-physical systems (CCPSs) during the conceptual stages of design. This method is referred to as the Function Failure Propagation Potential Methodology (FFPPM). This research is motivated by recent trends in engineering design. As systems become increasingly...
Article
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Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) systems are usually only considered and set up in the late stage of design or even during the system’s lifetime, after the major design decision have been made. However, considering the PHM system’s impact on the system failure probabilities can benefit the system design early on and subsequently reduce costs...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As components engineering has progressively advanced over the past 20 years to encompass a robust element of reliability, a paradigm shift has occurred in how complex systems fail. While failures used to be dominated by ‘component failures,’ failures are now governed by other factors such as environmental factors, integration capability, design qua...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a method for comparing and evaluating cavitation detection features-the first step towards estimating remaining useful life (RUL) of hydroturbine runners that are impacted by erosive cavitation. The method can be used to quickly compare features created from cavitation survey data collected on any type of hydroturbine, sensor ty...
Article
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Over the last two decades, consumers have become increasingly aware and desiring of sustainable products. However, little attention has been paid to developing conceptual design methods that explicitly take into account environmental impact. This paper contributes a method of automated function component generation, and guided down-selection and de...
Conference Paper
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Fault detection and identification (FDI) systems, which are based on data mining and artificial intelligence techniques, cannot guarantee a perfect success rate or provide analytical proof for their predictions. This characteristic is problematic when such an FDI system is monitoring a safety-critical process. In these cases, the predictions of the...
Conference Paper
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Autonomous systems operating in dangerous and hard-to-reach environments such as defense systems deployed into enemy territory, petroleum installations running in remote arctic and offshore environments, or space exploration systems operating on Mars and further out in the solar system often are designed with a wide operating envelope and deployed...
Conference Paper
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The recent increased popularity in teaching social justice in an engineering context has revealed issues related to implementing social justice criteria in a design process. Recent experiences with undergraduate engineering students from a variety of disciplines at the Colorado School of Mines indicate that quantifying the six social justice criter...
Conference Paper
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Operation of autonomous and semi-autonomous systems in hostile and expensive-to-access environments requires great care and a risk-informed operating mentality to protect critical system assets. Space exploration missions, such as the Mars Exploration Rover systems Opportunity and Curiosity, are very costly and difficult to replace. These systems a...