Dorothee Horstkötter

Dorothee Horstkötter
Maastricht University | UM · Department of Health, Ethics and Society

Dr

About

43
Publications
7,735
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175
Citations
Citations since 2016
21 Research Items
128 Citations
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Introduction
Dorothee Horstkötter currently works at the Department of Health, Ethics and Society, Maastricht University, the Netherlands. She is a philosopher and ethicist and has specialized in Neuroethics and Practical Philosophy, with special emphasis on mental health, neuromodulation, childhood, and forensic psychology.
Additional affiliations
October 2009 - December 2012
Maastricht University

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Full-text available
Gilbert et al. (Neuroethics, 2018) argue that the concerns about the influence of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) on-as they lump together-personality, identity, agency, autonomy, authenticity and the self (PIAAAS) are due to an ethics hype. They argue that there is only a small empirical base for an extended ethics debate. We will critically examine...
Article
Full-text available
Parenting books and early childhood policy documents increasingly refer to neuroscience to support their parenting advice. This trend, called ‘neuroparenting’ has been subject to a growing body of sociological and ethical critical examination. The aim of this paper is to review this critical literature on neuroparenting. We identify three main argu...
Article
Full-text available
Ethical frameworks can support professionals' decision-making. Here, we identify two ethical frameworks to analyse the best support for families that struggle with parental substance or alcohol abuse. The first framework, which we call 'the framework of conflicting interests', is most prominent in the literature. Here, the interests of parents and...
Article
Full-text available
Parental alcohol dependency is associated with risks for the well-being of their children. However, guiding these families to support is often complicated. We interviewed 10 alcohol dependent parents, and held 3 focus group interviews with child welfare social workers, and alcohol and other drug workers. We identified a reluctance to act among prof...
Article
Background: Except in the case of obsessive-compulsive disorder, deep brain stimulation (DBS) for psychiatric indications is an experimental treatment, reserved for the most severe and treatment resistant cases. Aim: To discuss ethical aspects for the further development of DBS in psychiatry. Method: Ethical reflection. Results: The low numb...
Article
Full-text available
Dementia poses important medical and societal challenges, and of all health risks people face in life, dementia is one of the most feared. Recent research indicates that up to about 40% of all cases of dementia might be preventable. A series of environmental, social, and medical risk-factors have been identified and that should be targeted from mid...
Chapter
Since its first applications in humans, DBS has triggered a plethora of ethical questions and concerns and stimulated extensive ethical debates as to its significance and desirability. The main ethical goal is to guide and support responsible decision-making in clinical DBS treatment, as well as related medical research, and to raise awareness abou...
Article
Neuroparenting: Between apocalypse and utopia Neuroscience increasingly invades all domains of our lives, including the intimate realm of child raising and parenting. The current trend of neuroparenting, that is parenting advice based on neuroscientific research, fits this development. This article analyses this development from an ethical point of...
Chapter
Childhood self-control is currently receiving great scientific and public attention because it could predict much of adult’s life success and well-being. Specialized interventions based on findings in social psychology and neuroscience potentially enhance children’s capacity to exercise self-control. This perspective triggers hopes that self-contro...
Article
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When doing research among vulnerable populations, researchers are obliged to protect their subjects from harm. We will argue that traditional ethical guidelines are not sufficient to do this, since they mainly focus on direct harms that can occur: for example, issues around informed consent, fair recruitment and risk/harm analysis. However, researc...
Article
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Introduction: Tourette Syndrome (TS) is a childhood onset disorder characterized by vocal and motor tics and often remits spontaneously during adolescence. For treatment refractory patients, Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) may be considered. Methods and results: We discuss ethical problems encountered in two adolescent TS patients treated with DBS...
Article
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Background: Deep brain stimulation (dbs) can improve the quality of life of patients with therapy-resistant obsessive compulsive disorder (ocd). For other psychiatric indications, dbs should still be regarded as an experimental treatment. AIM: To discuss potential ethical issues associated with the use of dbs in the treatment of psychiatric disord...
Chapter
Full-text available
In recent decades, self-control has received increasing attention as it can safeguard child-development and human wellbeing. Researchers from various disciplines – philosophy, neuroscience and social psychology – have investigated what self-control is, how it is generated and how it can be stimulated. This chapter critically reflects on recent disc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Beliefs about the moral status of children have changed significantly in recent decades in the Western world. At the same time, knowledge about likely consequences for children of individual, parental, and societal choices has grown, as has the array of choices that (prospective) parents may have at their disposal. The intersection between these be...
Book
Should parents aim to make their children as normal as possible to increase their chances to “fit in”? Are neurological and mental health conditions a part of children’s identity and if so, should parents aim to remove or treat these? Should they aim to instill self-control in their children? Should prospective parents take steps to insure that, of...
Chapter
Diepe hersenstimulatie (‘deep brain stimulation’, DBS) is een behandeling die bij uitbehandelde patiënten met specifieke neurologische of psychiatrische aandoeningen effectief kan zijn en tot verbetering van de kwaliteit van leven kan leiden. De ethische problemen die zich rondom deze behandeling voordoen zijn niet wezenlijk anders dan die welke zi...
Article
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This is the introduction to the special symposium section entitled Prevention of antisocial behaviour in children and adolescents: Ethical, social and philosophical aspects.
Article
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Youth antisocial behaviour (ASB) is frequently considered to be displayed by children and adolescents who suffer from behavioural disorders. Consequently, attempts to reduce ASB have increasingly comprised mental health interventions. Moreover, early signalling of children at risk and early prevention of behavioural problems are regarded as crucial...
Article
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De preventie van criminaliteit staat hoog op de maatschappelijke en politieke agenda. Naast een juridisch speelt hierbij ook een psychiatrisch kader een belangrijke rol. De laatste jaren gaat veel aandacht uit naar de neurofysiologie, neurobiologie en genetica. Sommigen hopen dat op inzichten uit deze vakgebieden gebaseerde detectie-, interven‐ tie...
Article
Full-text available
Scientific research regarding juvenile delinquency increasingly emphasizes the importance of early identification of at-risk children and early preventive interventions. Recent developments in the life sciences give a special boost to this development. The corresponding ethical discussion, however, seems to be characterized by a remarkable discrepa...
Article
Full-text available
The exercise of self-control is of great significance in people's daily lives and in the organization of social institutions. The reasonableness of the self-control concept, however, has been challenged by recent developments in cognitive, behavioral, and neurosciences that identify human behavior as a result of complex automatic processes generate...
Article
Genomic and neuro-scientific research into the causes and course of antisocial behaviour triggers bioethical debate. Often, these new developments are met with reservation, and possible drawbacks and negative side-effects are pointed out. This article reflects on these scientific developments and the bioethical debate by means of an exploration of...
Article
Full-text available
Neurobiological insights are of increasing relevance for the explanation of the causes and the course of antisocial behavior and related mental disorders. This paper pro-actively discusses ethical questions that may arise if neurobiological approaches are applied for the prevention of antisocial behavior. By means of the ethical principles of infor...
Article
Zusammenfassung Neurobiologische Erkenntnisse spielen in zunehmenden Maße eine Rolle für die Erklärung der Genese und des Verlaufes antisozialen Verhaltens und damit verbundener psychiatrischer Störungen. Dieser Beitrag untersucht proaktiv ethische Fragen der Anwendung neurobiologischer Ansätze bei der Prävention antisozialen Verhaltens bei Kindern...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic and neurobiological research into the causes of antisocial behaviour is playing an increasingly important role in forensic psychiatry. To contribute some ethical and societal reflections on the possible consequences of this kind of research for the prevention of antisocial behaviour. In this ethical analysis, which gives attention to the co...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The NeurolabNL project aims at creating optimal conditions for learning and safety of youth. The goal of this program is to utilize knowledge on behavior and neurology to understand how young people obtain knowledge, learn skills, deal with challenges in society, and how they can develop optimally. The program is based on a collaboration between 10 universities and scientific partners.