Donatienne Desmette

Donatienne Desmette
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain | UCLouvain · Psychological Sciences Research Institute

PhD

About

40
Publications
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1,435
Citations

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Competence and warmth are two fundamental stereotypical dimensions that frame people's social judgments. Since we currently lack evidence about how the volunteering workforce is socially perceived, this study aims to (a) understand which stereotypes are associated with volunteers, and (b) determine whether these perceptions vary as a result of cont...
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The goal of this commentary is to highlight the ageism that has emerged during the COVID-19 pandemic. Over 20 international researchers in the field of aging have contributed to this document. This commentary discusses how older people are misrepresented and undervalued in the current public discourse surrounding the pandemic. It points to issues i...
Article
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The goal of this commentary is to highlight the ageism that has emerged during the COVID-19 pandemic. Over 20 international researchers in the field of ageing have contributed to this document. This commentary discusses how older people are misrepresented and undervalued in the current public discourse surrounding the pandemic. It points to issues...
Chapter
Populations are ageing worldwide at a rate unprecedented in human history. As Park et al.,(2015: 2) emphasized,’population aging is set to dominate the social context for the twentyfirst century with major social, political, cultural and economic implications’. In many societies, older people are perceived as being a threat to the society’s future...
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This study aims at acquiring knowledge on how to manage ethnic diversity at work in order to promote work-outcomes in minority and majority groups of workers. We tested a model on how assimilation and multiculturalism, endorsed at an organizational level, predict job satisfaction and intention to quit through a mediation role played by the identifi...
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Purpose In the context of workforce aging, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the mediating role of occupational future time perspective (OFTP) in the relationship between work–family enrichment (WF-E) and two well-being outcomes (i.e. work engagement and emotional exhaustion). In addition, the moderating role of age on the relationship be...
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A core construct in the lifespan theory of socioemotional selectivity, future time perspective (FTP) refers to individuals’ perceptions of their remaining time in life. Its adaptation to the work context, occupational future time perspective (OFTP), entails workers’ perceptions of remaining time and opportunities in their careers. Over the past dec...
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Based on socio-emotional selectivity and self-categorization theories, we developed and tested a model on how the interplay between employee age and opportunities for generativity and development predicts age bias and turnover intentions via intergenerational contact quality in the workplace. We hypothesized indirect effects of opportunities for ge...
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Although several studies have empirically supported the distinction between organizational identification (OI) and affective commitment (AC), there is still disagreement regarding how they are related. Precisely, little attention has been given to the direction of causality between these two constructs and as to why they have common antecedents and...
Article
What we know about managing and retaining older workers is quite limited. Attention is needed regarding the retention of older workers due to demographic shifts and their implications for organizational needs. Simply put, organizations need to retain older workers. Both because they want to keep the older workers’ knowledge “on board” and depend on...
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Synonyms Attitudes toward retirement; Intentions to retire; Transition to retirement Definition This entry aims at proposing theoretical and practical aspects related to the transition from work to retirement. The major psychosocial theoretical models that try to explain this transition are presented. Individual and contextual (organizational) fact...
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Introduction Cette étude examine l’influence d’une perspective organisationnelle multiculturaliste de la diversité sur le biais pro-endogroupe des travailleurs à l’égard des personnes d’origine étrangère. Objectif Nous faisons l’hypothèse que le multiculturalisme organisationnel constitue une norme dans les organisations qui crée un environnement...
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The present research aims to examine the role played by perceived similarities between the workgroup and the organization in the relationships between workgroup identification, organizational identification, and affective organizational commitment. Using two different samples, we found that when perceived similarities were high, workgroup identific...
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Despite the prevalence of ageism in the workplace, little empirical effort has been devoted to analysing the contextual factors that may help reduce it. Building upon research on intergroup contact and multiculturalism, we examine in two studies how intergenerational contact and organizational multi-age perspective may contribute toward mitigating...
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In order to increase the activity rate of older workers, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) recommends that national governments implement policies promoting the employment of this category of workers. However, policies that favour minority groups have been shown to produce detrimental effects such as devaluing members...
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The present research examines how the social identity perspective contributes to a better understanding of the relationships between perceived organizational support, affective commitment, and employees’ performance at work. Using a sample of 253 employees from an engineering company, Study 1 found that organizational identification partially media...
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This study examined how the influence of age-related stereotypic expectations on older adults’ test performance and threat-based concerns is moderated by self-regulatory processes. Before working on test items taken from materials used in drivers’ license examinations, 61 older adults were randomly assigned to a positive or negative stereotypic exp...
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Although many governments of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development are currently trying to retain older workers in the workforce, numerous stereotypes question their motivation and ability to work, learn, and develop. In two studies, we examined the influence of age-related stereotypic information on Belgian older workers' aspir...
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This paper summarizes the state of affairs of European research on ageing and work. After a close inspection of the age construct, an overview is presented of research in four areas: the relationship between age and HR-policies, early retirement, age and performance/employability, age and health/well-being. The overview results in a research agenda...
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Purpose – The aim of this paper is to investigate the relationship between perceived social identity as an “older worker” and attitudes towards early retirement and commitment to work. Design/methodology/approach – Survey data were obtained from 352 workers aged 50-59. Hierarchical regression analyses were performed to test the influence of social...
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In two studies, we investigated the impact of stereotype activation on the social and professional integra-tion of unemployed people. In a first study conducted on a sample of 115 unemployed people, participants demonstrated lower performance on a reading comprehension task and reported fewer intentions to search a job when the context made salient...
Chapter
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Quel est le statut de l’insertion sociale dans le champ de l’insertion professionnelle ? N’est-elle qu’une étape préalable, subordonnée à l’insertion dans l’emploi, ou au contraire, constitue-t-elle une dimension à part entière, reconnue comme une activité autonome ? Cette question se pose de manière cruciale en Région wallonne (Belgique), étant do...
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Le prolongement de la vie active est au centre de tous les débats. En effet, alors que les pouvoirs politiques tentent actuellement de maintenir les travailleurs dits âgés plus longtemps en emploi, beaucoup, parmi ces mêmes travailleurs, souhaitent arrêter leur vie professionnelle de manière anticipée. Quelles sont leurs motivations, et, dans l’hyp...
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In two studies, we investigated the impact of stereotype activation on the social and professional integration of unemployed people. In a first study conducted on a sample of 115 unemployed people, participants demonstrated lower performance on a reading comprehension task and reported fewer intentions to search a job when the context made salient...
Article
Participants were asked to view a film, and at the same time, to perform a series of interfering actions at the end of several successive period durations (d). Any delays in executing the required actions were measured, but the main focus was the distribution of time checks over each of the periods. Two small groups, whose mean ages were 22 and 66...
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The present study is concerned with how young and elderly subjects read sentences which have to be immediately recalled. The task is a word-by-word self-paced reading task followed by a verbatim recall task. The study aims to test the hypothesis that elderly subjects would show a selective slowing of encoding processes (i.e., slowing more on certai...
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The present study is concerned with hole young and elderly subjects read sentences which have to be immediately recalled. The task is a word-by-word self-paced reading task followed by a verbatim recall task. The study aims to test the hypothesis that elderly subjects would show a selective slowing of encoding processes (i.e., slotting more on cert...
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Reading span was assessed in three conditions aiming at varying the processing demands of a reading task. In a Sentence Reading Condition, the participants read aloud lists of sentences and memorize the final word of each sentence as in the original task of Daneman and Carpenter. In two other conditions, each sentence was replaced either by a serie...

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