Donald M Taylor

Donald M Taylor
McGill University | McGill · Department of Psychology

PhD

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173
Publications
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Publications

Publications (173)
Article
The present research investigates the interrelation between twowidely studied dimensions of social group identity—in-group affect and centrality. Specifically, we test the validity of a quadratic curvilinear relation between ingroup affect and identity centrality. We propose that group members who feel either decidedly positive affect or decidedly...
Article
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Collective trauma, be it through colonization (e.g., Aboriginal Peoples), slavery (e.g., African Americans) or war, has a dramatic impact on the psychological well-being of each and every individual member of the collective. Thus, interventions are often conceptualized and delivered at the individual level with a view to minimizing the psychologica...
Article
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Knowing oneself and experiencing oneself as clearly defined has been linked to positive self-esteem and psychological well-being; however, this association has been tested only at the level of personal identity. The authors propose that a clear cultural identity provides the individual with a clear prototype with which to engage the processes neces...
Article
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Most theory and research focuses on the fundamental question of how individuals juggle 2 or more cultural identities so as to successfully navigate their culturally diverse social environment, and maximize their psychological wellbeing. Underlying this research, however, is the implicit assumption that the cultural groups contributing to an individ...
Book
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he widespread failure of so many interventions in First Nations and Inuit communities across Canada requires an explanation. Applying the theoretical and methodological rigour of experimental social psychology to genuine community-based constructive change, Donald Taylor and Roxane de la Sablonnière outline new ways of addressing the challenges tha...
Chapter
This chapter presents an integrated model of psychological needs among victimized groups, building on self-determination theory. Extending the model of needs-based reconciliation and other work on needs among victim groups, the authors posit that collective victimization frustrates basic needs for relatedness, competence, and autonomy. They review...
Article
We argue that dramatic social change arising from collective action does not represent the worst-case scenario for group members. Specifically, we introduce the concept of collective inertia: a societal state where group members face a macro system devoid of clearly articulated collective goals and values coupled with dysfunctional social and norma...
Article
Here, we integrate two influential psychological theories: social-identity theory and self-determination theory. Whereas social-identity theory considers how social identities impact the self, self-determination theory elucidates the psychological necessity of feeling related, competent, and autonomous. In this article, we outline and provide justi...
Article
Groups experience collective autonomy restriction whenever they perceive that other groups attempt to limit the freedom of their group to determine and express its own identity. We argue that collective autonomy restriction motivates groups (both structurally advantaged and disadvantaged) to improve their power position within the social hierarchy....
Preprint
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Groups experience collective autonomy restriction whenever they perceive that other groups attempt to limit the freedom of their group to determine and express its own identity. We argue that collective autonomy restriction motivates groups (both structurally advantaged and disadvantaged) to improve their power position within the social hierarchy....
Article
Immigrant adolescents are generally more ambitious but not as likely to achieve their career/occupational aspirations as their peers. The present study draws on self-discrepancy and social identity literatures to define and explore the role of mismatches between ethnic and aspiration-related ideal selves. In two samples recruited in Canada, 73% of...
Article
Because of stigma and underrepresentation, many ethnic minority students may find it difficult to align their ethnicities with their ideal selves. However, these difficulties and their potential consequences have been empirically neglected. To inform this gap in the literature, we propose that the novel concept of ethnic/ideal self-discrepancies (i...
Article
Four studies assessed the potentially detrimental effects that restrictions to collective autonomy (i.e., a group’s freedom to determine and practice its own identity) may have for the personal autonomy and psychological well-being of group members. In Study 1, using 3 distinct samples (NSample1a = 123, NSample1b = 129, NSample1c = 370), correlatio...
Chapter
Indigenous languages are at the verge of extinction. For many indigenous communities, saving their languages means protecting one of the last-standing symbols of their cultural identity, a symbol that has survived a history of colonization and that can impact their well-being. If indigenous languages are to survive and are to be revitalized, langua...
Chapter
The challenges that indigenous communities face around the world in terms of preserving their heritage language seem unsurmountable. Of the 4000 indigenous languages worldwide, 2465 are on the brink of extinction. A legacy of evidence-based research on bilingual education has demonstrated the cultural and psychological benefits of having skills in...
Article
According to Self-Discrepancy Theory research, perceiving mismatches between personal aspects of the self-concept is associated with negative psychological consequences, including depression and anxiety. However, the impact of perceiving mismatches between collective and personal self-aspects is still unknown. In a first step to address this gap, w...
Article
We tested whether intergroup apology effectiveness increases when the apology is collective autonomy supportive (i.e., victimized group members are told they have the choice to accept or reject the apology). In Experiment 1, university students who received a collective autonomy supportive (compared to a collective autonomy unsupportive or basic) a...
Chapter
"Distributive justice is a major preoccupation for political and social psychology, not because it constitutes a major theory itself, but because it surfaces in virtually every politically relevant psychological theory, including social identity theory, social dominance orientation, relative deprivation theory, and system justification theory, to n...
Article
The celebrated end of Apartheid did not resolve all intergroup tensions in South Africa. In particular, newcomers have become a target of intergroup hostility and are generally perceived as threatening by citizens. Whereas the tendency for citizens to dislike newcomers has been extensively documented, citizens' support for newcomers' fundamental ri...
Chapter
The challenges that indigenous communities face around the world in terms of preserving their heritage language seem unsurmountable. Of the 4000 indigenous languages worldwide, 2465 are on the brink of extinction. A legacy of evidence-based research on bilingual education has demonstrated the cultural and psychological benefits of having skills in...
Article
Full-text available
During times of profound social change, people’s psychological well-being is related to their assessment of their path from the past to the future [temporal relative deprivation (RD)]. A first survey conducted in Mongolia (n = 480) and data from a representative population survey conducted in South Africa (n = 2,711) are used to explore whether the...
Article
“Although textbook authors no longer sugarcoat how slavery affected African Americans, they minimize White complicity in it. They present slavery virtually as uncaused, a tragedy, rather than a wrong perpetrated by some people on others” (Loewen, 1995, p. 138).
Article
The role of reference group norms in self-regulation was examined from the perspective of transgressions. Results from four studies suggest that following the transgression of a reference group's norms, individuals who strongly identify with their group report more intense feelings of guilt, an emotion reflecting an inference that "bad" behaviors a...
Article
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In this research, we investigated how group power influences the way members of groups in asymmetrical conflict approach intergroup negotiations. Drawing on theories of negotiations and of intergroup power, we predicted that group power would interact with features of the proposed negotiating agenda to influence willingness to come to the table. Ba...
Article
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Research in social psychology has long established that racism emerges when people are threatened or confront negative experiences (e.g., economic deprivation). An implicit assumption is that, conversely, positive experiences will be associated with greater tolerance. Using national surveys, the present study contradicts this common sense expectati...
Article
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Communities can become dysfunctional. Many Aboriginal and inner city communities are not only defined by mainstream authorities, but equally by themselves, as struggling with a persistent range of social problems. Intervention strategies have been applied for years involving vast human and financial resources, all to no avail. The problem is not a...
Article
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Dramatic social change involves profound transformations that impact an entire group moving forward. Such is the reality for race relations in South Africa. Research has found that most people report a trajectory of group-based relative deprivation that appears to parallel actual historical events. However, a significant subset of respondents repor...
Article
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Recent theory and research have pointed to the importance of cultural identity clarity for psychological well-being (e.g., Taylor, 200226. Taylor , D. M. ( 2002 ). The quest for identity: From minority groups to Generation Xers . Westport , CT : Praeger . View all references; Usborne & Taylor, 201027. Usborne , E. , & Taylor , D. M. ( 2010 ). Th...
Article
An individual faced with intergroup conflict chooses A from a vast array of possible actions, ranging from grumbling among ingroup friends to voting and demonstrating to rioting and revolution. The present paper conceptualises these intergroup choices as rationally shaped by perceptions of the benefits and costs associated with the action (expectan...
Article
Responding to calls to contextualize social psychological variables in history, the present research examines the relationship between collective relative deprivation and collective esteem using a historical perspective. We hypothesized that collective relative deprivation perceived to be experienced during an important low-point in a group's histo...
Article
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This article attempts to consolidate theorizing about the radicalization of Western homegrown jihadists. Five major models of radicalization are reviewed. The commonalities and discrepancies among these models are identified and analyzed in the context of empirical evidence in the field of terrorism research and social psychology. Three psychologic...
Article
This paper outlines a five-stage model of intergroup relations that attempts to specify the responses of disadvantaged and advantaged groups to inequality. It is proposed that at Stage 1 stratification is based solely on group membership resulting in a rigid dominant–subordinate relationship between groups. At Stage 2 stratification is believed to...
Article
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Families might be an important source of norms that legitimize terrorism, an assumption that has yet to be tested empirically. To investigate this, surveys were administered to 20 immediate relatives of 16 Jema’ah Islamiyah (JI) members in Indonesia. Family members were found to agree with their kin's involvement in the violent activities of JI, an...
Article
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Colonization of Aboriginal peoples has created serious challenges for indi-viduals and communities, particularly with regard to issues of independ-ence and control. Currently there is a pressing need to address these issues, on both the individual and group (or collective) levels. Research in the gen-eral population highlights the role of perceived...
Article
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The Adversarial Intent Section of Defence Research and Development Canada - Toronto (DRDC Toronto) has been tasked with gaining a better understanding of the root causes of violent conflict perpetrated by armed non-state actors (ANSAs) in fragile and failing states. For this, DRDC Toronto has contracted two leading social psychologists in the field...
Article
This paper focuses on research that has implications for two important components to self-identity: personal identity and social identity. Three questions are addressed: (1) How do people derive a unitary sense of self out of membership in many different social categories such as those of age, gender, race, and social class? (2) Do people respond d...
Article
One of the most promising ways of developing bilingual skills of students in the United States is through 'two-way immersion' programmes, where 50% of the students are native English speakers and 50% speakers of a minority language and where half the teaching is done by professional teachers who use either English only or the minority language only...
Article
Full-text available
Dramatic social change leads to profound societal transformations in many countries around the world. The two recent revolutions in March 2005 and April 2010, and the ethnic conflict in June 2010 in Kyrgyzstan are vivid examples. The present research aims to understand people’s reactions to dramatic social change in terms of personal well-being. To...
Article
The challenge of maximizing student learning has been paramount in many societies. This issue has become especially salient in the context of drastic social and political changes that have taken place in countries such as Kyrgyzstan. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, teachers and students are confronted with new ways of thinking, which are ch...
Article
Bilingual education is thought to be one of the principal means of simultaneously revitalizing threatened language and preparing students for success in mainstream society. However, little research has examined, in a comprehensive and longitudinal fashion, bilingual programs in Aboriginal contexts. Hierarchical linear modeling was used to conduct a...
Article
Nationalism, Ethnocentrism and PersonalityForbesH. D.Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1985, pp. x, 255 - Volume 21 Issue 2 - Donald M. Taylor, Fathali M. Moghaddam
Article
Research investigating homeless youth or, as they prefer, “street kids,” has primarily described their dysfunction. In order to more thoroughly document their psychological reality and account for variability in their functioning, this study explored the close relationships and personal projects of 50 street kids. Self-determination theory provides...
Article
The present study investigated the relationship between Temporal Collective Relative Deprivation and collective well-being in the context of dramatic social change in Kyrgyzstan. Traditional research has evaluated Temporal Collective Relative Deprivation by comparing a group's present situation to a point in the recent past or future. We argue that...
Article
ABSTRACT  The writers have examined the opinions of English-speaking and French-speaking teachers about the traditional program of English language instruction with French as a second language and an innovative program involving French immersion. Both French and English teachers agree that the traditional program provides English children with a fi...
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Aboriginal peoples in Quebec are fighting for the survival of their language and culture. An essential component of Aboriginal decolonization and empowerment is the protection and enhancement of the Aboriginal heritage language. In this article, we review twenty years of research in Arctic Quebec (Nunavik) involving Inuit students educated in Inukt...
Article
Language and social psychology, through its longevity, has established itself as a viable field of study. This special issue on language and discrimination is designed to showcase that viability. The authors examine the offerings in this issue with a view to answering a challenging question: Has language and social psychology proven itself beyond b...
Article
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It has long been established that there is a linear and positive relationship between relative deprivation and prejudice. However, a recent experiment suggests that the converse of relative deprivation, relative gratification, may also be associated with prejudice (S. Guimond & M. Dambrun, 2002). Specifically, the evidence suggests that the usual t...
Article
Reports of community alienation and high ingroup identification in the police suggest that they are a particularly ethnocentric group. To empirically test this hypothesis, a sample of urban police officers was surveyed to ascertain their social identity pattern. Results indicated a high level of peer solidarity, community alienation differentiated...
Article
Participants in research on discrimination consistently rate discrimination directed at their group higher than at themselves personally as a member of that group. In order to examine this personal/group discrimination discrepancy, women were asked to spontaneously verbalize their thoughts as they made ratings for personal and group discrimination...
Article
The study focuses on the occupational expectations and aspirations that mothers, representing 5 different ethnic groups and 2 social classes, have for their children. An intergroup perspective was adopted by considering the occupational stereotypes that mothers have of the different ethnic groups, and the extent to which ethnic group membership inf...
Chapter
Full-text available
After five decades of research revealing that relative deprivation (RD) is a central variable in the explanation of intergroup prejudice, recent research suggests that the opposite of RD, the relatively ignored relative gratification (RG), is also an important determinant of prejudice. This chapter summarizes both recent studies and current develop...
Article
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The present paper articulates a model in which ingroup and outgroup norms inform 'rational' decision-making (cost-benefit analysis) for conflict behaviors. Norms influence perceptions of the consequences of the behavior, and individuals may thus strategically conform to or violate norms in order to acquire benefits and avoid costs. Two studies demo...
Article
Many Western societies are being asked to make amends for their colonial past. As a result, we have witnessed a growing interest in exploring the collective guilt that can arise when an individual realizes that his or her group unjustly treated another group. Western societies are constantly in the process of welcoming newcomers and it appears impo...
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Are "race," sex and social class differences in cognitive ability a matter of brain size or genes? Some researchers answer with an unequivocal "yes" to this question. The aim of our review is to demonstrate that differences among social groups in terms of cognitive ability are largely illusory. Because these group differences are contextually depen...
Article
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Two studies in the context of English-French relations in Québec suggest that individuals who strongly identify with a group derive the individual-level costs and benefits that drive expectancy-value processes (rational decision-making) from group-level costs and benefits. In Study 1, high identifiers linked group- and individual-level outcomes of...
Article
The focus of the present research was the daily behaviours and goals of a sample of urban homeless youth, or, as they prefer, "street kids." The challenge of choosing an appropriate control sample was resolved by comparing street kids to two separate samples: University students and young people from a community club in a poor neighbourhood. A stan...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter begins with a definition of terrorism and a brief review of some of the more traditional applications of social psychology theory. The authors then outline a broadly based theory of the self and explore the implications of the theory for the recruitment of terrorists. The final section examines some of the important social norms that f...
Article
This research explored the impact of the abrupt shift from heritage-language to dominant-language education on Inuit children's personal and collective self-esteem. Specifically, the following question was addressed: will early heritage-language education serve as an inoculation against the potential negative impact of being submerged in a dominant...
Technical Report
Report #3 for the Southern African Migration Project (SAMP). Unpublished Report, McGill University, Canada.
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Report #2 for the Southern African Migration Project (SAMP). Unpublished Report, McGill University, Canada.
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Report #1 for the Southern African Migration Project (SAMP). Unpublished Report, McGill University, Canada.
Article
The present article analyzes the September 11 terrorist attack on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in terms of current theories of normative influence in intergroup conflict. The (conflicting) implications of various social psychological models of decision making for Western and American attempts to reduce the likelihood of further attacks a...
Article
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The personal/group discrimination discrepancy involves disadvantaged group members rating discrimination directed at their group considerably higher than ratings of discrimination aimed at themselves personally as members of that group. This robust phenomenon has been found in samples of women, African Americans, and aboriginal people. In the prese...
Article
The association between health and immigration has been widely discussed, but there continue to be inconsistencies in the findings. Coping strategies, perceptions of discrimination among them, may be a source of the inconsistencies. The present study explores the relationship between psychological distress and perceived discrimination among immigra...
Article
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This article compares the functional roles of English, French, and Inuttitut in arctic Quebec. In their concern, with disadvantaged members of society and their focus on functional differences in language use, the authors draw on early research by Robinson concerning language and social behavior for working- and middle-class speakers. First, they p...
Article
Ethnic group acculturation remains a concern in the United States today. In the present study, the authors explored the extent to which members of three ethnic groups (White American women, African American women, and Cuban American women) perceived themselves to be "American," how much each group felt that its members were perceived as being Ameri...
Article
Full-text available
A longitudinal study examined the impact of early heritage- and second-language education on heritage- and second-language development among Inuit, White, and mixed-heritage (Inuit/White) children. Children in an arctic community were tested in English, French and Inuttitut at the beginning and end of each of the first 3 school years. Compared with...
Article
A laboratory analogue of North American intergroup context was used to investigate the responses of individuals who succeed in individual upward social mobility under conditions of highly restricted boundary permeability (i.e. tokenism). These successful tokens were compared with participants who either (a) succeeded in an open/meritocratic intergr...
Article
Reactions to discrimination encompass a large array of potential behaviors, ranging from acceptance of the unfair treatment through to collective protest. The present study explored the possibility that the preference for acceptance and for normative individual actions is in part an artifact: of failing to distinguish between 2 levels of collective...
Article
Tokenism is defined as an intergroup context in which very few members of a disadvantaged group are accepted into positions usually reserved for members of the advantaged group, while access is systematically denied for the vast majority of disqualified disadvantaged group members. In a laboratory experiment, Wright, Taylor and Moghaddam (1990) fou...
Article
This experiment examined how disadvantaged group members cope with discrimination when they perceive that social support is available. Women reacted to a failing test grade after ambiguous information about the probability for discrimination. With no social support, women minimized discrimination and attributed their failure to the quality of their...