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Donald P Evenson

Donald P Evenson
SCSA Diagnostics

Ph.D., HCLD, CC

About

233
Publications
35,045
Reads
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18,368
Citations
Citations since 2016
21 Research Items
5123 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
Introduction
BA Augustana College, Sioux Falls, SD. Chem/Biol Ph.D. U. of Colorado, Boulder, Cell Biology Postdoct: Institute for Molecular Biophysics, Florida State Staff Scientist, Union Carbide Res Institute, Tarrytown, NY Associate Professor, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, & Cornell Graduate School of Medical Science, NYC Distinguished Professor Emeritus, S D State University, Brookings, SD President and Director, SCSA Diagnostics, Brookings, SD
Education
September 1964 - June 1970
U of Colorado, Florida State University
Field of study
  • All graduate, postgraduate and faculty positions had emphasis on DNA / chromatin structure and extentive use of flow cytometry

Publications

Publications (233)
Article
Full-text available
The Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA®) is a federally registered protocol for simultaneous flow cytometric measures of sperm DNA integrity and chromatin structure. Fresh or frozen/thawed raw semen samples are diluted in buffer to a sperm concentration of ∼1–2×106 /ml and then treated with a pH 1.20 buffer for 30 s to open the DNA strands at si...
Article
Full-text available
Semen analysis is the first, and frequently, the only step in the evaluation of male fertility. Although the laboratory procedures are conducted according to the World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines, semen analysis and especially sperm morphology assessment is very difficult to standardize and obtain reproducible results. This is mainly due t...
Article
Full-text available
Retrograde ejaculation (RE) is a condition defined as the backward flow of the semen during ejaculation, and when present can result in male infertility. RE may be partial or complete, resulting in either low seminal volume or complete absence of the ejaculate (dry ejaculate). RE can result from anatomic, neurological or pharmacological conditions....
Article
Full-text available
Sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) is implicated in male infertility and adverse reproductive outcomes. With the publication of many studies regarding the etiologies and contributors to SDF, as well as the effects of SDF, guidelines are necessary to aid clinicians in the application of SDF for male fertility evaluation. Two recent clinical practice guid...
Article
Objective To determine relationships between age of men with potential male factor infertility and sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) measures of sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) and high DNA stainable sperm (HDS), and to compare these data with those obtained from healthy donor men without reproductive issues. Design Retrospective study. Settin...
Article
Full-text available
Cryopreservation processes can damage spermatozoa and impair structural and functional cell characteristics. Plasma, nuclear membranes, and cellular organelles can suffer from the freeze and thaw process. This study evaluates the protective and stimulant effect of melatonin and caffeine supplementation on the functional characteristics of human spe...
Article
Full-text available
Despite advances in the field of male reproductive health, idiopathic male infertility, in which a man has altered semen characteristics without an identifiable cause and there is no female factor infertility, remains a challenging condition to diagnose and manage. Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative stress (OS) plays an independent role in...
Article
Objective To determine if the high DNA stainability index (HDS), as measured by the sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA®), is associated with in vitro embryo development and concurrent assisted reproductive technology (ART) outcomes. Design A retrospective IRB approved, chart review of patients who completed at least one ART cycle (in vitro fert...
Article
Full-text available
Despite advances in the field of male reproductive health, idiopathic male infertility, in which a man has altered semen characteristics without an identifiable cause and there is no female factor infertility, remains a challenging condition to diag- nose and manage. Increasing evidence suggests that oxidative stress (OS) plays an independent role...
Article
The diagnosis of sperm DNA integrity is increasingly recognized as being crucial to inform the clinical course in infertile couples. An internationally accepted sperm DNA fragmentation assay that determines the proportion of sperm and degree of broken sperm nuclear DNA with recognised clinical thresholds for identifying men at risk of infertility i...
Article
Objective: To determine whether high DNA stainability (HDS), as assessed by the sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA), predicts the risk of early miscarriage after in vitro fertilization with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (IVF-ICSI). Design: Retrospective cohort study of consecutive pregnancies after IVF and ICSI treatment. Setting: Reprod...
Chapter
Many international toxicology and fertility studies confirm that the "Gold Standard" sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) is the most rapid, technician-friendly, and statistically robust test on 5000 sperm/semen samples to determine whether any suspected toxicant is causing sperm DNA damage. Even though the exact causes and origin of sperm DNA da...
Article
Full-text available
The Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA ®) is the pioneering sperm DNA fragmentation assay that precisely measures the percent of sperm in a semen sample that have Sperm DNA Damage (SDD), a negative factor for successful pregnancy. The SCSA ® is a rapid, dual parameter, computer driven assay with diligent unbiased flow cytometer measurements on f...
Article
Full-text available
Thirty-five years ago the pioneering paper in Science (240:1131) on the relationship between sperm DNA integrity and pregnancy outcome was featured as the cover issue showing a fluorescence photomicrograph of red and green stained sperm. The flow cytometry data showed a very significant difference in sperm DNA integrity between fertile and subferti...
Article
Full-text available
Study question: Do the luminal fluids of the epididymis and the vas deferens contribute to sperm chromatin fragmentation (SCF) in mice? Summary answer: The luminal fluids of both organs are required for activating SCF in mice, but the vas deferens luminal fluid does this more efficiently than that of the epididymis. What is known already: Mice...
Data
The testis of a fertile mammal is characterized by the rapid proliferation of germ cells that undergo unique and complex patterns of differentiation. Testicular tissue is easily dissociated into a cellular suspension that is readily amenable to flow cytometry (FCM) studies. This chapter describes the dual-parameter (DNA, RNA) FCM measurements of ac...
Article
According to worldwide statistics, between one in four and one in five couples have fertility problems. These problems are equally distributed between males and females. Modern lifestyle has obviously increased these problems: endocrine-disrupting chemicals, such as plastic polymer catalysts, alkylphenols, phthalates and so on, and cosmetic additiv...
Article
Full-text available
Sperm DNA damage is a useful biomarker for male infertility diagnosis and prediction of assisted reproduction outcomes. It is associated with reduced fertilization rates, embryo quality and pregnancy rates, and higher rates of spontaneous miscarriage and childhood diseases. This review provides a synopsis of the most recent studies from each of the...
Article
Full-text available
The SCSA(®) is the pioneering assay for the detection of damaged sperm DNA and altered proteins in sperm nuclei via flow cytometry of acridine orange (AO) stained sperm. The SCSA(®) is considered to be the most precise and repeatable test providing very unique, dual parameter data (red vs. green fluorescence) on a 1,024 × 1,024 channel scale, not o...
Article
Full-text available
The SCSA ® is the pioneering assay for the detection of damaged sperm DNA and altered proteins in sperm nuclei via fl ow cytometry of acridine orange (AO) stained sperm. The SCSA ® is considered to be the most precise and repeatable test providing very unique, dual parameter data (red vs. green fl uorescence) on a 1,024 × 1,024 channel scale, not o...
Article
Male factor is now considered to be the cause of nearly half of cases of couple infertility. The classical semen parameters of sperm count, morphology, and motility significantly vary over time and are considered to be poor predictors of pregnancy outcome. In sharp contrast, the sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA®), which measures sperm DNA frag...
Chapter
Full-text available
The SCSA® is one of the most widely utilized tests of sperm DNA damage. There are now a number of commercial kits available for testing of sperm DNA fragmentation in which great variations of clinical thresholds exist both within the same test and between tests. This presents a real problem for the clinics in providing a correct diagnosis and progn...
Chapter
Full-text available
Fresh or frozen semen/sperm thawed in a 37°C water bath and diluted to 1–2  ×  106 sperm/ml with TNE buffer:
Article
Full-text available
Honeylocust trees (Gleditsiatriacanthos L.) are distributed across a wide range of climatic and edaphic conditions, demonstrating considerable variation in cold, drought, and salinity tolerances. In many angiosperm species, an evolutionary change in nuclear DNA content accompanies colonization into more stressful environments. Fresh leaf nuclei wer...
Article
Full-text available
Inbreeding is known to cause deleterious effects upon reproduction and survival, but its effects upon sperm DNA integrity have not been examined. In the present study, we analyzed this relationship among three endangered ungulates: Gazella cuvieri, Gazella dama mhorr, and Gazella dorcas neglecta. In addition, we examined whether levels of sperm DNA...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding which factors influence offspring mortality rates is a major challenge since it influences population dynamics and may constrain the chances of recovery among endangered species. Most studies have focused on the effects of maternal and environmental factors, but little is known about paternal factors. Among most polygynous mammals, ma...
Article
Men diagnosed with malignancy are often referred for semen banking to preserve their fertility prior to cancer treatment. The chances of cancer patients for achieving future fecundity will be determined by the sperm quality including the integrity of the genomic material in the frozen samples. The objectives of this study were to compare the sperm...
Article
Biological samples, including cryopreserved sperm, are routinely X-rayed during air shipment. The goal was to investigate the impact of X-irradiation used for checked and carry-on luggage on bovine sperm chromatin integrity and postfertilization in vitro embryonic development. Frozen domestic bull sperm (Bos taurus) (n=9 bulls) stored in a dry ship...
Article
Little information exists about boar sperm chromatin quality and fertility within a commercial setting. The objective of this report is to provide information about boar sperm chromatin integrity and its relationship to fertility. The sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) was used retrospectively to characterize sperm from 18 sexually mature boars...
Article
Full-text available
Biological samples, including cryopreserved sperm, are routinely shipped using air transportation, in dry shippers that are x-rayed along with routine baggage. Accordingly, it is important to demonstrate that there are no potential risks associated with semen transport. The goal of this study was to investigate the impact of airport radiation used...
Article
Full-text available
The sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) was used retrospectively to characterize sperm from 18 sexually mature boars having fertility information. Boar fertility was defined by farrowing rate (FR) and average total number of pigs born (ANB) per litter of gilts and sows mated to individual boars. The SCSA uses flow cytometry to evaluate the struc...
Article
The 2006 American Society for Reproductive Medicine Compendium of Practice Report found no significant effects of elevated sperm DNA fragmentation by using a 30% DNA fragmentation index (DFI) threshold for natural fertilization and SCSA data (odds ratio, 1.07; 95% confidence interval, 0.39-2.93). In contrast, it is shown in this article that these...
Article
To evaluate the effect of vaginal lubricants Pre-Seed, FemGlide, Astroglide, and Replens on human sperm motility and chromatin integrity. Prospective, comparative, in vitro study. Andrology laboratory at tertiary care hospital. Thirteen normozoospermic donors. Semen samples from 13 subjects were incubated in human tubal fluid media (HTF) controls a...
Article
Previous studies have provided evidence for an association between exposure to high levels of air pollution and increased DNA damage in human sperm. In these studies DNA damage was measured using the sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) wherein the percentage of sperm with abnormal chromatin/fragmented DNA is determined and expressed as % DNA fra...
Article
To measure sperm DNA integrity values before and after varicocelectomy in patients with elevated preoperative levels of sperm DNA fragmentation. Retrospective. Private urology clinic. Eleven patients with grade 1, 2, or 3 varicocele. Varicocelectomy. Sperm DNA fragmentation values were assessed before and after varicocelectomy. Ninety percent of th...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of a rapid, precise and objective sperm measure of sperm DNA fragmentation, in situ, was realised a quarter century ago by the pioneer development of the sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA). Since then, measurements on many thousands of sperm samples from a variety of animals and humans exposed to reproductive toxicants and having diffe...
Chapter
The effect of environmental pollution on reproductive outcomes has been studied in the context of an inter-disciplinary research program analyzing the impact of air pollution on human health in the Czech Republic. Semen quality was evaluated in young men living in the Teplice District of Northern Bohemia where they are exposed to episodes of high a...
Article
Full-text available
Although delaying fatherhood has become somewhat more popular, the heritable sequelae of this practice are not well understood. Advancing paternal age has, however, been implicated in numerous abnormal reproductive and genetic outcomes, including poorer semen quality, reduced fertility, and more frequent spontaneous abortions, as well as some 20 au...
Article
Objective: The integrity and maturity of the paternal genome is an absolute prerequisite for successful fertilization and a healthy offspring. In human spermatozoa, the relationship between apoptosis and the nuclear status remains unclear. Externalization of phosphatidylserine (PS), to the outer sperm membrane leaflet is considered to mark terminal...
Article
Full-text available
Article
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This study compares the relative effects of advancing male age on multiple genomic defects in human sperm [DNA fragmentation index (DFI), chromatin integrity, gene mutations, and numerical chromosomal abnormalities], characterizes the relationships among these defects and with semen quality, and estimates the incidence of susceptible individuals fo...
Article
Meta-analyses were conducted to investigate the relationship of sperm DNA fragmentation on pregnancy outcome using in-vivo fertilization, IUI, routine IVF and ICSI. Couples with no known infertility problems were 7.0 times (CI 3.17, 17.7) more likely to achieve a pregnancy/delivery if the DNA fragmentation index (DFI) was <30% (n = 362, P = 0.0001)...
Article
Over the past 25 years, various methods have been developed to measure sperm DNA strand breaks in situ. Currently, there are four major tests of sperm DNA fragmentation, including the Comet, Tunel, sperm chromatin structure assay (SCSA) and the acridine orange test (AOT). The Comet assay is a light microscope technique where the sperm cells are mix...
Conference Paper
Over the past decade, several techniques have emerged as potential protocols for evaluating the sperm chromatin integrity. Such integrity is of utmost importance for successful fertilization. Most of the techniques used for sperm chromatin evaluation require extensive instrumentation and special expertise. Toluidine blue (TB) test has been reported...
Conference Paper
The integrity and maturity of the paternal genome is an absolute prerequisite for successful fertilization and a healthy offspring. In human spermatozoa, the relationship between apoptosis and the nuclear status remains unclear. Externalization of phosphatidylserine (PS), to the outer sperm membrane leaflet is considered to mark terminal apoptosis....
Article
Full-text available
Flow cytometry was utilised for the first time to independently measure five sperm parameters of individual spermatozoa of bull ejaculates to differentiate between outcome successes after artificial insemination (AI). These parameters included plasma membrane and acrosome integrity, mitochondrial functionality and DNA damage measured by sperm chrom...
Article
The Halosperm test kit, the latest of the sperm DNA fragmentation tests, is considered by Fernández et al. to be a suitable replacement for the Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA) test. Although the test is ingenious and interesting, the data lack the statistical rigor of the SCSA test.
Article
Full-text available
This study examined potential associations between exposure to episodes of air pollution and alterations in semen quality. The air pollution, resulting from combustion of coal for industry and home heating in the Teplice district of the Czech Republic, was much higher during the winter than at other times of year with peaks exceeding US air quality...
Article
Studies over the past two decades have clearly shown that reproductive toxicants cause sperm DNA fragmentation. This DNA fragmentation can usually be detected prior to observing alterations of metaphase chromosomes in embryos. Thus, Sperm Chromatin Structure Assay (SCSA)-detected DNA damage is viewed as the molecular precursor to later gross chromo...