Donald G. Dutton

Donald G. Dutton
University of British Columbia - Vancouver | UBC ·  Department of Psychology

Ph.D.

About

167
Publications
222,441
Reads
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Introduction
Donald G. Dutton is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology, University of British Columbia - Vancouver. Donald does research in Abnormal Psychology, Clinical Psychology and Forensic Psychology. His most recent publication is 'Prevalence and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence in Canada as Measured by the National Victimization Survey'.
Additional affiliations
November 2013 - present
University of British Columbia - Vancouver
Position
  • Professor
July 1992 - July 2015
Simon Fraser University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
May 1967 - April 1969
University of Toronto
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
September 1966 - April 1970
University of Toronto
Field of study
  • Social Psychology

Publications

Publications (167)
Article
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National victimization surveys that conceptualize intimate partner violence (IPV) as crime can contribute to a better understanding of the most severe forms of victimization in the intimate partner relationship. Based on the 2014 Canadian General Social Survey on Victimization, this study examined the prevalence of victimization resulted from physi...
Article
A review of 20 articles (with a collective N of 16,463) was conducted assessing reasons given by perpetrators for their commission of intimate partner violence (IPV). College, community, and batterer intervention program samples were used. Five studies used Follingstad's (1991) Motivation and Effects Questionnaire to assess reported motivations. Th...
Article
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Reviews the film, Intimate Partner Violence by Casey T. Taft (2016). The APA Psychotherapy Series has a new release, Intimate Partner Violence, with Taft addressing issues of intimate partner violence (IPV) in a treatment group. The DVD has a 14-min question-and-answer session with students where Taft defines abuse: physical, psychological, sexual,...
Article
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This study examines the impact of a visual representation of a secure base (i.e. a secure base prime) on attenuating experimentally produced anger and anxiety. Specifically, we examined the assuaging of negative emotions through exposure to an image of a mother-infant embrace or a heterosexual couple embracing. Subjects seated at a computer termina...
Article
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Objective: Violence in romantic relationships is highly prevalent in adolescence and early adulthood and is related to a wide array of negative outcomes. Although the scientific literature increasingly highlights potential risk factors for the perpetration of violence toward a romantic partner, integrative models of these predictors remain scarce....
Article
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Research has consistently found that partner violence, defined as physical abuse between married, cohabitating, or dating partners, is not the only type of abuse with long-term deleterious effects on victims. Male and female victims alike report that emotional abuse, along with controlling behaviors, are often as or more traumatic. Existing instrum...
Article
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Research on neurotransmitters and behavior is a vital and expanding area of study. As in other areas of empirical study of domestic violence, this remains an underdeveloped field of inquiry. Although a rigorous literature exists indicating a much broader range of neuropsychological risk factors for violence in general, policies regarding the study...
Conference Paper
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Beginning in childhood and extending across the lifespan, men and women both experience violence inside and outside the home and share many of the same effects following victimization, yet men are less likely to disclose victimization and to access psychological and health services. Untreated effects of child maltreatment (CM) may contribute to var...
Article
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In clinical work with couples, spousal violence is a complex issue that is often underreported or concealed, as spouses consult more often for their problems with regard to managing conflict. However, escalating conflicts are an important precursor of violence within couples. Clinicians need to properly assess the presence, frequency and forms of v...
Article
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Dans le travail clinique avec les couples, la violence conjugale est une problématique complexe qui est souvent sous-rapportée ou dissimulée, les conjoints consultant davantage pour leurs difficultés avec la gestion des conflits. L’escalade des conflits est toutefois un précurseur important de la violence au sein du couple. Il importe pour le clini...
Data
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Article
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Few studies have examined characteristics and correlates of females who display assaultive behaviours towards their intimate partners. Personality disorders, anger responses, type of violence perpetrated, and post-traumatic stress reactions in female perpetrated intimate violence are important factors in diagnosis, management, and treatment conside...
Article
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Mass murderers, particularly school shooters, are depicted in the literature as either reacting with rage to taunts and bullying or as being psychopathic. However, examination of diaries and Web sites left by a subset of mass shooters (e.g., Eric Harris, Kimveer Gil, Seung-Hui Cho, Anders Breivik) reveals a different phenomenology than that typical...
Book
Full-text available
Take an updated approach to treating partner violence!
Article
Depression is commonly thought of as counter-indicative of aggression because of apparent contradictions in energy requirements and blame orientation. However, empirical studies indicate that the presence of depression elevates risk for general aggression, intimate partner aggression, and self-aggression. Most of these studies are cross-sectional a...
Chapter
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is often perceived as violence predominantly perpetrated by males against females. Reactions to hypothetical situations of identical acts of male and female IPV results in the perception of female violence as occurring less frequently, having less negative effect on the victim, and as being less problematic within a...
Article
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The authors describe the rationale for a publication that explores new and innovative approaches to treating domestic violence perpetrators. A brief history is also presented on perpetrator treatment, the feminist perspectives on treatment and how recent research findings suggest that perpetrators of domestic violence need more than education and a...
Article
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We argue that human attachment encompasses a broad spectrum of attachment insecurities including fearful and preoccupied attachment style, negative emotionality (NEM), and borderline personality organization (BPO). These, in turn, have a developing literature to link them as causative factors for intimate partner violence (IPV) in both adolescents...
Article
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I argue that Gondolf, Johnson and Dekeseredy, in a recent issue of Aggression and Violent Behavior: A Review Journal, presented one sided arguments and misleading evidence for the role of gender in intimate partner violence (IPV). Johnson and Dekeseredy use only female victim samples and Gondolf only a male perpetrator sample. These methods generat...
Article
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Purpose – This paper seeks to review transitional processes that foster transitions from non‐aggression to extreme aggression. Most studies on aggression focus either on traits within violent individuals or social contexts that generate violence, less attention has been paid to transitional mechanisms. Design/methodology/approach – The paper revie...
Article
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A review is made of research connecting personality disorder in parents to child maltreatment and/or child mental health problems. Research studies indicate that certain personality disorders, notably Antisocial Personality Disorder and Borderline and Narcissistic personality disorders in parents show relationships to both parental behavior and ens...
Article
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This study adds to the available literature on female-perpetrated intimate abuse by examining Dutton's (2007) theory of the “abusive personality“ (AP) in a sample of 914 women who had been involved in dating relationships. Consistent with the AP, recalled parental rejection, borderline personality organization (BPO), anger, and trauma symptoms all...
Article
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Several historical examples are given that indicate that people taken prisoner appear to psychically freeze and/or become compliant to their captors, even when death at the captors' hands is imminent and when small numbers of captors make escape a real possibility. It is argued that: freezing is a normative response to apparently inescapable captur...
Article
Mobile data terminals, a relatively recent computer development, allow police officers immediate access to crime-relevant data bases from within their patrol vehicles. This article summarizes the results of an investigation of the first system of this type in Canada. Through a multimethodological approach involving interviews, questionnaires, obser...
Article
Research is reviewed which demonstrates the existence of reverse discrimination (majority group members treating other majority group members worse than they treat members of a minority group) and tokenism (a decrease in subsequent compliance to large interracial requests following prior compliance to smaller requests). While both phenomena can be...
Article
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Because of a reliance on women's shelter samples extrapolated to community or custody samples, both Jaffe, Johnston, Crooks, and Bala (200854. Jaffe , P. G. , Johnston , J. R. , Crooks , C. , & Bala , N. ( 2008 ). Toward a differentiated view of parenting plans . Family Court Review , 46 ( July ), 500 – 522 . [CrossRef]View all references) and J. B...
Chapter
According to the United Nations Convention Against Torture, torture is “any act by which severe pain or suffering, whether physical or mental, is intentionally inflicted on a person for such purposes as obtaining from him or a third person information or a confession, punishing him for an act he or a third person has committed or is suspected of ha...
Chapter
I review studies of anger in intimate relationships: both the heightened incidence rates found and the motivational origin. While high levels of anger are reported in intimate relationships, this anger seems to be part of a more pervasive personality pattern that has heightened reactivity to real or symbolic abandonment – variously called “negative...
Article
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The gender paradigm is the view that most domestic violence (DV) is maleperpetrated against females (and children) in order to maintain patriarchy. Based on functionalist sociology, it has been the prominent DV perspective in North America and Western Europe, framing criminal justice policy to DV, court understanding of DV, court disposition of DV...
Article
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Female perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV) are now beginning to receive some scholarly attention both in Canada and the United States, particularly with zero tolerance policies and the increasing number of female arrestees. This article reviews research on the relative prevalence of IPV (comparing males and females) and the context and...
Article
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Abstract The present study investigates the effects of violent experiences in childhood on current domestic violence and marital adjustment, using adult attachment theory as a conceptual framework. A nonclinical sample of 644 Canadian adults in long-term romantic relationships completed measures of adult romantic attachment, conflict tactics scales...
Article
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In spite of numerous studies of program outcomes finding little or no positive effect on violent behavior, the Duluth model remains the most common program type of interventions with perpetrators of domestic violence. In addition, Duluth model programs often ignore serious mental health and substance abuse issues present in perpetrators. These and...
Article
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We examine whether individual differences exist in reactions to toxic situations, reviewing historical examples of massacres. The social psychological research on the question consists of the famous Milgram experiment on obedience and the Stanford Prison Experiment. Although these studies show the power of situations in eliciting aggression towards...
Article
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The Website of the American Bar Association (ABA) sets out to correct ten purported myths about domestic or intimate partner violence (IPV). The critique of these myths appears to be empirically based. However, a close reading of the studies used to debunk these “myths” shows that they are either: 1) government publications with no empirical data,...
Article
The present study investigates the effects of violent experiences in childhood on current domestic violence and marital adjustment, using adult attachment theory as a conceptual framework. A nonclinical sample of 644 Canadian adults in long-term romantic relationships completed measures of adult romantic attachment, conflict tactics scales, and dya...
Article
Reviews the book, Ethnocultural Perspectives on Disaster and Trauma: Foundations, Issues, and Applications by Anthony J. Marsella, Jeannette L. Johnson, Patricia Watson, and Jan Gryczynski (see record 2007-13811-000 ). From the tsunamis that hit Sri Lanka and Myanmar, to the earthquake in China, Hurricane Katrina, and tornados in the U.S. Southwest...
Article
A review of the rapidly expanding empirical research exploring the incidence, prevalence and characteristics of domestic violence committed by women against male intimates supports several conclusions: (1) the majority of abuse- in intimate relationships involves mutual aggression; (2) women are as likely to aggress against partners as are men, and...
Article
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This review examines the policy and practice of interven-tions with male perpetrators of domestic violence in light of the widely accepted principles of evidence-based practice. Thus far, these policies and practices have enjoyed immunity from the external, empirical accountability available through implementing the findings from evaluations resear...
Article
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This study examined the prevalence and severity of intimate partner violence (IPV) among 248 problem gamblers (43 women, 205 men) recruited from newspaper advertisements. The main outcome measures used were the Canadian Problem Gambling Index, the Conflicts Tactics Scale-2, the State Trait Anger Expression Inventory-2, the drug and alcohol section...
Article
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The authors explored the attachment dynamics of heterosexual couples identified for male partner violence. Based on semistructured interviews, participants were assessed for attachment orientations. Based on a thematic analysis of the interviews, two strategies for regulating distance within these relationships were identified: pursuit and distanci...
Article
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The authors explored the attachment dynamics of heterosexual couples identified for male partner violence. Based on semistructured interviews, participants were assessed for attachment orientations. Based on a thematic analysis of the interviews, two strategies for regulating distance within these relationships were identified: pursuit and distanci...
Article
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Gondolf has criticized our review as being selective and suggests that the Duluth model is more promising than we had concluded. We note that his own outcome study showed a failure rate for a Duluth program of 40% – identical to the mean rate of the studies we reviewed. We see his critiques as representative of the very mindset we described in our...
Article
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Comments on the article by Robert Bornstein, "The complex relationship between dependency and domestic violence: Converging psychological factors and social forces,". Although a more focused examination of the psychological factors involved in domestic violence is welcome, there are some factual errors in Bornstein's article that need attention and...
Article
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A review of the research literature indicates that female intimate partner violence (IPV) is a frequent as male IPV. It is just as severe and has much the same consequences for males as for females. Despite these findings, criminal justice intervention and custody evaluation operate from the unwarranted assumption that males are the greater risk fo...
Article
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The purpose of this article is to review the literature on women as perpetrators of violence in their intimate relationships (i.e., domestically violent women) and summarize the scant literature on intervention programs for these women. Particular attention is paid to the cultural influences that shape our conceptualization of “domestic violence” a...
Article
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Intimate partner violence (IPV) continues to be social problem in the United States. Unfortunately, legislation aimed at solving the problem has been based on models of IPV that are not empirically supported. One example is “psychoeducational” intervention models legislated by the courts in many states. These models eschew psychological treatment e...
Article
Despite a growing interest in intimate conflict, little research has examined the variables that influence anger within an interpersonal context. Using the conflict topic of sexual jealousy, male and female undergraduate students were randomly assigned to high- or low-power conditions prior to listening to an audiotaped conflict between intimates....
Article
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One hundred and twenty men referred for treatment for wife assault and forty demographic controls completed self-report questionnaires assessing attachment patterns, anger, jealousy, Borderline Personality Organization, and trauma symptoms. This constellation, with the exception of attachment, has been found to represent a profile related significa...
Article
The practice of psychology includes treatment groups for perpetrators of wife assault, treatment for victims, and policy work on court-treatment models. Existing theories of wife assault perpetration (psychiatric, sociological, sociobiological, and social learning) fail in a variety of ways to explain the empirical data generated by research in the...
Article
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Feminist theory of intimate violence is critically reviewed in the light of data from numerous incidence studies reporting levels of violence by female perpetrators higher than those reported for males, particularly in younger age samples. A critical analysis of the methodology of these studies is made with particular reference to the Conflict Tact...
Article
The Propensity for Abusiveness Scale (PAS; Dutton [1995a] J. Fam. Violence 10[2]: 203–221) has been shown to correlate with both physical and psychological abuse in a variety of samples including gay men, assaultive males, and male and female college students (Clift, 2001; Dutton et al., 2001). For the current study, 27 male and 37 female universit...
Article
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A review is made of female intimate abuse. It is concluded that females are as abusive as males in intimate relationships according to survey and epidemiological studies. This is especially so for younger "cohort" community samples followed longitudinally. Predictors of intimate violence with women appear to be similar to those of men; including an...
Article
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Several examples of genocide from Armenia, the Ukraine, and Rwanda, of systematic political slaughter (Cambodia), and of massacres in Nanking, My Lai, Viet Nam, and El Salvador are examined. Massacre typically occurs during wars, genocide, and political slaughter typically after a war has occurred and further conflict is feared. Political and histo...
Article
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In some states, custody assessors are now required to become familiar with the dynamics of prevalence of domestic abuse since the presence of one or more abusive parents in the house has an impact on the “best interests of the child.” The domestic abuse literature is misleading in setting a framework for abuse incidence and threat source for childr...
Article
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M. Johnson's rebuttal is an example of the paradigm I described to readers in my original article. Johnson develops a taxonomy of intimate violence where female initiated violence does not exist. He does this despite extensive evidence to the contrary. A recent national survey included questions about both severity and instrumentality of violence g...
Article
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To date, there is no literature specifically addressing the relationship between spousal battering and emotional intelligence, a concept that captures the success, or lack thereof, of a person''s functioning in their immediate environment. Forty-four men convicted of spousal assault and 76 undergraduate students completed the Emotional Quotient Inv...
Article
The current study used the Propensity for Abusiveness Scale (PAS; Dutton, 1995) to predict emotional response to conflict among university students. The participants were 162 first- and second-year undergraduate students at the University of British Columbia. Participants listened to taped conflict and filled out a battery of questionnaires. The PA...
Article
Assaultiveness and abusiveness have a psychology that must be addressed in therapy; they are not merely the product of “bad attitudes” or social roles, nor can they be narrowly defined as the robotic imitation of action. Perceptions and feelings about the world of intimate relationships both sustain and are sustained by abusive actions. These provi...
Article
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This chapter explores the relationship between attachment theory and treatment of perpetrators of domestic violence. First, the authors present a brief overview ofattachment theory. This is followed by a discussion of how domestic violence research findings suggests that attachment theory is a good paradigm to understanding the phenomenonof intimat...
Article
Full-text available
The authors describe the rationale for a publication that explores new and innovativeapproaches to treating domestic violence perpetrators. A brief history is also presented on perpetrator treatment, the feminist perspectives on treatment and how recent research findings suggest that perpetrators of domestic violence need more than education and at...
Article
Gondolph [Gondolf, E. W. (1999). J. Fam. Violence 14: 1–17] recently published MCMI-III results on men in batterer treatment groups that appeared to indicate much lower levels of psychopathology than previous studies. Gondolph concluded from these results that the existence of an abusive personality was debatable. Gondolph is mistaken in drawing co...
Article
A new theory is proposed to account for individual differences in the tendency to be abusive, assaultive, or homicidal in intimate relationships. The focus of this theory is on men whose abuse is specific to intimate relationships and is manifested through cyclical mood swings. This group, which appears to comprise about 40% of all men who present...
Article
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A review is made of the typical modus operandi and psychological profile of uxoricide (wife murder) perpetrators. Typically, most had traumatic childhood and have current personality disorders (PD; typically Dependent, Passive–Aggressive, or Borderline PD). The uxoricide occurred during attempted abandonment of the relationship by the female and wa...
Article
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Stalking may be defined as repeated following, communicating, and contacting a person in a threatening manner that causes the person to fear, on a reasonable basis, for his or her safety. Stalking is a recent legal construct, and social scientific research on stalking is in an early stage. Given that the most common victim of stalking is an ex-inti...
Article
The Propensity for Abusiveness Scale (PAS; Dutton, 1995) was designed as a self-report perpetrator profile for intimate abusiveness. It was empirically validated through reports of abuse by intimate partners. The original PAS (Dutton, 1995) was given to 144 men in treatment for partner abuse and 44 demographically matched controls. It correlated si...
Article
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Previous work by Dutton and his colleagues has established a clinical profile on intimately abusive adult men that is quite similar to profiles of trauma victims in many essential clinical respects. Dutton (in press) showed that arousal modulation problems, affective monitoring, cognitive problem solving deficits, externalizing attributional styles...
Article
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The problem of domestic violence has been well documented with respect to its social, psychological, and economic costs. Proactive arrest and sentencing policies have resulted in an increasing, and in some cases, overwhelming number of spousal batterers being processed through the criminal justice system. Scarce correctional and treatment resources...
Article
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I posit that a triad of childhood events found retrospectively in populations of batterers constitutes a powerful trauma source and that many aspects of the personality structure and function of intimately abusive men are best understood from a trauma-response framework. The trauma stressors include witnessing violence directed toward the self or t...
Article
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Gender differences in patterns of relationship violence were investigated in a sample of 356 men and 351 women. Respondents reported on their receipt and perpetration of violent acts in the year prior to the survey. Men and women, respectively, reported similar 1-yr prevalence rates of husband-to-wife violence and wife-to-husband violence. However,...
Article
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Previous research has examined the influence of the abusive personality (Dutton, 1994a,b) on relationship dynamics. Men with high scores of abusive personality (borderline personality organization, anger and MCMI8: Negativity) generate more frequent and extreme forms of physical and emotional abuse in intimate relationships. Other lines of research...