Don Saklofske

Don Saklofske
The University of Western Ontario | UWO · Department of Psychology

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361
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Publications

Publications (361)
Article
Sadism, defined by infliction of pain and suffering on others for pleasure or subjugation, has recently garnered substantial attention in the psychological research literature. The Assessment of Sadistic Personality (ASP) was developed to measure levels of everyday sadism and has been shown to possess excellent reliability and validity using classi...
Article
The benefits of cheerfulness, as a mood state and personality trait, are widespread in the literature concerning subjective well-being and physical health. While robust findings in the literature have shown positive affect and more positive, lighthearted uses of humor are associated with self-esteem, no study has investigated the role of self-estee...
Article
Gender differences in aggression may seem quite obvious, and in fact, gender is one of the strongest predictors of aggression and violence. However, the relation between gender and aggression can be quite complex when we consider the developmental stage, types of conflicts, forms of aggression, whether the opponent is male or female, the motives, t...
Article
The current entry outlines the various taxonomies, with a focus on the Big Five Personality Factors, of personality on which men and women are compared. The big five factors are also briefly introduced and defined. Gender differences in the perceived traits and stereotypical characteristics of men and women, as well as, empirically evidenced gender...
Article
The interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health (ChYMH) is a standardized assessment instrument utilized in over 60 mental health agencies that promotes seamless transition across public healthcare sectors. The purpose of this study was to develop and assess the reliability and validity of the externalizing subscale on the interRAI Child and Youth Menta...
Article
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Benevolent and corrective humor are two comic styles that have been related to virtue, morality, and character strengths. A previous study also supported the viability of measuring these two styles with the BenCor in 22 countries. The present study extends the previous one by including further countries (a total of 25 countries in 29 samples with N...
Article
Using the omnicultural composite (OCC) approach within an Item Response Theory framework, the present study aimed both to provide evidence of the invariance of the emotional intelligence facets (emotionality, self-control, well-being, and sociability) across women from Western to Eastern countries and to detect unique cultural patterns. Samples of...
Article
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Objectives Compassion for others is linked to positive outcomes ranging from stress reduction to prosocial behaviour. However, the personality traits that contribute to compassion have not been well established. We sought to explore the individual differences most strongly related to dispositional compassion in Canada and Spain using the HEXACO mod...
Article
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The present study aims to develop and validate an Italian version of the Brief Self-Control Scale (BSCS). A large sample of Italian-speaking participants (N = 1139) completed the BSCS and measures of personality and individual dispositions. A clinical sample (N = 217) was administered the Italian version and an English-speaking sample (N = 274) com...
Article
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Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a major international public health concern that poses significant mental and physical health risks for affected individuals. To improve prevention efforts, it is imperative that researchers and government bodies understand risk factors for IPV. One such risk factor concerns the extent to which violence is interge...
Article
The present study derived a short form of the State-Trait Cheerfulness Inventory-Trait Version (STCI-T30) using an item response theory framework. Latent trait test-retest correlations and reliability across the latent continuum in the STCI-T30 remained high. Moreover, the STCI-T30 showed external validity with criterion variables (e.g., playfulnes...
Article
Mediators of IQ score differences of Whites with Hispanics and African Americans are reviewed in the WISC-IV, WISC-V, and WAIS-IV. Mediators included parent education, income and academic expectations for children and adolescents, and self-education, income and occupation for adults. Results showed that these variables account for substantial porti...
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Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health issue defined by the infliction of physical, psychological, and/or sexual harm to a partner or spouse. Given its extreme health consequences, it is imperative that researchers better understand individual difference factors underlying IPV. The purpose of the following studies was to evaluate whethe...
Article
Excessive reassurance seeking and insecure attachment are known risk factors for depression. However, with the digitization of relationships through social media, it is unclear how these interpersonal vulnerabilities correspond to an online context. The objective of this study was to expand interpersonal theories of depression by evaluating online...
Article
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In 1997, Hill and colleagues published a seminal study investigating the interpersonal quality of self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism using the interpersonal circumplex as a framework. Findings indicated the three forms of perfectionism showed different relationships with both interpersonal traits and interpersonal...
Article
The two studies presented in this article examine the relationships of personality traits and trait emotional intelligence (EI) with compassion and self-compassion in samples of Italian workers. Study 1 explored the relationship between trait EI and both compassion and self-compassion, controlling for the effects of personality traits in 219 worker...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of resilience in the relationship between past experiences under the isolated, confined and extreme (ICE) environment of Antarctica and present subjective well-being (SWB). Chinese Antarctic expeditioners (51winter-overs and 52 summer-overs;90% male) from the 2013–2017 explorations participated...
Article
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Background: Compassionate love is defined as awareness and understanding of one's suffering, connecting with the distress, and being emotionally and cognitively moved to alleviate suffering. The Compassionate Love Scale for Humanity (CLS-H) was developed to measure compassion towards strangers who need help and/or are vulnerable. The present study...
Article
The study of resilience in an older adult population is expanding rapidly. However, most theoretical models of resilience have been developed with children or young to middle-aged adults. The objective of the present study was to review systematically the qualitative literature examining resilience in older adults, and to develop a comprehensive mo...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background : Medicine is a field that is simultaneously factual and ambiguous. While studies have examined medical trainees’ tolerance of ambiguity (TOA), the extent to which TOA is affected by clinical experiences and its association with other psychological factors such as perfectionism is unknown. Methods: This was a single cohort study:174 Stud...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Medicine is a field that is simultaneously factual and ambiguous. While studies have examined medical trainees’ tolerance of ambiguity (TOA), the extent to which TOA is affected by clinical experiences and its association with perfectionism is unknown. Methods: This was a multiple sampling, single cohort study of students in their first...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Medicine is a field that is simultaneously factual and ambiguous. Medical students have their first exposure to full time clinical practice during clerkship. While studies have examined medical trainees’ tolerance of ambiguity (TOA), the extent to which TOA is affected by clinical experiences and its association with perfectionism is un...
Article
Full-text available
In the framework of the psychology of harmonization, the present study analyzes the relationships of humor styles with perfectionism, controlling for the effects of personality traits. One hundred and forty-eight Italian university students were administered the Italian versions of the HEXACO-60, the Humor Styles Questionnaire, and the short-form v...
Article
Full-text available
Over 25 years of research suggest an important link between perfectionism and personality traits included in the five-factor model (FFM). However, inconsistent findings, underpowered studies, and a plethora of perfectionism scales have obscured understanding of how perfectionism fits within the FFM. We addressed these limitations by conducting the...
Article
The Essential Resilience Scale (ERS) is a locally developed measure conceptualized by Chinese researchers and demonstrated strong psychometric properties in Chinese residents. The present study recruited undergraduate students from China (N = 375) and Canada (N = 378) to complete the ERS and criterion validity measures (i.e., Resiliency Scale for Y...
Article
The State-Trait Cheerfulness Inventory–Trait Version (STCI-T60) measures the temperamental basis of sense of humor involving theoretically derived personality dispositions of cheerfulness, seriousness, and bad mood. The reliability and validity of the newly developed STCI-T60 Italian version were assessed in a sample of Italian speakers ( N = 683)....
Article
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The Big Three Perfectionism Scale (BTPS; Smith, Saklofske, Stoeber, & Sherry, 2016) is a 45-item self-report measure of perfectionism with three overarching factors: rigid, self-critical, and narcissistic perfectionism. Our objective was to create a brief version of the BTPS, the Big Three Perfectionism Scale-Short Form (i.e., BTPS-SF). Sixteen ite...
Article
Full-text available
Subclinical sadism has received substantial attention in recent research as a trait that predicts a variety of malevolent behaviours. The objective of this study was to assess the ‘psychometric robustness and portability’ of the Assessment of Sadistic Personality (ASP). We examined the convergent and discriminant validity, and invariance of transla...
Article
Internalizing difficulties in children and adolescents refer to inner-directed disordered mood and emotions. The purpose of this study was to develop and assess the reliability and validity of the internalizing subscale on the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health (ChYMH) in assessing broadband internalizing mental health symptoms. Data were colle...
Article
The State–Trait Cheerfulness Inventory–trait version (STCI‐T60) consists of three dimensions of cheerfulness, seriousness, and bad mood integrated to measure the temperamental basis of the sense of humour. The present study replicated the three‐dimensional factor structure of the STCI in China using 60 items consistent with other standard trait ver...
Article
Full-text available
The present study systematically assessed the factor structure, internal consistency, and construct validity of the Aviation Safety Locus of Control scale (ASLOC) in 476 European pilots (4.6% female). Independent confirmatory factor analyses showed a strong correlation between the latent factors of Internal and External LOC, justifying proceeding w...
Article
Full-text available
In the innovative research area of the psychology of sustainability and sustainable development, Intrapreneurial Self-Capital (ISC) constitutes a promising core of resources to face the challenges of the 21st century. This article presents two studies supporting the contribution of trait emotional intelligence to ISC beyond that explained by the th...
Article
Full-text available
The present study examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF). Analyses were performed using a sample of undergraduates (N=585) recruited from four universities across China. Confirmatory factor analysis of the Chinese TEIQue-SF supported the one-factor structu...
Article
People high on socially prescribed perfectionism perceive intense external pressures to be perfect, and these pressures place them at risk for depressive symptoms. Likewise, the external pressures experienced by people high on socially prescribed perfectionism appear, in part, to be a legitimate response to members of their social network (influenc...
Article
Background Case histories, theoretical accounts, and empirical studies suggest an important relationship between perfectionism and bulimic symptoms. However, whether perfectionism confers vulnerability for bulimic symptoms is unclear. Objective To address this, we conducted a meta-analysis testing if socially prescribed perfectionism, concern over...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Case histories, theoretical accounts, and empirical studies suggest an important relationship between perfectionism and bulimic symptoms. However, whether perfectionism confers vulnerability for bulimic symptoms is unclear. Objective: To address this, we conducted a meta-analysis testing if socially prescribed perfectionism, concern ove...
Article
Full-text available
People high on socially prescribed perfectionism perceive intense external pressures to be perfect, and these pressures place them at risk for depressive symptoms. Likewise, the external pressures experienced by people high on socially prescribed perfectionism appear, in part, to be a legitimate response to members of their social network (influenc...
Article
Full-text available
Positive relationships are of major importance in our personal and working lives for promoting well-being, and fostering healthy and sustainable organizations. The research literature suggests that emotional intelligence is a key factor in promoting and maintaining positive relationships. We examined the association between trait emotional intellig...
Article
Full-text available
Over 25 years of research suggests an important link between perfectionism and personality traits included in the five-factor model (FFM). However, inconsistent findings, underpowered studies, and a plethora of perfectionism scales have obscured understanding of how perfectionism fits within the FFM. We addressed these limitations by conducting the...
Article
People high on socially prescribed perfectionism perceive intense external pressures to be perfect, and these pressures place them at risk for depressive symptoms. Likewise, the external pressures experienced by people high on socially prescribed perfectionism appear, in part, to be a legitimate response to members of their social network (influenc...
Preprint
Full-text available
The present study systematically assessed the factor structure, internal consistency, and construct validity of the Aviation Safety Locus of Control scale (ASLOC) in 476 European pilots (4.6% female). Independent confirmatory factor analyses showed a strong correlation between the latent factors of Internal and External LOC, justifying proceeding w...
Article
Full-text available
The Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model (PSDM) is a promising integrative model explaining relations between socially prescribed perfectionism (i.e., perceiving others require perfection) and depressive symptoms. Yet, the nature of the social disconnection proposed by the PSDM requires explication. Likewise, longitudinal tests of the PSDM are...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Over 50 years of research implicates perfectionism in suicide. Yet the role of perfectionism in suicide needs clarification due to notable between-study inconsistencies in findings, underpowered studies, and uncertainty about whether perfectionism confers risk for suicide. We addressed this by meta-analyzing perfectionism's relationship...
Chapter
Full-text available
Over 100 years of theory, research, and clinical observations suggest perfectionism is a defining feature of the way narcissists' think, feel, and behave. Our chapter first offers a comprehensive review of how trait perfectionism and perfectionistic self-presentation relate to the two core themes of narcissism: narcissistic grandiosity and narcissi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Over 50 years of theory and research implicates perfectionism in anxiety. However, it is unclear which (if any) perfectionism dimensions are risk factors for anxiety. Objective: To address this, we conducted a meta-analysis testing whether socially prescribed perfectionism, concern over mistakes, doubts about actions, self-oriented p...
Chapter
High stress levels and rising rates of burnout within the teaching occupation call for novel means of improving teacher stress management and well-being, which are key to effective teaching and student success. Growing evidence indicates that developing emotional intelligence (EI) through training can positively impact a wide range of psychological...
Chapter
Full-text available
Education is one of the largest applied areas for the construct of emotional intelligence (EI). The emphasis on social-emotional learning (SEL) is rapidly growing at all levels of the education delivery system, from preschool and secondary school curricula to post-secondary, professional, and continuing education programs. The book Emotional Intell...
Chapter
Amidst the global youth unemployment crisis, the relationship between emotional intelligence (EI) and youth career readiness is an important theme of research for enhancing positive youth development and strengthening human capital. This chapter reviews studies focusing on trait and ability models of EI and their impact on youth career readiness in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Trait emotional intelligence (trait EI or trait emotional self-efficacy) is formally defined as a constellation of emotional perceptions assessed through questionnaires and rating scales (Petrides et al. Br J Psychol 98:273–289, 2007). The construct describes our perceptions of our emotional world (e.g., how good we believe we are in terms of under...
Article
Full-text available
The 58-item MEOS assesses managing the emotions of others, a component of trait emotional intelligence (EI). Managing another person’s emotions can be used with the intention of helping the target but also in a strategically manipulative manner; the subscales of the MEOS cover both these aspects of emotion management. In order to allow researchers...
Article
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While presence of meaning in life (i.e., presence) is associated with a plethora of desirable qualities (e.g., greater well-being, longevity, positive affect), search for meaning is associated with psychological distress (e.g., reports of conflict, rumination, depression; Boyle, Barnes, Buchman, & Bennett, 2009). Individuals with higher resiliency,...
Article
Political beliefs underlie behaviors including voting and participation in collective resistance. Hierarchy-legitimizing beliefs can justify and perpetuate extant social hierarchies, such as economic inequality. Individual differences are important predictors of many political beliefs, but the role of compassion in this context has not been explore...
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Full-text available
Both Internet and offline video gaming have become a normal aspect of child development, with estimates of children playing video games ranging from 90% to 97%. Research on problematic video gaming (PVG) has grown substantially in the last decade. Much of that research has focused on community samples, while research on clinically referred children...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aims to validate the interRAI Child and Youth Mental Health (interRAI ChYMH), Disruptive/Aggression Behaviour Scale (DABS) and Hyperactive/Distraction Scale (HDS). Data were collected from children/youth aged 4–18 (N = 3464) across 39 mental health agencies in Ontario, Canada. Unrestricted factor analysis using polychoric correlat...
Article
Following debate over the use of the WAIS-IV Canadian adult norms that has been suitably addressed, this study examines the normative differences in the WISC-V child and adolescent data in three ways: (a) presenting a comparison of country normative data across subtest and composite scores for demographically matched and unmatched samples, (b) prov...
Article
Two studies report on the contribution of emotional intelligence to self-reported resiliency beyond that accounted for by the three most often cited contemporary personality trait models. The Resiliency Scale for Young Adults (RYSA), Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short Form (TEIQue-SF), Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ), Mini International...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter provides a synopsis of research on where multidimensional perfectionism “fits” within the broader framework of contemporary personality theory. Focusing on Hewitt and Flett’s (1991) model of perfectionism--differentiating self-oriented, other-oriented, and socially prescribed perfectionism--the chapter presents a summary and critical d...
Article
This study re­ports on a new mea­sure of sub­clin­i­cal sadism: The As­sess­ment of Sadis­tic Per­son­al­ity (ASP). We in­ves­ti­gated di­men­sion­al­ity, in­vari­ance, and con­ver­gent va­lid­ity of the ASP us­ing a sam­ple of 638 Cana­dian uni­ver­sity stu­dents. Con­fir­ma­tory fac­tor analy­sis sup­ported the fac­tor struc­ture of the ASP. Met­...
Article
The Dark Triad is a constellation of three antisocial personality traits: Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy. Recently, researchers have introduced a “Dark Tetrad” that includes subclinical sadism, although others suggest considerable overlap between psychopathy and sadism. To clarify the position of sadism within the Dark Triad, an onli...
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Full-text available
The aim of this study is to offer the first contribution to the validation of the Italian short form of the Big-Three Perfectionism Scale (BTPS-SF). Two hundred and eighty-eight Italian university students were recruited. Dimensionality, reliability, and concurrent validity were analysed. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a short form with a t...
Book
This book highlights current knowledge, best practices, new opportunities, and difficult challenges associated with promoting emotional intelligence (EI) and social-emotional learning (SEL) in educational settings. The volume provides analyses of contemporary EI theories and measurement tools, common principles and barriers in effective EI and SEL...
Article
Full-text available
The perfectionism social disconnection model (PSDM) asserts socially prescribed perfectionism confers risk for depression by eroding social self-esteem. However, self-oriented perfectionism and other-oriented perfectionism are neglected in extant tests of the PSDM. Moreover, the PSDM attributes the source of depression to dispositional characterist...
Article
Full-text available
It is claimed that emotional competency is crucial to children’s scholastic success, and for creating healthy academic environments. The implementation of interventions to help children build emotional competency are, thus, important. But, how do we ensure that the interventions we design and deliver promote individual change? Following the princip...
Article
This study presents a cross-cultural validation of the recently developed Resiliency Scale for Young Adults (RSYA) with a sample of 289 Canadian university students and 259 Italian university students. The RSYA demonstrated good internal consistency across the two samples and acceptable retest reliability for the Canadian sample. Confirmatory facto...