Dominik Michalski

Dominik Michalski
University of Leipzig · Klinik und Poliklinik für Neurologie

About

122
Publications
19,826
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1,631
Citations
Citations since 2016
75 Research Items
1244 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200

Publications

Publications (122)
Article
Full-text available
Background Cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) due to vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT) is a severe condition, with high in-hospital mortality rates. Here, we report clinical outcomes of patients with CVT-VITT after SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) vaccination who survived initial hospitalization. M...
Article
BACKGROUND Patients with symptomatic internal carotid artery (ICA) stenosis are at high risk of recurrent ischemic stroke and require early interventional treatment and antiplatelet therapy. Increased bleeding rates might counterbalance the periprocedural efficacy of intensified platelet inhibition. We aim to investigate, whether Revacept, a compet...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Cerebral venous thrombosis caused by vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT-CVT) is a rare adverse effect of adenovirus-based SARS-CoV-2 vaccines. In March 2021, after autoimmune pathogenesis of VITT was discovered, treatment recommendations were developed. These comprised immunomodulation, non-heparin anticoagulants,...
Article
Full-text available
Paroxysmal Atrial fibrillation (AF) is often clinically silent and may be missed by the usual diagnostic workup after ischemic stroke. We aimed to determine whether shape characteristics of ischemic stroke lesions can be used to predict AF in stroke patients without known AF at baseline. Lesion shape quantification on brain MRI was performed in sel...
Article
Full-text available
The surfactant protein-G (SP-G) has recently been discovered in the brain and linked to fluid balance regulations. Stroke is characterized by impaired vessel integrity, promoting water influx and edema formation. The neurovascular unit concept (NVU) has been generated to cover not only ischemic affections of neurons or vessels but also other region...
Article
Background: In patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) the presence of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) constitutes an important therapeutic target. Intraventricular fibrinolysis (IVF) reduces mortality, yet impact on functional disability remains unclear. Thus, we aimed to determine the influence of IVF on functional outcomes. Methods: This...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background and aims: Cerebral venous sinus thrombosis with thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (CVST-TTS) is a serious adverse drug reaction after adenoviral SARS-CoV-2 vaccinations. CVST-TTS patients may need decompressive surgery to avoid fatal brain herniation, but despite this intervention, many CVST-TTS patients die during the initial ho...
Article
Full-text available
As chemically specialized forms of the extracellular matrix in the central nervous system, polyanionic perineuronal nets (PNs) contain diverse constituents, including chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs), hyaluronic acid, and tenascins. They are detectable by various histological approaches such as colloidal iron binding and immunohistochemica...
Article
Full-text available
The role of patent foramen ovale (PFO) in stroke was debated for decades. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) have shown fewer recurrent events after PFO closure in patients with cryptogenic stroke (CS). However, in clinical practice, treating stroke patients with coexisting PFO raises some questions. This brief review summarizes current knowledge an...
Article
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The classic surfactant proteins (SPs) A, B, C, and D were discovered in the lungs, where they contribute to host defense and regulate the alveolar surface tension during breathing. Their additional importance for brain physiology was discovered decades later. SP-G, a novel amphiphilic SP, was then identified in the lungs and is mostly linked to inf...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Ungeachtet der großen gesamtgesellschaftlichen Bedeutung des Schlaganfalls sowie der Fortschritte in der Akutversorgung und Rehabilitation konnten bisher keine flächendeckenden Versorgungsstrukturen zur strukturierten ambulanten Nachsorge in Deutschland etabliert werden. Ziel der Arbeit und Methode Vor dem Hintergrund...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Die Schlaganfallnachsorge ist im Gegensatz zur akuten und rehabilitativen Versorgung des Schlaganfalls wenig standardisiert. Der fragmentierte ambulante Sektor erlaubt hierbei ein hohes Maß an Flexibilität, leidet aber folglich an variabler Qualität der Nachsorge. Die Kommission Nachsorge der Deutschen Schlaganfall-Gesellschaft form...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Post stroke management has moved into the focus as it represents the only way to secure acute treatment effects in the long term. Due to individual courses, post stroke management appears rather challenging and is hindered by existing barriers between treatment sectors. As a novel concept, the PostStroke-Manager combines digital and se...
Article
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Background: Early differentiation between transient ischemic attack (TIA) and minor ischemic stroke (MIS) impacts on the patient's individual diagnostic work-up and treatment. Furthermore, estimations regarding persisting impairments after MIS are essential to guide rehabilitation programs. This study evaluated a combined clinical- and serum biomar...
Article
Surfactant protein C (SP-C) modulates cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rheology. During ageing, its declining levels are accompanied by an increased burden of white matter lesions. Pulmonary SP-C intermediates harbouring the BRICHOS-domain prevent protein misfolding in the lungs. Thus, cerebral SP-C intermediates may counteract cerebral β-amyloidosis, a h...
Article
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In the setting of ischemic stroke, the neurofilament subunit NF-L and the microtubule-associated protein MAP2 have proven to be exceptionally ischemia-sensitive elements of the neuronal cytoskeleton. Since alterations of the cytoskeleton have been linked to the transition from reversible to irreversible tissue damage, the present study investigates...
Preprint
Full-text available
Surfactant Protein C (SP-C) modulates cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rheology. During ageing, its declining levels are accompanied by an increased burden of white matter lesions. Pulmonary SP-C intermediates harbouring the BRICHOS-domain prevent protein misfolding in the lungs. Thus, cerebral SP-C intermediates may counteract cerebral β-amyloidosis, a h...
Article
Background Systematic electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring improves detection of covert atrial fibrillation in stroke survivors but the effect on secondary prevention is unknown. We aimed to assess the effect of systematic ECG monitoring of patients in hospital on the rate of oral anticoagulant use after 12 months. Methods In this investigator-initi...
Article
Full-text available
Microglia are the brain’s immunocompetent macrophages with a unique feature that allows surveillance of the surrounding microenvironment and subsequent reactions to tissue damage, infection, or homeostatic perturbations. Thereby, microglia’s striking morphological plasticity is one of their prominent characteristics and the categorization of microg...
Article
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Objectives: Ischemic stroke (IS) is often associated with long-lasting physical deficits, linked to emotional symptoms (ES) and lowered quality of life (QoL). However, recent observations raised doubts regarding the traditional perspective of solely impairment-driven ES. In fact, anxiety and depression were also reported after transient ischemic at...
Article
Full-text available
Ischemic stroke causes cellular alterations in the “neurovascular unit” (NVU) comprising neurons, glia, and the vasculature, and affects the blood-brain barrier (BBB) with adjacent extracellular matrix (ECM). Limited data are available for the zone between the NVU and ECM that has not yet considered for neuroprotective approaches. This study descri...
Article
Full-text available
Ischemic stroke causes cellular alterations in the “neurovascular unit” (NVU) comprising neurons, glia, and the vasculature, and affects the blood-brain barrier (BBB) with adjacent extracellular matrix (ECM). Limited data are available for the zone between the NVU and ECM that has not yet considered for neuroprotective approaches. This study descri...
Article
Full-text available
Background One quarter to one third of patients eligible for systemic thrombolysis are on antiplatelet therapy at presentation. In this study, we aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of intravenous thrombolysis in stroke patients on prescribed antiplatelet therapy in the WAKE-UP trial. Methods WAKE-UP was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind...
Article
Introduction: Revacept is a novel vascular lesion-directed inhibitor of platelet adhesion and thrombus formation, exhibiting no effects on the homeostatic functions of circulating platelets. Objective: The effects of Revacept on plaque-mediated thrombosis were investigated in patients with symptomatic stenosis of the internal carotid artery (at lea...
Conference Paper
Introduction During the last decade, acute stroke treatment has improved substantially, resulting in decreased case fatality and better functional outcome. Recently, the focus in stroke management has moved towards reduction of residual neurological deficits and secondary prevention. Further improvements could be hindered by a lack of concepts for...
Article
Full-text available
Background This case report describes a focal brain lesion in an alpaca (Vicugna pacos). Although this is a restricted study based on a single animal, neuropathological features are reported that are most likely attributed to a vascular event with either ischemic or hemorrhagic pathology. Concerning translational issues, these findings extend neuro...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental stroke studies yielded insights into single reactions of the neurovascular unit (NVU) and associated extracellular matrix (ECM). However, the extent of simultaneous processes caused by ischemia and their underlying transcriptional changes are still poorly understood. Strictly following the NVU and ECM concept, this study explored trans...
Article
Background and Purpose— Relative signal intensity of acute ischemic stroke lesions in fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (fluid-attenuated inversion recovery relative signal intensity [FLAIR-rSI]) magnetic resonance imaging is associated with time elapsed since stroke onset with higher intensities signifying longer time intervals. In the randomize...
Article
Full-text available
Ischemic stroke not only affects neurons, but also glial and vascular elements. The development of novel neuroprotective strategies thus requires an improved pathophysiological understanding of ischemia-affected cell types that comprise the ‘neurovascular unit’ (NVU). To explore spatiotemporal alterations of oligodendrocytes, astrocytes and neurons...
Article
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Introduction: Endovascular stroke therapy is mostly available in comprehensive stroke centers with state of the art bi-plane angiography suites. The aim of the present study was to analyze if it is justifiable to treat patients with alternative x‑ray machines in the case of capacity constraints, or if it is mandatory to refer patients in such case...
Article
Full-text available
In the setting of stroke, ischemia-related blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction aggravates the cerebral edema, which critically impacts on the clinical outcome. Further, an impaired vascular integrity is associated with the risk of intracranial bleeding, especially after therapeutic recanalization. Therefore, the present study was aimed to investi...
Article
Full-text available
As part of the neuronal cytoskeleton, neurofilaments are involved in maintaining cellular integrity. In the setting of ischemic stroke, the affection of the neurofilament network is considered to mediate the transition towards long-lasting tissue damage. Although peripheral levels of distinct neurofilament subunits are shown to correlate with the c...
Article
Full-text available
Increased permeability of the blood–brain barrier (BBB) following cerebral injury results in regional extravasation of plasma proteins and can critically contribute to the pathogenesis of epilepsy. Here, we comprehensively explore the spatiotemporal evolution of a main extravasation component, albumin, and illuminate associated responses of the neu...
Article
Full-text available
Because stroke therapies are still limited and patients are often concerned by long-term sequelae with significant impairment of daily living, elaborated neuroprotective strategies are needed. During the last decades, research substantially improved the knowledge on cellular pathologies responsible for stroke-related tissue damage. In this context,...
Article
Full-text available
As part of the extracellular matrix (ECM), perineuronal nets (PNs) are polyanionic, chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan (CSPG)-rich coatings of certain neurons, known to be affected in various neural diseases. Although these structures are considered as important parts of the neurovascular unit (NVU), their role during evolution of acute ischemic stro...
Article
Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most frequent type of dementia, is a prototypical neurodegenerative disease, but shares with stroke certain common risk factors. Consequently, how vascular pathology may modulate AD pathogenesis has gained scientific attention. Therefore, aside from typical features of AD (e.g., amyloid-β, tau hyperphosphorylation, and...
Article
Full-text available
Current stroke therapy is focused on recanalizing strategies, but neuroprotective co-treatments are still lacking. Modern concepts of the ischemia-affected neurovascular unit (NVU) and surrounding penumbra emphasize the complexity during the transition from initial damaging to regenerative processes. While early treatment with neurotrophic factors...
Data
Supporting information_dataset. This file includes the complete dataset of original measurements underlying the study. (CSV)
Data
Supporting information_syntax. This file includes of the original SPSS syntax that was used for calculations throughout the manuscript. (PDF)