Dominik Faust

Dominik Faust
Technische Universität Dresden | TUD · Institut für Geographie

Prof. Dr. Dr.
New DFG-funded projects (start: 03-22): 1. Dust significance (Canaries) 2. Backward erosion through time (Andalucía)

About

174
Publications
31,492
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2,273
Citations
Citations since 2016
76 Research Items
1509 Citations
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Introduction
At the moment we are working in the Guadix-Baza basin that has the longest quaternary record in Europe.

Publications

Publications (174)
Article
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The Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 2 is considered the coldest, driest and stormiest period during the last Glacial-Interglacial cycle in large parts of Eurasia. This resulted from strongly decreased northern hemisphere temperature and related maximum extension of northern ice sheets that strongly reinforced large-scale circulation modes such as wester...
Article
Loess palaeosol sections (LPS) in northern Armenia exhibit at least three alternating loess and pedocomplex units, indicative of an environment changing between erosional/depositional and stable conditions. The LPS they are located in a central key position between loess in Europe, central Asia and the Russian/Ukrainian Plains. Since an accurate ch...
Article
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The loess-palaeosol section Achajur is part of the Sevkar loess area in north-eastern Armenia and comprises three prominent pedocomplexes with intercalated loess units, probably spanning at least three glacial-interglacial cycles. With its central position between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, the Sevkar loess area serves as important bridge b...
Article
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The concrete relationships between fluvial system behavior and potential influencing factors that are, among others, climate for cing, tectonics, and human activity are a key issue in geomorphological research. In this regard, especially the Iberian Peninsula is an area of great interest because its landscapes are highly sensitive towards climate c...
Article
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Dune palaeosurface sequences on the Eastern Canary Islands were investigated for stable isotope records in gastropod shells of the genus Theba. Due to the ecology of the taxon and the special oceanic insularity of the study site, we assume that δ 18 O shell signals in our case mainly reflect shifts in δ 18 O signals of sea surface water. We found t...
Article
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During glacial times, the North Atlantic region was affected by serious climate changes corresponding to Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles that were linked to dramatic shifts in sea temperature and moisture transfer to the continents. However, considerable efforts are still needed to understand the effects of these shifts on terrestrial environments. In th...
Article
The dune sequences of Fuerteventura mainly consist of biogenic carbonate sands which originate from the shallow marine shelf. By onshore winds those carbonate sands migrate landwards, building up sequences of different dune generations with intercalated reddish silty layers. Former studies discussed the formation of dune generations on Fuerteventur...
Article
The purpose of this study is to better understand the system of Quaternary loess-palaeosol sequences (LPS) of the Matmata region in southern Tunisia. Results from a combination of predominantly classical methods (grain size and mineral analysis, CaCO3- content estimation, environmental magnetism) indicate strong soil formation phases during which t...
Article
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Our multinational project enriches the reconstruction of paleoenvironmental conditions in central northern Africa with a further aspect. The number of artifacts found suggests the presence of humans in this region during the more humid soil formation phases. The next step will be to increase the sample size of archeological material during future fi...
Article
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In the present study, we performed gastropod analyses on loess–palaeosol sequences from northeast Armenia (Southern Caucasia) covering at least three glacial–interglacial cycles. The elaborated ecostratigraphy shows significant patterns of species composition related to the succession of pedocomplexes and loess, respectively. Pedocomplexes included...
Article
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The mineral magnetic properties of Pleistocene aeolian dune sands from the island of Fuerteventura (Canary Islands, Spain) were studied in order to reconstruct the palaeoenvironmental evolution of Pleistocene climates during their formation. The palaeodunes on Fuerteventura mainly consist of carbonate sands admixed with dust and material of volcani...
Conference Paper
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This is a reminder to register to the International Symposium on "Loess Deposits as Archives of Environmental Change in the Past" that takes place on September 15 to 22 in Yerevan (Armenia). Beside two conference days there will be the opportunity to join a 5 days or alternatively 3 days field trip with a main focus on the various loess sections/ a...
Article
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Interpreting paleoenvironmental conditions by means of n-alkane biomarker analyses is challenging because results depend on different influencing factors. Thus, regional calibration of n-alkane patterns is needed because of different plant chemo-taxonomic behavior. We investigated for the first-time leaf wax-derived n-alkane biomarkers from modern...
Article
The formation of loess deposits strongly depends on the availability of deflatable dust‐sized material. Identification of source areas and mechanisms of dust production is essential for an appropriate characterization of related palaeoenvironmental conditions. So far, little research has been done on loess deposits in the Mediterranean region and i...
Poster
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The poster gives a first overview of different loess and dust sections that have been discovered in the framework of the DFG funded project "Loess in Armenia". All sites, together with a couple of other sections will be visited in the course of the post-conference excursion following the International Symposium on "Loess deposits as archives of env...
Article
Paleoenvironmental reconstruction and sedimentary processes in Drylands - Volume 91 Issue 1 - Yurena Yanes, Daniel Wolf, Dominik Faust
Article
The appearances of palaeosurfaces intercalated into palaeo-dune fields on Fuerteventura are multifaceted. Although reddened layers in these dune sediments might suggest that strong soil-formation processes have taken place, the combination of aridity and parent material, namely biogenic carbonate sand of shelf origin, reveals that strong soil forma...
Chapter
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In diesem Kapitel werden die aktuellen Forschungen zu spätpleistozänen Löss‐Paläoboden‐Sequenzen (LPS) Ostdeutschlands, mit Fokus auf Sachsen, dargestellt. Durch eine Vielzahl von Lumineszenzdatierungen wurde im vergangenen Jahrzehnt eine relativ detaillierte Chronostratigrafie für diesen Raum erarbeitet. Anhand dieser lassen sich auch Befunde aus...
Presentation
Full-text available
The International Symposium on «Loess Deposits as Archives of Environmental Change in the Past» will take place in September 15th to 23th 2019 in Armenia. The Symposium is organized by the Institute of Geological Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Armenia, supported by the Technische Universität Dresden (Department of G...
Article
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Mountain regions such as the Lesser Caucasus are a focus of ongoing environmental changes. To understand their future evolution, information about their former geomorphic and environmental dynamics is required. The former fluvial dynamics derived from fluvial sediment archives can offer such insights. However, the fluvial dynamics of the Lesser Cau...
Article
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Time and circumstances for the disappearance of Neanderthals and its relationship with the advent of Modern Humans are not yet sufficiently resolved, especially in case of the Iberian Peninsula. Reconstructing palaeoenvironmental conditions during the last glacial period is crucial to clarifying whether climate deteriorations or competition and con...
Article
In September 2016, the annual meeting of the International Union for Quaternary Research’s Loess and Pedostratigraphy Focus Group, traditionally referred to as a LoessFest, met in Eau Claire, Wisconsin, USA. The 2016 LoessFest focused on “thin” loess deposits and loess transportation surfaces. This LoessFest included 75 registered participants from...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Loess-palaeosol sequences (LPS) in Armenia represent a new and important sedimentary archive for the Caucasus region, showing great potential for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, with the possibility of closing the gap between loess distributions of E-Ukraine, S-Russia and Iran. The sequences are characterized by an alternation of loess layers,...
Article
Measuring soil surface changes at field scale can be an important tool to analyse sediment connectivity and may contribute to a better understanding of processes causing soil detachment and transport. Recent technological and algorithmic developments in high resolution topography measurement techniques enable to capture field plots with high spatia...
Article
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On Lanzarote (Canary Islands) Late Quaternary Saharan dust and volcanic material were trapped in Miocence to Pliocene valleys dammed by volcanic lava flows. These trapped sediments are potentially interesting as they can be natural archives useful to reconstruct the terrestrial palaeoclimate history of the NW African margin. Nevertheless, slope was...
Article
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Conference Paper
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Cover Page
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it is an announcement for aconference about Loess in Armenia to be held in Sept. 2019
Cover Page
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Article
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Loess landscapes provide highly fertile soils in temperate zones and thus are often under intensive agricultural use with a high susceptibility to soil degradation. Magnitudes of soil erosion on different spatio-temporal scales are hard to recognise or were even ignored due to the restricted human perception. Precise and reliable soil erosion measu...
Chapter
Betrachtet man ein Sandkorn im Mikroskop, so lassen sich Aussagen über die Transportprozesse treffen. Im Gegensatz dazu ermöglicht eine Analyse von Satellitenbildern der Sahelzone Rückschlüsse über großräumige Desertifikationsprozesse. Der Inhalt einer wissenschaftlichen Untersuchung hängt also in starkem Maß von der Wahl der Maßstabsebene der Betr...
Chapter
Böden überziehen nahezu flächendeckend die Landoberfläche und stellen die wichtigste Energieumsatzfläche der Erde dar. Für den Begriff Boden gibt es mehrere Definitionen, meist in Abhängigkeit seiner Funktion, die er für die unterschiedlichen Arbeitsrichtungen besitzt. Aus geographischer Sicht ist der Boden der extrem dünne, oberste belebte Bereich...
Chapter
Das Erscheinungsbild der Erdoberfläche wird von endogenen und exogenen Prozessen geprägt. Die Geomorphologie ist der Bereich der physischen Geographie, der sich mit der Beschreibung der Oberflächenformen der Erde, der Untersuchung der räumlichen und zeitlichen Entwicklung dieser Oberflächenformen sowie der formenbildenden Prozesse befasst. Die Wort...
Chapter
Umweltschutz ist in den letzten Jahrzehnten zu einem der führenden gesellschaftlichen und politischen Leitbegriffe geworden. Bei genauerer Betrachtung sind es verschiedene Motive, die in diesem Zusammenhang aufblitzen: Was ist schützenswert? Was halten wir für Natur? Welche Einschränkungen und welche Risiken wollen wir als Gesellschaft tragen und w...
Chapter
Wasser steht uns immer zur Verfügung! In diesem Luxus leben wir Mitteleuropäer und die Menschen in anderen Regionen gemäßigter Klimate. Trotzdem streben wir an, mit der Ressource Trinkwasser sehr sparsam umzugehen, so verbrauchen wir in Deutschland pro Tag und Person 127 Liter Trinkwasser und erreichen damit gemeinsam mit Belgien den geringsten Ver...
Chapter
Lange war es für Wissenschaftler schwierig, das Erdinnere zu erforschen. Bei einem Erdradius von ca. 6 300 km konnte selbst die bis heute tiefste Bohrung auf der russischen Halbinsel Kola, die 1994 eine Tiefe von 12 262 m erreichte, nur einen geringen Teil des Erdinneren aufschließen. Doch schon früh entwickelten die Menschen – mutmaßlich geprägt d...
Chapter
Das Klima der Erde ist der entscheidende Faktor für das Leben in der uns bekannten Form. Änderungen im Klimasystem können die Lebensbedingungen unserer Umwelt stark beeinträchtigen. Das Klima ist daher ein Forschungsfeld, in dem viele Disziplinen engagiert sind und sich die Disziplingrenzen verwischen.
Chapter
Die Geographie als Fachdisziplin an der Schnittstelle von Naturwissenschaften und Gesellschaftswissenschaften ist auf die Anwendung eines breiten methodischen Spektrums angewiesen. Die Nutzung und Erstellung analoger und digitaler Karten, die Analyse raumbezogener Daten mit Geographischen Informationssystemen sowie die Anwendung statistischer Verfa...
Chapter
Viele geographische Sachverhalte und Prozesse unterliegen einem zeitlichen Wandel – und ändern sich dabei in Intensität und Ausprägung. Während einige Prozesse einen definierten Anfangs- und Endpunkt besitzen, scheinen andere eher regelhaften und zyklischen Veränderungen zu unterliegen – beispielsweise das Auftreten von Sonnenflecken. Anfang der 19...
Chapter
Die Zerstörung der Tropenwälder, die Trockenlegung der Feuchtgebiete der Erde, der Verlust der natürlichen Vegetation durch Nutzungsintensivierung und der globale Klimawandel sind Prozesse, die seit 1970 einen dramatischen Rückgang der Bestände wild lebender Tierarten weltweit um mehr als ein Drittel zur Folge hatten (WWF Living Planet Report 2004)...
Chapter
Globale Umweltveränderungen sind in den letzten Jahren zunehmend in den Blick der Öffentlichkeit gerückt. Dazu beigetragen haben Filme wie The Day after Tomorrow, wo durch das plötzliche Abreißen des Golfstroms eine neue Eiszeit über Nordamerika hereinbricht – selbstverständlich massenwirksam inszeniert durch Be gleitphänomene wie Überschwemmungen...
Chapter
Viele Städte in Deutschland verdanken ihre Existenz und ihre historische Bedeutung dem Vorkommen von Lagerstätten bzw. Bodenschätzen. Ohne Silberbergbau hätten sich Goslar und Freiburg i.Br. anders entwickelt, ohne Salz wären die zahlreichen Hall-Orte nicht entstanden und ohne Kohle und Eisen gäbe es das Ruhrgebiet und das Saargebiet in ihrer heuti...
Chapter
Die Entstehung des Universums gehört zu den grundlegendsten Fragen der Menschheit. In allen Religionen haben sich – ähnlich der Schöpfungsgeschichte in der Bibel – Mythen und Anschauungen gebildet, die sich mit dieser Frage auseinandersetzen.
Article
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In the context of global climate change, flooding becomes an increasingly serious threat to modern societies, and future flooding can only be understood using long-term geological flood records also encompassing Holocene climate variability. Unlike other regions, Holocene flooding in the Caucasus region is only poorly understood so far: Whereas som...
Data
Descriptions, detailed drawings, analytical results and positions of dating samples of the investigated sections
Article
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The southern Caucasus was intensively settled through the Neolithic period to present. Studies of late Quaternary fluvial dynamics and landscape development at the lower Shulaveris Ghele River in southeastern Georgia aid understanding of the Quaternary history of this region. Our studies show that following river aggradation to form a fan-shaped al...
Article
Fluvial archives, in particular, late glacial to Holocene floodplain records may provide valuable information regarding past environmental conditions and stages of landscape evolution. In view of the high significance of floodplain dynamics for the development of entire landscapes, the number of studies that have been performed on floodplain sedime...
Article
Carbonate aeolianites are important Quaternary archives at the point of intersection between marine and terrestrial systems. Since they are composed of alternating aeolian sediments and several paleosol units, these sequences are highly suitable to reconstruct palaeoenvironmental conditions. In northern Fuerteventura, at least five different areas...
Article
There is an ongoing controversial discussion as to whether n- alkane lipid biomarkers—and organic matter of loess in general—reflect a synsedimentary paleoenvironmental/climate signal or whether they are significantly affected by postdepositional “contamination,” for example related to root and rhizomicrobial activity. In order to address this issu...
Article
Eine Einführung in die Geographie: kurz und kompakt, farbig und modern Sie sind auf der Suche nach einem Buch, das Ihnen den Einstieg in das Geographie-Studium erleichtert und die vielfältigen Facetten der Physischen Geographie herausragend beleuchtet? Oder brauchen Sie für die Sekundarstufe noch ein rundum gut lesbares und anschauliches Werk? Dan...
Poster
Among all European countries, Spain suffers the most from extreme droughts and aridization, the first consequences of global climate change (Giorgi and Lionello, 2008; Seager et al., 2014). If the climate change continues to progress at its recent speed, water will become scarce in Spain (e.g.Iglesias et al. 2007, García-Ruiz et al. 2011). To preci...
Article
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One reaction of rivers toward allogenic triggers is the large-scale river channel migration in the form of avulsions or progressive lateral migrations (combing) that are widespread phenomena around the world during the late Quaternary. Because they potentially cause significant human and economic losses and significantly change geomorphic processes...
Article
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Current loess research indicates a better understanding of the factors that determine the ways that loess (dust) accumulation and soil formation has responded to the rapid and variable Late Quaternary climatic changes across Europe and Western Asia. Lack of evidence of loess in the region between the Black Sea and Caspian Sea creates a critical gap...
Article
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The cosmogenic nuclide beryllium-7 (7Be) is successfully used as a suitable tracer isotope to detect fine-scaled surface changes caused by single precipitation events. Short radioactive half-life (53.3 days), high sorption to soil particles, and immobility at given pH values result in shallow 7Be depth distributions in surface soils. Precise sampli...
Article
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In this paper we will use an illustrative example to show the significance of rapid vertical movements inside floodplains as well as varying discharge values for the alteration of channel and sedimentation patterns during the Holocene. Concerning such relationships, well documented and well dated references from sedimentary records are rather rare....
Article
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The Mediterranean region is affected by the first consequences of anthropogenic climate change and suffers from aridization and drought periods. Reconstructing past climate and environmental changes might help to put those consequences into context, identify underlying mechanisms and improve predictions. Here we present leaf wax analyses for the lo...
Article
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Loess research has the merit of enabling reconstructions of Pleistocene sedimentation dynamics in many parts of the world. However, there is still very few information regarding the occurrence of loess deposits in the Mediterranean area, even though such records may provide a unique opportunity to investigate landscape evolution for a period for wh...