Dominic Willmott

Dominic Willmott
Loughborough University | Lough · Department of Social Sciences

PhD
Research Interests: Jury decision-making in Rape Trials; Gender-based Violence (attitudes & behaviors), Offending Behav.

About

52
Publications
121,571
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
Dominic Willmott is a Chartered Psychologist, currently employed as a Senior Lecturer in Criminology at Loughborough University (UK). He is also Visiting Professor of Criminological Psychology at SWPS University of Social Sciences in Poland. He conducts research in Legal and Forensic settings and is broadly interested in the application of Psychology within Prison and Justice domains, including; Bias in Jury/Juror Decision Making and Attitudes towards Sexual & Domestic Violence.
Additional affiliations
November 2017 - November 2019
University of Huddersfield
Position
  • Research Associate
June 2017 - November 2017
Leeds Trinity University
Position
  • Lecturer
September 2016 - February 2017
Cheshire Constabulary
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
January 2014 - February 2018
University of Huddersfield
Field of study
  • Legal Psychology
September 2011 - August 2012
University of Huddersfield
Field of study
  • Investigative Psychology
September 2008 - June 2011
University of Huddersfield
Field of study
  • Psychology with Criminology

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Full-text available
For many, the English criminal justice system is considered to be among the best in the world. An important aspect of the system’s success is thought to be the jury trial, where use of ordinary people as the ultimate decision makers is said to make for fairer verdict outcomes. But the question remains: is the jury process actually fairer? And is th...
Article
Full-text available
Whilst those currently serving prison sentences for sexual violence can be identified and receive treatment, the number of prisoners with a history of sexual violence against female partners is unknown. Methods to identify prisoners with a proclivity for such violence and accurately assess the risk they pose before and after incarceration are there...
Article
Full-text available
To Cite: Willmott, D., Boduszek, D. and Booth, N. (2017). The English Jury on Trial. The Custodial Review, 82, 12-14.
Chapter
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Steeped in tradition and historical significance, criminal justice systems throughout the world have long considered jury trials an essential feature of a fair and just due process. Despite vast procedural variation between jurisdictions and long-established criticisms surrounding the use of lay participation within legal disputes (discussed in Cha...
Article
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This qualitative study considers the development of adolescent offending and examines a range of potential causes rooted in the issues of truancy, peer pressure, and educational and parental disengagement. Ten adult offenders recently released from prison were accessed through a probation service in the North West of England. Participants (M age =...
Article
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‘Rough sex’ can be considered an act of sexual violence that is consensual or non-consensual, often resulting in bodily harm and in rare cases, fatalities. The rough sex defence is typically advanced by male perpetrators in an effort to portray a sexual encounter as consensual, to avoid criminal sanctions for causing injury or death. Public attitud...
Article
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Research indicates substantial overlap between child abuse and neglect (CAN), exposure to domestic violence and sibling abuse, with multiple victimisation experiences conferring greater risk for adverse mental health outcomes than does exposure to a single subtype. The application of latent class analysis (LCA) to child maltreatment has gained mome...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The aim of the study was to identify meaningful subtypes of anxiety, depression, and PTSD symptomology amongst Prison Personnel. A further aim was to estimate the association between anxiety, depression and PTSD class membership and typology of Prison Trauma Exposure (Self-Harm/Death, Violent, Environmental) age and years of service, and...
Article
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Understanding the interaction between geography and crime has a long tradition throughout the world. If successfully deconstructed and understood, criminal geography can be used to help police strategically target increasingly scarce resources to prevent and reduce crime, as well as helping police investigators to locate and arrest serial offenders...
Article
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This commentary responds to claims that research by Cheryl Thomas ‘shows’ no problem with rape myths in English and Welsh juries. We critique the claim on the basis of ambiguous survey design, a false distinction between ‘real’ jurors and other research participants, the conflation of attitudes in relation to abstract versus applied rape myths, and...
Article
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A systematic review of research assessing rape myth acceptance (RMA) interventions within institutional settings was conducted. The aim of this review was to inform the development of an educational intervention for jurors in rape trials that addresses rape myths, given previous evidence that RMA can affect decision-making and verdicts (Dinos et al...
Article
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The current study objective was to develop a revised version of the Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS-R) with an increased number of indicators to more reliably capture the four dimensions of the Psychopathic Personality Traits Model (PPTM). Dimensionality, construct validity, and reliability of the PPTS-R was examined among general (N =...
Article
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This paper describes the results of a rapid evidence assessment that aimed to identify the characteristics and efficacy of interventions that aimed to or reportedly changed personal or social identity. Following a rapid but systematic search of the published, peer-reviewed research on identity change, 400 studies or reviews were screened for eligib...
Article
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Violence against women and girls is widespread in the Caribbean, which may be due to heightened acceptance of such acts in this specific social context. In spite of this, studies investigating attitudes towards violence and their correlates among participants drawn from the region are missing. In order to address this void in the literature, we exa...
Article
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Background: Youth non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicide are major public health concerns, but limited data are available on the prevalence and correlates of these problems in developing countries. The aim of this study is to describe experiences of three suicidal phenomena (NSSI, suicidal ideation [SI], and suicide attempt [SA]) among childre...
Article
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Criminal social identity (CSI) is a factor for criminal behavior. CSI should therefore be a target of interventive strategies aiming to reduce the risk of re-offending. To date, there is limited knowledge on how CSI is expressed among individuals with different criminal histories, undermining the efforts to develop and target appropriate rehabilita...
Article
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The aim of this study was to compare prisoners (n = 772), community adults (n = 1201), university students (n = 2080), and adolescents (n = 472) on four sets of psychopathic traits (affective responsiveness, cognitive responsiveness, interpersonal manipulation, and egocentricity), using a psychopathy measure which does not index criminal/antisocial...
Article
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The British state’s mechanism for compensating victim-survivors of sexual offences has been critiqued as retraumatising. However, a recent review preliminarily rejected calls to loosen the eligibility rules, stating that the current criteria reflect public attitudes. This article outlines the first empirical study of public opinion on the UK Crimin...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: The aim of the study was to create and validate a brief self-report measure of trauma exposure specific to personnel employed within a prison environment which exhibits predicative validity for a number of adverse psychological conditions shown to be a consequence of working within such prison environments. Method: The Prison Personnel...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The study aim was to develop and validate the None in Three Victim Responsiveness Assessment (Ni3: VRA) examining affective and cognitive responsiveness toward victims of intimate partner violence. Design/methodology/approach: Data were collected at two time points in a sample of 359 young people from Barbados and Grenada (56.27% female;...
Article
Full-text available
Childhood abuse is associated with increased psychopathic features among girls, but most prior research is based on data from correctional samples of female delinquents and less is known about how specific forms of childhood abuse affect specific features of psychopathy. Using a school-based community sample of 696 girls aged 9-17 years from Barbad...
Article
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Evidence demonstrates that exposure to prosocial video games can increase players' prosocial behaviour, prosocial thoughts, and empathic responses. Prosocial gaming has also been used to reduce gender-based violence among young people, but the use of video games to this end as well as evaluations of their effectiveness are rare. The objective of th...
Article
Full-text available
What if I told you that some jurors do not decide cases on the evidence that they hear, but instead on entrenched prejudices and stereotypes that they cannot shake? That as far as those jurors are concerned, the calling of evidence does nothing more than pay lip-service to the concept of a fair trial? Would you be shocked that people could be convi...
Article
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Given the prevalence of suicide and self-harm throughout global societies, the need to more readily manage associated behaviours is of central importance. Particularly as in many countries and cultures harmful acts towards oneself remain a prosecutable crime if the person in crisis survives. Yet despite once constituting a novel approach, mindfulne...
Article
Full-text available
The Psychopathic Personality Traits Scale (PPTS; Boduszek, Debowska, Dhingra, and DeLisi, 2016) is a personality-based psychopathy assessment tool consisting of four subscales: affective responsiveness, cognitive responsiveness, interpersonal manipulation, and egocentricity. Although the measure offers a promising alternative to other, more behavio...
Article
Full-text available
Humans vary in many aspects of their psychology with differences routinely found in patterns of thoughts, feelings, and behaviours, setting individuals apart across time and place. Though many psychologists have attempted to account for these individual differences, one area that has continued to generate interest and disagreement is the concept of...
Article
Full-text available
The current study used latent class analysis to uncover groups of youths with specific abuse (physical, emotional, and sexual) profiles in and outside the family, and identify how membership in each abuse group is associated with behavioral outcomes.Data were collected among a sample of male (n = 662; M age = 13.02 years) and female (n = 689; M age...
Thesis
For many, the English criminal justice system is considered to be among the best in the world. An important feature of the system’s success is thought to be the jury trial whereby in the most serious of cases, use of ordinary citizens to determine guilt is thought to make for fairer verdict outcomes. Yet despite being a more democratic process, que...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of response bias and target gender on detecting deception. Design/ methodology - Participants were randomly assigned to one of three experimental conditions: a stereotype condition (bogus training group), a tell-signs condition (empirically tested cues), and a control condition. Parti...
Article
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This paper looks briefly at the case study of Russian sexual serial killer Andrei Chikatilo. Whilst serial homicide has received wide ranging attention more broadly in the literature, Chikatilo’s criminality and sexually deviant behaviour have thus far lacked any in-depth psychological explanation, with his crimes attributed tentatively to dysfunct...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a psychological analysis of convicted female serial killer Beverley Allitt with reference to psychopathological and social psychological explanations of her crimes. Whilst cases of female serial homicide such as that of Allitt receive a large amount of attention within popular culture literature, less theorising to date has attem...
Article
This piece will examine the concept of attitudes from three alternative perspectives, exploring which has greater utility for the interpretation and assessment of such governing constructs. Experimental psychologists study attitudes cognitively, arguing for the existence of such an entity. Discursive psychologists argue against the study of ‘attitu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Interpersonal violence iswidespread in the Eastern Caribbean, which may be a remnant of the violent colonisation history noted in the region. Although official statistics on the occurrence of interpersonal violence are collected in Barbados and Grenada, such acts tend to be under-reported. As such, the aim of this project was to gaina better insigh...
Article
Latent class (LCA) and latent profile (LPA) analysis represent methodological approaches to identify subgroups of maltreated individuals. Although research examining child abuse and neglect (CAN) profiles is still rare, the application of person-centered techniques to clarify CAN types co-occurrence has substantially increased in recent years. Ther...
Article
Purpose: The aim of this study was to identify meaningful subtypes of psychopathic traits among prisoners. Another aim was to estimate the association between psychopathy class membership and type of offending (homicide, general violent, property, and white-collar offences). Methods: A systematically selected representative sample of 1,126 adult...
Article
There is a mass of research literature providing evidence for the ‘Weapon Focus’ effect which although traditionally accounted for in terms of an Arousal explanation, underpinned by Easterbrook’s (1959) Cue-Utilisation Hypothesis, recently research has favoured causation of such an effect in terms of a Salience explanation, understood in terms of S...
Chapter
Full-text available
To cite this chapter: Willmott, D. (2017). Jury Psychology. In B. Baker, R. Minhas, & L. Wilson (Eds.), Psychology and Law: Factbook (2nd ed.). European Association of Psychology and Law. (ISBN 9781326989651)
Article
Full-text available
Over time, the concept of personality has stimulated considerable theorising and debate amongst researchers. Thought to be characteristics within an individual that account for consistent patterns of thought, feelings and behaviours, the quest to understand individual differences between human beings has led to the increased uptake of psychological...
Article
Purpose: Previous research conceptualized murderers as highly callous and self-gratifying individuals, offending as a result of psychopathic tendencies. The current exploration sought to verify whether murderers differ on psychopathy and criminal social identity from recidivistic and first time incarcerated offenders. Methods: The study compared...
Chapter
Full-text available
To cite this chapter: Willmott, D. & Oostinga, M. (2017). Scientific Jury Selection. In B. Baker, R. Minhas, & L. Wilson (Eds.), Psychology and Law: Factbook (2nd ed.). European Association of Psychology and Law.
Article
Although psychopathy construct (SRP-SF) was assessed among various samples, prior research did not investigate whether the model proposed by Hare and colleagues can be used to capture psychopathy scores derived from forensic and non-forensic populations. The main objective of the current study was to test dimensionality, construct validity, and fac...
Article
Full-text available
The present study applied a narrative analysis upon rioter accounts of their motivations during the August 2011 England riots. To the authors’ knowledge, this piece of research was the first to utilise narrative theory to explore the phenomenon of Rioting. Narrative accounts of twenty rioters were compiled from media, online and published sources....
Article
Full-text available
Although previous research has indicated that sequential line-up procedures result in fewer mistaken identifications, this was found to be at the expense of accurate identifications more typical within simultaneous procedures. Hence, there remains a lack of agreement about which procedure is superior, and the interaction such procedures have with e...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose- The aim of the current study was to test the construct validity and dimensionality of the Measure of Criminal Social Identity (MCSI) within both a combined sample of American, Pakistani, and Polish inmates, as well as examined as individual country samples. Method- Adopting a cross-sectional survey design, the opportunistic sample consiste...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objectives: Legislative restrictions have limited reliable research into jury decision making worldwide. Whilst research has sought to establish how juror’s decisions are formed, examination of the relationship between psychological characteristics and decisions made has been all but neglected within an English context. With the Scientific Jury Sel...
Article
Full-text available
Despite many people assuming rape is committed by strangers lurking in a dark alleyway, statistics show the vast majority of rapes – around 90% – are committed by people already known to the victim. Of these, 56% are committed by a partner or ex-­partner, making what’s termed “acquaintance” and “domestic” rapes much more prevalent than those commit...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I'm currently designing a mock trial simulation and require a trial transcript to ensure it is as realistic as possible. The ritual of how judges address juries and other court personnel in rape trials (or any trials for that matter) is what I'm hoping to get access to - please help if you can.
Dom Willmott

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Preventing different forms of Gender Based Violence through the use of prosocial games as an educational tool to influence attitudes and behaviours of young people