Dominic Orr

Dominic Orr
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit | GIZ · Digital cluster

PhD Comparative Education

About

79
Publications
30,491
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Introduction
Adjunct Professor for Education Management at University Nova Gorica, Slovenia. Management lead for the online learning platform atingi.org at GIZ. I work with various international, European and national agencies on topics related to digital (higher education), new skills demands, open badges and open recognition, open licencing and open educational resources (OER).
Additional affiliations
May 2015 - July 2015
Deutsches Zentrum für Hochschul- und Wissenschaftsforschung GmbH
Position
  • Senior Researcher & educational consultant
January 2015 - July 2015
Deutsches Zentrum für Hochschul- und Wissenschaftsforschung GmbH
Position
  • Senior Researcher & educational consultant
November 2013 - February 2015
OECD
Position
  • Senior policy analyst (external)

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Widening access to higher education is clearly part of the European policy agenda. Higher education ministers in the Bologna countries, as well as the European Commission, have all expressed a wish to make higher education more representative of national populations. This policy objective has been echoed at national level. One approach to widening...
Book
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Education is the key to economic, social and environmental progress, and governments around the world are looking to improve their education systems. The future of education in the 21st century is not simply about reaching more people, but about improving the quality and diversity of educational opportunities. How to best organise and support teach...
Chapter
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This chapter argues that international organizations (IOs) are struggling to fulfill their mandate for change and improvement of society across the globe, and that they have been increasingly turning to open, distance, and digital education (ODDE) as part of their portfolio. Harnessing ODDE could be described as a “light-footed solution” for IOs an...
Book
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The publication aims to guide policy-makers to ensure that when adopting technology, human rights should be defended; inclusion, equity and gender equality should be at the heart of solutions; and innovations should be considered as a common good. Based on these principles, the publication presents a human-centred view on the potentials of technolo...
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Raising the question of how to open up higher education, this article brings together the topics of the social dimension and digitalisation in higher education under the Bologna umbrella to discuss opportunities for progress through harnessing digitalisation. Some reflections on focus areas from the Bologna Digital initiative are made in order to d...
Article
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The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of approaches to and insights for impact assessment on open educational resources (OER) in higher education and building on this to sketch a framework for university focussed OER impact assessment. The authors describe the literature on impact assessment in the OER context and the existing contrib...
Book
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Report presenting the background and winners of the competition for best ideas in edtech entitled "Falling Walls Future Learning". See also: https://falling-walls.com/wp-content/uploads/220507reporta4fldigital.pdf
Article
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The 2019 UNESCO recommendation on Open Educational Resources (OER) encourages member states to monitor policies and mechanisms in OER across the world. In higher education, there are many initiatives and policies around OER. This contribution gives insights into the current situation concerning OER policy documents that are of national or instituti...
Book
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L’UNESCO et le Commonwealth of Learning ont travaillé directement avec des établissements et des organismes publics pour soutenir l’élaboration de politiques nationales et institutionnelles sur les REL. Le présent ouvrage, Lignes directrices pour l’élaboration des politiques sur les ressources éducatives libres, consacre l’aboutissement de ces effo...
Book
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La UNESCO y la Commonwealth of Learning han estado trabajando directamente con organismos e instituciones públicos para apoyar la elaboración de políticas nacionales e institucionales en materia de REA. Esta publicación, titulada Directrices para la elaboración de políticas de recursos educativos abiertos, es la culminación de este proceso. Su obje...
Chapter
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Zusammenfassung Die digitale Transformation hat Auswirkungen auf die unterschiedlichsten Bereiche von Studium und Lehre. Dies gilt in Zeiten der COVID-19-Pandemie umso mehr auch für die Auseinandersetzung über Zukunftsperspektiven der Hochschulbildung im europäischen Kontext. Der Beitrag analysiert die Digitalisierung als eine wichtige Aufgabe für...
Chapter
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The Bologna Process has always been about seeing higher education within a national and a global context. This accounts for the 48 member countries of the European Higher Education Area (EHEA), which send their ministers responsible for higher education to the ministerial conferences every two to three years and send their high-level civil servants...
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Digital transformation will impact the European Higher Education Area (EHEA) and could contribute to developing a new vision for the Bologna Process and for higher education in Europe and beyond. In recent years, research on European and national levels has shown increasing attention being paid to digitalisation and digital transformation by higher...
Chapter
Tuition fees are part of a larger context concerning funding higher education investigated under the term ‘costsharing’. Tuition fees are individual payments required by students participating in higher education. Sometimes they are directly referred to as ‘tuition fees’ or just ‘tuition;’ however, they are also referred to by other names such as ‘...
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After examining the current developments in the field of knowledge and competence requirements, university teaching and technology, and their effects on a digital society through various background studies, this chapter focuses on modeling and developing different scenarios and discussions with regard to technology and social developments. Differen...
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This chapter provides four models of higher education for the year 2030, namely the Tamagotchi, Jenga, Lego Set, and Transformer models. The Tamagotchi model represents the classic approach to higher education, starting right after secondary school and leading up to a bachelor’s or master’s degree and then transitioning into employment, finishing t...
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As the digital transformation clearly highlights the role of universities and institutes of higher education in shaping a higher education system that is more open and provides education to everyone who can benefit from it, this study seeks to analyze, in more detail, what developments are having an impact on higher education and develops future sc...
Chapter
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Reflecting the change in perspective taken in this book, our survey put questions about institutional support, governance, quality assurance or financial issues aside. Moreover, digitization is not only a technical innovation but always a social one as well. This fundamental change of perspective leads to questions such as “What does the learner ne...
Article
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The adoption of open, online, flexible and technology-enhanced modes of learning (in short: of OOFAT) differs by higher education institution, despite the general cries of revolution and disruption due to digitalisation. This paper presents a new conceptual model for framing difference in three key educational processes (content, delivery and recog...
Book
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Das Projekt „(A) Higher Education Digital (AHEAD) - Internationales Horizon-Scanning / Trendanaly- se zur digitalen Hochschulbildung“ hat von Februar 2018 bis Januar 2019 eine systematische Ana- lyse der aktuellen Trends und Anforderungen in den Bereichen Wissens- und Kompetenzanforde- rungen unternommen und die neuesten Entwicklungen in der Lernth...
Article
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2019’s Mobile Learning Week (MLW), UNESCO’s flagship event for information and communication technology (ICT) in education, focused on the theme ‘Artificial Intelligence for Sustainable Development’. Held over five days in Paris, it comprised a sequence of high-profile events (a global conference, a policy forum and workshops, a symposium and strat...
Book
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Background Paper for the December workshop in Berlin. The workshop invited European experts and stakeholders to comment on selected topics and positions and further develop joint approaches on harnessing the potential of digitalisation in the European Higher Education Area (EHEA).
Conference Paper
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This paper defines sustainable development in reference to the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals. It sees the role of higher education in both harnessing digital technology to ensure access to higher quality learning for all and in using the potential of digital networks for expanding and intensifying exchange and sharing of new knowled...
Article
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This article is based on a comprehensive report published by UNESCO IITE in September 2018 (Orr, Neumann, Muuß-Merholz, 2017). It summarizes the current state of OER in Germany and its development within the last five years. After a short introduction to the German educational system and its wider policy environment (see below 2), a short quantitat...
Chapter
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Admission systems to higher education are the key point for determining which students go into which type of higher education institution. Based on how admission systems are designed, they will allow access to a smaller or larger number of students, but they will also shape participation by social background. However, the admission system is neithe...
Conference Paper
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Position Paper submitted to the Bologna Follow-Up Group (BFUG). The Paper was prepared with support of the Bertelsmann Foundation by Kiron Open Higher Education in close partnership with Hochschulforum Digitalisierung (HFD), the European Association of Distance Teaching Universities (EADTU) and the Groningen Declaration Network (GDN).
Book
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The study looks at the shape and consequences of higher education admission systems across Europe – comparing key information on 36 countries with in-depth studies in 8 of them. The central idea on which the study is built is that an admission system is both technically and socially constructed around the answers to the following three questions:...
Book
Full-text available
Germany is an interesting country for such an overview, since it can be described as a late-comer to OER. With rare exceptions, the international debate was largely ignored in Germany during the early years of OER. However, this view neglects the strong OER community in Germany, which has been active for many years. Whilst internationally German’s...
Research
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The EUROSTUDENT project collates comparable student survey data on the social dimension of European higher education. It focuses on the socioeconomic background and on the living conditions of students, but it also investigates temporary international mobility. The project strives to provide reliable and insightful crosscountry comparisons. The dat...
Chapter
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Germany is characterised by a large number of social inequalities in the access and successful completion of higher education. In agreement with the policy agenda of other European countries towards an inclusive higher education, as expressed particularly in the context of the Bologna Process and the communications of the European Union, Germany ha...
Book
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Dieser Bericht stellt die Weiterbildungsbeteiligung in Deutschland in einem internationalen Kontext vergleichend dar. Es zeigt eine hohe Weiterbildungsbeteiligung in Deutschland, vor allem im nicht-formalen Lernsektor, mit deutlicher Unterstützung der deutschen Unternehmen.
Presentation
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Is the age profile of students in Europe actually changing? A first look at the Eurostat data shows that only minimal change has occurred since 2008.
Chapter
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Dieser Beitrag fasst wesentliche Ergebnisse der OECD-Studie zur Bedeutung von Open Educational Resources (OER) für Bildungsreformen zusammen. Die Studie wirft die Frage auf, welche Vorteile mit der Nutzung von OER verbunden sind und zeigt anhand konkreter Fälle sechs Herausforderungen im Bildungsbereich auf, zu deren Lösung OER beitragen kann.
Article
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The interview with colleagues from MOSTA in Lithuania focuses on two approaches to graduates in tracking systems for higher education in response to the question: Why track graduates? In the first approach, the graduate is primarily viewed as an employee in the labour market. This view - the human capital perspective - sees higher education as a fe...
Article
Foreword: Open educational resources (OER) are rapidly becoming a major phenomenon in education across OECD countries and beyond. Initiated largely at the level of institutions by pioneers and technology advocates, the OER community has grown considerably over the past ten years and the impact of OER on educational systems has become an issue of pu...
Chapter
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As an example of a study, which aims to support the use of evidence-based policy in decision-making, the paper will present a study on cost-sharing, which was commissioned by the European Union. The study had the task of reviewing the impact study on changes to the balance of higher education costs between public grants and private revenues through...
Chapter
Full-text available
Whilst the social dimension has been a main focus for the Bologna Process, at least since it was expressly defined as objective for the European Higher Education Area in 2007, it has been difficult to translate it into a manageable policy agenda. Using findings from surveys of students from the EUROSTUDENT project and the analyses of policy interve...
Research
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1. The majority of countries (20 from the 28 shown) have actually increased their spending faster than the increase in the number of students over the period shown (2005 to 2011). 2. On average, spending in tertiary education has outpaced growth in number of students – it has increased 26%, whilst the number of students has increased by 15%.
Research
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A central theme of approaches to New Public Management is the emulation of the market through state-induced competition. This paper will focus on one of the central elements of the implementation of New Public Management in German higher education: the introduction of new methods for allocating the state grant to universities based on comparative p...
Chapter
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Increasing the inclusiveness of higher education is one of the original goals of student organisations, but the data in this contribution suggest that this will, in turn, lead to new challenges. A student organisation is confronted with two challenges in its goal to be representative of the whole student population. The first challenge is to unders...
Book
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This study takes an explorative look at student and staff mobility within the European Union’s Erasmus programme between 2008 and 2013 in the context of the economic and financial crisis. It is focussed on connecting mobility to macroeconomic factors and education policy shifts and does not look directly at the mobility-related factors or individua...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Whilst the social dimension has been a main focus for the Bologna Process, at least since it was expressly defined as objective for the European Higher Education Area in 2007, it has been difficult to translate it into a manageable policy agenda. As recently stated in an analysis of this policy: “the social dimension is a policy item that found a w...
Book
Full-text available
2013 2 Seismic – Student and staff mobility in times of crisis PRAXIS 2013 This study was commissioned by the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) and funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research and the European Commission. The analysis and interpretations express only the opinions of the authors. Authors: Dr Dominic Orr is a senior...
Article
Full-text available
Stratification of higher education is currently being driven by public funding schemes, among other things. Building on a survey of excellence funding initiatives across OECD member countries based on the measurement of excellence in higher education institutions, this contribution focuses on how teaching and learning are integrated into these high...
Chapter
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International mobility, as it is discussed in Europe, is about both encouraging students to spend a period or indeed a whole phase of their studies (e.g. Bachelor level) abroad and welcoming foreign students on campus. This paper will look at mobility flows of incoming students based on international statistics. It will start out with an overall an...
Chapter
This paper argues that the Bologna Process is supporting a general drive towards widening participation. The ministers responsible for higher education have formulated the goal of achieving participative equity and have recognised that comparative data sets such as the one from EUROSTUDENT can provide opportunities for policy learning between count...
Book
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Vor sechs Jahren wurde die deutsche Exzellenziniti ati ve ins Leben gerufen. Zu den mit diesem Ins-trument verfolgten Zielen gehört es, gleichermaßen Spitzenforschung und die Anhebung der Qua-lität des Hochschul-und Wissenschaft sstandortes Deutschland in der Breite zu fördern sowie die internati onale Wett bewerbsfähigkeit der deutschen Wissenscha...
Book
Full-text available
Deutschland im europäischen Vergleich | Eurostudent IV 2008–2011 Vor dem Hintergrund der Veränderungen der Hochschulsysteme in Europa im Rahmen des Bologna-Prozesses gibt dieser Bericht Auskunft über die sozialen und wirtschaftlichen Bedin-gungen des Studiums im deutschen Hochschulsystem. Die Lebens-und Studienbedingungen von Studierenden an deutsc...
Chapter
This volume is a continuation of analyses carried out in volume I and covers a total of 11 case studies. They investigate and present in greater detail the student mobility context in 10 and a half Europe 32 countries. The purpose of the volume is to further showcase the great diversity of contexts and student mobility situations which characterise...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT Both demographic developments and the need for highly skilled workers have led to renewed efforts to widen access to higher education in Europe. This means looking beyond the traditional clientele of university education in terms of routes into higher education, age, and centrality of studies. Attracting and catering to this more comprehen...
Article
A central theme of approaches to new public management is the emulation of the market through state‐induced competition. Basing state funding allocations on comparative performance is one way of setting an incentive for competitive practice amongst universities. Reforms in funding allocation have occurred in Germany at both state and university lev...