Dominic Glover

Dominic Glover
Institute of Development Studies · Rural Futures cluster

DPhil

About

73
Publications
55,913
Reads
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1,353
Citations
Citations since 2016
35 Research Items
970 Citations
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Introduction
An interdisciplinary social science researcher working in international development studies and drawing on science & technology studies, anthropology, geography and rural sociology. Most of my work focuses on technology and technological change in agriculture in developing countries, with two decades of experience in research, teaching, communication and engagement. Please contact me to request a copy of any of my publications. I will be happy to supply them.
Additional affiliations
March 2014 - present
Institute of Development Studies
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Fellow and co-leader of the Rural Futures research cluster.
March 2008 - March 2014
Wageningen University & Research
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Formerly the Technology and Agrarian Development Group
October 2003 - December 2007
Institute of Development Studies
Position
  • DPhil Candidate
Description
  • PhD research: "The Role of the Private Sector in Modern Biotechnology and Rural Development: The Case of the Monsanto Smallholder Programme"
Education
October 2003 - December 2007
Institute of Development Studies
Field of study
  • Transnational corporations, transgenic crops and smallholder farming in India

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Full-text available
In two widely cited articles, the first of which was published almost 30 years ago, the anthropologist Paul Richards described the situated practices of small-scale farmers as a type of performance, akin to a musical or theatrical performance (1989, 1993). This definition, applied specifically to small-scale and subsistence agriculture, has a power...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of technology adoption (along with its companions, diffusion and scaling) is commonly used to design development interventions, to frame impact evaluations and to inform decision-making about new investments in development-oriented agricultural research. However, adoption simplifies and mischaracterises what happens during processes of...
Article
Full-text available
What, if anything, is special about youth with respect to engagement in food systems? This question is important, owing to the size of the current demographic cohort of youth, globally but especially in the majority world, as well as the large stake, and strong influence, that today's youth will have in the development trajectories and future susta...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses how the theory of affordances can be used to investigate how a spectrum of opportunities, benefits, costs and risks is generated and unevenly distributed by different kinds of technology (where ‘technology’ is understood as techniques, processes and practices of doing and making, rather than technical artefacts and systems). Af...
Article
Full-text available
A recent study found that adoption rates of improved chickpea varieties were above 90 per cent in Andhra Pradesh, India. In this paper, we use a novel perspective to reconstruct and attribute how this outcome came about. The accepted success narrative is that the public international agricultural research system developed some excellent new chickpe...
Article
Comparative studies of agricultural biotechnology regulation have highlighted differences in the roles that science and politics play in decision-making. Drawing on documentary and interview evidence in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Germany, we consider how the “regulatory cultures” that guided national responses to earlier generations...
Article
Full-text available
It has been widely assumed that market mechanisms are central in incentivizing the development of sustainable innovations and that market formation is critical for the diffusion of innovations. We challenge the centrality of markets in understanding and promoting the development and diffusion of sustainable innovations using the case of the System...
Research
Full-text available
This is a blog article that can be accessed here: http://gldc.cgiar.org/what-can-international-agricultural-research-for-development-learn-from-the-andhra-pradesh-chickpea-revolution/
Technical Report
Full-text available
It is in the interests of African nations to ensure that their most productive citizens are employed in useful work that contributes to national economic growth and social development. It is estimated that approximately 122 million young people will join Africa’s labour force in the next decade, but this is nearly three times faster than the expect...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This synthesis summarises the results of studies on agricultural innovation that were commissioned under the DFID--ESRC Growth Research Programme in 2011 and 2015, situates these studies within the wider literature on agricultural innovation in sub-Saharan Africa, and discusses implications for policy.
Article
Full-text available
How to stimulate technological change to enhance agricultural productivity and reduce poverty remains an area of vigorous debate. In the face of heterogeneity among farm households and rural areas, one proposition is to offer potential users a 'basket of options'-a range of agricultural technologies from which potential users may select the ones th...
Preprint
Full-text available
This briefing collates key insights arising from desk-based research and an expert dialogue which was convened during October 2020 by the policy hub of the GEAP3 network,3 to discuss the governance of genome editing applications in agriculture, especially in crop breeding. The dialogue events focused on policy and regulatory questions for the Europ...
Article
Full-text available
Global environmental change (GEC) threatens to undermine the sustainable development goals (SDGs). Smallholders in marginal mountainous areas (MMA) are particularly vulnerable due to precarious livelihoods in challenging environments. Acting collectively can enable and constrain the ability of smallholders to adapt to GEC. The objectives of this pa...
Preprint
Full-text available
This briefing explains why the governance of genetic engineering is a topic of public interest and concern. It considers whether genome editing raises new issues relating to environmental and food safety, intellectual property rights or trade, and why genome editing applications may provoke public controversy. In particular, it discusses whether re...
Preprint
Full-text available
Until 31 January 2020, the United Kingdom (UK) was a member of the European Union (EU), including the European single market. The UK is now in a short transition period (until 31 December 2020) towards a new set of relationships with its closest neighbours. Both the broad shape and the details of these new relationships are still under negotiation...
Preprint
Full-text available
This briefing discusses the governance of genome editing and its products in the European Union (EU). The future of the EU’s rules could have significant implications for agricultural and food systems within the European single market, for the bloc’s trading relations with the USA and other countries, and for African countries that want to export a...
Article
Golden Rice (GR) is a much-debated transgenic crop. Many commentaries and economic analyses have assumed that, if and when the new GR varieties are released, the grains will automatically find their way onto the plates of children in especially poor families who are at risk of vitamin A deficiency (VAD). But many of these families are not rice grow...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report documents the findings of an evaluation study of the impacts of N2Africa, a ten-year ‘research-in-development’ project that aimed to harness nitrogen fixation for the benefit of small-scale farmers of legume crops. The study analysed N2Africa’s contribution to development outcomes using the methodology of process tracing as a structured...
Preprint
Full-text available
This review was originally prepared in 2012 as a background paper, but never published. I was asked to gather and review a broad range of academic research and grey literature on the status and impacts of transgenic crops and other agricultural biotechnologies worldwide, with special attention to the ‘developing world’. While the work was under way...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This paper is motivated by the consistent portrayal, within current policy discourse, of agriculture and the broader rural economy in Africa as domains of opportunity for rural youth. It presents a new conceptualization of landscapes of rural youth opportunity, where these landscapes reflect an individual’s reading of the complex interplay between...
Article
Innovations within global food systems have contributed to the predicament known as the triple burden of malnutrition – the co-existence of hunger and micronutrient deficiency with the diseases of overnutrition, such as obesity, diabetes and hypertension. We use the case of the triple burden in South Asia to demonstrate analytically that innovation...
Article
Full-text available
This introductory article of the IDS Bulletin maps out the African youth employment challenge from a policy perspective. While policymakers have endorsed the role of the private sector as a job generator, it remains unclear whether, and under what conditions, the formal private sector generates enough and decent jobs. This IDS Bulletin begins to fi...
Article
Full-text available
This paper situates representations of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI) – a set of agronomic principles promoted as a method for sustainable rice cultivation – in the context of three key values in agricultural development: high yields, sustainable agriculture and widespread adoption by farmers. We argue that overstated claims in relation t...
Working Paper
Full-text available
In this paper, we use conceptual insights from two distinct traditions within the social studies of science and technology, namely actor-network theory (ANT) and technography, to explore the relationship between power and the reconfiguration of agricultural practices toward sustainability. Noting the generative (productive) and repressive aspe...
Chapter
Full-text available
The movement of agricultural technologies is conventionally understood as a ‘transfer’ of modern technology from more advanced sites (such as laboratories, field stations and progressive farms) to less advanced ones, which are upgraded. In this perspective, technologies are conceived implicitly as discrete, self-sufficient units that can move seaml...
Article
We analyse the marketing of ‘heirloom rices’ produced in the Cordillera mountains of northern Luzon, the Philippines, as the commodification of a historical ‘anticommodity’. We contend that, historically, rice was produced for social, cultural and spiritual purposes but not primarily for sale or trade. The Ifugaos were able to sustain terraced wet-...
Article
Full-text available
“Golden Rice” has played a key role in arguments over genetically modified (GM) crops for many years. It is routinely depicted as a generic GM vitamin tablet in a generic plant bound for the global South. But the release of Golden Rice is on the horizon only in the Philippines, a country with a storied history and complicated present, and contested...
Book
In this chapter, we examine how farming technologies move between places and how they are unpacked and 'grounded' in particular spaces and contexts. We argue that a better understanding of how this process occurs helps to shed light on a source of contestation within agronomy. We discuss two farming technologies that have been at the centre of cont...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report documents an exercise undertaken by development scholars based at the Institute of Development Studies (IDS) and the University of Sussex (both in Brighton, UK) to explore the interactions among three key goals of international development policy and practice, namely reducing inequalities, accelerating sustainability and building secure...
Article
Full-text available
We describe an innovative foresight approach, which we used to examine the interactions among three themes that are likely to be significant for international development policy and strategy in the coming decades. We adapted existing foresight scenario methods (drivers of change analysis, scenarios, wind-tunnelling) to investigate possible trade-of...
Research
Full-text available
Some experts think that edible insects could be a good option for sustainable protein production and consumption, and one of the keys to global food security in a world of nine billion people or more. We used the methods of Foresight to explore the potential of insect-eating within four different future scenarios. Interestingly, edible insects feat...
Article
Full-text available
The notion of adoption is central to efforts to measure technological change in African agriculture, and plays an important role in the evaluation of return on investment in agricultural research and technology development. However, the adoption concept, as it is commonly used in both the literature and development research practice, is seriously f...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The international emergence of India’s generic pharmaceuticals industry is seen as a success for international development and cooperation, bringing affordable drugs to populations not only in India itself but across the developing world, including in Africa. Could India’s thriving seed sector play a similar role in delivering affordable, high-qual...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document reports on the findings of a small project in which we used the tools of Foresight to think about the potential of edible insects to contribute to global food security in a future global food system. Foresight offers a tool box of approaches and methods for thinking about the future in a methodical, deliberative way. Foresight methods...
Article
Full-text available
This document reports on the findings of a small project in which we used the tools of Foresight to think about the potential of edible insects to contribute to global food security in a future global food system. Foresight offers a tool box of approaches and methods for thinking about the future in a methodical, deliberative way. Foresight methods...
Article
Full-text available
Critical commentary on an article published in a previous issue of the same journal by Drew L. Kershen and Henry I. Miller.
Chapter
Commentary on the research reported in the same volume. Please contact me if you would like a copy for personal use.
Article
Full-text available
To call a scholarly volume a handbook conveys a promise of the authority, completeness and balance that readers expect from a reference work. The editors of the Handbook on Agriculture, Biotechnology and Development have taken on an especially challenging task by attempting to compile a reference book on such a politically contentious topic. Since...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is often portrayed as a radical innovation based on previously unrecognised features of rice physiology and morphology. SRI methods are said to have been discovered in Madagascar during the 1980s. However, 'SRI-like' cultivation methods have deeper roots and firmer foundations than is commonly known. They dr...
Article
This article introduces a special issue of Geoforum in which five scholars anchor political struggles and debates over transgenic crop technologies in particular places and histories. The papers in the collection locate the politics of transgenic crops within specific institutional, socio-economic and agro-ecological contexts. In different ways, th...
Article
The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) and rice genetic improvement are proposed as two approaches to improving and increasing rice production. In recent exchanges, they have been represented by their respective supporters as starkly contrasting, almost mutually incompatible alternatives. However, advocates on both sides of this argument have ten...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In parts of Asia, rice is sometimes known as ‘the lazy man’s crop’ because it is perceived as an undemanding crop to grow. To grow rice well is more demanding, requiring careful management of inputs and resources. We consider crop performance as the outcome of interaction among the rice genome, (agro-)ecology and management (GxExM). We focus on E a...
Article
Reply to a comment submitted by Prof. Norman T. Uphoff about a previous article by the author.
Chapter
[Please contact Dominic Glover if you would like a copy for personal use.]
Article
The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is claimed to be a novel approach to rice cultivation that is both more productive and more sustainable than conventional methods. Such claims have been challenged or dismissed by many rice scientists, however. Despite the lack of clear and unequivocal endorsement by science, SRI seems to have spread widely...
Article
Full-text available
The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is a novel approach to rice cultivation that is claimed to be both more productive and more sustainable than conventional methods. It is said to have been discovered by a French Jesuit missionary working in Madagascar during the 1970s and 1980s. The system has been depicted as a set of methods determined by...
Article
A surge of media reports and rhetorical claims depicted genetically modified (GM) crops as a solution to the " global food crisis " manifested in the sudden spike in world food prices during 2007 - 08. Broad claims were made about the potential of GM technologies to tackle the crisis, even though the useful crops and traits typically invoked had ye...
Article
Full-text available
This document reports the findings and conclusions of a short exploratory study into the emergence, spread and impacts of the System of Rice Intensification (SRI). SRI is a crop management system that has been depicted as a more productive and more ecologically sustainable method for cultivating rice. It is said to be particularly appropriate, acce...
Article
The System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is claimed to be a new, more productive and more sustainable method for cultivating rice. These claims have proved controversial. One dimension of the controversy has centred on the imprecision with which SRI's component practices have been defined. The supporters of SRI suggest that the system has been desi...
Article
Full-text available
This article introduces the second part of a two-part special issue of the EASTS journal on 'Rice Science, Rice Technology and Rice Societies'
Article
Expectations play a powerful role in driving technological change. Expectations are often encapsulated in narratives of technological promise that emphasize potential benefits and downplay potential negative impacts. Genetically modified (GM, transgenic) crops have been framed by expectations that they would be an intrinsically "pro-poor" innovatio...
Article
Policy makers, journalists and other commentators have hailed genetically modified (GM) crops as a ‘pro-poor’ success in the developing world. Their confidence appears to be justified by the encouraging conclusions reached by academic studies on the performance and impacts of GM crops, which seem to provide convincing evidence of substantial benefi...
Article
Genetically modified (GM) crops have been celebrated by some academics, commentators and analysts as a success for poor people in the developing world, with small-scale farmers able to benefit more than most from the technology. It is the only GM crop to have been widely commercialized in developing countries and is routinely grown by small-scale f...
Article
Genetically modified (GM, transgenic) crops are often invoked in debates about poverty, hunger, and agricultural development. The framing of GM crops as a ‘pro-poor’ and environmentally sustainable technology was partly a creation of the biotechnology industry, but cannot be explained as merely a cynical exercise in public relations. Storylines abo...
Article
Starved for Science: how biotechnology is being kept out of Africa by PaarlbergRobertCambridge, MA and London: Harvard University Press, 2008. Pp. 235, £18.95 (hbk). - Volume 47 Issue 3 - DOMINIC GLOVER [Please contact me to request a copy for personal use.]
Article
Full-text available
An influential book accuses Europe of keeping genetically modified crops out of Africa, but, by polarizing the debate, it undermines efforts to improve the continent's agriculture, warn Ian Scoones and Dominic Glover.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Many people and organisations have sought to promote genetically modified (GM, transgenic) crops as a ‘pro-poor’ technology. However, developing-country farmers’ experiences with GM crops have been mixed. Some farmers have certainly benefited, but others have not. Predictably, the performance and impacts of transgenic crops depend critically on a r...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This working paper is about the social construction and social shaping of agricultural biotechnology in relation to international development. Genetically modified (GM, transgenic) crops have come to occupy a prominent place in contemporary debates on agricultural development, in relation to a diverse range of issues including productivity and econ...
Article
Private sector organisations are increasingly important players in the provision of agricultural extension services, as well as crop research, in the global South. It is almost two decades since a group of social science scholars and development practitioners called for a new, participatory approach to agricultural research and extension that would...
Article
This thesis examines why and how the US-based transnational agricultural biotechnology firm Monsanto implemented a quasi-philanthropic agricultural extension initiative called the Smallholder Programme (SHP). The thesis seeks to understand the potential and limits of 'corporate social responsibility‘ as a means of harnessing the capabilities of fir...
Article
This paper explores the case of the Monsanto Smallholder Programme (shp), an initiative implemented by the US-based transnational biotechnology, agri-chemicals and seeds company, Monsanto, between 1999 and 2002. The programme was intended to provide a package of agricultural extension support to ‘smallholders’ in selected developing countries. Base...
Article
Full-text available
This paper considers the challenges entailed in applying the principles and methods of public participation to national and international policy processes. It draws on evidence from the field of biotechnology policy and biosafety regulation in Brazil, Canada, China, Denmark, Estonia, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Namibia, New Zealand, N...
Article
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Contributions on issues of representation in citizen juries and similar participatory approaches
Article
Full-text available
Interpreted as a dialectical process the biotech controversy is seen to be developing incrementally in directions that none of its participants can necessarily be said to have intended. The 'final' shape and content of the regulatory settlement is likely to be the outcome of an explicit or implicit social compromise and cannot yet be predicted. Thi...
Article
Summary Much of the academic literature on globalisation and resistance has tended to focus narrowly on the opposition of states against markets, of Keynesian welfare economics against the neo-liberal model behind globalisation. This literature obscures the fact that other forms of resistance are emerging at the local level. These developments are...

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
The GEAP3 network is an international and interdisciplinary research consortium that aims to inform debates about the the governance of genome editing in agriculture, with a focus on the European Union and its internal and external relations. The three hubs of the network pursue three objectives: 1. Create a forum for scholars and policy experts to discuss and debate the domestic and international policy implications. 2. Examine and evaluate practical implications of genome editing on agricultural production and food systems within and outside the EU. 3. Explore and analyse public perceptions of genome editing and how they evolve over time.
Project
This is a place to collect work on changing rice cultivation practices and indigenous management skill. This is a continuing thematic area of ongoing interest, which cuts across several specific projects.
Project
This is a developing strand of work, in which we have critiqued the concept of 'adoption' as applied to technological change, and are trying to develop a new and better alternative, which should be conceptually sophisticated, empirically meaningful, and practically useful for the designers, implementers and evaluators of technology change interventions.