Dolores Cahill

Dolores Cahill
University College Dublin | UCD · Conway Institute of Biomolecular & Biomedical Research, School of Medicine

PhD

About

79
Publications
11,600
Reads
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4,751
Citations
Research Experience
October 2005 - present
University College Dublin
Position
  • Professor of Translational Science, School of Medicine & Principal Investigator, Conway Institute

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Nanoparticles in physiological environments are known to selectively adsorb proteins and other biomolecules forming a tightly bound biomolecular 'corona' on their surface. Where the exchange times of the proteins are sufficiently long, it is believed that the protein corona constitutes the particle identity in biological milieu. Here we show that p...
Article
Full-text available
We report a rapid, highly sensitive microarray method for quantitative aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) detection in cereal samples. Following optimisation using an indirect competitive immunoassay, optimised amounts of AFB1-bovine serum albumin (AFB1-BSA)-conjugate were contact-printed onto 16 isolated sub-arrays on multi-pad nitrocellulose coated slides subse...
Article
Full-text available
Metastasis is the most lethal step of cancer progression in patients with invasive melanoma. In most human cancers, including melanoma, tumor dissemination through the lymphatic vasculature provides a major route for tumor metastasis. Unfortunately, molecular mechanisms that facilitate interactions between melanoma cells and lymphatic vessels are u...
Article
Autoantibodies represent an attractive biomarker for diagnostic assays principally due to the stability of immunoglobulin in patient serum facilitating measurement with conventional assays. Immune responses to tumorigenesis may facilitate detection of ovarian cancer in the early stages of the disease with identification of a panel of tumour specifi...
Article
One of the deadly hallmarks of cancer is its ability to prosper within the constraints of the host immune system. Recent advances in immunoproteomics and high-throughput technologies have lead to profiling of the antibody repertoire in cancer patients. This in turn has lead to the identification of tumour associated antigens/autoantibodies. Autoant...
Article
Full-text available
Molecules differentially expressed in blood vessels among organs or between damaged and normal tissues, are attractive therapy targets; however, their identification within the human vasculature is challenging. Here we screened a peptide library in cancer patients to uncover ligand-receptors common or specific to certain vascular beds. Surveying ~2...
Article
Secretagogin is a calcium-binding protein whose expression is characterised in neuroendocrine, pancreatic, and retinal cells. We have used an array-based proteomic approach with the prokaryotically expressed human protein array (hEx1) and the eukaryotically expressed human protein array (Protoarray) to identify novel calcium-regulated interaction n...
Article
The calcium ion (Ca(2+)) is a ubiquitous second messenger that is crucial for the regulation of a wide variety of cellular processes. The diverse transient signals transduced by Ca(2+) are mediated by intracellular -Ca(2+)-binding proteins. Calcium ions shuttle into and out of the cytosol, transported across membranes by channels, exchangers, and p...
Article
Profiling the autoantibody (AAb) repertoire in serum has been routinely used for many years for the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, and lupus. In recent years, AAb profiling of cancers has become a prominent field in oncology research. Protein arrays enable high-throughput screening of clinical samples...
Article
Full-text available
Antibody-based microarrays are a rapidly evolving affinity-proteomic methodology that recently has shown great promise in clinical applications. The resolution of these proteomic analyses is, however, directly related to the number of data-points, i.e. antibodies, included on the array. Currently, this is a key bottleneck because of limited availab...
Article
Secretagogin is a hexa EF-hand Ca(2+)-binding protein expressed in neuroendocrine, pancreatic endocrine and retinal cells. The protein has been noted for its expression in specific neuronal subtypes in the support of hierarchical organizing principles in the mammalian brain. Secretagogin has previously been found to interact with SNAP25 involved in...
Article
Off-target hits of drugs can lead to serious adverse effects or, conversely, to unforeseen alternative medical utility. Selectivity profiling against large panels of potential targets is essential for the drug discovery process to minimize attrition and maximize therapeutic utility. Lately, it has become apparent that drug promiscuity (polypharmaco...
Article
Full-text available
Calmodulin is an essential regulator of intracellular processes in response to extracellular stimuli mediated by a rise in Ca(2+) ion concentration. To profile protein-protein interactions of calmodulin in human brain, we probed a high content human protein array with fluorophore-labeled calmodulin in the presence of Ca(2+). This protein array cont...
Article
Full-text available
Current clinical, laboratory or radiological parameters cannot accurately diagnose or predict disease outcomes in a range of autoimmune disorders. Biomarkers which can diagnose at an earlier time point, predict outcome or help guide therapeutic strategies in autoimmune diseases could improve clinical management of this broad group of debilitating d...
Article
Translocation of STIM1 and STIM2 from the endoplasmic reticulum to the plasma membrane is a key step in store-operated calcium entry in the cell. We show by isothermal titration calorimetry that calmodulin binds in a calcium-dependent manner to the polybasic C-termini of STIM1 and STIM2, a region critical for their translocation to the plasma membr...
Article
Full-text available
ProteomeBinders is a new European consortium aiming to establish a comprehensive resource of well-characterized affinity reagents, including but not limited to antibodies, for analysis of the human proteome. Given the huge diversity of the proteome, the scale of the project is potentially immense but nevertheless feasible in the context of a pan-Eu...
Chapter
High density DNA microarray technology has played a key role in the analysis of whole genomes and their gene expression patterns. The ability to study many thousands of individual genes using oligonucleotide or cDNA arrays is now very widespread, with its uses ranging from the profiling of gene expression patterns in whole organisms or tissues to t...
Article
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a myocardial disease characterized by progressive depression of myocardial contractile function and ventricular dilatation. Thirty percent of DCM patients belong to the inherited genetic form; the rest may be idiopathic, viral, autoimmune, or immune-mediated associated with a viral infection. Disturbances in humoral...
Article
During the course of raising monoclonal antibodies, reagents are often produced that are not directed against the immunising antigen. These may pass unnoticed unless a screening step based on immunostaining of human tissue is included. Many of these reagents are auto-antibodies, often directed against intracellular targets (e.g. nuclear components)...
Article
Full-text available
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are universal and highly conserved signal transduction modules in eucaryotes, including plants. These protein phosphorylation cascades link extracellular stimuli to a wide range of cellular responses. However, the underlying mechanisms are so far unknown as information about phosphorylation substrate...
Article
Full-text available
Protein biochips have a great potential in future parallel processing of complex samples as a research tool and in diagnostics. For the generation of protein biochips, highly automated technologies have been developed for cDNA expression library production, high throughput protein expression, large scale analysis of proteins, and protein microarray...
Chapter
Protein array technology is becoming an increasingly important tool in the drive toward proteome-scale analysis of protein activity and interactions. Presently, this technology compliments the more traditional methods for proteomic analysis, including two-dimensional gel electrophoresis/chromatography and mass spectrometry. While the task of produc...
Chapter
Protein array technology is becoming an increasingly important tool in the drive toward proteome-scale analysis of protein activity and interactions. Presently, this technology compliments the more traditional methods for proteomic analysis, including two-dimensional gel electrophoresis/chromatography and mass spectrometry. While the task of produc...
Article
The human genome has been sequenced and the challenges of understanding the function of the newly discovered genes have been addressed. High-throughput technologies such as DNA microarrays have been developed for the profiling of gene expression patterns in whole organisms or tissues. Protein arrays are emerging to follow DNA chips as possible scre...
Article
Neisseria meningitidis is the most common cause of meningitis and causes epidemic outbreaks. One trait of N. meningitidis, which is associated with most of the currently recognized virulence determinants, is the presence of phase-variable genes that are suspected to enhance its ability to cause an invasive disease. To detect the immune responses to...
Article
The mouse is the premier genetic model organism for the study of disease and development. We describe the establishment of a mouse T helper cell type 1 (T(H)1) protein expression library that provides direct access to thousands of recombinant mouse proteins, in particular those associated with immune responses. The advantage of a system based on th...
Article
Full-text available
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are universal and highly conserved signal transduction mod- ules in eucaryotes, including plants. These protein phos- phorylation cascades link extracellular stimuli to a wide range of cellular responses. However, the underlying mechanisms are so far unknown as information about phosphorylation subst...
Article
Full-text available
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades are universal and highly conserved signal transduction modules in eucaryotes, including plants. These protein phosphorylation cascades link extracellular stimuli to a wide range of cellular responses. However, the underlying mechanisms are so far unknown, as information about phosphorylation substrat...
Article
Full-text available
A critical role for the conserved alpha-integrin cytoplasmic motif, KVGFFKR, is recognized in the regulation of activation of the platelet integrin alpha(IIb)beta(3). To understand the molecular mechanisms of this regulation, we sought to determine the nature of the protein interactions with this cytoplasmic motif. We used a tagged synthetic peptid...
Article
Automation is the key approach for genomewide and proteomewide screening of function and interaction. Especially for proteomics, antibody microarrays are a useful tool for massive parallel profiling of complex samples. To meet the requirements of antibody microarrays and to obtain a great variety of antibodies, new technologies such as phage displa...
Article
The expression and characterization of large protein libraries requires high-throughput tools for rapid and cost-effective expression and screening. A promising tool to meet these requirements is miniaturized high-density plates in chip format, consisting of an array of wells with submicroliter volumes. Here, we show the combination of nanowell chi...
Article
Full-text available
Proteins secreted by activated platelets can adhere to the vessel wall and promote the development of atherosclerosis and thrombosis. Despite this biologic significance, however, the complement of proteins comprising the platelet releasate is largely unknown. Using a proteomics approach, we have identified more than 300 proteins released by human p...
Article
Full-text available
There is burgeoning interest in protein microarrays, but a source of thousands of nonredundant, purified proteins was not previously available. Here we show a glass chip containing 2413 nonredundant purified human fusion proteins on a polymer surface, where densities up to 1600 proteins/cm(2) on a microscope slide can be realized. In addition, the...
Article
The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is typically applied in the format of microtiter plates. To increase throughput and reduce consumption of precious samples, efforts have been made to transfer ELISA to the microchip format using conventional microarrays, microfluidic systems, and chips bearing microwells. However, all three formats lack...
Article
The performance of protein and antibody microarrays is dependent on various factors, one of which is the use of an appropriate microarray surface for the immobilisation of either protein or antibody samples. We have investigated the properties of seven new surfaces in the context of both protein and antibody microarray technology. We have demonstra...
Article
Arraying technologies have shown the way to smaller sample volumes, more efficient analyses and higher throughput. Proteomics is a field, which has grown in significance in the last five years. This review outlines recent developments in protein arrays and their applications in proteomics, and discusses the requirements, current limitations and the...
Book
Starting with the discovery of penicillin, other antibiotics, and insulin, the quest for understanding and use of biological systems, i. e. , microorganisms and ani mal tissue, for the production of value products has lead to a dramatic increase in microbiological and bioengineering research in the last decades. Chemical and pharmaceutical companie...
Article
With the advent of protein and antibody microarray technology several different coatings and protocols have been published, which may be broadly divided into two types: gel-coated surfaces and plain non-gel-coated glass or plastic surfaces, some with chemical groups attached. We have screened 11 different array surfaces of both types and compared t...
Article
With the genome sequences of several organisms now in public databases, the scientific community has realized that it is time to prepare for the next step: the understanding of biological systems or systems biology. Whereas genes contain the information for life, the encoded proteins and RNAs fulfill nearly all the functions, from replication to re...
Chapter
Heterologous gene expression is often treated empirically and a number of host organisms are systematically tested. Early successes in the expression of recombinant proteins were achieved using the well-studied bacterium Escherichia coli (1). This prokaryotic expression system is simple to handle, costeffective, and produces large amounts of hetero...
Article
Full-text available
The molecular diversity of receptors in human blood vessels remains largely unexplored. We developed a selection method in which peptides that home to specific vascular beds are identified after administration of a peptide library. Here we report the first in vivo screening of a peptide library in a patient. We surveyed 47,160 motifs that localized...
Article
We describe the technical feasibility and methodology to characterize a protein by a minimal set of structural information generated by matrix assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI)-mass spectrometry, termed a "minimal protein Identifier" (MPI). MPIs can be determined for proteins from two-dimensional gels and recombinant proteins and can be...
Article
A major interest of Jörg is the establishment and sensible use of high-throughput analysis processes — with some emphasis on array-based assays — for the understanding and evaluation of the complex molecular interactions in living organisms.
Article
Full-text available
We developed a high-throughput technique for the generation of cDNA libraries in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae which enables the selection of cloned cDNA inserts containing open reading frames (ORFs). For direct screening of random-primed cDNA libraries, we have constructed a yeast shuttle/expression vector, the so-called ORF vector pYEXTSH3,...
Article
Full-text available
The human genome is sequenced and the challenges of understanding the function of the newly discovered genes have been addressed. For this purpose, high-throughput technologies have been developed that allow the monitoring of gene activity at the transcriptional level by analysis of complex expression patterns of a specific tissue. Differential gen...
Article
Full-text available
Many new gene products are being discovered by large-scale genomics and proteomics strategies, the challenge is now to develop high throughput approaches to systematically analyse these proteins and to assign a biological function to them. Having access to these gene products as recombinantly expressed proteins, would allow them to be robotically a...
Article
We have constructed a novel Pichia pastoris/Escherichia coli dual expression vector for the production of recombinant proteins in both host systems. In this vector, an E. coli T7 promoter region, including the ribosome binding site from the phage T7 major capsid protein for efficient translation is placed downstream from the yeast alcohol oxidase p...
Chapter
High-density DNA and protein arrays, also known as microarrays or chips, are miniaturised devices, which comprise small flat surfaces, onto which are ordered arrangements of individual samples are positioned, enabling their parallel analysis, which can be used for biological experimentation. High density array technologies allow the use of smaller...
Article
The array format has revolutionised biomedical experimentation and diagnostics, enabling ordered high-throughput analysis. During the past decade, classic solid phase substrates, such as microtitre plates, membrane filters and microscopic slides, were turned into high-density, chip-like structures. The concept of the arrayed library was central to...
Article
High-density DNA and protein arrays are small flat surfaces that allow the simultaneous analysis of thousands of molecular parameters within a single experiment. DNA array technologies have resulted in smaller sample volumes, more efficient analyses and higher throughput. As proteins are more complex and more diverse compared with nucleic acids, de...
Patent
The present invention relates to a method for identifying and/or characterizing a (poly)peptide comprising: (a) analyzing a peptide map of said (poly)peptide, comprising at least 1 peptide, and its peptide primary structure fingerprint by mass spectrometry; and (b) comparing data obtained in step (a) with a reference (poly)peptide database, said da...
Article
For any attempt to understand the biology of an organism the incorporation of a cDNA-based approach is unavoidable, because it is a major approach to studying gene function. The complete sequence of the genome alone is not sufficient to understand any organism; its gene regulation, expression, splice variation, posttranslational modifications, and...
Article
Full-text available
We have developed a technique to establish catalogues of protein products of arrayed cDNA clones identified by DNA hybridisation or sequencing. A human fetal brain cDNA library was directionally cloned in a bacterial vector that allows IPTG-inducible expression of His6-tagged fusion proteins. Using robot technology, the library was arrayed in micro...
Article
Full-text available
The GTP cyclohydrolase I (GTP-CH) gene of the cellular slime mould Dictyostelium discoideum has been cloned and sequenced. The 855 bp cDNA of this gene contains the open reading frame (ORF) encoding 232 amino acids with a predicted molecular mass of approx. 26 kDa. Southern blot analysis indicated the presence of a single gene for GTP-CH in Dictyos...
Article
To examine the cause of altered follicular fluid steroid levels and lower in vitro fertilization rate observed in infertile women with minor endometriosis, we have compared the production of estradiol (aromatase activity) and progesterone of freshly isolated granulosa cells (3h. incubation) from such women and a control group with tubal or unexplai...

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