Dmytro Kiosak

Dmytro Kiosak
Odessa National University · Department of Archaeology and Ethnology of Ukraine

About

46
Publications
9,614
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198
Citations
Citations since 2017
35 Research Items
168 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023010203040

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
The complex of Kamyana Mohyla is the westernmost rock art location of the Eurasian Steppe and the largest accumulation of cave art sites in the Eastern Europe. So far it has been believed that the complex contains the Upper Paleolithic cave art images as well as portable art collection that resemble the instances of Upper Paleolithic worldview. Tho...
Poster
Full-text available
We are looking forward to your contributions! On behalf of the speakers of ROOTS and the CRC1266 Johannes Müller The presentations are scheduled for 15 minutes plus 5 minutes of discussion. Poster presentations are also possible. Abstracts are limited to 2,500 characters (incl. spaces) and may include up to 5 references.
Article
Full-text available
In European and many African, Middle Eastern and southern Asian populations, lactase persistence (LP) is the most strongly selected monogenic trait to have evolved over the past 10,000 years1. Although the selection of LP and the consumption of prehistoric milk must be linked, considerable uncertainty remains concerning their spatiotemporal configu...
Article
The study of the Early Metal Age cultures of Europe has greatly improved during the last decades. New studies have been centered not only on aspects of the material culture and burial rites, but also on the chronology of the different complexes, their spread, eventually genetic evidence, and cultural transmission. Moreover, the study of the steppe...
Article
Full-text available
The layer B is one of the lower layers of the long stratigraphic sequence of the Kamyana Mohyla 1 site. The layer B received eight new AMS radiocarbon dates that clarified its chronology: 7950–7300 calibrated years BC. They are in a reasonable correspondence with the dates for lower and upper layers. The lithic assemblage belongs to Kukrek cultural...
Article
Full-text available
The pit from Orlovca II site (Lower Danube, Ukraine) with potsherds having incised decoration is published. The complex is dated to XII-XI centuries BC and is referred to Tamaoani group of "incised horizon" of Thracian Hallstatt. Some influence of Chisinau-Corlateni culture is also detected. / Комплекс з поселення Орловка ІІ (Нижній Дунай, Україна)...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on the pottery-bearing (“Neolithic”) sites of the northern Azov Sea region. The vessels ornamented with comb imprints appeared there in the sixth millennium BC. In the light of a recent re-dating of the Rakushechny Yar site sequence, the sites of the northern Azov region appeared to be the earliest evidence for this innovation. T...
Article
Long-term research of the Linear Pottery Culture easternmost excavated site faced a number of obstacles in the interpretation of stratigraphy and objects shape. It happens mostly because of features of sedimentation and post-deposition processes in Ukraine that are quite different from Central European ones. Newly applied method of 3D-point cloud a...
Article
The site of Sabatynivka I in the middle part of the Sothern Bug region is known for its collection, a partial analysis of which made it possible to attribute the site to the stage B1 of Cucuteni-Trypillia and to the Sabatynivka culture of the Late Bronze Age. The results of excavations in the 1938—1939 and 1947—1948 have not been fully published. T...
Article
Full-text available
The article treats the archaeological record of North-Western Pontic region in search of traces of 8200 calBP event. The two different approaches are applied: summation of 14C dates and a site-oriented approach. In the framework of the latter we refer to materials of Melnychna Krucha site, which contains a sequence covering 7500-1200 y. BCE. Twelve...
Article
Full-text available
The chronology of the Paleometal Age of the Southern Buh region remains determined only in the most general features. Modern conceptions are based mainly on a few cases of direct stratigraphy and typological seriation. The lack of radiometric determinations for stratified sites is particularly noticeable. This paper presents four new radiocarbon da...
Article
Full-text available
The author argue that the eastermost settlements of Linear Pottery (Linearbandkeramik) culture can not be differentiated in the sense of absolute chronology from the bulk of Notenkopf phase sites. They are dated by 4 AMS-dates to 5250-5050 calBC like most other Notenkopf sites. There is no reason to treat the eastermost sites of LBK as late, surviv...
Article
Full-text available
The two Linear Pottery culture lithic complexes presented in this paper came from northern Moldova. The Nicolaevca V assemblage was gathered from excavations of a small LBK dwelling, while the Ţâra II collection came from an eight-shaped pit. There was a “deposit” of objects suitable for knapping found in Nicolaevca V. This complex reflects flake-o...
Article
Full-text available
The paper treats the dating of the Sabatynivka group of Cucuteni-Trypillia. The authors compared the sets of radiocarbon dates, which were obtained for the sites of the aspect, analyzed the relative chronology of the Sabatynivka group, and checked their correspondence with the dating of the contemporaneous cultural aspects. This approach helped to...
Book
Full-text available
The collection of scientific works is devoted to modern research on the interaction of the natural environment and the prehistoric population of Eastern Europe. Particular attention is paid to the study of the impact of abrupt climate change in the early Holocene on the material culture and economy of the Neolithic and sub-Neolithic communities. Th...
Article
A new series of 19 radiocarbon dates provides new insights on the human settlement activity in central Ukraine. The paper presents data from the Early Holocene until the establishment of Trypillian mega-sites in the late Vth mill. BC. Our new dates from a long sequence of the site of Melnychna Krucha refine the chronology of the Middle and Late Mes...
Article
The unique rock art site of Kamyana Mohyla in southeastern Ukraine contains numerous petroglyphs from different chronological periods. 3D-modelling and mesh-analysis of rock art were applied to Ukrainian rock art occurrences for the first time. They have permitted a revision of the interpretation of a particular decorated panel at this site. Previo...
Article
This paper presents the results of archaeobotanical studies carried out on the Late Mesolithic layer at Melnychna-Krucha (6460–6100 cal BC) and the Linearbandkeramik (LBK) site of Kamyane-Zavallia (5295–4960 cal BC), close to the Southern Bug River. Despite the relatively modest dataset presented in this paper, these preliminary results provide new...
Poster
Knowledge on the distribution of artefacts and on their source of raw material allows to get insights into prehistoric contacts and the area of movement. Samples of the archaeological sites Melnychna Krucha, Kamyane Zavallia and Mogylna III in Ukraine have been investigated for the sedimentary microfacies. Determination of the geological attributio...
Article
Full-text available
Two ophidian sculptured stones have been recovered from Mesolithic stratigraphic units at the site of Kamyana Mohyla 1 in southern Ukraine. Microscopic examination revealed traces of shaping and intentional ornamentation on the stones when compared to experimentally worked sandstones of similar quality. The finds broaden the distribution of movable...
Article
Full-text available
This article is dedicated to the problem of the origin and spread of the Yamna cultural-historical community (YCHC) in the context of the hypothesis recently expressed by geneticists about the massive migration of population groups genetically related to YCHC and carrying the genetic determinants of the Iranian Neo- lithic agrarians and hunters and...
Chapter
Full-text available
Palaeoecological Analysis at the Prehistorical Site Kamyana Mohyla in the Ukrainian Steppe conducted by Swiss and Ukrainian scientists are published. Environmental shifts during the Mesolithic and Neolithic, and their Impact ofn the Neolithisation process are discussed.
Article
The paper treats the results of recent field-work in south-west Ukraine. New stratigraphic and contextual evidence, alongside with four new C14 dates, are treated in order to clarify the chronology of Linear Pottery Culture and Neolithic of Buh and Dniester valleys in the region. The authors do not pretend to solve decisively the posed problems but...
Book
Full-text available
Збірник присвячено 50-річчю від дня народження Олега Валентиновича Тубольцева, відомого вітчизняного історика й археолога, науковця і викладача, ідеолога створення, засновника й незмінного багаторічного очільника Громадської організації «Нова археологічна школа». Діяльність школи спрямована на популяри- зацію наукових археологічних і краєзнавчих до...
Article
Diverse landscapes and ecosystems stretching across Europe led to diverse hunter-gatherer cultural records during the Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic. In response to abrupt climatic forcing, starting around the Late Glacial Maximum and followed by climatic events such as the Bølling–Allerød and the Younger Dryas in the Terminal Pleistocene, archae...
Article
Full-text available
Prehistoric Europe experienced a marked cultural and economic shift around 4000 years ago, when the established Neolithic agriculture-based economy was replaced by herding-pastoralist industry. In recent years new data about the genetic structure of human communities living during this transition period began to emerge. At the same time, the geneti...
Article
The article deals with the problem of flint processing in two settlements of the Bolgrad variant (the Gumelnita culture) situated at the villages of Cealâc (Republic of Moldova) and Orlovka-Kartal (Ukraine). The settlements occupy different position within the North-West Pontic region. The settlement of Orlovka-Kartal is located on the Lower Danube...
Article
The paper presents recent field-work in south-western Ukraine. Three new sites of Linear Pottery Culture were found in the north Odessa region. The Author argues that they constitute a cluster of settlements and indicate the Neolithic colonisation of the region. One of the sites, Kamyane-Zavallia, was excavated. A typical long pit was uncovered, al...
Book
Full-text available
This volume provides an insight into the current state of archaeological research in Southeast Europe and its adjacent regions, spanning chronologically from the Aurignacian to the beginning of the Neolithic period. In ten contributions by leading experts in this field, specific topics in regions ranging from the Aegean Sea, the Carpathians, and We...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung Der allgemeine Kenntnisstand zur Bandkeramik (LBK) ist in den Gebieten östlich der Karpaten noch vergleichsweise gering. Es erschien daher Erfolg versprechend, ausgewählte Siedlungen in der westlichen Ukraine und in Moldawien zu erkunden. Dabei konzentrierten sich unsere Untersuchungen vornehmlich auf die Frage, ob das vollständige...
Article
Full-text available
During fieldwork focusing on settlement structures of the Linienbandkeramik (LBK) in Ukraine two sites with features of the Cucuteni-Tripolye-complex have been encountered. Bilshivci, on the upper course of the Dniester, was predominately settled in Tripolye B1-B2 and C2. Three zones of intensive settlement activity were detected, but only small tr...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a new series of AMS dates from the rock-shelter of Shan-Koba in the Crimean mountains (Ukraine). Four bone samples were selected at the Institute of Archaeology of the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg (Russian Federation), and AMS-dated at Groningen Isotopic Laboratory (Holland). The results show that the shelter was not "...
Article
Full-text available
In 2014, we continued investigations of the Tripolye BII settlement near the village of Nebelevka. According to the geomagnetic plot, its area is about 260 ha. The excavations checked three types of archaeological complexes from the geomagnetic plan: traces of ditches enclosing the settlement; "dot-like" anomalies which as it was supposed belonged...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the results obtained from the characterization of six obsidian samples from the Neolithic sites of Lysa Gora and one from Semenovka 1, in southeastern Ukraine. They show that obsidians of different sources were utilized by the inhabitants of Lysa Gora, among which are Baksan (Russian Federation), Sjunik (Armenia) and another un...
Article
The paper is devoted to two Stone Age sites recently studied in the valleys of Sarata and Kogylnyk rivers. Their assemblages are not numerous but come from stratifi ed sequences. Complex analysis of geomorphology, stratigraphy and fossil pollen spectra permit us to attribute both sites to the end of Pleistocene. Both sequences contain data on Extre...
Article
Full-text available
The new AMS dates from Myrne (Northwestern Pontic Region), Laspi 7 (Crimea) and Igren’ 8 (Dnieper Rapids Region) show that all these Mesolithic sites were inhabited during the second half of the Boreal period. These results contribute to the understanding of the chronology of the Mesolithic settlement of the Ukraine, and the origin and spread of th...
Article
Full-text available
The authors reconsider the Mesolithic sequence of the norrth-western Black Sea and th Crimean Peninsula according to a new set of AMS dates from the sites of Mirne and Laspi 7

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Project (1)
Project
Study, preservation and interpretation of Kamyana Mohyla rock art complex