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How do we derive lessons from History ? As any learning is supposed to be generalizable, the one derived from History should apply to other, new situations individuals are faced with. My research focuses on the cognitive mechanism involved in "taking lessons from the past" (through historical analogy), the effect it has on the perception of current situations (especially conflict-related ones), as well as the emotional variables involved in this process.
“This is Munich all over again!” Comparing a present situation to a past one (i.e., a historical analogy) is common in public and political discourses. Such historical analogies were used for centuries but have received increased interest in the last fifty years from scholars in political science, history and psychology. Despite existing interdisci...
Comparing present and past situations by means of historical analogy is prevalent in political and public discourses. But when researching this phenomenon, scientists often use reception paradigms, where they ask people which past event is most applicable to a current situation or issue. In these paradigms, analogies are treated as unequivocal—rath...
The idea that the past holds lessons for the present, under the guise of historical analogies, is prevalent in political and public discourse. Those analogies are often accompanied by dire warnings befalling those who "forget" or otherwise neglect the powerful lessons of History-and would then be "doomed to repeat it", as the saying goes. So, Would...
Full Text available here: http://difusion.ulb.ac.be/vufind/Record/ULB-DIPOT:oai:dipot.ulb.ac.be:2013/252319/Holdings
To understand recent anti‐refugee protests in Europe, we examined how different levels of inclusiveness of group identities (national, European, and global) are related to intentions to protest among native Europeans. We focused on the mediating role of autochthony (a belief that the first inhabitants of a territory are more entitled) and the moder...
When the Crimean crisis started to draw international focus on March 2014, former US Secretary of State Hilary Clinton said that Putin’s actions were similar to “what Hitler did back in the 30’s”. Besides being among the first to effectively reach the Godwin Point, H. Clinton was making use in this case of a rhetorical device common both in public...
Historical analogies provide a powerful and subtle linguistic tool to influence recipients in their decisions. These historical analogies can be similar in a superficial or rather a structural way (e.g., Markman & Gentner, 1993). So, a conflict involving country A and B and a past war can appear similar because the same countries are involved in bo...