Diying Huang

Diying Huang
Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology Chinese Academy of Sciences · Department of Paleoinvertebrate

PhD

About

517
Publications
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8,433
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August 1997 - present
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (517)
Article
Fleas are one of the major lineages of ectoparasitic insects and are now highly specialized for feeding on the blood of birds or mammals. This has isolated them among holometabolan insect orders, although they derive from the Antliophora (scorpionflies and true flies). Like most ectoparasitic lineages, their fossil record is meagre and confined to...
Article
The species of the Strashilidae (strashilids) have been the most perplexing of fossil insects from the Jurassic period of Russia and China. They have been widely considered to be ectoparasites of pterosaurs or feathered dinosaurs, based on the putative presence of piercing and sucking mouthparts and hind tibio-basitarsal pincers purportedly used to...
Article
Accurate information on the anatomy and ecology of worms from the Cambrian Lagerstatten of SW China is sparse. The present study of two priapulid worms Anningvermis n. gen. and Corynetis Luo & Hu, 1999 from the Lower Cambrian Maotianshan Shale biota brings new information concerning the anatomical complexity, functional morphology and lifestyles of...
Article
Although priapulid worms form a relatively small phylum in present-day marine environments, they were important animals in Cambrian endobenthic communities. Two Early Cambrian priapulids, namely Xiaoheiqingella peculiaris and Yunnanpriapulus halteroformis nov. gen., nov. sp. from the Maotianshan Shale Lagerstätte of SW China are revised and describ...
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We report the discovery of sipunculan worms from the Lower Cambrian Maotianshan Shale, near Kunming (southwest China). Their sipunculan identity is evidenced by the general morphology of the animals (sausage-shaped body with a slender retractable introvert and a wider trunk) and by other features, both external (e.g. perioral crown of tentacles, an...
Article
Brood care enhances offspring fitness and survival by providing protection or feeding through parents (commonly by females). It has evolved independently multiple times in animals, e.g. mammals, birds, dinosaurs and arthropods, especially various lineages of insects, and has significant implications for understanding the emergence of sociality of i...
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Triassopsyllidiida pectinata gen. et sp. nov. is described from the latest Middle Triassic Tongchuan biota of China and tentatively attributed to the superfamily Protopsyllidioidea. Its forewing venation is unique among this superfamily in the anteriorly pectinate vein ScP + RA and the presence of a veinlet between R and M + CuA. Its exact position...
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A new fossil genus and species of the family Melandryidae, Homalenchodes jarzembowskii Li, Hsiao, Yoshitomi & Cai gen. et sp. nov., is described and illustrated from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Homalenchodes is likely closely related to the serropalpin genus Enchodes LeConte, based on their simple maxillary palps, complete prosternal process,...
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Rudiaeschna jarzembowskii sp. nov., the second species of the small aeshnopteran family Rudiaeschnidae, is described from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation at the Liutiaogou locality, Ningcheng County, Inner Mongolia, NE China. The new species differs from the type species of the family, namely Rudiaeschna limnobia, in possessing less cells and...
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Ptiliidae is a group of distinctly miniaturized staphylinoid beetles with a scarce fossil record. Here, we report a new ptiliid genus and species, Crenossidium slipinskii Li, Newton and Cai gen. et sp. nov., from mid-Cretaceous amber from northern Myanmar. Crenossidium can be attributed to the subfamily Nossidiinae based on the hind wing morphology...
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In several insect eusocial lineages, e.g., some aphids, thrips, ants, some stingless bees, and termites, task specialization is brought to its climax with a sterile soldier caste solely devoted to colony defense. In Isoptera, while the reproductives are defenseless, the soldiers have unique morpho-physiological specializations whose origin and evol...
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The scarabaeoid beetle Mesoceratocanthus from the Early Cretaceous Yixian Formation was originally placed in the extant tribe Ivieolini (Hybosoridae). Our re-examination of the holotype and a new specimen demonstrates that Mesoceratocanthus does not possess the diagnostic characters of Ivieolini or Hybosoridae. Instead, it should be assigned to the...
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Limnichidae are currently a moderately diverse beetle family with a sparse fossil record. Here we describe a new limnichid genus and species, Anomocephalobus liuhaoi Li, Jäch & Cai gen. et sp. nov., from the mid-Cretaceous amber from northern Myanmar. Anomocephalobus gen. nov. is tentatively assigned to the extant subfamily Cephalobyrrhinae, based...
Article
With some 3,700 described species, Dryopoidea are a moderately diverse superfamily of beetles whose position within basal Polyphaga has been historically difficult to elucidate. Members of most extant dryopoid families are set apart from the majority of other polyphagans by their association with aquatic habitats, but little is known about the orig...
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A new fossil genus and species of the family Endomychidae, Rhomeocalpsua torosa Li, Tomaszewska & Cai, gen. et sp. nov., is described and illustrated from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. The new genus is characterised by the relatively elongate body, antennae composed of nine antennomeres with unique club morphology, unmodified pronotum, mesocoxa...
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Artematopodid fossils from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber are reported for the first time, represented by three species in two genera. Bipogonia Li, Kundrata & Cai gen. nov. with two species, B. trivialis Li, Kundrata & Cai sp. nov. and B. fortis Li, Kundrata & Cai sp. nov., is mainly characterized by the distinctly serrate antennae, mandibles wi...
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A new fossil species of Monotomidae, Cretakarenni shaoi Li & Cai, sp. nov., is reported from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. The new species is attributed to the extinct genus Cretakarenni Peris & Delclòs, 2015 primarily based on the paired setose projections on head, apparently 1-segmented antennal club, and transverse procoxal cavities with exp...
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Two new species of the prostomid genus Vetuprostomis Engel & Grimaldi (Coleoptera: Tenebrionoidea: Prostomidae), V. angularis Li & Cai sp. nov. and V. gaoi Li & Cai sp. nov., are described from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Vetuprostomis is suggested to be more closely related to extant Dryocora Pascoe distributed in Australia and New Zealand,...
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A new fossil genus and species of Cantharidae, Nothotytthonyx serratus Li, Biffi, Kundrata & Cai gen. et sp. nov., is reported from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. The new species is tentatively attributed to the extant subfamily Malthininae based on a combination of characters, including the symmetrical apical maxillary palpomeres, shortened elytra,...
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Beetles constitute the most biodiverse animal order with over 380 000 described species and possibly several million more yet unnamed. Recent phylogenomic studies have arrived at considerably incongruent topologies and widely varying estimates of divergence dates for major beetle clades. Here, we use a dataset of 68 single-copy nuclear protein-codi...
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Mesozoic fossils provide invaluable information about the origin and evolutionary history of scorpions. However, well-preserved scorpions in amber are comparatively rare, greatly limiting our understanding of early scorpion morphological diversity and disparity. Here we describe a new species of the extinct family Palaeoburmesebuthidae, Betaburmese...
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A new species, Vetubrachypsectra huchengi Li, Kundrata & Cai sp. nov., is described from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber on the basis of a single adult female. The species is assigned to genus Vetubrachypsectra Qu & Cai based on its serrate antennae, long maxillary palps, presence of tibial spurs, and elytra without clear striae. Vetubrachypsectra huc...
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Nosodendridae is a small polyphagan beetle family with a sparse fossil record. Herein, the fossil Nosodendridae from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (ca. 99 Ma) are systematically reviewed. Nosodendron cretaceum Deng et al. is transferred into Archaenosodendron Li & Cai gen. nov., as A. cretaceum (Deng et al.) comb. nov., primarily based on the morpho...
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A new fossil species of the extant archostematan genus Omma Newman, O. forte sp. nov., is reported from mid-Cretaceous amber from northern Myanmar. The extinct ommatid genus, Cionocups Kirejtshuk from the same deposit, is considered as a junior synonym of Omma, and C. manukyani is transferred to Omma, as O. manukyani comb. nov. A key to species of...
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The cryptic slime mold beetles, Sphindidae, are a moderately diverse cucujoid beetle family, whose members are obligately tied to slime molds throughout their life. The fossil record of sphindid beetles is sparse; stem-sphindids and crown-group members of uncertain systematic placement have been reported from Cretaceous ambers. Here we review the M...
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We here report a new elateroid, Anoeuma lawrencei Li, Kundrata and Cai gen. et sp. nov., from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Though superficially similar to some soft-bodied archostematans, Anoeuma could be firmly placed in the polyphagan superfamily Elateroidea based on the hind wing venation. Detailed morphological comparisons between extant elate...
Article
Insects comprise over half of all described animal species. Together with the Protura (coneheads), Collembola (springtails) and Diplura (two-pronged bristletails), insects form the Hexapoda, a terrestrial arthropod lineage characterised by possessing six legs. Exponential growth of genome-scale data for the hexapods has substantially altered our un...
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Mesozoic fossils of Psephenidae are sparse. Here we characterise, describe and figure a new genus and species of Psephenidae from the Albian/Cenomanian Burmese amber, Pseudomataeopsephus burmensis gen. et sp. nov, based on an adult male. Pseudomataeopsephus has an interesting combination of characters, including filiform antennae in male, pronotum...
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The morphology of the Jurassic fossil Archaeolus funestus Lin, 1986, which was previously placed in the extinct click-beetle subfamily Protagrypninae (Coleoptera: Elateridae), is revised based on a re-examination of the type specimen. The validity of Protagrypninae is discussed and further questioned, partly based on the newly observed characters i...
Preprint
Full-text available
With over 380,000 described species and possibly several million more yet unnamed, beetles represent the most biodiverse animal order. Recent phylogenomic studies have arrived at considerably incongruent topologies and widely varying estimates of divergence dates for major beetle clades. Here we use a dataset of 68 single-copy nuclear protein codin...
Preprint
Full-text available
The evolution of wings propelled insects to their present mega-diversity. However, interordinal relationships of early-diverging winged insects and the timescale of their evolution are difficult to resolve, in part due to uncertainties in the placement of the enigmatic and species-poor order Zoraptera. The 'Zoraptera problem' has remained a content...
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The relictual archostematan beetle family Ommatidae attained high diversity during the Mesozoic. Despite their once high taxonomic diversity and morphological disparity, many Mesozoic ommatid taxa remain poorly understood, partly due to limited preservation. Here we report an exceptionally well-preserved fossil, which we describe as a new ommatid g...
Article
The synlestid damselfly, Cretaphylolestes cretacicus gen. et sp. nov., is described from the Lower Cretaceous Shouchang Formation (lower Aptian) of Zhejiang Province, Eastern China. It is the oldest Synlestidae, as we exclude the Late Jurassic–Early Cretaceous genus Gaurimacia from this family. The clade Lestiformia is currently represented in the...
Article
Termites (Isoptera) are among the most ecologically ubiquitous of terrestrial eusocial insects and provide an attractive environment for symbionts, which have evolved numerous times independently, and in lineages as diverse as millipedes and beetles. Previous studies reported the discovery of unequivocal termitophily in mid-Cretaceous amber from no...
Article
Ambers in China have been described from the various localities of both Cretaceous (e.g., Xixia amber from Henan Province and Jalainur [Zhalainuoer] amber from northeastern Inner Mongolia) and Palaeogene (e.g., Eocene Fushun amber of Liaoning Province and Miocene Zhangpu amber of Fujian Province) ages to date (e.g., Hong, 1981, 2002; Shi et al., 20...
Article
The first fossil representative of the cleroid family Trogossitidae is described from mid‐Cretaceous Burmese amber. Microtrogossita qizhihaoi Li & Cai gen. et sp. nov. is unique among Trogossitidae in the relatively widely separated procoxal and mesocoxal cavities, weakly asymmetrical antennal clubs, coarsely facetted eyes, coarse sculpture of dors...
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Artematopodidae is a small family with approximately 70 described extant species (Gimmel & Bocakova 2015), occupying a basal position in the superfamily Elateroidea (McKenna et al. 2019). The fossil record of artematopodids is sparse, with most species described from the Eocene/Oligocene Baltic amber (Crowson 1973; Hörnschemeyer 1998). Nevertheless...
Article
Sinonothochrysa zhangi Huang and Nel gen. et sp. nov., a new genus and species of nothochrysine lacewing, are described and illustrated from the Palaeocene Buxin Formation, Sanshui Basina, Foshan City, Guangdong Province, South China. The new taxon is the oldest described representative and first reports this subfamily in China. It is also the firs...
Article
Edgellia libanica n. organo-gen., n. organo-sp., a new Dasycladalean organ, is described. The comparison of this unique remain to the 14 existing organo-genera suggests that it could correspond either to internal clusters of cysts of an endosporate Dasycladale, possibly Harlanjohnsonella annulata Elliott, or to external gametophores of a choristopo...
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Mesopsyche Tillyard, 1917 is an extinct genus of Mecoptera belonging to the long-proboscid-bearing Mesopsychidae, an adaptation probably associated with pollination of Mesozoic gymnosperms. Here, we describe two new species, Mesopsyche jinsuoguanensis sp. nov., from the Middle Triassic Tongchuan Formation in Shaanxi Province, and Mesopsyche liaoi s...
Article
Recently established, Cormopsocidae Yoshizawa & Lienhard, 2020 is an extinct psocodean trogiomorphan family, with its fossil record from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. To date, this family comprises a total of three species: Cormopsocus groehni Yoshizawa & Lienhard, 2020, Cormopsocus neli Hakim et al., 2021 and Cormopsocus perantiqua (Cockerell,...
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Confocal laser scanning microscopy is an essential analytical tool in biological, biomedical, and material sciences, integrating microscope manufacturing technology, optical-electronic technology, and computer technology. In the last decade, confocal laser scanning microscopy has been successfully applied to the study of amber bioinclusions. Enhanc...
Article
Siphonophora hui Jiang et al., 2019, known from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber, is the first formally described fossil species of the extant myriapod family Siphonophoridae. Here we re-study this species using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) on the basis of three new specimens from the same deposit. A comparison between the fossil and e...
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The third member of the extinct ommatid genus Paraodontomma is reported from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Our observation confirms the transverse ridges on elytra as a diagnostic character for the genus. Paraodontomma leptocristatum sp. nov. differs from previously reported congeners mainly in head subquadrate and without prominent protuberances,...
Article
Anhuihymen medianelongata Huang and Nel, gen. nov. et sp. nov., first accurate Chinese Protohymenidae, is described from the Middle Permian Yinping Formation at Chaohu, Anhui Province, Southern China. This region was under a warm and humid climate and separated from the drier Laurussia by the paleo-Thetys ocean during the Middle Permian. This disco...
Article
Palaeosiamoglaris hkamtiensis sp. nov. of the family Prionoglarididae is described from Hkamti amber (ca. 110 Ma), together with Psyllipsocus myanmarensis sp. nov., the third fossil psyllipsocid species described from Noije Bum Hill (ca. 98 Ma). Based on the current observations of Palaeosiamoglaris hkamtiensis sp. nov., we discuss the synapomorphi...
Article
Rove beetles of the Staphylinine group of subfamilies represent the most species-rich clade of Staphylinidae, which in turn is the most speciose beetle family. While several relationships within the Staphylinine group are well supported by morphological and molecular data alike, the basal relationships within the clade remain unresolved. In particu...
Article
The sooty mould beetles (Cyclaxyridae) are a small and relictual family of cucujoid beetles with only two extant species restricted to New Zealand. The systematic position of the family within Cucujoidea is unresolved, with morphological and molecular studies yielding a range of incongruent topologies. Here we describe a new cyclaxyrid genus and sp...
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A new lycid beetle, Murcybolus longiantennus gen. et sp. nov., is reported from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber (ca. 99 Ma). Murcybolus is placed in the recently erected fossil tribe Burmolycini based on the fully metamorphosed female, 10-segmented antennae, and pronotal disc with deep rounded punctures but without carinae. Murcybolus differs from the...
Article
Checklists of all described organisms from the Daohugou biota, and insects from the Haifanggou Formation at Haifeng Village (Beipiao City, Liaoning Province) and the ‘Jiulongshan Formation’ at Zhouyingzi Village (Luanping County, Chengde City, Hebei Province), are provided. Fossil insects from the Daohugou biota are summarized, including a total of...
Article
Empherium rasnitsyni gen. et sp. nov. (Empheriidae) and Eolepinotus zherikhini sp. nov. (Trogiidae), two atropetan trogiomorphan psocids from two Siberian ambers sites, are characterized, described and illustrated. Their taxonomical assignations are discussed. Lists of all fossil empheriids and trogiids are given.
Article
Cormopsocus neli Hakim, Azar & Huang sp. nov., a new cormopsocid species from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber is characterized, described, and illustrated. Its taxonomic position is discussed. This is the second species of the Cormopsocidae, the most recently discovered trogiomorphan family in the Burmese amber.
Article
The soft-winged flower beetles are a diverse cosmopolitan family of cleroid beetles with an unresolved higher classification, the adults of which feed on nectar and pollen. The fossil record of Melyridae is sparse, with only two described fossils known from the Mesozoic. Here we describe the first representative of the family from the Mesozoic of E...
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Here we describe and illustrate a new genus and species of the extinct froghopper family Sinoalidae, Cretomultinervis burmensis gen. et sp. nov. from Burmese (Myanmar) amber. The new genus can be recognized from all sinoalids by the combination of hind tibia armed with five interlaced lateral spines, leaf-shaped tegmen with very broad postcostal ce...