Divyanshoo Kohli

Divyanshoo Kohli
Kansas City VA Medical Center · Department of Gastroenterology

About

104
Publications
3,395
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593
Citations
Citations since 2017
77 Research Items
496 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (104)
Article
Background and aims Vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE) is a validated test for assessing liver fibrosis but may be unreliable in select patients, including those with morbid obesity. The limitations of VCTE may be overcome by Endoscopic ultrasound-guided shear wave elastography (EUS-SWE). Methods This single-center, prospective, no...
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Full-text available
Background and Aims A subset of patients needing long-term enteral access are unable to undergo a conventional transoral “pull” percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG). We assessed the safety and efficacy of an introducer-style endoscopic direct PEG (DPEG) and an interventional radiologist guided gastrostomy (IRG) among patients unable to undergo...
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Informed consent is the cornerstone of the ethical practice of procedures and treatments in medicine. The purpose of this document from the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) Standards of Practice Committee is to provide an update on best practice of the informed consent process and other issues around informed consent and share...
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BACKGROUND AND AIMS Mucosal exposure devices including distal attachments such as the cuff and cap have shown variable results in improving adenoma detection rates (ADR) compared to high-definition white light colonoscopy (HDWLE). METHODS We performed a prospective, multi-center randomized controlled trial in patients undergoing screening and/or s...
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Introduction: A gastrostomy is generally performed in patients who are unable to maintain volitional intake of food. We compared outcomes of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and interventional radiologist-guided gastrostomy (IRG) using an integrated nationwide database. Methods: Using the VA Informatics and Computing Infrastructure data...
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Full-text available
Background Barrett's endoscopic therapy (BET) is well established for neoplasia in Barrett's oesophagus using a concept of complete eradication of all Barrett's. However, long-term efficacy is not known. Aims To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to examine long-term efficacy of BET for Barrett's neoplasia. Methods Electronic databases...
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Background and aims Gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM), a precursor of gastric adenocarcinoma, is challenging to diagnose with white light endoscopy (WLE) and can be missed by random gastric biopsies. Narrowband imaging (NBI) may potentially improve the detection of GIM. However, pooled estimates from prospective studies are lacking. Methods Elec...
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IntroductionData supporting endoscopic resection (ER) over surgical resection (SR) for large and complex polyps come from high-volume centers. The aim of this study was to determine whether these favorable outcomes can be replicated among endoscopists at tertiary Veterans Affairs Medical Centers (VAMCs) who perform 25 to 30 ER cases a year.Methods...
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Background & Aims The risk of metachronous colorectal cancer (CRC) among patients with no adenomas, low-risk adenomas (LRAs), or high-risk adenomas (HRAs), detected at index colonoscopy, is unclear. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare incidence rates of metachronous CRC and CRC-related mortality after a baseline colonoscop...
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Introduction: Biliary strictures are a common complication of donation after circulatory death (DCD) liver transplantation (LT) and require multiple endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) procedures. Three classification systems, based on cholangiograms, have been proposed for categorizing post-LT biliary strictures. We examined the...
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Introduction Biliary strictures are a common complication of liver transplantation. We assess the impact of post‐transplant biliary strictures and describe the outcomes of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), interventional radiology (IR) and surgical therapies. Methods Using the nationwide readmissions database (NRD), hospitaliz...
Article
Guidelines recommend that patients with mild gallstone pancreatitis (GSP) without necrosis or infection should undergo cholecystectomy during the index hospitalization before discharge.1,2 However, in routine clinical practice, cholecystectomy is often performed several weeks after hospital discharge, or not performed at all.3.
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Background and aim: Previous 2 generations of esophageal capsule did not show adequate detection rates for Barrett's esophagus (BE). We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of a novel third generation capsule with an improved frame rate of 35 frames per second for the detection of BE in a pilot study. Methods: This was a blinded prospective pilot st...
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Background and Aims A gastrostomy tube is often required for inpatients requiring long-term nutritional access. We compared the safety and outcomes of 3 techniques for performing a gastrostomy: percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG), fluoroscopy-guided gastrostomy by an interventional radiologist (IR-gastrostomy), and open gastrostomy performed...
Article
Published studies have reported variable results on the association between duration of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) use and the risk of dementia. An extensive literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, Google Scholar, and Cochrane for studies examining the risk of cognitive decline and dementia among PPI users versus non-PPI users in prospe...
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Background Post-esophagectomy anastomotic strictures are difficult to treat. The impact of adding local steroid injection to endoscopic dilation for the treatment of post-esophagectomy anastomotic strictures is unclear. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy of performing steroid injection in addition to dilation....
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Full-text available
Purpose of Review Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer in the USA and inherited cancer syndromes are responsible for approximately 3–5% of all CRCs. Genetic testing costs have plummeted in recent years; however, awareness and referral of high-risk patients for testing is still very low. We review the salient clinical features, ge...
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Background & aims: The best method for endoscopic resection of sessile serrated polyps (SSP) 10 mm or larger is unclear; studies report variable outcomes in comparison to conventional adenomas. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of resection of SSPs 10 mm or larger in size. Methods: We searched t...
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Background: Biliary strictures after donation-after-cardiac-death (DCD) liver transplantation (LT) require multiple endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatographies (ERCP). The outcomes of endoscopic dilation and maximal stenting are not well-characterized in this high-risk population. Methods: DCD LT recipients who underwent LT and ERCP from 20...
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Introduction Biliary strictures are a common complication among donation after cardiac death (DCD) liver transplantation (LT) recipients and may require multiple endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) procedures. We evaluated the risk factors associated with development of biliary strictures in DCD LT recipients. Methods DCD LT reci...
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Introduction Pancreas adenocarcinoma (PC) has an undefined hereditary component. We quantified the familial risk of PC among relatives of patients diagnosed with PC and stratified it based on anatomic location of PC and age and sex of the proband. Methods This is a retrospective, population-based, case–control study of PC diagnosed in Utah between...
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Introduction: Current practice guidelines recommend prophylactic antibiotics prior to endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in liver transplant recipients (LTR). This study evaluated the risk of clinically significant infections after ERCP in LTR who received antibiotic prophylaxis compared to those who did not. Methods: This ret...
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Full-text available
Background For surveillance of Barrett’s esophagus (BE), the current standard of random 4-quadrant biopsies misses 10 – 50 % of esophageal neoplasms, and does not permit real-time decision-making. Probe-based confocal laser endomicroscopy (pCLE) permits real-time in vivo histologic assessment of esophageal mucosa during upper endoscopy. Prospective...
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Background In otherwise healthy patients, randomized trials have shown reduced mortality with cholecystectomy (CCY) when compared to non-operative management after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for biliary stone disease. These findings may not apply to veterans with multiple comorbidities, who have an increased risk of posto...
Article
Introduction: Lenalidomide is a thalidomide analog with anti-angiogenic properties. Previous case reports suggest its efficacy in preventing gastrointestinal bleeding (GIB) secondary to angiodysplasia (AD) in hereditary haemorrhagic telangiectasia and potentially in reversing AD. We present the first case series to explore lenalidomide as a treatm...
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Full-text available
An 82-year-old man was referred for endoscopic ultrasound of an ulcerated subepithelial mass in the duodenal sweep. The mass was initially identified during upper endoscopy for coffee-ground emesis. During endoscopic ultrasound, a 21-mm hypoechoic ulcerated subepithelial mass with a duct-like structure was identified. During suction to appose the l...
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Optical coherence tomography (OCT) can generate high-resolution images of the esophagus that allows cross-sectional visualization of esophageal wall layers. We conducted a systematic review to assess the utility of OCT for diagnosing of esophageal intestinal metaplasia (IM; Barrett's esophagus BE)), dysplasia, cancer and staging of early esophageal...
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Full-text available
A 54-year old male liver transplant recipient with Roux-en-Y choledochojejunostomy was admitted for symptomatic anemia. Despite endoscopies and a bleeding scan, active bleeding was not visualized. Angiography and abdominal computed tomography demonstrated possible jejunal varices at the choledochojejunal anastomosis. Double-balloon enteroscopy demo...
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Full-text available
Background: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is often required to diagnose post-liver transplant (LT) biliary strictures. We evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of noninvasive laboratory and imaging tests in detecting post-LT biliary strictures. Methods: Adult LT recipients who underwent ERCP between 2008 and 2015 were evaluat...
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Background: Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), a clinically aggressive variant of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), is becoming an increasingly common indication for liver transplantation (LT); however, relatively little is known regardings its clinical course post-LT. The aim of the current study is to describe disease recurrence and cl...
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Full-text available
A 43-year-old female with history of systemic lupus erythematosus, prior cytomegalovirus esophagitis treated with ganciclovir, and long segment Barrett’s esophagus (Prague class C8 M9) with high grade dysplasia treated with radiofrequency ablation presented to the hospital with hematemesis. An upper gastrointestinal endoscopy showed multiple esopha...
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Background and aims: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is widely used to evaluate pancreatic cysts. Recent American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) guideline limits EUS for evaluation of cysts with at-least two high-risk features (size ≥ 3 cm, dilated main pancreatic duct or presence of a solid component). We have investigated the impact of this g...