Dirk Roep

Dirk Roep
Wageningen University & Research | WUR · Rural Sociology Group

Dr

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124
Publications
34,449
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Introduction
I'm interested in relational and place-based approaches to sustainable, or better, regenerative development in agriculture, rural areas and food provisioning. I have expertise in joint learning and innovation processes, grassroots innovation and transition pathways, transformative agency, collaborative governance and institutional arrangements and reform. I participated in various national and EU-funded research projects: IMPACT, MULTAGRI, SUS-CHAIN, DERREG and SOLINSA. Since 2015 I'm coordinating the MSCA ITN SUSPLACE project. I'm teaching BSc and MSc course and supervising PhD-candidates.

Publications

Publications (124)
Chapter
Full-text available
Chapter 3 focuses on the process of rural regional learning in the Westerkwartier, a district in the northern Netherlands forming part of the province of Groningen. In this chapter, Roep et al. explore the particular expressions of how an area is shaped and reshaped in the context of global forces and how the enhancement of individual and regional...
Article
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The eight papers in this Special Feature result from the EU funded SUSPLACE collaborative programme that aimed to explore the transformative capacity of sustainable place-shaping practices, and if and how these practices can support a sustainable, place-based development. The programme encompassed 15 research projects investigating a wide range of...
Article
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Notions of care for humans and more-than-humans appear at the margins of the sustainability transformations debate. This paper explores the merits of an ethics of care approach to sustainability transformations. It argues that more radical, transformative change can be fostered via three mutually reinforcing dimensions: a) ethically-informed practi...
Article
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Understanding heterogeneity in farm development strategies is important in order to design effective policies and support programs to increase the sustainability of agriculture in relation to its socio-material context. Using a unique case study of 102 dairy farmers in The Netherlands, all operating in a highly similar socio-material context, this...
Article
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Community supported agriculture (CSA) is a producer–consumer union that aims to shift the predominant paradigm in agriculture towards a model based on social justice, fairness, and participation. However, the long-term existence of CSA initiatives, and their ability to build the social capital envisioned by the initiators, can be challenged by a st...
Article
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The shift in policy focus from agriculture to rural development enables rural families to diversify their economic activities. Household-based resources, particularly human capital, are essential for capitalizing on newly developed opportunities. Locals with sufficient resources seize possibilities in agriculture and emerging economic sectors such...
Article
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Green Care practices have received increasing scholarly attention in the last decade. Yet most studies are concerned with the aspect of human well-being, with less attention given to other caring dimensions and their relation to sustainability. This paper aims to contribute to an integrative understanding of Green Care by proposing an analytical fr...
Article
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There is a wealth of information, hype around, and research into blockchain’s ‘disruptive’ and ‘transformative’ potential concerning every industry. However, there is an absence of scholarly attention given to identifying and analyzing the political premises and consequences of blockchain projects. Through digital ethnography and participatory acti...
Article
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The city-regional scale is increasingly being considered the most suitable level for planning and development, yet city-regions have often been established for purely economic reasons in the UK. This paper argues that city-regions are not mere socioeconomic units through which competitiveness can be achieved, but also rich, socioecological spaces....
Article
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This article introduces the concept of ‘place-based civic tech’ — citizen engagement technology codesigned by local government, civil society and global volunteers. It investigates to what extent creating such a digital space for autonomous self-organization allows for the emergence of a parallel, self-determining and more place-based geography of...
Chapter
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System innovations, which comprise changes in socio-technical networks, rules and routines governing particular fields of practice, are generally regarded as essential to a transition towards sustainability. Various researchers have tried to unravel the pathways of system innovations in order to understand how these innovations can be stimulated or...
Article
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In various case studies across Europe the vital role of rural place leadership in enabling a place-based approach to local and regional development has been highlighted, although not always explicitly addressed as such. This paper aims to do so by reviewing the findings from a selection of earlier research projects within a framework of the role of...
Article
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This contribution draws on original data relating to a land settlement case in Araponga, an administrative area in Minas Gerais, Brazil. The settlement of the land and subsequent building of robust, more self-dependent, land-based livelihoods have followed a joint experimentation trajectory in which the agro-ecologicalisation of agrarian production...
Article
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This paper empirically identifies differences between dairy farmers in their perception of opportunities for farm development. The construct ‘perceived Room for Manoeuvre’ (pRfM) is used which is defined as: ‘the opportunities perceived as viable in order to obtain a (substantial part of) business income’. A unique case study of 79 dairy farmers op...
Article
p>Abstract: Understanding heterogeneity in farm development strategies is important in order to design effective policies and support programs to increase the sustainability of agriculture in relation to its socio-material context. Using a unique case study of 102 dairy farmers in The Netherlands, all operating in a highly similar socio-material co...
Article
Full-text available
Nature and landscape are increasingly appreciated as public goods and community assets in need of protection. Policy schemes aiming to protect vulnerable nature and landscape assets affect options for farm development and thus the opportunities for farm income strategies. Farmers as small business owners need to counter an ongoing income squeeze in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Farm development strategy is affected by, and affects, the biophysical and socioeconomic context of the farm leading to agri-environmental challenges for farm development. For effective policies and support programmes it is important to understand the drivers for choices farm development. Threefold embeddedness is used to study how farmers relate t...
Technical Report
Michael Woods (2011) DERREG Summary report
Article
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Purpose: We investigate how the structural conditions of eight different European agricultural innovation systems can facilitate or hinder collaboration and social learning in multidisciplinary innovation networks. Methodology: We have adapted the Innovation System Failure Matrix to investigate the main barriers and enablers eight countries (Englan...
Article
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Place-based approaches to rural development require the collaboration of public and private actors. Such collaboration may be stimulated through joint learning and innovation processes which are supported by various institutional arrangements. There is, however, reason to question the effectiveness of existing institutional arrangements. The learni...
Conference Paper
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Farmers are challenged to integrate changes in the biophysical and societal environment in the farm strategy. Scale enlargement is a dominant strategy for dairy farmers in The Netherlands and is a possible threat to vulnerable assets of regions. Regional development programmes aim to support farm development in such a way that vulnerable assets are...
Conference Paper
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The relation between farm development and its direct surroundings is of renewed interest. Growing urbanization and changes in societal demands increase the need for farmers to integrate developments in their direct surroundings in farm development. Especially in densely populated regions with high natural or cultural-historical value, farmers are c...
Article
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Based on the reconstruction of the development of 14 food supply chain initiatives in 7 European countries, we developed a conceptual framework that demonstrates that the process of increasing the sustainability of food supply chains is rooted in strategic choices regarding governance, embedding, and marketing and in the coordination of these three...
Article
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Regional learning and innovation is a key to promote more resilient, robust and inclusive rural areas. Current analytical frameworks focus on support for knowledge spill-over from academia to industry and sector-oriented learning. The high diversity of actors and activities contributing to rural regional development is thereby not addressed. In thi...
Conference Paper
The application of genetic selection technologies in livestock breeding offers unique opportunities to enhance the productivity, profitability, and competitiveness of the livestock industry in Scotland. However, there is a concern that the uptake of these technologies has been slower in the sheep and beef sectors in comparison to the dairy, pig and...
Article
In this paper we investigate the organisation and functioning of the formal AKS and how it can support or inhibit innovative bottom-up approaches to knowledge co-creation and social/joint learning. We have investigated how the main actors interact within their respective innovation systems and how they are influenced by various institutional charac...
Chapter
System innovations, which comprise changes in socio-technical networks, rules and routines governing particular fields of practice, are generally regarded as essential to a transition towards sustainability. Various researchers have tried to unravel the pathways of system innovations in order to understand how these innovations can be stimulated or...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report gives an analysis of the current organisation and functioning of the Dutch AKIS, with special attention to the position of Learning Innovation Networks for Sustainable Agriculture (LINSAs)
Technical Report
Full-text available
Chapter
Full-text available
System innovations, comprising changes of socio-technical networks, rules and routines governing particular fields of practice, are generally regarded as essential to a transition towards sustainability. Different scholars have tried to unravel the pathways of system innovations in order to understand how system innovations can be stimulated or fac...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Knowledge production and utilization should be better tuned to sustainable regional development practices. Generally three basic problems are indentified: 1) a lack of interaction between different modes of knowledge production and utilization (such as scientific research and learning by doing) and consequently a lack of interactive learning among...
Article
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Organic farming principles give rise to multifunctionality: different activities are combined at farm level to create ecological and economic synergies. These principles do however allow for different operationalisations and different farm development strategies, for example with regard to the use of external inputs or the decision whether or not t...
Book
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Op welke wijze kan het samen leren doen bij gebiedsontwikkeling worden ondersteund en wat kan een landelijk kennisnetwerk vitaal platteland daaraan toevoegen? Dit was het vertrekpunt voor een aantal werkbezoeken van de werkgroep kennisnetwerk vitaal platteland aan enkele regionale kennisarrangementen als onderdeel van een gezamenlijk leertraject. D...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Dit rapport brengt de specifieke uitdagingen in kaart waar multifunctionele ondernemers mee te maken hebben en die te wijten zijn aan het moeten werken in meerdere, vaak elkaar vreemde, regimes. Tevens wordt geïnventariseerd welke strategieën men kan inzetten om deze uitdagingen succesvol het hoofd te bieden. Als casus wordt ingezoomd op de zorglan...
Article
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The notion of agriculture's Multifunctionality (MF) emerged in the 1980s. It then followed two trajectories since the 1990s: a conflicting period linked to its use in the international trade negotiations on the one hand, a spreading in terms of meaning, use and geographically on the other hand. Specific meanings appeared in connection with policy m...
Article
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This paper provides a mapping of the different uses of the word multifunctionality. To explore the diversity of meanings and interpretations, a comparative analysis was conducted through five national case studies in France, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and Switzerland. The analysis conducted at national level makes it possible to identify eight...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract : The public recognition of the multifunctionality of agriculture and rural spaces has launched a new perspective for agriculture activity and public policies. In some European countries (France, Norway, Switzerland, Holland) it has been considered as a basis for designing specific public policies. In EC countries in general, multifunction...
Article
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Pork production in the Netherlands is dominated by an agro-industrial approach, which has led to several sustainability problems. Due to path dependency, this prevailing mode of production is difficult or seemingly impossible to alter. Hence, in order to address sustainability concerns, there is a need to construct a new pork supply chain. The arti...
Technical Report
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In het voorafgaande project ‘Innoverende melkveehouders’ zijn innovatieve werkwijzen van melkveehouders, waarmee zij aansprekende resultaten behalen bij het verduurzamen van de melkveehouderij, in kaart gebracht en beschreven. Het huidige rapport blikt terug op het vervolgproject. In dit project is ‘slim experimenteren’ als methode beproefd bij het...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Due to regulations organic farming is sub- jected to a different regime then conventional farm- ing. This results in different environments for ani- mals. The question is whether one overall breeding goal is sufficient to cover all different demands of organic farmers. A survey among 132 Dutch organic dairy farmers revealed that 55% of the farmers...
Article
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The conceptualisation of multifunctional agriculture in Dutch policy and research has to be understood within the specific Dutch context and can be related to different perspectives on agriculture and the rural area. In the past, the modernisation perspective dominated agriculture and rural area for decennia. The growing volume and intensity of pro...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Voedselketens kunnen een belangrijke rol spelen in het verduurzamen van voedselproductie en een bijdrage leveren aan een vitaal platteland. In dit rapport worden de belangrijkste resultaten samengevat van een aantal initiatieven op dit gebied, gevolgd door een serie aanbevelingen
Book
Full-text available
This book offers an empirically grounded perspective into the creation of sustainable food supply chains and networks. Building upon experiences from seven different European countries, this book presents a rich diversity of examples of food supply chain initiatives. From this diversity of experiences fourteen valuable lessons are drawn that are ap...