Dirk M Hermann

Dirk M Hermann
University Hospital Essen | UK Essen · Clinic for Neurology

Professor

About

466
Publications
44,804
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
14,387
Citations

Publications

Publications (466)
Article
Full-text available
Background The association between life event stress and depressive symptoms has not been analyzed in the general population before. Methods In the population-based Heinz Nixdorf Recall study, we assessed the association of 1.) the presence of important life events and 2.) life event stress, with the amount of depressive symptoms in univariable li...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objectives Experimental studies indicate shared molecular pathomechanisms in cerebral hypoxia-ischemia and autoimmune neuroinflammation. This has led to clinical studies investigating the effects of immunomodulatory therapies approved in multiple sclerosis on inflammatory damage in stroke. So far, mutual and combined interactions of...
Article
Full-text available
Platelets are key mediators of thrombus formation and inflammation during the acute phase of ischaemic stroke. Particularly, the platelet glycoprotein (GP) receptors GPIbα and GPVI have been shown to mediate platelet adhesion and activation in the ischaemic brain. GPIbα and GPVI blockade could reduce infarct volumes and improve functional outcome i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Older people often suffer from multimorbidity resulting in polypharmacy. The correct administration of medication is a crucial factor influencing treatment efficacy. However, tools for evaluating the ability to self-administer different dosage forms of medications are lacking. The objectives of the ABLYMED study are to 1) assess the abil...
Article
Previous studies have shown that the polyamine spermidine increased the maximum life span in C. elegans and the median life span in mice. Since spermidine increases autophagy, we asked if treatment with chloroquine, an inhibitor of autophagy, would shorten the lifespan of mice. Recently, chloroquine has intensively been discussed as a treatment opt...
Article
Full-text available
Infection is a major reason for poor stroke outcomes, and sepsis is a major cause of stroke-elated deaths. We herein examined whether NMDA receptor blockade, which was reported to exert anti-inflammatory actions, protects against the deleterious consequences of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced sepsis-like state in adult male NMRI mice exposed to tr...
Article
Full-text available
Considerable efforts are currently made to develop strategies that boost endogenous recovery once a stroke has occurred. Owing to their restorative properties, neurotrophic factors are attractive candidates that capitalize on endogenous response mechanisms. Non-conventional growth factors cerebral dopamine neurotrophic factor (CDNF) and mesencephal...
Article
Full-text available
Platelet activation plays a critical role in thrombosis. Inhibition of platelet activation is a cornerstone in treatment of acute organ ischemia. Platelet ACKR3 surface expression is independently associated with all-cause mortality in CAD patients. In a novel genetic mouse strain, we show that megakaryocyte/platelet-specific deletion of ACKR3 resu...
Article
Cellular responses in glia play a key role in regulating brain remodeling post-stroke. However, excessive glial reactivity impedes post-ischemic neuroplasticity and hampers neurological recovery. While damage-associated molecular patterns and activated microglia were shown to induce astrogliosis, the molecules that restrain astrogliosis are largely...
Article
Full-text available
Background The thalamus plays an essential role in cognition. Cognitive deficits have to date mostly been studied retrospectively in chronic thalamic stroke in small cohorts. Studies prospectively evaluating the evolution of cognitive deficits and their association with thalamic stroke topography are lacking. This knowledge is relevant for targeted...
Article
Full-text available
Innate immunity is the first line of defense against infectious intruders and also plays a major role in the development of sterile inflammation. Direct microscopic imaging of the involved immune cells, especially neutrophil granulocytes, monocytes, and macrophages, has been performed since more than 150 years, and we still obtain novel insights on...
Article
Full-text available
Inflammation triggers secondary brain damage after stroke. The meninges and other CNS border compartments serve as invasion sites for leukocyte influx into the brain thus promoting tissue damage after stroke. However, the post-ischemic immune response of border compartments compared to brain parenchyma remains poorly characterized. Here, we deeply...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium, in addition to its effect on acute and long-term bipolar disorder, is involved in neuroprotection after ischemic stroke. Yet, its mechanism of action is still poorly understood, which was only limited to its modulatory effect on GSK pathway. Therefore, we initially analyzed the dose-dependent effects of lithium on neurological deficits, in...
Article
Full-text available
Following ischemic stroke, polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are rapidly recruited to the ischemic brain tissue and exacerbate stroke injury by release of reactive oxygen species (ROS), proteases and proinflammatory cytokines. PMNs may aggravate post-ischemic microvascular injury by obstruction of brain capillaries, contributing to reperfusion d...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Neonatal encephalopathy caused by hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is a major cause of death and disability in newborns. Clinical and experimental studies suggest a sexual dimorphism in HI-induced brain injury and therapy responses. A major hallmark of HI pathophysiology is the infiltration of peripheral immune cells into the injured...
Article
Full-text available
Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) hydrolyzes adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and guanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP). It is highly expressed in the striatum. Recent evidence implied that PDE10A may be involved in the inflammatory processes following injury, such as ischemic stroke. Its role in ischemic injury was unknown. Herein, w...
Article
Hypoxia is a central pathophysiological component in cancer, myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke, which represent the most common medical conditions resulting in long-term disability and death. Recent evidence suggests common signaling pathways in these diverse settings mediated by non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), which are packaged in extracellular...
Data
Background Moderate dietary protein restriction confers neuroprotection when applied before ischemic stroke. How a moderately protein-reduced diet influences stroke recovery when administered after stroke, is a clinically relevant question. This question has not yet been investigated. Methods Male C57BL6/J mice were exposed to transient intralumin...
Article
Full-text available
Obtained from the right cell-type, mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC)-derived small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) promote stroke recovery. Within this process, microvascular remodeling plays a central role. Herein, we evaluated the effects of MSC-sEVs on the proliferation, migration, and tube formation of human cerebral microvascular endothelial cells...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Purpose Small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) obtained from mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) were shown to induce ischemic neuroprotection in mice by modulating the brain infiltration of leukocytes and, specifically polymorphonuclear neutrophils. So far, effects of MSC-sEVs were only studied in young ischemic rodents. We herein examine...
Article
Full-text available
Small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) obtained from mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) promote neurological recovery after middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) in young rodents. Ischemic stroke mainly affects aged humans. MSC-sEV effects on stroke recovery in aged rodents had not been assessed. In a head-to-head comparison, we exposed young (4–5 mon...
Article
Full-text available
White matter hyperintensities (WMHs) of presumed vascular origin are a frequent finding in cerebral magnetic resonance imaging of older people. They are attributed to small vessel disease and involved in the pathogenesis of cognitive decline. Since vascular risk factors, especially arterial hypertension, predispose to small vessel disease, we analy...
Article
Full-text available
Systemic transplantation of oxygen−glucose deprivation (OGD)-preconditioned primary microglia enhances neurological recovery in rodent stroke models, albeit the underlying mechanisms have not been sufficiently addressed. Herein, we analyzed whether or not extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from such microglia are the biological mediators of these...
Article
Full-text available
Background Moderate dietary protein restriction confers neuroprotection when applied before ischemic stroke. How a moderately protein-reduced diet influences stroke recovery when administered after stroke, is a clinically relevant question. This question has not yet been investigated. Methods Male C57BL6/J mice were exposed to transient intralumin...
Article
Acute ischemic stroke has become the major cause of mortality and disability worldwide. Following ischemic stroke, the reperfusion injury is mainly mediated by the burst of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (RONS). Therefore, blocking the excessive production or removing RONS holds great promise as a potential therapeutic strategy. Herein, we de...
Article
Full-text available
Suicide is one of the leading causes of death globally for all ages, and as such presents a very serious problem for clinicians worldwide. However, the underlying neurobiological pathology remains to a large extent unknown. In order to address this gap, we have carried out a genome-wide investigation of the gene expression in the amygdala, hippocam...
Article
Full-text available
The risk of having a stroke event doubles each decade after the age of 55. Therefore, it is of great interest to develop neurorestorative therapies of stroke which occurs mostly in elderly people. However, to date, patients at risk for these sequels of stroke are not duly diagnosed and treated due to the lack of reliable biomarkers. Extracellular v...
Article
Full-text available
Epigenomic and epigenetic research has been providing a number of new insights into a variety of diseases caused by nonresolving inflammation, including cardiovascular diseases. Atherosclerosis (AS) has long been recognized as a chronic inflammatory disease of the arterials walls, characterized by local persistent and stepwise accelerating inflamma...
Article
Full-text available
Stroke is a disease of aging. In stroke patients, the enriched group that received stimulating physical, eating, socializing, and group activities resulted in higher activity levels including spending more time on upper limb, communal socializing, listening and iPad activities. While environmental enrichment has been shown to improve the behavioral...
Article
Full-text available
Inhibition of fatty acid synthesis (FAS) stimulates tumor cell death and reduces angiogenesis. When SH-SY5Y cells or primary neurons are exposed to hypoxia only, inhibition of FAS yields significantly enhanced cell injury. The pathophysiology of stroke, however, is not only restricted to hypoxia but also includes reoxygenation injury. Hence, an oxy...
Article
Full-text available
Astrocytic networks are critically involved in regulating the activity of neuronal networks. However, a comprehensive and ready-to-use data analysis tool for investigating functional interactions between the astrocytes is missing. We developed the novel software package named “Astral” to analyse intercellular communication in astrocytic networks ba...
Preprint
Full-text available
Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) hydrolyzes adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and guanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP). It is highly expressed in the striatum. Recent evidence implied that PDE10A may be involved in the inflammatory processes following injury, such as ischemic stroke. Its role in ischemic injury was unknown. Herein, w...
Preprint
Full-text available
Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) hydrolyzes adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and guanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP). It is highly expressed in the striatum. Recent evidence implied that PDE10A may be involved in the inflammatory processes following injury, such as ischemic stroke. Its role in ischemic injury was unknown. Herein, w...
Preprint
Full-text available
Phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) hydrolyzes adenosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP) and guanosine 3′,5′-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP). It is highly expressed in the striatum. Recent evidence implied that PDE10A may be involved in the inflammatory processes following injury, such as ischemic stroke. Its role in ischemic injury was unknown. Herein, w...
Article
Full-text available
Calorie restriction confers post-ischemic neuroprotection, when administered in a defined time window before ischemic stroke. How a hypocaloric diet influences stroke recovery when initiated after stroke has not been investigated. Male C57BL6/j mice were exposed to transient intraluminal middle cerebral artery occlusion. Immediately post-ischemia,...
Article
Full-text available
Mesenchymal stromal/stem cells (MSCs) have been widely tested against many diseases, with more than 1000 registered clinical trials worldwide. Despite many setbacks, MSCs have been approved for the treatment of graft-versus-host disease and Crohn disease. However, it is increasingly clear that MSCs exert their therapeutic functions in a paracrine m...
Preprint
Functional inhibitors of acid sphingomyelinase are clinically used as anti-depressants since ~60 years. Here, we show that acid sphingomyelinase inhibition by the antidepressants amitriptyline, fluoxetine and desipramine protects from ischemia/reperfusion and elicits a profound brain remodeling response with increased angiogenesis, improved blood-b...
Article
Full-text available
Stem cells such as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) enhance neurological recovery in preclinical stroke models by secreting extracellular vesicles (EVs). Since previous reports have focused on the application of MSC-EVs only, the role of the most suitable host cell for EV enrichment and preclinical stroke treatment remains elusive. The present study a...
Article
Full-text available
Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells markedly attenuated brain infarct size and improved neurological function in rats. The mechanisms for neuronal cell death have previously been defined in stress states to suggest that an influx of calcium ions into the neurons activates calpain cleavage of p35 into p25 forming a hyperactive complex that induce...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Hypertension guidelines strongly differ between societies. The current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline recommends higher proportions of the general population for antihypertensive medication than the previous American and European guidelines. How cardiovascular risk differs between persons wit...
Article
Background The newly emerged severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a worldwide pandemic of human respiratory disease. Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) 2 is the key receptor on lung epithelial cells to facilitate initial binding and infection of SARS-CoV-2. The binding to ACE2 is mediated via the spike glycoprotein...
Article
The current coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic represents a severe, life-changing event for people across the world. Life changes may involve job loss, income reduction due to furlough, death of a beloved one, or social stress due to life habit changes. Many people suffer from social isolation due to lockdown or physical distancing, espec...
Article
Full-text available
The heart and the brain mutually interact with each other, forming a functional axis that is disturbed under conditions of ischemia. Stem cell‐derived extracellular vesicles (EVs) show great potential for the treatment of ischemic stroke and myocardial infarction. Due to heart‐brain interactions, therapeutic actions of EVs in the brain and the hear...
Article
Full-text available
Representing the brain’s innate immune cells that interact vividly with blood-derived immune cells and brain parenchymal cells, microglia set the stage for successful brain remodeling and repair in the aftermath of brain damage. With the development of pharmacological colony-stimulating factor-1 receptor inhibitors, which allow inhibiting or deplet...
Article
Full-text available
Until recently, the visualization of cerebral microvessels was hampered by the fact that only short segments of vessels could be evaluated in brain sections by histochemistry. These limitations have been overcome by light sheet microscopy, which allows the 3D analysis of microvasculature in cleared brains. A major limitation of light sheet microsco...
Article
Recently it was shown that the hematophagous salivary gland protein agaphelin exhibits multiple antithrombotic effects without promoting the risk of bleeding. Agaphelin inhibits neutrophil elastase and thereby reduces cathepsin G-induced platelet aggregation. However, it is still unclear, whether pharmacological treatment with agaphelin in brain is...
Chapter
Sleep and wakefulness are regulated by widespread neuronal networks in the brain. These networks are vulnerable to numerous factors, most importantly neurodegenerative diseases and drugs. The macrostructure and microstructure of sleep change with age and, most prominently, in neurodegenerative diseases associated with dementia. Sleep disorders in s...
Article
Objective Extracellular vesicles (EVs) derived from neural progenitor cells enhance poststroke neurological recovery, albeit the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Since previous research described an enhanced poststroke integrity of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) upon systemic transplantation of neural progenitor cells, we examined if neural pro...
Article
Full-text available
Neonatal encephalopathy following hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is a major cause of long-term morbidity and mortality in children. Even though HI-induced neuroinflammation, involving infiltration of peripheral immune cells into the CNS has been associated with disease pathogenesis, the specific role of neutrophils is highly debated. Due to immaturity of th...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a frequent symptom with many possible causes, and many of these can be treated. EDS and its underlying causes have been associated with various negative health consequences. Recognition of EDS is thus an important public health concern. The concept of EDS is, however, not yet well defined, and di...
Article
Full-text available
By cleaving sphingomyelin into ceramide, which is an essential component of plasma membrane microdomains, acid sphingomyelinase (Asm) pivotally controls cell signaling. To define how the activation of the Asm/ceramide pathway, which occurs within seconds to minutes upon stress stimuli, influences brain ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury, we exposed...
Article
Full-text available
Lithium induces neuroprotection against cerebral ischemia, although the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We have previously suggested a role for lithium in calcium regulation and (extra)cerebral vessel relaxation under non-ischemic conditions. Herein, we aimed to investigate whether or not lithium contributes to post-stroke stabilization of th...