Dirk Dohse

Dirk Dohse
Kiel Institute for the World Economy | IFW · Knowledge Creation and Growth

Professor

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79
Publications
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Introduction
Dirk Dohse is Head of the Research Area Knowledge Creation and Growth, Kiel Institute for the World Economy. Dirk does research in Innovation Economics, in International Economics and in Economic Geography. Recent co-authored publications include 'Fostering place-based innovation and internationalization – the new turn in German technology policy' (European Planning Studies, 2018); 'How different kinds of innovation affect exporting' (Economics Letters, 2018); 'Bad neighborhood and internet adoption in poor countries' (Growth and Change, 2018); 'Unemployment and new business formation' (Applied Economics Letters, 2018) and 'University students’ entrepreneurial intentions: A comparative analysis of Hong Kong and Guangzhou, Mainland China' (China & World Economy, 2017).

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Zusammenfassung Afrika ist ein Kontinent der Chancen, der in der künftigen weltwirtschaftlichen Arbeitsteilung eine deutlich größere Rolle spielen dürfte als bisher. Dennoch tut sich die deutsche Wirtschaft bislang schwer. Die digitale Transformation verändert die Investitions- und Innovationsbedingungen in Afrika. Daraus ergeben sich auch für deut...
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Full-text available
Based on information from a large sample of German researchers and using business ownership and nascent entrepreneurship as alternative indicators of academic entrepreneurship, we use mediation analysis to analyze the direct effects of researchers' entrepreneurship attitudes, age, gender, and citizenship as well as the related indirect influences....
Article
The article studies the impact of a switch from free to charged highway provision on firm numbers and private sector employment in a panel of Portuguese municipalities covering the period 2007–2013. It exploits the fact that tolls on certain highways in Portugal were unexpectedly introduced in reaction to the sovereign debt crisis to establish caus...
Chapter
David Audretsch has made several important contributions to the literature in Economics: He is well-known for his contributions to the study of innovation and firm size, for his highly influential book Innovation and Industry Evolution, for the (co-) development of the Knowledge Spillover Theory of Entrepreneurship and as a co-founder and co-editor...
Article
The paper provides insights into drivers of foreign technology licensing from the licensee's perspective, using data across 114 nations. Technology licensing enables licensees to access proven technologies without development delays, although licensors might deny licenses for strategic reasons. Results show that firms with own R&D are more likely t...
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This paper uses firm-level survey for more than 100 countries to examine whether firms’ female managers or female owners were better at bringing innovations to the market than males. In contrast to most of the literature that focuses on the performance of female managers/owners, this paper addresses conduct with regard to innovation. Results show t...
Article
Since the mid-1990s German technology policy has experienced a paradigmatic shift from standard grant schemes towards a region-oriented and competition-based R&D policy. Currently, a new policy experiment, the InterClust contest, is under way, trying to simultaneously foster place-based innovation, R&D internationalization and the internationalizat...
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We analyze how different kinds of innovation affect firms‘ export propensity, finding a positive impact of incremental innovations, whereas radical innovations need more time to affect exporting. Evidence for an isolated impact of process innovations or imitations is not found.
Article
The paper investigates the determinants of Internet adoption in poor countries, focusing on the role of macro-geographic location (neighborhood). It is argued that neighboring countries are interconnected by various kinds of spillovers, including knowledge spillovers as well as spillovers of norms and attitudes that affect individual adoption behav...
Article
The article analyses the interrelation between unemployment and new business formation using panel data for a large cross-section of countries. We find robust evidence for a positive influence of unemployment, domestic credit to the private sector and business-friendly regulation on new business formation. Our examination does, however, indicate no...
Article
Based on original survey data, this paper analyses and compares the role of personal traits and networks in determining entrepreneurial intentions of students in Hong Kong and in Guangzhou. The two cities are culturally closely related but differ strongly with respect to their labor market conditions and the maturity of their legal and business env...
Article
Does regional unemployment increase or rather decrease entrepreneurial activity? Although this question has been hotly debated among researchers for decades, the answers yielded so far are ambiguous and inconclusive. The paper proposes an innovative approach that takes not only interregional differences in unemployment rates, but also in unemployme...
Article
This paper analyzes the impact of different individual skills and their economy-wide distribution among heterogenous entrepreneurs on a country's catching up-process to the world technology frontier (WTF). Highly skilled entrepreneurs qualify as either technological specialists or as broadly skilled systemic entrepreneurs. Governmental policy may a...
Article
Start-ups in different industry groups are classified according to their average complexity. We find that thick regional input markets are conducive to start-up activity in general and complex start-ups in particular, but that some inputs are more important than others.
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Auch im Sommer 2003 kann die Entwicklung in der ostdeutschen Wirtschaft niemanden zufrieden stellen. Zusätzlich zu allen Diskussionen um Möglichkeiten einer Belebung der Wachstumsdynamik in ganz Deutschland stellt sich deswegen die Frage, wie die Politik dem Aufbau Ost neuen Schwung geben kann. Diese Frage stellt sich umso dringender, weil die fina...
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Trotz der unbestreitbaren Fortschritte beim Aufbau Ost ist die wirtschaftliche Lage in Ostdeutschland unbefriedigend. Nicht nur, dass das gesamtwirtschaftliche Wachstum seit einigen Jahren hinter dem in Westdeutschland zurückbleibt und die Unterbeschäftigung auf hohem Niveau verharrt, gravierender noch ist, dass die Gefahr besteht, dass Mutlosigkei...
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This study examines how modes of entrepreneurship education (active, such as business simulations, versus reflective, such as theory lectures) – alone and in interaction with the universities’ regional context – affect students’ self-employment intentions. Results from a cross-level analysis show that active modes are, irrespective of the regional...
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One of the most significant changes in the global economy today is the strong increase in outgoing foreign direct investment (OFDI) from emerging economies to industrialised countries. Whereas investment in less developed countries is often motivated by the sourcing of natural resources and cheap labour, knowledge and technology-seeking is an incre...
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The current paper analyzes the role of the individual and regional knowledge context in forming university students’ entrepreneurial intentions. As access to knowledge resources is crucial for the growth and survival of knowledge-based start-ups, we argue that an individual’s decision in favor or against becoming an entrepreneur should critically d...
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We develop an endogenous growth model which is focussed on entrepre-neurial skills and their impact on growth and convergence in industrialized economies that dispose of high-technology sectors. Our work is closely related to the model by Acemoglu et al. (2006) but extends their analysis in some important respects. Entrepreneurs in our model dispos...
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This paper argues for an ambitious but realistic approach to defining the future role of the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The IMF is the only international institution with the analytical capacity and political standing to hold all national governments accountable to the same standards for macroeconomic policies and financial sector regulatio...
Article
We develop an endogenous growth model which is focussed on entrepreneurial skills and their impact on growth and convergence. Our work is closely related to the model by Acemoglu et al. (2006) but extends their analysis in some important respects. Entrepreneurs in our model dispose of two different skills (technological and systemic skills) and we...
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The BioRegio contest and the BioProfile contest initiated by the German Federal Government have drawn much international attention as prototypes of a new kind of technology policy aiming at the exploitation of regional innovation and growth potential through clustering. There is, however, little systematic analysis of their actual impact on the dev...
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In this paper we investigate the determinants of entrepreneurial activity in a cross section of German regions for the period 1998-2005. Departing from the knowledge spillover theory of entrepreneurship, the focus of our analysis is on the role of the regional environment and, in particular, knowledge and cultural diversity. Our main hypothesis is...
Article
This paper links the performance of new technology firms, measured in terms of employment growth, to geographic location. We introduce a model of firm growth that is specific to characteristics of the location as well as the firm and industry. The model is estimated using a unique data set identifying the growth performance of small technology-base...
Article
The German Federal Government has undertaken a series of particularly interesting policy experiments in the field of technology policy in recent years, a major policy innovation being the explicit recognition of regional clustering aspects in federal support programmes. The paper provides a categorization and assessment of these policy experiments...
Book
Comparative study of German biocluster promotion policies
Article
How do different strategies of infrastructure provision affect the spatial distribution of firms and households in a federation? The current article analyzes three polar cases: in the first case there is no publicly provided infrastructure at all. The second case is the case of uniform provision, i.e., a federal government provides the same amount...
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Bedeutet das Internet das ?Ende der Geographie?, den ?Tod der Distanz? oder gar den ?Niedergang der Städte?? Solche futuristisch anmutenden Hypothesen wurden im Zusammenhang mit der zunehmenden Verbreitung des Internets als neuer Basistechnologie geäußert. Sie erscheinen aber bei weitem überzogen. Stark und nachhaltig sinkende räumliche Transaktion...
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Ostdeutschland ist hinsichtlich seiner Innovationspotentiale kein monolithischer Block, sondern weist eine sehr differenzierte regionale Innovationsstruktur auf. Regionale Schwerpunkte innovativer Aktivitäten bilden neben Berlin und seinem unmittelbaren Umland vor allem sächsische und thüringische Raumordnungsregionen. Es ist also ein gewisses Süd-...
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Full-text available
This Paper links the performance of new technology firms, measured in terms of growth, to geographic location. We introduce a model of firm growth that is specific to characteristics of the location as well as the firm and industry. The model is estimated using a new dataset identifying the growth performance of small technology-based firms. In fac...
Article
Although there is a host of literature on the locational choice of traditional economy firms, relatively little is known about the locational needs and preferences of new economy firms. Therefore, the current paper provides an empirical analysis of the factors determining the regional distribution of new economy firms in Germany. Using a count data...
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The Neuer Markt, launched in 1997 by Deutsche Börse, the German stock exchange, is Europe’s closest equivalent to the Nasdaq, the US high-tech oriented stock market. Although the New Economy in Germany is not restricted to Neuer Markt firms one may argue that these firms and their employees form the spearhead of Germany’s New Economy. In the curren...
Book
Advances in Spatial Science This series of books is dedicated to reporting on recent advances in spatial science. It contains scientific studies focusing on spatial phenomena, utilising theoretical frameworks, analytical methods, and empirical procedures specifically designed for spatial analysis. The series brings together innovative spatial rese...
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In the era of globalization with its ever-increasing competitive pressure on firms and their employees new knowledge—and particularly new technical knowledge—has become the most important production factor. Moreover, the way that new technical knowledge itself is produced has rapidly changed in recent years: Knowledge production becomes more and mo...
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Never since Marshall’s seminal work on locational choice and industrial districts has the cluster idea been given more prominence than in the last decade, prominence that was in particular triggered by Porter (1990) and Enright (1990). This is not too surprising since “... both, firms keen to improve their competitiveness, and governments keen to e...
Article
The debate about European monetary union has for a long time been dominated by questions of fiscal convergence and the macroeconomic stability of the euro. Relatively little attention has been given to the labor market effects of EMU, although labor market performance is likely to be crucial for the long-term success or failure of EMU. In this pape...
Article
The Neuer Markt, launched in 1997 by Deutsche Börse, the German stock exchange, is Europe's closest equivalent to the Nasdaq, the US high-tech oriented stock market. Although the New Economy in Germany is not restricted to 'Neuer Markt' firms one may argue that these firms and their employees form the spearhead of Germany's New Economy. The paper a...
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Das Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung geht seit Mitte der 90er Jahre neue Wege in der Technologieförderung, indem es die regionale Ebene in den Mittelpunkt technologiepolitischer Initiativen stellt. Als Prototypen der neuen Politik können der BioRegio-Wettbewerb und der InnoRegio-Wettbewerb gelten. In diesem Beitrag werden die beiden Prot...
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There seems to be unanimity among economists that new knowledge is one of the most important sources of economic growth. The spatial dimension of knowledge, however, is often neglected. Obviously, the costs of information transfer over large distances have been rapidly decreasing during the last decades. So, at first glance, in the age of internet,...
Article
Only recently, it has been argued that technology policy should give more attention to the regions as they could play a key role in the process of technological change. The German Federal Government has tried to do so by initiating a contest in which Germany's leading Biotech regions competed for a given amount of public funding. This paper reports...
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The paper deals with the challenges that European monetary union (EMU) exerts on European labor markets, giving special emphasis to the regional dimension of the European unemployment problem. We argue that the inability of labor markets to adjust to shocks is to a large extent a regional problem within countries rather than a purely national matte...
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In der deutschen Technologiepolitik hat sich ein bemerkenswerter Wandel vollzögen: Waren deren traditionelle Bezugseinheiten bis Mitte der 90er Jahre einzelne Unternehmen, Technologien oder Wirtschaftsbereiche, so ist die regionale Ebene als Bezugsebene technologiepolitischer Initiativen hinzugekommen. Zentrale Elemente der neuen Politik sind die S...
Article
The debate about European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) has so far been dominated by questions of fiscal convergence and macroeconomic stability. Far less attention has been given to EMU's effects on labor markets, although labor market performance will be crucial in determining the long-term success or failure of EMU. More institutional divers...
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Full-text available
This paper discusses the challenges that European Monetary Union (EMU) poses for European labor markets, emphasizing in particular the regional dimension of the European unemployment problem. The authors argue that the inability of labor markets to adjust to shocks is largely a regional problem within EMU member countries, requiring structural refo...
Article
Full-text available
The debate about European monetary union has so far been dominated by questions of fiscal convergence, the adequate conversion exchange rate and the stability of the Euro. Relatively little attention has been given to the labour market effects although labour market performance will be crucial for the long-term success or failure of EMU. The follow...
Article
Europa hat uns in letzter Zeit eine ganze Reihe von spannenden Tagen beschert: Ende März die Empfehlungen der EU-Kommission und des Europäischen Währungsinstituts (EWI) zu den Teilnehmerländern an der Währungsunion, kurz darauf die Abweisung der Klage der vier Professoren gegen die Währungsunion beim Bundesverfassungsgericht, die Entscheidungen von...
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The current paper deals with the labour market effects of European Monetary Union (EMU). We compare the EU-memberstates’ susceptibility to asymmetric shocks and their labour market flexibility under status quo conditions. The findings are related to the question which countries are - from a labour market point of view - fit for EMU and which countr...
Article
There has been a remarkable change in German technological policy during the last years.The first thing to mention is that technological policy in Germany takes a broader view now, focussing not only on knowledge creation (i.e. the invention process per se) but also on knowledge diffusion and faster commercialization. The second noteworthy change i...
Article
German technology policy has undergone a remarkable change during the last years. The first thing to mention is that technology policy in Germany takes a broader view now, focussing not only on knowledge creation (i.e. the invention process per se) but also on knowledge diffusion and faster commercialization. The second noteworthy change is the gro...
Article
Endogeneous growth theory views externalities and particularly externalities associated with knowledge spillovers as the engine of economic growth. In some influential papers (e.g. Glaeser et al. 1992) it is argued that these knowledge spillovers do not transmit costlessly over space. Rather, location and geographic proximity matter. In the current...
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Full-text available
German technology policy has undergone a particularly remarkable change in recent years. Traditionally, the reference units of German technology policy were single firms, technologies or sectors. Since the mid-90`s the German Federal Government has discovered the region as a new reference unit for technology policy. Policy instruments such as the '...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines how the effect of entrepreneurship education on students' entrepreneurial intentions is (1) contingent on the mode of education (active, e.g. business plan seminar, vs reflective, e.g. theory lectures), (2) contingent on the regional context and (3) complemented by individual-level influences such as role models or work experien...

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