Dimitris Tsarouhas

Dimitris Tsarouhas
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | VT · Department of Political Science

Political Science/Political Economy
Bilkent University/VAP, Virginia Tech

About

69
Publications
22,768
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369
Citations
Introduction
Associate Professor at the Department of International Relations at Bilkent University, Turkey. Adjunct Professor, George Washington University. Visiting Scholar at Georgetown University, Walsh School of Foreign Service. Jean Monnet Chair in European Politics Scientific Council member of the Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS), Brussels. Research Associate, Hellenic Institute for Foreign and European Policy. ELIAMEP Research Associate, Center for European Studies, METU.
Additional affiliations
September 2018 - present
Georgetown University
Position
  • Visiting Scholar
September 2018 - January 2020
George Washington University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Introduction to Comparative Politics European Integration The Politics of Russia and Central East Europe
October 2014 - present
Bilkent University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
October 2002 - June 2005
The University of Sheffield
Field of study
  • Political Science
September 2001 - September 2002
September 1998 - May 2001
The University of Sheffield
Field of study
  • Political Science

Publications

Publications (69)
Article
Full-text available
The European Union (EU) is at a critical juncture that will either trigger further integration or reinforce a mode of intergovernmental cooperation. The spread of market pressure to a growing number of states demonstrates that the crisis needs to be dealt with at the European and not just the national level. Up to now the ‘politics of extreme auste...
Article
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The relationship between globalisation and Europeanisation is conventionally studied by focusing on the domestic level. In this article we explore this relation- ship at the international level instead. We examine the way in which the two phenomena in the form of the ILO and the EU relate to one another. Adopting a discursive institutionalist appro...
Article
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Which factors account for successful policy reform and what role does discourse play in the process? This article examines this empirical puzzle with reference to the issue of Greek reform failure. A matched comparison with Italy in the area of pensions reveals the salience of path shaping and the use of political discourse in narrowing down reform...
Article
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This article argues that the origins of the Greek malaise are primarily political rather than economic and rooted in the delay, postponement, and half-hearted implementation of public policy reforms that preceded the crisis. The 2007-08 global economic crisis triggered market scrutiny over Greece, as it brought to an end a period of abundant liquid...
Article
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There has been an increasing academic interest in understanding the dynamics of social policy in the Middle East and developing a conceptual 'model' to account for the particular characteristics of welfare arrangements in the countries of the region. While part of this framework, Turkey represents an exceptional case due to the Europeanization proc...
Technical Report
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Η παρούσα έκθεση πραγματεύεται τις ελληνικές στάσεις απέναντι στην ευρωπαϊκή ολοκλήρωση, με ιδιαίτερη έμφαση στην νεολαία. Από τη λεπτομερή ανάλυση πρωτογενών δεδομένων εντοπίστηκαν διακριτές διαφορές μεταξύ των γενεών, ανάμεσα στα άτομα ηλικίας κάτω και άνω των 35 ετών, τόσο στην εξέλιξη όσο και στους προσδιοριστικούς παράγοντες των στάσεων απέναν...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The paper’s main argument is that a positive or negative decision on CU modernization depends on the willingness of Brussels to engage with “the Turkey question” from a strategic, rather than tactical, point of view. The current state of affairs may be low cost for EU governments but contributes nothing to the ostensible goal of maintaining Turkey...
Chapter
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This chapter investigates and explains EU–Turkey relations from the perspective of Liberal Intergovernmentalism (LI). After setting out the main premises of neoliberalism in International Relations (IR) and the three-step approach to integration espoused by LI, the chapter focuses on EU–Turkey relations over time, and by the use of concrete forms o...
Research
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Trade and economic relations remain the cornerstone of EU-Turkey relations. The Customs Union (CU) is the sole institutionalized instrument that remains important for both sides. Launching negotiations on how to update its content oers a set of fresh opportunities for the EU to reintroduce political as well as economic conditionality in its relatio...
Article
Greek civil-military relations (CMR) have been fraught with tension and conflict for a long time, almost since the country’s independence in 1830. A high number of military coups and mutual mistrust between political elites and military officers characterized periods of civilian rule for most of the 20th century. However, and that is what makes the...
Article
Turkey's economic turmoil of today is reminiscent of an earlier era, during which instability, high inflation, and financial mismanagement ruled the day. Yet until recently, Turkey was celebrated as an economic success story, enjoying rising prosperity, high GDP growth, and a healthy fiscal outlook. How was that success possi-ble? Which mechanisms...
Article
This article analyses the extent to which the Covid-19 pandemic crisis represents a window of opportunity towards fundamental change in the economic governance of the European Union (EU). Adopting a historical institutionalist (HI) perspective and drawing insights from the policy learning literature, we argue that contingent learning immediately to...
Chapter
Greek social democracy has changed beyond recognition in the last decade. This chapter draws on evidence from the last two rounds of elections (national and European) to analyse and explain the shifts in voter behaviour as well as the organizational and ideological reconfiguration in Greece’s progressive political spectrum. I argue that given the l...
Chapter
Greek social democracy has changed beyond recognition in the last decade. This chapter draws on evidence from the last two rounds of elections (national and European) to analyse and explain the shifts in voter behaviour as well as the organizational and ideological reconfiguration going on in the progressive area of the political spectrum in Greece...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Executive Summary The migration and refugee crisis has had a profound and lasting effect on the European Union. It occurred in the aftermath of the economic and financial crisis and has run a parallel course with the Brexit debate. In that sense, it has reinforced centrifugal tendencies within the Union and raised fears of disintegration as a resul...
Article
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This paper focuses on EU–Turkey relations through gender-related employment policy practices. We argue that Turkey is undergoing a process of ‘Europeanization without substance’, in which vague commitments and policy initiatives to enhance female labour force participation coexist uneasily with a contravening political discourse. This is not merely...
Chapter
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This chapter examines the migration and refugee crisis, as well as its aftermath, placing Turkey at the heart of the analysis. Turkey has played a pivotal role in this policy area, both with regard to its handling of Syrian and other refugees who fled to Turkey, as well as by assisting the European Union (EU) in dealing with migration flows to its...
Chapter
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This chapter explores the political economy of relations between Greece and Turkey as developed over recent years, with a particular emphasis in the post-rapprochement (i.e. post-1999) period. It draws on primary and secondary material, open-access statistical data and semi-structured elite interviews with political and economic actors of the two c...
Chapter
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The EU faces multiple crises simultaneously, and the way in which it will choose to handle them will determine its future. On the socio-economic crisis, maintaining a positive economic momentum is helpful to avoid an implosion but inadequate to restore EU cohesion. Structural reforms imposed during the crisis era and the politics of austerity pull...
Article
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To what extent does growing trade lessen the probability of inter-state conflict? This paper addresses this question by using the curiously under-studied dyadic relationship between Greece and Turkey. Measuring trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) volumes as well as tourism flows and by use of elite interviews with key actors from both countri...
Article
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EU Governance and the Social Pillar The launch of the European Pillar of Social Rights has unleashed a fruitful debate, which is closely linked to the future of EU integration. Dr. Tsarouhas looks back at the launch of the Pillar and assesses what should be done now for it to fulfill its potential.
Article
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To what extent has the European Union’s (EU) foreign policy been coherent in the Western Balkans? Moreover, is EU policy behaviour seen as coherent by local stakeholders? Such questions are of high significance regarding the role of the EU as an external actor and with regard to the Western Balkans in particular. This article assesses EU policy coh...
Article
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This article makes use of an institutionalist framework to account for the discursive inconsistencies and flawed messages emanating from Greek policy entrepreneurs during the crisis. I argue that structures seen through the lenses of path dependence are important in framing the context within which policy makers can react, or feel they can react, t...
Article
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ÖZET Yunanistan’da siyasetçilerin, 2009 kriziyle başa çıkmaya çalışırken kullandıkları söyleme odaklı bu makalede krizin sonuçları ele alınmakta ve söylemin oynadığı rol analiz edilmektedir. Tarihsel bir kurumsal çerçeve benimseyen yazarın temel savunusu, etkisiz politika sonuçlarının ülkenin 1974 sonrasında demokrasiye geçiş sonrasında yaşadığı si...
Chapter
Full-text available
This volume considers the political economy dynamics that both caused and were precipitated by the Eurozone crisis in four of the hardest-hit so-called periphery country cases—Ireland, Spain, Portugal and Greece. This introduction focuses on the broader structures that underpinned the Eurozone crisis, whereas the chapters that follow zoom in on dom...
Chapter
The Eurozone crisis had a profound effect on the countries of the periphery—Ireland, Spain, Portugal and Greece—considered in this book as the chapters have articulated. Drawing together the insights from those chapters, this short conclusion suggests that while there were common causes and structural constraints on these countries (see also Introd...
Chapter
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Identity politics is also at the heart of Dimitris Tsarouhas’ chapter on Turkey. Turkey’s key role in contributing to the security of the EU is shown by the migration crisis. However, over a long period certain member states of the EU have questioned Turkey’s suitability for EU membership on the basis of identity and values. In the case of Turkey t...
Research
The launch of the European Pillar of Social Rights has unleashed a fruitful debate, which is closely linked to the future of EU integration. Dr. Tsarouhas looks back at the launch of the Pillar and assesses what should be done now for it to fulfil its potential.
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter examines EU-Turkey relations by demonstrating the clash between values and interests that both sides display. It engages with the Europeanisation literature while demonstrating this point and points to its failures in capturing the dynamics of Turkey's evolution over time as well as the potential role played by the Union in the process...
Book
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This book investigates the causes and consequences of crisis in four countries of the Eurozone periphery – Greece, Spain, Portugal and Ireland. The contributions to this volume are provided from country-specific experts, and are organised into two themed subsections: the first analyses the economic dynamics at play in relation to each state, whilst...
Article
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This paper attempts to go beyond actor-centered explanations of the European Union's (EU) presence in regulatory politics by examining the role of the EU in the diffusion of regulatory norms and practices. We explore the international diffusion of public procurement policy, to which multiple organizations and especially the EU and the World Trade O...
Presentation
Full-text available
The effect of the migration and refugee crisis on EU-Turkey Relations
Conference Paper
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The present publication is a transcript of the Symposium on European Migrant Crisis: Challenges of a fragmented corridor, which took place on 31 March 2016 in Thessaloniki, organised by the South East European Research Centre with the support of Konrad-Adenauer Stiftung and the Navarino Network.
Chapter
Full-text available
The concept of the European Social Model (ESM) has been used by academics and practitioners alike for quite some time. Though its precise conceptualization often remained elusive, its use was welcomed across much of the mainstream party political spectrum in Europe. After all and although the ESM could be interpreted in different ways, it surely st...
Technical Report
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The European Union (EU) remains a positive example of successful economic integration and close political cooperation. Informed by idealism but mostly acting pragmatically, it has taken important steps forward to complement its economic might with global political influence. For all its limitations, it is a crucial actor in global politics and, for...
Chapter
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In the spring of 2010, the Greek government requested international financial assistance. In exchange, it agreed to a programme of fiscal discipline and budgetary consolidation jointly designed and executed by the European Commission, the European Central Bank (ECB) and the International Monetary Fund. Four years on, very few of the reforms origina...
Chapter
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This chapter looks at the effects of the EU accession process on Turkish social policy, defined to include welfare transfers, organizational structures of social services and social partnership. It begins with a brief exposé on the Europeanization literature and focuses on the aspects of this broad literature related to Europeanization in candidate...
Chapter
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Are trade unions still relevant for social democracy? Not so long ago such a question would have sounded very odd indeed. Social democracy was the natural habitat of the trade union movement, the political space where union aspirations for better living conditions and the quest for solidarity found a sympathetic hearing and, more often than not, ma...
Article
Full-text available
Which factors account for successful policy reform and what role does discourse play in the process? This article examines this empirical puzzle with reference to the issue of Greek reform failure. A matched comparison with Italy in the area of pensions reveals the salience of path shaping and the use of political discourse in narrowing down reform...
Article
The chapter’s main argument points to a weak Europeanisation effect on Turkish social policy reform. At best, ‘Europe’ is used as a legitimisation device for policies conceived and designed at the national level and with domestic political priorities in mind. Although the end result is an approximation of some of Turkey’s social policy structures t...
Article
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Drawing on frame theory, this paper examines how policy entrepreneurs within the Swedish Trade Union Confederation LO embarked on a campaign to extend an exclusively class-based solidarity frame along gender lines. In the process, LO’s identity was modified.. Once the new solidarity frame had been accepted, it was operationalized in the collective...
Conference Paper
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Over the last fifteen years a valuable literature on party change and party system change has been developed. Katz and Mair"s "cartel party" has been added to the literature on political parties as one of the latest types of party in advanced democracies. I analyze the cartel party argument with respect to the Greek case and the party system"s main...
Article
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This paper revisits the Greek–Turkish rapprochement, taking as its point of departure the two states’ economic relations, and explores possible linkages to political cooperation. The paper finds growing collaboration in a context characterized by the proliferation of non-state actors in economic decision making, and underlines the role played by FD...
Article
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How should one understand the influence of Europeanization on social partnership? This article examines the impact of the European Employment Strategy (EES) on Greek social partnership and the role of employers and unions in the formulation of labour market policy. It identifies two potential levels of influence: first-level change which leads to a...
Conference Paper
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Europeanization has rapidly become a catch-all phrase that encompasses a variety of meanings. It has not, however, been rigorously examined with regard to its policy consequences (policy Europeanization) on welfare state structures and expenditures. Such a function is particularly pertinent in Southern Europe, where Europeanization has often been d...
Chapter
. First, social policy in general and OMC in particular cannot be assessed in isolation from the political environment in which they operate. To name but an example, the positive welcome that ETUC extended to the original Lisbon Treaty has subsequently been toned down when attempts when made in 2004-05 to water down the social aspects of the Treaty...
Article
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Declining unionizations rates and the decentralization of wage bargaining have reduced the importance of organized labour in the political process. For some, this decline seems irreversible and the best trade unions can hope for is to be co-opted by governments or employers in 'devil's pacts'. Over the last few years, however, some European trade u...
Article
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This paper seeks to examine the impact of Europeanization on Greek social policy, focusing especially on social partnership and the role of employers and trade unions in the formulation of labour market policies. Specifically, I willl focus on the impact of the European Employment Strategy (EES) and the resulting policy choices of the social partne...
Article
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The civil-military-relations literature has long concentrated on domestic factors in explaining the relationship between civilians and the military. This article concentrates on the effect of an external actor, the European Union (EU), on civil-military relations in Greece and Turkey. The main findings reveal that the two countries shared similar c...
Article
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The paper aims at explaining the high degree of the military's involvement in Greek politics in the 20th century. It argues that focusing either on Huntington's "professionalization" thesis or the more sociological accounts of socio-economic development can hardly give an explanation for the Greek armed forces' military interventions in political l...
Article
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This paper argues that explaining the development of EU social policy requires an understanding of the role of European business. It asserts that EU social policy remains dependent on the willingness of economic actors, centred on the European Roundtable of Industrialists and UNICE, to facilitate steps towards a more cohesive social policy framewor...
Conference Paper
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Swedish industrial relations, renowned for their stability and smooth functioning over decades, faced unprecedented change in the early 1990s. On the initiative of the Employers' Federation, Swedish 'democratic corporatism' (Katzenstein, 1985) gave way to a decentralised, sector-based system of bargaining. This paper seeks to account for this chang...
Article
The 2009 Greek elections have led to the return of the Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement (PASOK) in office. After assuming the party leadership in 2004, the new Prime Minister George Papandreou called for a new relationship between the party and party members/citizens based on transparency, democratic decision-making and horizontal forms of participa...
Article
ABSTRACT This paperseeks,to examine,the,impact,of Europeanization on Greek social,partnership,and the role,of employers,and,trade,unions,in the,formulation,of labour,market,policies. Specifically, I willfocus on the impact of the European Employment Strategy (EES) and the resulting policy choices of the social partners. The EES provides a testable...
Article
Full-text available
The literature on Europeanization investigates the ways in which processes of European integration and EU-level policy-making affect domestic institutional structures. The extent to, and the ways through which member states respond to adaptational pressures stemming from the EU will depend on the ‘goodness of fit’ between the EU policy regime and m...

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