Dimitris Ballas

Dimitris Ballas
University of Groningen | RUG · Department of Economic Geography

PhD

About

153
Publications
31,178
Reads
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2,626
Citations
Education
October 1997 - September 2001
University of Leeds
Field of study
  • Geography
September 1996 - September 1997
University of Leeds
Field of study
  • Geography
September 1991 - September 1996
University of Macedonia
Field of study
  • Economics

Publications

Publications (153)
Article
A key policy measure introduced by governments worldwide at the beginning of the COVID‐19 pandemic was to restrict travel, highlighting the importance of people’s mobility as one of the key contributors to spreading SARS‐CoV‐2. However, there was little consistency regarding the geographical scale or the severity of these measures. Little use was m...
Article
Full-text available
This analysis examines the geography of subjective wellbeing within a single country via a novel dataset consisting of more than 26,000 respondents embedded in 3100 postal code areas in Finland. We include a detailed indicator on the level of urbanity of the respondent’s location derived from a 250 × 250 m GIS grid, contextual measures of the posta...
Article
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This article builds on the efforts by geographers and regional scientists aimed at adding a geographical dimension to the analysis and understanding of happiness and well-being. In particular, the article explores the changes in observed subjective wellbeing measures of residents in countries and regions that were mostly hit by the severe economic...
Article
This research used proof of concept agent-based models to test various theoretical mechanisms by which neighbourhoods may influence tooth decay in adults. Theoretical pathways were constructed using existing literature and tested in two study areas in Sheffield, UK. The models found a pathway between shops and sugar consumption had the most influen...
Article
Full-text available
The possible impacts of contextual effects on political behaviour have long been studied and analysed by political scientists and geographers We review previous relevant literature and extend it by incorporating the recent rise of populism and developments of socio‐economic determinants of the political economy of discontent and the geography of ha...
Preprint
This article uses data of subjective Life Satisfaction aggregated to the community level in Canada and examines the spatial interdependencies and spatial spillovers of community happiness. A theoretical model of utility is presented. Using spatial econometric techniques, we find that the utility of community, proxied by subjective measures of life...
Article
This study examines students’ social media interactions in relation to their subcultural explorations of a conspiratorial nature. A sample of 476 students from four European universities participated in a survey about conspiracy theories in social media group discussions. In the survey, we examined various social and media factors in relation to st...
Article
Full-text available
At this early point in the 21st Century a major concern that we face is the future possible effects of people-induced global warming. The predicted effects are severe, but argued by some to be avoidable if we act now. Here we consider the dimensions of another disaster: one for which not only the causes, but also their horrific consequences, are cu...
Chapter
This chapter critically reviews the state-of-the-art in spatial microsimulation and agent-based modelling approaches with an emphasis on efforts to combine them in order to address applied geography problems. Spatial microsimulation typically involves the merging of census and social survey data to simulate a population of individuals within househ...
Article
Public health research in dentistry has used geographic information systems since the 1960s. Since then, the methods used in the field have matured, moving beyond simple spatial associations to the use of complex spatial statistics and, on occasions, simulation modelling. Many analyses are often descriptive in nature; however, and the use of more a...
Article
Migration has long had an impact on spatial segregation within the metropolitan area of Athens. This process has also been affected by local economic restructuring mechanisms, which, in recent years, have evolved within the context of the 2008 economic crisis. This study attempts to shed light on the evolution of the spatial segregation of immigran...
Article
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[This corrects the article on p. 230 in vol. 4, PMID: 27818989.].
Book
GIS and the Social Sciences offers a uniquely social science approach on the theory and application of GIS with a range of modern examples. It explores how human geography can engage with a variety of important policy issues through linking together GIS and spatial analysis, and demonstrates the importance of applied GIS and spatial analysis for so...
Article
Published during a severe economic crisis, this study presents the first spatial microsimulation model for the analysis of income inequalities and poverty in Greece. First, we present a brief overview of the method and discuss its potential for the analysis of multidimensional poverty and income inequality in Greece. We then present the SimAthens m...
Book
What does Brexit actually mean for the UK and what are the wider implications for Europe? Was the UK ‘leave’ vote actually symptomatic of broader issues within Europe such as population mobility and the rise of non-traditional parties? Written by leading international authors, this timely atlas explores Europe’s society, culture, economy, politics...
Article
Analysing the regional geography of poverty, austerity and inequality in Europe: a human cartographic perspective. Regional Studies. This paper presents a human cartographic approach to the analysis of the impact of austerity and the economic crisis across Europe’s regions. It reflects on past insights and debates on the analysis and mapping of pov...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents applied geographical research based on a spatial microsimulation model, SimAlba, aimed at estimating geographically sensitive health variables in Scotland. SimAlba has been developed in order to answer a variety of “what-if” policy questions pertaining to health policy in Scotland. Using the SimAlba model, it is possible to simu...
Chapter
Ethnic inequalities in health, although widely observed, are not fully understood. In the context of increasing ethnic diversity, the pathways by which these disparities are maintained, widened or even narrowed must be examined. Theories of selective sorting between area types and social classes may help explain changing ethnic health gradients in...
Article
Full-text available
A wide range of user groups from policy makers to media commentators demand ever more spatially detailed information yet the desired data are often not available at fine spatial scales. Increasingly, small area estimation (SAE) techniques are called upon to fill in these informational gaps by downscaling survey outcome variables of interest based o...
Article
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing problem in Nigeria, presenting challenges to the nation’s health and economy. This study evaluates the accessibility to healthcare in Edo State of CKD patients diagnosed between 2006 and 2009. Using cost analysis techniques within a geographical information system, an estimated travel time to the hospital w...
Chapter
Full-text available
The above quotation is from the popular book entitled “The Spirit Level: Why More Equal Societies Almost Always Do Better”. This text describes the relationship between income distribution and well-being in affluent countries suggesting it is mediated through psychosocial pathways shaping the impacts of economic structure upon social relationships....
Article
Benjamin D. Hennig, Dimitris Ballas and Danny Dorling plot the changing regional economic geography of Europe.
Article
Issues of social justice and social and spatial inequalities in health have long been researched, yet there is a relative paucity of research on ethnic inequalities in health. Given the increasing ethnic diversity of England's population and the persistence of unjust differences in health this research is timely. We used annual data from the Health...
Article
Full-text available
Iterative Proportional Fitting (IPF), also known as biproportional fitting, 'raking' or the RAS algorithm, is an established procedure used in a variety of applications across the social sciences. Primary amongst these for urban modelling has been its use in static spatial microsimulation to generate small area microdata – individual level data all...
Article
Full-text available
Benjamin D. Hennig, Dimitris Ballas and Danny Dorling map the results of May's elections across the continent. Mapping the results of May's elections across the continent.
Book
Full-text available
Many of us think of European countries as discreet entities—their own languages, cultures, food, and economies squarely contained within their national boundaries. But in fact Europe is at once a unified place and a sophisticatedly fragmented one, and national boundaries rarely reflect its social and economic realities. The social atlas of Europe i...
Article
This technical note will discuss the processes involved in creating a time-series dataset for the Health Survey for England (HSE) from 1998 to 2011. This dataset has been used to explore the changing structure and composition of England’s society over time, and then to consider what implications this has for inequalities in health. The HSE, an annu...
Article
Full-text available
Iterative proportional fitting (IPF) is a widely used method for spatial microsimulation. The technique results in non-integer weights for individual rows of data. This is problematic for certain applications and has led many researchers to favour combinatorial optimisation approaches such as simulated annealing. An alternative to this is ‘integeri...
Article
Benjamin D. Hennig, Dimitris Ballas and Danny Dorling look at the politics behind voting patterns in the 2013 Eurovision Song Contest.
Article
Full-text available
The daily trip to work is ubiquitous, yet its characteristics differ widely from person to person and place to place. This is manifested in statistics on mode and distance of travel, which vary depending on a range of factors that operate at different scales. This heterogeneity is problematic for decision makers tasked with encouraging more sustain...
Chapter
There are a wide range of methodological frameworks and techniques for policy evaluation and socio-economic impact assessment. A useful distinction is to divide the literature on such models by the level of resolution adopted. It is then possible to identify macro, meso and micro approaches. Macro models, dealing with whole countries or nations, ar...
Chapter
Recent years have seen a renewed interest in a more integrated planning approach for service provision. Previously, government investment to improve access to public services has been prioritised either on the basis of the spatial distribution of services or on the availability of transport services. However, ease of access to a variety of services...
Chapter
Spatial microsimulation as a field has developed to facilitate evidenced based policy making in the areas of local planning and social welfare. This book has reported on the development of a model for specifically looking at the policy affecting rural areas. The Simulation Model of the Irish Local Economy (SMILE) has been constructed with this in m...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is an observational study of particular historical trends in mortality inequality within Great Britain, comparing England and Wales with Scotland for the period 1925-2005. The inequalities in mortality within Great Britain have become more apparent over time. Growing inequality in premature mortality in Britain affected young Scottish me...
Article
Full-text available
Measuring and analysing the factors that affect the quality of life (QoL) in cities and regions has long been the subject of theoretical and empirical work in a wide range of fields. More recently there have been an increasing number of studies involving traditional so-called objective indicators of QoL as well as more subjective measures of well-b...
Article
Full-text available
Regional scientists have increasingly been playing a very important role in the development and application of spatial microsimulation models for policy analysis. It has long been argued that spatial microsimulation modelling has enormous potential for the evaluation of the socio-economic and spatial effects of major developments in the regional or...
Article
Full-text available
This article builds on recent work entitled The Spirit Level by Richard Wilkinson and Kate Pickett suggesting that Japan is one of the most harmonious affluent countries in the world, whereas the United Kingdom (UK) is one of the most unequal and hence disharmonious. In particular, the article revisits The Spirit Level evidence according to which J...
Article
The Philippines is one of the most populous countries in the world. In terms of population, it ranks twelfth globally and seventh in Asia behind China, India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Japan. The estimated population of the country in 2010 was 94 million people. Using data from the Philippines 2000 Census, this paper presents a discussion...
Chapter
Full-text available
Spatial microsimulation models can be used to produce small area output for a deeper understanding of inequality. Dynamic spatial microsimulation models can be used to model transitions such as leaving home, entering school, university, the labour market, etc. This chapter presents a dynamic spatial microsimulation approach to the analysis of educa...
Article
Full-text available
The daily trip to work is ubiquitous, yet its characteristics differ widely from person to person and place to place. This is manifested in statistics on mode and distance of travel, which vary depending on a range of factors that operate at different scales. This heterogeneity is problematic for decision makers tasked with encouraging more sustain...
Article
Full-text available
The economic crisis in Greece has affected almost all sectors of economy and the great majority of households. Its effects in trade and commerce activities are visible by the obvious transformation of down-town Athens city centre. This transformation includes a great number of closing business and/or relocation of others. The work presented in this...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the previous chapter we reviewed the use of spatial microsimulation models for policy analysis and reviewed the type of applications for which the methodology has been employed. In the absence of spatially representative micro-data in Ireland, we require a technique for generating this data and hence the microsimulation model. In this chapter we...
Book
1 Introduction.- 2 The Spatial Policy Context of Economic, Agricultural and Environmental Change in Rural Ireland.- 3 A Review of Microsimulation for Policy Analysis.- 4 The SMILE Model: Construction and Calibration.- 5 Validation Issues and the Spatial Pattern of Household Income.- 6 Farm Level Spatial Microsimulation Modelling.- 7 Conservation an...
Article
Iterative proportional fitting (IPF) is a widely used method for spatial microsimulation. The technique results in non-integer weights for individual rows of data. This is problematic for certain applications and has led many researchers to favour combinatorial optimisation approaches such as simulated annealing. An alternative to this is ‘integeri...
Article
Purpose – There is a body of evidence that indicates mental illnesses are more prevalent in urban settings. However, to date no research has been carried out on the urban/rural incidence of mental illness in Ireland. This paper seeks to examine the micro level determinants of admissions to psychiatric hospitals between urban and rural areas. Desig...
Article
There is a growing interest in island economies within Europe. In the European Union (EU) this has led to enhanced Cohesion Policy support for islands, along with a number of other regions facing geographical challenges. Because of major problems with data, comparative research on islands across different EU member states has been of limited extent...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a spatial microsimulation modelling approach to the estimation of small area income distributions in two historic cities located in the island countries of Britain and Japan. In particular, it revisits relevant past research comparing the social geography of Edinburgh and Kyoto. First, the paper provides a brief overview of soci...
Book
Full-text available
This report highlights the regional dimension of educational inequalities in the EU. Drawing on a wide range of regional data, largely at the NUTS 2 level, the report paints a picture of, outcomes and performance in the EU. The report looks at nature of understanding and evidence of regionally based inequalities in education, taking the view th...