Dillon T. Browne

Dillon T. Browne
University of Waterloo | UWaterloo · Department of Psychology

Ph.D. in School and Clinical Child Psychology

About

59
Publications
11,437
Reads
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712
Citations
Research Experience
September 2009 - June 2016
University of Toronto
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
The present study examined family-wide versus individ- ual perceptions of, and changes in, family connectedness in response to a one-time reflecting team (RT) interven- tion. Seventy-six families (N = 208 individuals), recruited during family therapy, completed family connectedness measures before and after the RT intervention. A subset of adults (...
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The psychological consequences of traumatic events for caregivers and their children have been extensively studied, with the majority of literature considering maternal influences. We aimed to compare these associations across caregiver sex in order to provide deeper insight into paternal influences. The indirect association between caregiver expos...
Article
Little is known about the development of early screen use patterns. Using data from 1949 families in Calgary, Alberta, drawn from the XXX cohort, this study examined patterns of screen use across 3 time points (24, 36, 60 months) to identify trajectories of screen use, socio-demographic factors that predict trajectory membership, and whether high u...
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Certain members of society are disproportionately affected by the COVID-19 crisis and the added strain being placed on already overextended healthcare systems. In this article, we focus on refugee newcomers. We outline vulnerabilities refugee newcomers face in the context of COVID-19, including barriers to accessing healthcare services, disproporti...
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Sanctuary Refugee Health Centre (Sanctuary) is an innovative health care clinic for refugee newcomers in Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. This article explores three areas of inquiry related to Sanctuary’s approach to meeting the health and well-being needs of refugee newcomers. First, Sanctuary’s innovative care model is described. Second, the effective...
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The COVID-19 pandemic poses an acute threat to the well-being of children and families due to challenges related to social disruption such as financial insecurity, caregiving burden, and confinement-related stress (e.g., crowding, changes to structure, and routine). The consequences of these difficulties are likely to be longstanding, in part becau...
Article
In the wake of the dramatic shifts in the landscape of digital media, there has been an uptick in research examining its putative consequences. In the public arena, the implications of this research have often been presented as consequential or trivial. Those who argue that there are consequential links between child “screen use” (ie, television, d...
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Introduction Research on the relationship between digital media exposure and child development is complex, inconsistent and fraught with debate. A highlighted area of inadequacy surrounds the methodological limitations of measuring digital media use for both researchers and clinicians, alike. This protocol aims to (1) identify core concepts in the...
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In Reply We appreciate the opportunity to engage in scholarly discussion surrounding our contribution to JAMA Pediatrics on screen time and children’s development.¹ Ophir et al state that “all between-person associations were not significant.” This is incorrect because the confidence interval for the between-person association does not include zero...
Article
This study examined the association between observed cognitive sensitivity (CS) during family interactions and children's receptive vocabulary for older and younger siblings. Maternal and sibling CS was considered and associations were explored at the family-wide (between-family) and child-specific (within-family) levels of analysis. The interactio...
Article
Importance Sexting is the exchange of sexual messages, photographs, or videos via technological devices and is common and increasing among youth. Although various studies have examined the association between sexting, sexual behaviors, and mental health, results are mixed. Objective To provide a meta-analytic synthesis of studies examining the ass...
Article
Importance: Excessive screen time is associated with delays in development; however, it is unclear if greater screen time predicts lower performance scores on developmental screening tests or if children with poor developmental performance receive added screen time as a way to modulate challenging behavior. Objective: To assess the directional a...
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The present study describes a community implementation of treatment foster care (TFC) for children and youth involved with child welfare in Ontario, Canada. There were two guiding research questions: (1) how are children and adolescents changing over the course of services and (2) how have the placements of children and adolescents changed over tim...
Article
Purpose: The objective of this meta-analysis was to provide a synthesis of studies examining the prevalence of unwanted online exposure and solicitation of a sexual nature among youth, and to determine if prevalence varies by youth age, gender, year of study data collection, or study geographical location. Method: Eligible studies from January 1...
Article
The present study examined the effects of socioeconomic status (SES) and sibling differences in birth weight on sibling differences in the receipt of maternal sensitivity (i.e., differential parenting). It was hypothesized that sibling differences in birth weight would predict absolute differential parenting across the sibship (i.e., the more diffe...
Article
Previous studies have demonstrated that various psychosocial risks are associated with poor cognitive functioning in children, and these risks frequently cluster together. In the current longitudinal study, we tested a model in which it was hypothesized that cumulative psychosocial adversity of mothers would have deleterious effects on children’s c...
Article
Five randomized controlled trials have shown that child–parent psychotherapy (CPP) improves trauma symptoms in children. Less is known about parent symptoms or moderators of symptom change. In a sample of 199 parent (81% biological mother; 54% Latina/o) and child (aged 2 to 6 years; 52% male; 49% Latina/o) dyads who participated in an open treatmen...
Article
The current study examines the transactional processes between maternal negativity and child disruptive behavior during early childhood, using a sibling comparison design. This design allows for a more sophisticated test of the behavioral training hypothesis than is possible when only one child per family is included in the analysis as it excludes...
Article
There is an ongoing need for literature that identifies the effects of broad contextual risk on school readiness outcomes via family mediating mechanisms. This is especially true amongst diverse and urban samples characterized by variability in immigration history. To address this limitation, family profiles of sociodemographic and contextual risk...
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The present study examined predictors of emotional problems amongst a nationally representative cohort of recent immigrants in Canada. Specifically, the effects of parenting status were examined given the association between parenting stress and mental health. Data came from the Longitudinal Survey of Immigrants to Canada (N = 7055). Participants w...
Data
Supplementary study information. (DOCX)
Data
Author permissions to access data from statistics canada. (PDF)
Article
The present study sought to investigate the family, individual, and dyad-specific contributions to observed cognitive sensitivity during family interactions. Moreover, the influence of cumulative risk on sensitivity at the aforementioned levels of the family was examined. Mothers and 2 children per family were observed interacting in a round robin...
Article
Objective. To further understanding of the stability and variability in maternal behavior across tasks, time, and sibling pairs. Design. Mothers (a total of 451) were observed separately in interactions with two of their children across two tasks and three time points. Independent observers rated responsive and negative maternal behaviors. Results....
Article
African Canadians comprise 2.5% of the population, but represent 9.5% of federal inmates - an increase of 80% since 2003-2004. Recidivism among federal inmates is high (about 40%). This paper outlines the findings, at 9 months after enrolment during 2011-2012, of a randomised controlled trial testing the effectiveness and cost of Redemption Reinteg...
Article
This article outlines challenges that emerge during the clinical assessment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children. The importance of person-context interactions is highlighted, especially when attempting to formulate the factors that promote and maintain poor psychosocial functioning in children with ADHD. Additionally, a v...
Article
Objective: This study examined whether birth weight variation within the normal range was associated with language ability at 36 months, and whether responsive parenting-the putative protective factor-buffered children from the risk of relatively low birth weight. METHODS: In all, 467 community mother-child dyads were followed longitudinally from...
Article
The current longitudinal study examined the role of cumulative social risk on children's theory of mind (ToM) and executive functioning (EF) across early development. Further, we also tested a cascade model of development in which children's social cognition at 18 months was hypothesized to predict ToM and EF at age 4.5 through intermediary languag...
Article
A substantial body of research links social disadvantage and developmental health via a cascade running from poverty, to cumulative psychosocial risk, to disrupted family dynamics, to child biological regulatory systems and neurocognitive processing, and finally to morbidity across the lifespan. Most research in this area employs single-dyad or bet...
Article
Objective Parent management training programs for parents of children with disruptive behaviors are efficacious treatments; however, in order to maximize efficiency it is necessary to develop approaches to understand which parents are most likely to participate in treatment. Accordingly, the present study used a person-centered methodology to deter...
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The aims of this study were to examine the anxiety trajectories of women from pregnancy to 2 years postpartum and to assess the influence of their early life experiences and the temperament of the child on these trajectories. We evaluated state anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) at pregnancy and 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months postpartum and deter...
Article
Background Parental responsivity is important to children's cognitive and socioemotional development, yet is under-represented in primary healthcare, because the measurement is specialized and time-consuming.Methods The current study developed a measure of maternal cognitive sensitivity (CS), which uses impressionistic ratings based on brief observ...
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Objective: To evaluate whether the addition of a wraparound facilitator to regular child protection services improved child and family functioning over 20 months. Method: A single blind randomized controlled trial with concealment and stratification across three sites (N = 135 eligible families with substantiated maltreatment). Results: Based on 2x...
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The effect of low birth weight on children's development has been documented for a range of neurocognitive outcomes. However, few previous studies have examined the effect of birth weight variability within the normal range on children's neuropsychological development. The current study examined birth weight variation amongst children weighing ≥250...
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Children with disruptive behavior disorders experience substantial social challenges; however, the factors that account for (i.e., mediate), or influence (i.e., moderate), peer problems are not well understood. This study tested whether symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder and Conduct Disorder were associated with peer impairment and whether p...
Article
BACKGROUND There is evidence to suggest that socioeconomic status impacts neurocognitive functioning via family investment in child human capital. However, the role of parenting remains surprisingly equivocal, largely due to discrepancies in operationalization and measurement. Moreover, many studies examining the social determinants of cognitive de...
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Children with complex disabilities require comprehensive, coordinated and integrated services. However, parents often find themselves navigating fragmentary service systems—a process that may be more difficult when children exhibit behavioral problems such as hyperactivity and inattention. Such problems are more common among children with disabilit...
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Lightner Witmer is often credited as the founding father of “clinical psychology” largely due to his formation of the first psychological clinic in 1896, followed by the creation of the first periodical dedicated to psychological practice a decade later. An analysis of Witmer’s approach to treatment will reveal that he envisioned an integrated disc...
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This study examined the associations between parental differential treatment (PDT), children’s externalizing behavior (EB), and sibling relationships, as well as the intervening effects of children’s perceptions of favoritism, personality, and parents’ self-efficacy (SE). A total of 117 families having a child clinically referred for EB problems we...
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Significant relationships have been demonstrated between parental personality and parenting toward individual children, but there is little research exploring the relationship between parental personality and differential parenting (DP). The present study examined the relationship between the Big Five personality dimensions and differential positiv...
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The present study explores the bidirectional associations between parental behavior and child externalizing behavior in the context of two intervening variables: child’s personality as a moderator of the effect of parental behavior on later child behavior; and parental self-efficacy as a mediator of the effect of child behavior on later parental be...
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Based on longitudinal multilevel modeling and using a multi-informant strategy, this study examines trajectories of externalizing problem behavior (EPB) in childhood as predicted by parental behavior (absolute level of parenting [ALP] and parental differential treatment [PDT]), parental self-efficacy (PSE), child personality and sibling relationshi...
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Purpose. To explore the interactions between child and parents psychosocial factors and team integration variables that may explain improvements in physical dimensions of the PEDS QL quality of life of children with complex needs after 2 years. Methods. In this 2-year study, parents were identified by the Children's Treatment Network. Families were...
Article
Consistent with contemporary theories related to the well-being and adjustment of children, the Ontario Child Welfare transformation policy suggests that researchers and practitioners consider multiple levels of analysis when attempting to understand, prevent, and respond to childhood adversity. By examining the phenomenon of parental stress among...
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Research has shown strong links between parenting and child psychopathology. The moderating role of child gender is of particular interest, due to gender differences in socialization history and in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders. Currently there is little agreement on how gender moderates the relationship between parenting and child psycho...
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Full-text available
The generalized estimating equations (GEE) technique is often used in longitudinal data modeling, where investigators are interested in population-averaged effects of covariates on responses of interest. GEE involves specifying a model relating covariates to outcomes and a plausible correlation structure between responses at different time periods....

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Studying child behavioral development in early childhood, and from early childhood to adolescence; studying hard-to-manage behavior, i.e. externalizing behavior according to parenting, attachment, language, and executive functioning (inhibition). H2M research program is a 5-wave longitudinal study (2005, 2006, 2007, 2012, 2016). Intervention studies were conducted to test to what extent stimulating parenting (in particular self-efficacy beliefs and emotion practices) and language reduces externalizing behavior. Intervention studies are characterized by a micro-trial design.