Dietrich Schwela

Dietrich Schwela
Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) · Environment

About

37
Publications
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Publications

Publications (37)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper provides a review of international progress on environmental noise mitigation policies and strategies, best practices and guidelines for environmental noise management. A considerable amount of relevant documents in many countries on these topics were published in the last five years. Much of this progress was made in the European Union...
Article
ICBEN Team 9, Noise Policy and Economics, provides an update on international progress on noise mitigation policies and strategies, best practices, and guidelines for environmental noise management for each ICBEN Congress. As described in this brief paper and in more detail in the associated paper prepared for the ICBEN 2011 Congress in London, the...
Article
Each day 180,000 people are moving into urban areas. As a society develops, it increases its level of urbanization and industrialization and the extent of its transportation system. Each of these developments brings an increase in noise load. A major contribution to noise exposure comes from the sound emissions of vehicles, which are commuting over...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of the Report is to provide an introduction to the transport and environment issues in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries. It focuses on the key transport related areas of air and noise pollution, road safety, traffic flow management, equity and climate change. In addition, best practice cases studies from SSA and internationally in these a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Handbook consists of nine chapters including this introduction. Chapter 2 discusses the key feature of an AQM framework. Chapters 3-6 examine the features of emissions, modelling, monitoring and health and environmental assessment. For each component low cost tools are identified. Chapter 7 reviews the policy instruments available to achieve be...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The modules were produced by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and the University of York (UoY) as part of the Clean Air for Asia Training Programme. The programme was led by the SEI and UoY in collaboration with the Pollution Control Department (Thailand), Vietnam Environment Protection Agency (VEPA), and Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cit...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The modules were produced by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and the University of York (UoY) as part of the Clean Air for Asia Training Programme. The programme was led by the SEI and UoY in collaboration with the Pollution Control Department (Thailand), Vietnam Environment Protection Agency (VEPA), and Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cit...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The modules were produced by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and the University of York (UoY) as part of the Clean Air for Asia Training Programme. The programme was led by the SEI and UoY in collaboration with the Pollution Control Department (Thailand), Vietnam Environment Protection Agency (VEPA), and Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cit...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The modules were produced by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and the University of York (UoY) as part of the Clean Air for Asia Training Programme. The programme was led by the SEI and UoY in collaboration with the Pollution Control Department (Thailand), Vietnam Environment Protection Agency (VEPA), and Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cit...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The modules were produced by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and the University of York (UoY) as part of the Clean Air for Asia Training Programme. The programme was led by the SEI and UoY in collaboration with the Pollution Control Department (Thailand), Vietnam Environment Protection Agency (VEPA), and Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cit...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The modules were produced by the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI) and the University of York (UoY) as part of the Clean Air for Asia Training Programme. The programme was led by the SEI and UoY in collaboration with the Pollution Control Department (Thailand), Vietnam Environment Protection Agency (VEPA), and Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cit...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Urban air pollution is a serious health problem in large Asian cities. Often policymakers in those cities are not sufficiently equipped with budget or capacity to address urban air pollution. The clean development mechanism (CDM) could provide finance for air pollution reduction if the measures taken also reduce greenhouse gases. Indeed, there is r...
Article
Different scientific groups have studied and continue to study the health impacts of physical and chemical agents in the environment. In most cases, every study group has considered the health effect as being solely due to the air pollutant(s) under investigation, for example air pollution without due regard for the simultaneous presence of noise p...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This Strategic Framework for Air Quality Management in Asia aims to provide a regional approach to improving urban air quality by facilitating the setting of air quality priorities and providing direction on institutional development and capacity enhancement. The Strategic Framework is being proposed by the Air Pollution in the Megacities of Asia (...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report provides the proceedings of the better air quality in Africa workshop. The overall objective of the workshop was to examine the potential to build upon existing air quality related initiatives and networks in continental Africa and to develop a more strategic approach to air quality management and control. The sub-objectives were to: l...
Article
The health effects of community noise are considered to be a more and more important public health issue. In many cities of the world, high levels of noise prevail in the vicinity of busy streets and airports and in indoor environments. The guidelines for noise exposure prevention published by the WHO in 1980 have been updated and revised in 1992-1...
Article
Full-text available
The health risks associated with the inhalation of airborne pollutants are discussed. Training on indoor environment issues can usually be obtained through professional literature and through specialized courses and seminars. The universality of teaching and training in the area of indoor air quality (IAQ) science and the practice of IAQ management...
Article
This important document replaces the 1980 Environmental Health Criteria No.12 – Noise. It is destined to become widely used and quoted in relation to environmental noise problems. All who have even a passing involvement in this area must become familiar with it and with its recommended levels. The Report considers noise sources and their measuremen...
Article
In this paper, recent reviews of the World Health Organization, other review papers, and more recent literature on the human health effects of current air pollution trends in urban areas are reviewed and summarized as follows: Sulphur dioxide. Some studies, but not others, found associations between sulphur dioxide (SO2) exposure and daily mortalit...
Article
In view of the new WHO guidelines for Community Noise, a concept is proposed on deriving environmental noise standards on the basis of response‐exposure relationships. WHO’s guidelines have set definite guideline values for specific health effects and for specific environments. The WHO guidelines emphasize that exposure‐response relationships betwe...
Article
This paper discusses the importance of public health studies with respect to risk assessment and risk management in the framework of air quality management. This is performed with respect to the Air Management Information System (AMIS), which was set up recently by the World Health Organization. The Air Management Information System is an informati...
Article
A discussion on the health aspects of air pollution covers ambient air pollution as a problem of daily concern for people living in urban areas of developing countries; air pollution sources, e.g., motor vehicles, combustion products, airborne bacteria and viruses, and household chemicals; health effects of air pollution, e.g., carcinogenic effects...
Article
Trends of air pollutant concentrations that influence the incidence of respiratory diseases and might be influential for respiratory hypersensitivity are presented and discussed. Data for these trends are collected in UNEP/WHO's Global Environmental Monitoring System GEMS/Air which recently has been revitalized and redirected to become a tool for p...
Article
In this paper the risks that occur in testing compliance with air quality standards are defined and discussed. These risks result from the definition of suitable probability distribution parameters, from the substitution of ‘immission doses’ by ‘immission’ concentrations, from information theory aspects of the space-time assessment, and from the im...
Article
Deposition velocities for atmospheric sulfur, fluorides, zinc, lead, and cadmium on grass have been estimated from uptake rates in standardized grass cultures and ambient air pollutant concentrations measured in exposure intervals of 2 weeks during the growing seasons of the years 1973 to 1975 at different sampling sites in the Rhein-Ruhr area. Val...
Article
A concept is proposed for deriving air quality standards on the basis of risk-dose-relationships. Five different risks are shown to be a part of any decision on the value of a definite standard. Three of these arise from the generalization of statements on samples of objects, effects, boundary and state conditions of objects to those valid for the...
Article
Air pollution continues to pose a significant threat to the environment, quality of life and health of the urban population in Asia. Levels of air pollution in Asian cities regularly exceed World Health Organization recommended guidelines as well as national air quality standards. Many Asian cities have developed some form of air quality management...
Article
Full-text available
The focus of this paper is the universality of teaching and training in the area of science of indoor air quality and the practice of indoor air quality management. The key questions, which the paper addresses, are: (i) how universal are approaches to teaching and training in the area of science and practice of indoor air quality, and (ii) is it po...
Article
Bonn, Math.-naturwiss. F., Diss. v. 18. April 1968 (Nicht f. d. Aust.).
Article
Full-text available
Evidence has accumulated regarding health effects of environmental noise. The WHO European Centre for Environment and Health, Bonn, has organized several meetings of experts over recent years to examine the current state of knowledge, and to further develop approaches for quantifying the effect of noise on health. The outcomes of these meetings are...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Developing an approach to delineate comparability criteria realting to air pollution in urban areas to be better enable to compare results of city air quality monotoring. To replace the "name and shame" approach of the 'most polluted coity' by the media by a more science-controlled algorithm.