Dietmar Öfner

Dietmar Öfner
Medizinische Universität Innsbruck · Department of Visceral, Transplant- and Thoracic Surgery

MD, MAS, MSc

About

469
Publications
69,604
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
7,119
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2015 - April 2020
Tyrolean Research Cancer Institute (TKFI)
Position
  • CEO
March 2015 - present
Medizinische Universität Innsbruck
Position
  • Managing Director
June 2009 - February 2015
Paracelsus Medical University Salzburg
Position
  • Head of Department
Education
September 1999 - May 2002
University of Innsbruck
Field of study
  • Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät
September 1975 - March 1983

Publications

Publications (469)
Article
The aim of this study was to analyse the long-term outcome of rectal cancer patients who submitted to preoperative chemoradiation with consecutive intensive follow-up and aggressive surgical treatment of recurrent disease. Patients with locally advanced (cT3-4 Nx M0-1) mid/low rectal cancer were treated at a tertiary university hospital with preope...
Article
Full-text available
The bcl-2 gene encodes for a mitochondrial membrane proto-oncoprotein, the expression of which is known to suppress programmed cell death (apoptosis). In the present study the prognostic value of bcl-2 proto-oncoprotein was immunohistochemically investigated in a series of 104 colorectal carcinomas. The bcl-2 staining patterns were semiquantitative...
Article
Full-text available
Contrast enhanced dynamic studies of malignant tumors performed by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are increasingly applied to characterize tumor microcirculation for the prediction of therapy outcome. The aim of our study was to correlate perfusion index (PI) values determined in primary rectal carcinoma before chemoradiati...
Article
DNA methylation is a common molecular alteration in colorectal cancer cells. We report an assessment of faecal DNA from patients with colorectal cancer and controls to determine the feasibility, sensitivity, and specificity of this approach. By use of MethyLight analysis of faecal DNA from three independent sets of patients, we identified SFRP2 met...
Article
Full-text available
Aims-To investigate the correlation between the expression of the p53 and mdm-2 oncoproteins and to assess their prognostic value in colorectal cancer.Methods-Using a polyclonal (CM1) and a monoclonal antibody directed against p53 and mdm-2, respectively, these oncoproteins were stained immunohistochemically in 109 colorectal adenocarcinomas.Result...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study analyzed the prevalence and factors influencing the history of chronic anastomotic leakage following low anterior resection for rectal cancer. Furthermore, the treatment of a persisting presacral sinus and the impact of stoma reversal on outcome were evaluated. Methods The institutional database was scanned for all patients with...
Article
Full-text available
The preperitoneal spaces relevant for incisional hernia repair and minimally invasive groin hernia repair are described in terms of surgical anatomy. Emphasis is put on the transversalis fascia and the urogenital fascia and its extensions, the vesicoumbilical fascia, and the spermatic sheath of Stoppa procedure. Steps in hernia surgery where these...
Article
Full-text available
Normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) allows for ex vivo viability and functional assessment prior to liver transplantation (LT). Hyperspectral imaging represents a suitable, non-invasive method to evaluate tissue morphology and organ perfusion during NMP. Liver allografts were subjected to NMP prior to LT. Serial image acquisition of oxygen saturat...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The large full-thickness abdominal wall defect has to be treated by considering anatomical and functional requirements. The abdominal wall must regain total physiological function, which means that the full thickness abdominal wall defect must be reconstructed anatomically, not only according to the anatomical requirements but also mai...
Article
Full-text available
Kidney transplantation is limited due to the organ scarcity and the large discrepancy between transplantable organs and patients on the waiting list. Ex-situ normothermic kidney preservation has been studied extensively as a tool to enlarge the donor pool and to enable viability assessment. Urine recirculation, for volume control, was applied to pe...
Article
Full-text available
Background To evaluate the efficacy, safety and overall clinical outcome of local treatment for recurrent intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma after hepatic resection. Methods Between 2007 and 2019 72 consecutive patients underwent hepatic resection for primary intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma. If amenable, recurrent tumors were aggres...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Early graft dysfunction (EAD) complicates liver transplantation (LT). The aim of this analysis was to discriminate between the weight of each variable as for its predictive value toward patient and graft survival. Methods: We reviewed all LT performed at the Medical University of Innsbruck between 2007 and 2018. EAD was recorded when...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic immunosuppression is associated with an increased risk of malignancy. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the incidence and effect of post-transplant malignancies (PTMs) following pancreas transplantation. The 348 first pancreas transplants performed between 1985 and 2015 were retrospectively analyzed in this study. Incidences o...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Surgery is the main modality of cure for solid cancers and was prioritised to continue during COVID-19 outbreaks. This study aimed to identify immediate areas for system strengthening by comparing the delivery of elective cancer surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic in periods of lockdown versus light restriction. Methods: This internati...
Article
Full-text available
The liver, in combination with a functional biliary system, is responsible for maintaining a great number of vital body functions. However, acute and chronic liver diseases may lead to irreversible liver damage and, ultimately, liver failure. At the moment, the best curative option for patients suffering from end-stage liver disease is liver transp...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Dysbiosis of the intestinal flora has emerged as an oncogenic contributor in different malignancies. Recent findings suggest a crucial tumor-promoting role of micro- and mycobiome alterations also in the development of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Methods: To summarize the current knowledge about this topic, a systematic...
Article
Background: Normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) has become a clinically established tool to preserve livers in a near-physiological environment. However, little is known about the predictive value of perfusate parameters towards the outcomes after transplantation. Methods: Fifty-five consecutive NMP-livers between 2018-2019 were included. All o...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Open abdomen (OA) treatment with negative-pressure therapy (NPT) was initiated for perforated diverticulitis and subsequently extended to other abdominal emergencies. The aim of this retrospective study was to analyze the indications, procedures, duration of NPT, and the outcomes of all our patients. Methods: All consecutive patients...
Article
Full-text available
Background Early biliary complications (EBC) constitute a burden after pediatric liver transplantation frequently requiring immediate therapy. We aimed to assess the impact of EBC on short- and long-term patient and graft survival as well as post-transplant morbidity. Methods We analyzed 121 pediatric liver transplantations performed between 1984...
Article
Background: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a major complication in pancreatic surgery and can cause considerable postoperative morbidity. Advanced surgical-technical approaches to prevent POPF did not yield a substantial improvement. To investigate innovative treatments, experimental animal models of distal pancreatic resection and pan...
Article
Full-text available
Background Given the susceptibility of organs to ischaemic injury, alternative preservation methods to static cold storage (SCS), such as normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) are emerging. The aim of this study was to perform a comparison between NMP and SCS in liver transplantation with particular attention to bile duct lesions. Methods The outco...
Article
Full-text available
Transplantation represents the treatment of choice for many end-stage diseases but is limited by the shortage of healthy donor organs. Ex situ normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) has the potential to extend the donor pool by facilitating the use of marginal quality organs such as those from donors after cardiac death (DCD) and extended criteria do...
Article
Full-text available
Patient pathways from first suspicious imaging until final surgical treatment vary and in some instances cause considerable delay. This study aims to investigate the impact of this delay on survival of lung cancer patients. The institutional database was queried to identify patients with primary lung cancer who were treated with primary surgery. Ti...
Article
Aim This study aimed to describe the change in surgical practice and the impact of SARS-CoV-2 on mortality after surgical resection of colorectal cancer during the initial phases of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Method This was an international cohort study of patients undergoing elective resection of colon or rectal cancer without preoperative suspicio...
Article
Full-text available
Background Muscle is severely affected by ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). Quiescent satellite cells differentiating into myogenic progenitor cells (MPC) possess a remarkable regenerative potential. We herein established a model of local application of MPC in murine hindlimb ischemia/reperfusion to study cell engraftment and differentiation requi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Postoperative pain after video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) affects patients' recovery, postoperative complications, and length of stay (LOS). Despite its relevance, there are no guidelines on optimal perioperative pain management. This study aims to analyse the effects of an additional intercostal catheter (ICC) in comparison...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Muscle is severely affected by ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). Quiescent satellite cells differentiating into myogenic progenitor cells (MPC) possess a remarkable regenerative potential. We herein established a model of local application of MPC in murine hindlimb ischemia/reperfusion to study cell engraftment and differentiation requi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Muscle is severely affected by ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). Quiescent satellite cells differentiating into myogenic progenitor cells (MPC) possess a remarkable regenerative potential. We herein established a model of local application of MPC in murine hindlimb ischemia/reperfusion to study cell engraftment and differentiation requi...
Article
Full-text available
With a global incidence of 1.8 million cases, colorectal cancer represents one of the most common cancers worldwide. Despite impressive improvements in treatment efficacy through cytotoxic and biological agents, the cancer-related death burden of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) is still high. mCRC is not a genetically homogenous disease and var...
Article
Full-text available
Background Surgical services are preparing to scale up in areas affected by COVID-19. This study aimed to evaluate the association between preoperative SARS-CoV-2 testing and postoperative pulmonary complications in patients undergoing elective cancer surgery. Methods This international cohort study included adult patients undergoing elective surge...
Article
Full-text available
This letter reports the 20-year results in two men who underwent bilateral hand transplantation. Each of the patients can perform activities of daily living and, despite the effects of immunosuppressive therapy, are pleased with the functional outcome.
Article
Full-text available
Between 2000 and 2014, five patients received bilateral hand (n=3), bilateral forearm (n=1) and unilateral hand (n=1) transplants at the Innsbruck Medical University Hospital. We provide a comprehensive report of the long-term results at 20 years. During the 6-20 years follow-up, 43 rejection episodes were recorded in total. Of these, 27.9 % were a...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Damage control surgery (DCS) with abdominal negative pressure therapy and delayed anastomosis creation in patients with perforated diverticulitis and generalized peritonitis was established at our Institution in 2006 and has been published. The concept was adopted in other hospitals and published as a case series. This is the first p...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) remains a critical complication after pancreatic resection. This prospective pilot study evaluates perioperative markers of pancreatitis and systemic inflammation to predict clinically relevant grade B/C-POPF (CR-POPF). Methods: All patients undergoing pancreatic resection from December 2017 t...
Article
Full-text available
A gallbladder polyp (GP) is defined as an elevation of the gallbladder mucosa that protrudes into the gallbladder lumen. Gallbladder polyps (GPs) have an estimated prevalence in adults of 0.3–12.3%. However, only 5% of polyps are considered “true” GPs that have malignant potential or are even already cancerous. The most important imaging method for...
Article
Full-text available
Peritoneal carcinomatosis from colorectal cancer is associated with a poor prognosis and is usually treated with systemic chemotherapy and immunotherapy alone. In patients with isolated peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) without nonperitoneal metastases, however, cytoreductive surgery (CRS) has been shown to significantly improve outcome and to achieve...
Article
Background: Retroperitoneal soft-tissue sarcoma is a very rare neoplasm, the most frequent histological subtype is liposarcoma with up to 45% of all cases. Unspecific clinical presentation, late diagnosis and high local recurrence rate represent important problems in clinical practice. We present the case of an adult patient with an unusual large...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The concentrations of the highly atherogenic lipoprotein(a) [Lp(a)] are mainly genetically determined by the LPA gene locus. However, up to 70% of the coding sequence is located in the complex so-called kringle IV type 2 (KIV-2) copy number variation, a region hardly accessible by common genotyping and sequencing technologies. Despite...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury during thoracic surgery may result in life-threatening postoperative complications including recurrent aspiration and pneumonia. Anatomical details of the intrathoracic course are scarce. However, only an in-depth understanding of the anatomy will help reduce nerve injury. The aim of this study wa...
Article
Background: In an experimental murine liver clamping model, we aimed to investigate the efficacy of real-time confocal microscopy (RCM) in assessing viability of steatotic livers in comparison to standard assessment tools, including histopathological evaluation. Methods: C57Bl/6 mice were subjected to a methionine-choline-deficient diet causing...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Non-operative management (NOM) is increasingly utilised in blunt abdominal trauma. The 1994 American Association of Surgery of Trauma grading (1994-AAST) is applied for clinical decision-making in many institutions. Recently, classifications incorporating contrast extravasation such as the CT severity index (CTSI) and 2018 update of the...
Article
Full-text available
Hypothermic machine perfusion (HMP) has been introduced as an alternative to static cold storage (SCS) in kidney transplantation, but its true benefit in the clinical routine remains incompletely understood. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of HMP vs. SCS in kidney transplantation. All kidney transplants performed between 08/2015 and...
Article
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has changed life on a global scale. The numbers in transplantation have plumped in fear of disease transmission, recipient Covid-19 infection, priority shift and resource limitations. Covid-19 complicates transplantation since donor testing, (re)allocation of limited resources and recipient testing may exceed permissible isc...
Article
e16046 Background: Nearly half of patients with colorectal cancer develop liver metastases and only 20% are initially resectable. Surgical resection of liver metastases results in five-year survival rates of 24-48%. Perioperative FOLFOX therapy increases progression free survival. In advanced disease the addition of targeting therapies to chemother...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Oncological survival after resection of pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms (panNEN) is highly variable depending on various factors. Risk stratification with preoperatively available parameters could guide decision-making in multidisciplinary treatment concepts. C-reactive Protein (CRP) is linked to inferior survival in several maligna...
Article
Background: Normothermic machine perfusion (NMP) bears the potential for significant prolongation of liver preservation prior to transplantation. Although safety and feasibility have been recently published, not data are available describing the significant challenges of establishing NMP programs outside clinical studies. We herein present our exp...
Article
Full-text available
Organ transplantation is undergoing profound changes. Contraindications for donation have been revised in order to better meet the organ demand. The use of lower-quality organs and organs with greater preoperative damage, including those from donation after cardiac death (DCD), has become an established routine but increases the risk of graft malfu...
Article
Full-text available
Mitochondria sense changes resulting from the ischemia and subsequent reperfusion of an organ and mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) production initiates a series of events, which over time result in the development of full-fledged ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI), severely affecting graft function and survival after transplantation. ROS...
Article
Full-text available
Carcinoids of the left main bronchus are rare tumors of the bronchial system and patients often present with dyspnea, asthma-like symptoms, and pneumonia. Gold standard for therapy of carcinoids is surgical resection, but the surgical approach for segmental resection and anastomosis of the left main bronchus is a matter of discussion. With a left-s...
Conference Paper
Colorectal cancer (CRC), a cancer with 1.4 million new cases diagnosed annually worldwide, is refractory to immunotherapy (with the exception of a minority of tumors with microsatellite instability). This is somehow paradoxical as CRC is a cancer which we have shown is under immunologic control and that tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes represent a st...