Diego Redolar-Ripoll

Diego Redolar-Ripoll
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya | UOC · CognitiveNeuroLab, Health Sciences Studies

PhD

About

80
Publications
167,984
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773
Citations
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January 2011 - present
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • CNIT confines its focus of interest to the study of biological substrates underlying cognition, with a specific interest on the neural substrates of learning and memory processes in humans.
January 2005 - December 2017
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 2005 - December 2017
Universitat Oberta de Catalunya
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
Full-text available
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. ADHD impairments arise from irregularities primarily in dopamine (DA) and norepinephrine (NE) circuits within the prefrontal cortex. Due to ADHD medication’s controversial side effec...
Article
Complex numerical cognition is a crucial ability in the human brain. Conventional neuroimaging techniques do not differentiate between epiphenomena and neuronal groups critical to numerical cognition. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) allows defining causal models of the relationships between specific activated or inhibited neural regions and...
Preprint
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by a persistent pattern of inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. Neurobiologically, ADHD impairments arise from abnormalities in different circuits involving the prefrontal cortex. In face of high rates of diagnosis, alternative/complementary phar...
Conference Paper
Introducción. El aprendizaje cooperativo emerge como una metodología innovadora adaptada a las propuestas de mejora del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES). Objetivo. Mejorar el rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios incorporando estrategias de aprendizaje cooperativo facilitadoras del trabajo en equipo. Metodología. Evaluamos...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introducción. El aprendizaje cooperativo emerge como una metodología innovadora adaptada a las propuestas de mejora del Espacio Europeo de Educación Superior (EEES). Objetivo. Mejorar el rendimiento académico en estudiantes universitarios incorporando estrategias de aprendizaje cooperativo facilitadoras del trabajo en equipo. Metodología. Evaluamos...
Article
Cognitive control is a capacity that allows us to use our perceptions, knowledge, and information about our goals and motivations to shape the selection of a goal-directed action or thought. It underlies the temporary maintenance of newly perceived information or information retrieved from long-term memory when it is no longer available and is of c...
Article
Full-text available
Background Fibromyalgia (FM) is a generalized, widespread chronic pain disorder affecting 2.7% of the general population. In recent years, different studies have observed a strong association between FM and psychological trauma. Therefore, a trauma-focused psychotherapy, such as eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), combined with a...
Article
Full-text available
Coronavirus disease 2019 was for the first time reported in December 2019 in China, and has since spread throughout the world as a pandemic. In this point of view, we aim to discuss the occurrence of central nervous system symptomatology, and delirium, in patients suffering coronavirus disease 2019. To date, most of the research done around this in...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, different studies have observed a strong association between chronic pain (CP) and psychological trauma. Therefore, a trauma-focused psychotherapy, such as eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), could be an innovative treatment option. The aim of this pilot study was to assess whether a specific EMDR protocol for CP...
Article
Full-text available
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive brain stimulation technique able to modulate cortical excitability. This modulation may influence areas and networks responsible for specific cognitive processes, and the repetition of the induced temporary changes can produce long-lasting effects. TMS effectiveness may be enhanced when used...
Article
Full-text available
General anesthetics are crucial drugs for surgical interventions, which are indicated to induce analgesia, diminish pain, and reduce anxiety in order to facilitate invasive procedures. In pediatric patients, benefits of general anesthetics also include abolishment of motility. Besides their probed benefits on surgery, the recent warning of the Food...
Article
Full-text available
Human neuroimaging studies have consistently reported changes in cerebellar function and integrity in association with obesity. To date, however, the nature of this link has not been studied directly. Emerging evidence suggests a role for the cerebellum in higher cognitive functions through reciprocal connections with the prefrontal cortex. The pur...
Article
Full-text available
Background Amphetamine abuse has been conceived as an addictive illness where stress regulation and inhibitory control may be crucial factors determining chronicity and relapse. Since amphetamine consumption may disrupt the cerebral systems regulating inhibition and stress behaviors, deregulation on these systems may be expected even after long-ter...
Book
Full-text available
La relación entre cerebro y conducta es una de las cuestiones de gran calado filosófico que se han planteado a lo largo de la adquisición del conocimiento humano, constituyéndose como uno de los retos de mayor envergadura y trascendencia. ¿Cómo es posible que de un conjunto ordenado de células con determinadas propiedades electrofisiológicas e inme...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Alzheimer's disease is a major health problem in our society. To date, pharmacological treatments have obtained poor results and there is a growing interest in finding non-pharmacological interventions for this disease. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive technique that is able to induce changes in brain activity a...
Article
Full-text available
Theta burst stimulation (TBS) protocols hold high promise in neuropsychological rehabilitation. Nevertheless, their ability to either decrease (continuous, cTBS) or increase (intermittent, iTBS) cortical excitability in areas other than the primary motor cortex, and their consistency modulating human behaviors with clinically relevant tasks remain...
Poster
Full-text available
Cognitive rehabilitation in patients and cognitive enhancement in healthy people is a recurrent goal in neuroscience research. To date two newly developed methods have shown positive results in this regard: noninvasive brain stimulation and the use of commercial videogames. Specifically transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has shown promising re...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Video gaming is an increasingly popular activity in contemporary society, especially among young people, and video games are increasing in popularity not only as a research tool but also as a field of study. Many studies have focused on the neural and behavioral effects of video games, providing a great deal of video game derived brain...
Poster
Introduction On the basis of neuroimaging (fMRI) and electrophysiological (EEG) evidence, the cascade-of-control model developed for executive processing predicts an early involvement of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) in selecting task relevant information, whereas the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex would be involved at later-stages o...
Article
Introduction Theta burst stimulation (TBS) protocols hold high promise in neuropsychological rehabilitation thanks to its ability to induce lasting effects on cortical excitability following a short delivery time. Nevertheless, its ability to inhibit (continuous protocol, cTBS) or facilitate (intermittent, iTBS) brain function from cortical areas o...
Poster
Full-text available
Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques, such as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), show promising results when used as tools for cognitive enhancement. Their ability to modulate cortical excitability with high spatial resolution makes them suitable to be paired with cognitive tasks relevant to specific brain regions. Executive functions, c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In neuroscientific research, neuro-enhancement is seldom considered as a stand-alone goal, but it is, nevertheless, a desired effect in non-invasive brain-stimulation which can provide valuable information about the underlying neural mechanisms which regulate cognitive functioning. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) is a non-invasive stimulati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We aim to sumarizethe main findings of non-invasive brain stimulation studies in decision making process. Lesion and neuroimaging studies have pointed out a variety of cortical and subcortical areas involved in decision making. Recently, non-invasive brain stimulation techniques such as tDCSor TMS, have provided a new source of information about th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
After brain injury, cortical excitability and function may be altered, affecting neural networks due to decreased activation in the location of the lesion and resulting in an imbalance in interhemispheric interactions. TMS could be a therapeutic tool that can help brain plasticity processes through neuromodulation modifying cortical excitability, i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Emotion has often been compared to a 'double‐edged sword', as it can either improve or hinder various characteristics of behavior and cognition. Different studies have shown that emotional information tends to impair working memory (WM) maintenance, whereas emotional information tends to be better remembered in long‐term episodic memory (EM). Funct...
Book
Full-text available
Los conflictos individuales y grupales alteran las propiedades biológicas, químicas y físicas dando lugar a diferentes circuitos neuronales de normalidad o patología. El entorno en el que vivimos incide en nuestra persona y esta, a su vez, influye en nuestra sociedad. Por lo tanto, en el estudio de la conflictología consideramos muy importante tene...
Article
The objective is to present a website designed to improve the quality of life of caregivers of children with cerebral palsy and show data concerning its usefulness. The website was developed in accordance with scientific literature about caregivers’ burden. We organized the website around different sections (e.g. family communication, learning to r...
Article
Full-text available
The objective is to present a website designed to improve the quality of life of caregivers of children with cerebral palsy and show data concerning its usefulness. The website was developed in accordance with scientific literature about caregivers’ burden. We organized the website around different sections (e.g. family communication, learning to r...
Book
Full-text available
Desde tiempos remotos los humanos han observado el comportamiento animal, primero para sobrevivir, luego para cazarlos y después para domesticarlos. Hoy en día, en el mundo natural y urbano en el que vivimos ¿quién no ha visto un ave alzar sus coloridas alas y aletearlas vigorosamente hacia una hembra, o a una ardilla comiendo semillas? Por un moti...
Chapter
La unidad estructural y funcional del cerebro son las neuronas y las células gliales. Se calcula que existen alrededor de 100 billones de neuronas en el sistema nervioso humano y unas 10 veces más de células gliales. Las neuronas son unas células especializadas que reciben, procesan y transmiten la información con gran especificidad y exactitud, pe...
Article
Full-text available
The implications of caring for a child with cerebral palsy (CP) are considerable, and parents have to cope with many changing demands related to the specific needs of their child. A new research field, devoted to the consequences of these caring tasks, has recently emerged. However, an overall vision is lacking, one that would enable us to understa...
Book
La neuropsicología analiza la relación existente entre los diferentes procesos psicológicos, fundamentalmente cognitivos, y el funcionamiento cerebral. Es una disciplina en auge vinculada estrechamente a los avances que se realizan en otras áreas y disciplinas de las neurociencias, como la neurología, la neuroradiología, la neurobiología o la neuro...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this research is to explore which factors best predict the occurrence of burden on primary caregivers of children with cerebral palsy (CP). Understanding these factors enables the identification of those caregivers at risk of having their physical and psychological health adversely affected, and the implementation of intervent...
Article
Full-text available
The pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA) is considered to be a key node in the cognitive control of actions that require rapid updating, inhibition or switching, as well as working memory. It is now recognized that the pre-SMA is part of a ‘cognitive control’ network involving the inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) and subcortical regions, such as the...
Article
Aims and objectives: To explore the quality of life and mental health of caregivers of children with cerebral palsy and to examine the impact of self-efficacy and coping strategies on these outcomes. Background: Few studies analyse the impact of caring for a child with cerebral palsy on the caregivers' quality of life besides mental health. Also...
Article
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a non invasive technique of brain stimulation which could be an interesting therapeutic tool in addictive disorders, being offline repetitive TMS (rTMS) the main strategy used due to it allows to disrupt underlying brain areas and examine behavioral consequences, (Knoch et al., 2006).There are some evidenc...
Article
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) has been applied as a therapeutic tool in clinical interventions since few years. Although first approaches were focused in rehabilitation of motor functions, nowadays some researchers and clinicians are interested in cognitive rehabilitation. Research in executive functions and TMS are really scarce in norma...
Article
Full-text available
To highlight the effectiveness of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) as therapeutic tool in rehabilitation of neglect. The therapeutic benefits of TMS in different neurological disorders, such as epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, stroke or dementias, are increasingly evident. For many years clinical research has been conducted to develop new and...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this report is to analyze the relationships between reward and learning and memory processes. Different studies have described how information about rewards influences behavior and how the brain uses this reward information to control learning and memory processes. Reward nature seems to be processed in different ways by neurons in diffe...
Book
Full-text available
¿Quién no ha bregado con el estrés en la sociedad en la que vivimos? La respuesta ante una situación de estrés puede producirse como un mecanismo adaptativo que nos ayuda a ajustarnos a las demandas de un medio fundamentalmente cambiante pero que, bajo determinadas circunstancias, puede afectar seriamente a la salud, a la calidad de vida y al rendi...
Article
We studied the capacity of post-training intracranial self-stimulation (SS) to reverse or ameliorate learning and memory impairments caused by amygdala damage in rats. A first experiment showed that lesions of the basolateral amygdala (BLA) slow down acquisition of two-way active avoidance conditioning (2wAA). In a second experiment we observed tha...
Book
Full-text available
El cerebro regula la mayoría de las actividades del organismo. Nos convierte en lo que somos, subyace tras las emociones, el pensamiento o la memoria. Las personas mostramos una gran diversidad de conductas, habilidades y temperamentos que parecen hacernos únicos. Esa diversidad tiene su origen en el carácter indudablemente particular que posee el...
Article
El propósito de este artículo es analizar las relaciones entre el refuerzo y los procesos de aprendizaje y memoria.DesarrolloDiferentes estudios han descrito cómo puede influir la información sobre el refuerzo en la conducta y cómo puede usar el cerebro dicha información para controlar los procesos de aprendizaje y memoria. Parece que neuronas en d...
Article
OBJECTIVES: The present article aims to analyze the associations among reward and learning and memory processes. DEVELOPMENT: Several studies have described how information on rewards influences behavior and how the brain uses this information to control learning and memory processes. The nature of reward seems to be processed in different ways by...
Article
Learning and memory improvement by post-training intracranial self-stimulation has been observed mostly in implicit tasks, such as active avoidance, which are acquired with multiple trials and originate rigid behavioral responses, in rats. Here we wanted to know whether post-training self-stimulation is also able to facilitate a spatial task which...
Article
Post-training intracranial electrical self-stimulation can improve learning and memory consolidation in rats. However, the molecular mechanisms involved are not known yet. Since previous paradigms of this kind of facilitation are relatively unsuitable to try a molecular approach, here we develop a single and short model of learning and memory facil...
Article
To assess whether intracranial self-stimulation (SS) given after memory reactivation could improve memory retrieval, we tested the immediate (Experiment 1) and late (24 h; Experiment 2) effects of an SS treatment on the retrieval of a two-way active avoidance conditioning in Wistar rats. Memory was reactivated 24 h after training and the reminder (...
Article
Previous research has shown that post-training intracranial self-stimulation facilitates implicit or procedural memory. To know whether it can also facilitate explicit memory, post-training intracranial self-stimulation was given to Wistar rats immediately after every daily session of a delayed spatial alternation task that seems to depend on the i...
Article
Full-text available
To evaluate whether intracranial self-stimulation (SS) ameliorates conditioning deficits induced by parafascicular nucleus (PF) damage in young and aged rats, the authors gave rats a daily session of 2-way active avoidance until a fixed criterion was achieved. Four experimental groups were established in both young and aged rats: SS treatment after...
Article
To evaluate possible differential effects of lateral hypothalamic intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) on memory consolidation and retrieval, independent groups of Wistar rats were trained in a single session of two-way active avoidance task (acquisition session) and tested 24 h later (retention session). The post-ICSS groups received an ICSS treat...

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