Diego Quer

Diego Quer
University of Alicante | UA · Department of Management

PhD Management

About

103
Publications
26,317
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1,682
Citations
Citations since 2016
25 Research Items
1009 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150

Publications

Publications (103)
Article
Purpose The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), an ambitious plan led by the Chinese government aiming to reach a close integration between countries, is reshaping the global institutional landscape. Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs) play a leading role in the BRI and they usually follow an unconventional behavior derived from the institutional in...
Article
Full-text available
Regulations, governance quality, and political structure are important factors that may alter the cost and difficulties associated with doing business in foreign markets. Emerging‐market multinationals (EMNEs), with an imperative motivation to go abroad and to be competitive in a global landscape, should consider the impact of administrative distan...
Article
The growth of Chinese outbound tourism over the past two decades is attracting great attention among researchers. After an initial stage where this market was analyzed as a whole, the number of studies focusing on segmentation is on the rise. This paper carries out a systematic review of 171 articles published between 1995 and 2020 in top-tier tour...
Article
As latecomers to the global tourism industry, Chinese multinational enterprises (MNEs) encounter difficulties to engage in outward foreign direct investments relying only on their firm-specific assets. As a result, they usually resort to external resources, combining them with the generic capabilities they possess. One source of these alternative r...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies have addressed how family character can influence the internationalisation process of family businesses. Nevertheless, the results obtained have not been conclusive. Depending on the perspective adopted, family businesses can be more or less averse to risk, more or less willing to relinquish their control, have a higher or lower limita...
Article
La expansión internacional de las multinacionales de mercados emergentes está adquiriendo una creciente importancia en los últimos años. El sector hotelero no es ajeno a esta tendencia. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar si los modelos teóricos tradicionales resultan aplicables al caso de las inversiones efectuadas por empresas turísticas chin...
Article
This study addresses establishment mode decisions by emerging‐market multinational enterprises entering other emerging economies. More precisely, we examine the influence of prior host country experience and home government official visits on the choice between the acquisition of a local company and the creation of a new subsidiary from scratch. By...
Article
The aim of this study is to analyze the relationship between family involvement and entry mode choice by Spanish hotel chains in foreign markets. Drawing on stewardship and institutional theories, we examine how family character may moderate the effect of institutional differences on the choice of entry modes entailing different levels of resource...
Article
Purpose The conventional wisdom suggests that the lack of prior host country-specific experience and a higher institutional distance deter multinational enterprises (MNEs) from entering a foreign country. However, past studies report that Chinese MNEs show an unconventional risk-taking behavior choosing foreign locations, where they have no prior...
Article
Internationalization of family businesses (FBs) is an interesting topic that has received extensive attention in the literature during the last decades. Prior studies emphasized the conservative attitude toward risk of FBs. However, studies addressing international decisions of emerging-market FBs (EMFBs) are still scarce. We investigate whether ho...
Article
The relationship between family-firm status and internationalization strategy has been widely discussed in the family business literature. However, prior studies did not address this topic in the case of the Spanish hotel industry, even though this being a highly internationalized sector with a high proportion of family firms. For this reason, the...
Article
Purpose In recent years, emerging-market multinationals (EMMs) are receiving significant attention in the international business literature. They represent a challenge for the conventional wisdom, mainly derived from the behavior of developed-country multinationals (MNEs). The purpose of this paper is to analyze how different cross-national distan...
Article
Purpose Drawing on the institutional perspective, this study investigates how state ownership moderates the relationships between political risk, inertia, and mimetic behavior, and the location choice of Chinese multinational enterprises (MNEs). Design/methodology/approach We argue that state ownership leads Chinese firms to behave toward politi...
Article
Full-text available
Dentro del sector turístico, el sector hotelero español representa uno de los sectores más dinámicos. Prueba de ello es la gran cantidad de decisiones estratégicas de crecimiento que son tomadas continuamente por las empresas hoteleras españolas. Entre estas estrategias de crecimiento, el presente trabajo se centra en las estrategias de diversifica...
Chapter
Outward foreign direct investment (FDI) from emerging economies, in particular from China and India, is on the rise. As a result, the international expansion of emerging-market multinational enterprises (MNEs) is attracting growing attention among scholars. However, existing research comparing the location patterns of Chinese and Indian MNEs is sti...
Article
Purpose Focusing on the growing importance of Indian multinational corporations (MNCs) in the last decades, this study seeks to understand how establishment mode decisions in a foreign market can differ depending on a series of factors. Specifically, we examine how institutional distance, including cultural distance and political risk, could affec...
Article
The Chinese hotel sector has experienced spectacular growth in recent years. Furthermore, it is expected that Chinese hotel chains will increase their presence abroad in the future. One of the key decisions in the internationalization process of hotel firms is the choice of entry mode into a foreign country. Many different factors influence this st...
Article
The international expansion of emerging-market multinational enterprises (MNEs) is becoming a research topic of increasing interest among international business scholars. One of the specific research questions arising is whether conventional theoretical arguments originated in studies on developed-country MNEs are still valid for explaining the int...
Article
Decisions regarding firm internationalisation, especially when it comes to choosing which market entry mode to use, have been one of the most frequently discussed topics in academic literature in the last few decades. Many studies have been conducted from different perspectives, either focusing on one or several sectors or analysing companies from...
Article
Full-text available
Since the beginning of the 21st century, Chinese multinational enterprises (MNEs) are emerging as major global players. Some of them have carried out significant foreign direct investments (FDIs) in developed countries. The main objective of these outward FDIs is to access strategic assets like internationally recognised brands or technological and...
Article
Drawing on institutional theory, this article examines the importance of decision-specific experience and imitative behaviour of Chinese multinational corporations’ (MNCs) foreign ownership structure decisions. From a sample of 189 outward foreign direct investment (FDI) decisions, the authors find strong evidence to support the hypothesis that Chi...
Article
In the past decade, Chinese outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) has become a major element of global capital flows. As a consequence, recent years have witnessed an increasing growth in the number of papers focusing on Chinese companies "going global". This paper reviews 112 empirical papers focusing on Chinese OFDI that were published in majo...
Article
Las multinacionales chinas se están convirtiendo en actores principales del nuevo escenario global, y han realizado inversiones significativas en otros países durante los últimos años. Aunque España todavía no es uno de sus destinos principales, se observa una tendencia creciente de los flujos inversores. Este trabajo estudia las características de...
Chapter
PurposeSince the beginning of the 21st century, China’s outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) is growing steadily and Chinese multinationals (MNCs) are playing an increasingly important role in the global economy. Thus, the number of papers focusing on China’s OFDI and Chinese MNCs has been increasing during the last years. The aim of this chapt...
Article
China is one of the fastest growing outbound tourism markets. Europe is an attractive destination for Chinese tourists. However, Europe still accounts for a small percentage of Chinese outbound tourism. If European countries want to benefit from this market, they should pay attention to Chinese tourists’ preferences. This article contributes to the...
Chapter
Full-text available
India is a large economy and strategically important democratic country with a fast-growing service sector and noteworthy industrial capabilities. It is the second most populous country in the world and is one of the major economic powerhouses of Asia. Despite the global economic slump, India’s gross domestic product (GDP) grew 6.9 per cent in the...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the factors influencing the choice between different FDI modes: acquisitions or greenfield investments. From a sample of 117 outward foreign direct investment (FDI) decisions made by the Indian multinational Tata in 43 countries, our findings show that industry technological intensity, host country risk, host market attractivene...
Article
In recent years, there is an increasing number of papers focusing on the internationalisation process of Indian multinationals. However, there is still a gap in understanding the determinants of their outward foreign direct investment (FDI) decisions. Thus, this paper analyses the factors influencing the choice between FDI modes by Indian firms. Ou...
Article
Hasta hace poco, China era fundamentalmente conocida como país receptor de inversiones directas en el exterior (IDEs). Sin embargo, una nueva generación de multinacionales chinas se está convirtiendo en protagonista principal de los flujos emisores de IDE a nivel mundial. Por ello, conocer el comportamiento internacional de estas empresas está susc...
Article
The growth of China’s outbound tourism is a source of both threats and opportunities for European countries. Therefore, European tourism institutions and companies should focus their attention on this emerging market. The objective of this paper is to analyze the consequences that the boom in Chinese tourism could have for European tourism. A criti...
Article
Foreign direct investment (FDI) ownership decision is one of the most researched topics in the international business literature. However, little is known about the extent to which this knowledge can be applied to emerging-economy multinationals. Building on the institutional, transaction cost and resource-based view perspectives, this paper analyz...
Chapter
Until recently, China has been widely known as a destination for foreign direct investment (FDI). However, since 2002, Chinese outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) has increased substantially — by fourfold in the period from 2005 to 2009, and China was ranked as the sixth largest global outbound investor in 2009 (UNCTAD, 2010). It is also estim...
Article
The internationalization of Chinese enterprises is a subject that is receiving increasing attention in international business research. This paper analyzes the influence of political risk and cultural distance on the location patterns of large Chinese companies. Our results show some characteristics that differ from the conventional wisdom. A high...
Article
This paper analyses the impact of various host country institutional factors on the location patterns of 29 large Chinese multinationals. From a sample of 127 outward foreign direct investment (FDI) decisions made in 52 countries, our findings suggest that a greater difficulty in doing business and a high political risk in the host country do not d...
Article
Purpose – India has emerged as one of the major players on the new international business scene. Its unstoppable economic growth since reforms in 1991 has become the focus of attention of researchers in the area of international business and management. The purpose of this paper is to review the research on India that has been published in top busi...
Article
Este artículo analiza la influencia de diversos factores institucionales del país de destino sobre los patrones de localización de 29 grandes multinacionales chinas. A partir de una muestra de 127 decisiones de inversión directa en el exterior (IDE) en 52 países, nuestros resultados indican que una mayor dificultad a la hora de hacer negocios y un...
Chapter
Knowledge is one of the basic production factors owned by enterprises, and knowledge management is one of the main dynamic capabilities on which enterprises can base their competitive advantages. The creation, transfer, and later use of knowledge have become increasingly important, and multinational corporations (MNCs), being scattered in various p...
Article
Full-text available
The Chinese tourism sector is experiencing one of the highest levels of growth, to the extent that China is set to become the leading world power in tourism within the coming decade. Therefore, studying this important sector deserves particular attention. The aim of this study is to analyze the state-of-the-art of China tourism research by reviewin...
Article
Purpose In recent years, China and India have been experiencing a process of economic and social transformation that is unprecedented in recent human history. The consequences of the spectacular resurgence of these two Asian giants are profound and far‐reaching, and are causing the centre of gravity of the world economy to be drawn inexorably towar...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The number of papers focusing on foreign companies doing business in China has increased significantly since the open‐door policy came into effect in the late 1970s. Performance has been one of the most researched topics. This paper aims to carry out a review of the empirical papers which have analysed the performance drivers of foreign c...
Article
Purpose – Diversification is one of the most promising strategies for tourism firms, the entry mode choice being an essential decision. For this reason, this paper seeks to analyze the entry mode into new business areas made by Spanish tourism firms in their diversification process. It aims to focus on firm factors drawn on the resource‐based view...
Article
Debido al interés que suscitan actualmente los temas relacionados con las empresas familiares y la tendencia de muchos de estos negocios hacia su internacionalización, utilizada como un instrumento de expansión y crecimiento, en este trabajo hemos querido reflejar esta problemática centrándonos en descubrir aquellos factores familiares que inciden...
Article
This paper analyses the diversification strategies followed by tourism firms from the perspective of the resource-based view. More specifically, it seeks to verify whether the composition of the firms' resources has a bearing on the decision to undertake one type of diversification or another (related or unrelated). From a mail survey to 80 Spanish...
Article
Few studies have dealt with family businesses and internationalization theories. The aim of this article is to bridge this gap by examining the family-related factors that have an impact on the international commitment level of these companies. From a sample of Spanish family firms, findings show that long-term vision and the presence of nonfamily...
Article
China e India están protagonizando en los últimos años un proceso de transformación económica y social sin parangón en la historia reciente de la humanidad. Las consecuencias del espectacular resurgimiento de estos dos gigantes asiáticos son de gran calado y están provocando que el centro de gravedad de la economía mundial se esté desplazando inexo...
Article
Full-text available
China se vislumbra como la principal potencia turística mundial en los próximos años. En este contexto, las empresas turísticas españolas deberían empezar a dirigir sus miradas hacia este destino, hasta el momento desconocido y olvidado por la mayoría de ellas. Por este motivo, el objetivo del presente trabajo es ofrecer una reflexión sobre las con...
Article
Knowledge is one of the basic production factors owned by enterprises, and knowledge management is one of the main dynamic capabilities on which enterprises can base their competitive advantages. The creation, transfer, and later use of knowledge have become increasingly important, and multinational corporations (MNCs), being scattered in various p...
Chapter
Knowledge is one of the basic production factors owned by enterprises, and knowledge management is one of the main dynamic capabilities on which enterprises can base their competitive advantages. The creation, transfer, and later use of knowledge have become increasingly important, and multinational corporations (MNCs), being scattered in various p...
Article
Purpose This paper has as its aim to research the factors affecting the risk perceived by family firm executives in relation to international activity. Design/methodology/approach The paper examines the factors which can modify risk perception, placing special emphasis on those arising from the coincidence of ownership and management in family bus...
Article
Studies combining family business and internationalization theories are scarce. In order to bridge this gap, this paper has as its aim to study those family factors that seem to have an impact on the international commitment of these Companies. From a sample of Spanish family firms, our results show that long-term vision and the presence of nonfami...
Article
Nowadays, China is one of the most important destinations for international expansion of firms from all over the world. Based on the traditional theory on foreign direct investment and the resource-based view of the firm, this paper analyzes the influence of various tangible and intangible firm-specific factors on the choice amongst three different...
Article
Full-text available
Debido a la escasa investigación existente que haya abordado de forma conjunta los temas de la empresa familiar y la internacionalización, este trabajo pretende aportar nueva evidencia empírica acerca de la influencia de los factores de carácter familiar sobre el compromiso internacional de estas empresas. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que, par...
Article
One of the most important issues in the study of the internationalisation process is the choice of market entry strategy, which can be linked to the degree of international commitment. We have chosen to address this aspect in this paper by undertaking case studies of family firms, located in the province of Alicante (Spain), that belong to the most...
Article
One of the key decisions in the internationalisation process of hotel firms is the choice of the entry mode into a foreign country. Many different factors influence this strategic decision. From a sample of 127 entries carried out by Spanish hotel firms between 2001 and 2003, this study provides new empirical evidence that cultural distance reduces...
Article
Despite its cultural distance, Morocco is becoming an interesting target country for foreign direct investment (FDI) from Spanish firms. Several factors facilitate this process: Morocco's geographical proximity, strategic location, emerging market, political stability, and workforce, as well as the know-how the country needs to complete its economi...
Article
Purpose – Different theoretical approaches can be used to justify a positive or negative influence of country risk and cultural distance on the resources commitment level assumed in each decision to entering a new country. Before the disparity of results obtained in prior research, this study seeks to provide new empirical evidence about the influe...
Article
China’s growing economic importance has led to a significant increase in the volume of empirical research about business and management in this country during the last few years. This study reviews the 180 empirical papers focusing on the Chinese context that were published in 12 leading international academic journals between 2000 and 2005. A summ...
Article
RESUMEN Existen pocos estudios que combinen la teoría sobre empresa familiar e internacionalización. Por ello, este trabajo intenta dar respuesta a una cuestión que no ha sido muy tratada en la literatura, ¿es el carácter familiar un factor a tener en cuenta en los estudios sobre el compromiso internacional de las empresas familiares? En una muestr...
Article
MultiNational Enterprises (MNEs) are configured a lot more as important elements for knowledge creation and transfer between countries; therefore, the object of this study is to provide an answer to three research questions that enable us to know the general guidelines of MNEs as regards their attitude and behaviour in the Knowledge Management (KM)...
Article
This paper explores the influence of certain factors upon the creation of knowledge within a subsidiary of a multinational enterprise. Considering the theory of knowledge and of multinational enterprises, a theoretical model is developed and six working hypotheses are formulated, which are then tested on a sample of 80 Spanish subsidiaries of forei...
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Full-text available
En las últimas décadas, la Teoría de Recursos y Capacidades ha mostrado un gran interés en explicar el fenómeno de la diversificación empresarial dada su idoneidad para determinar tanto la forma como el modo en que esta estrategia será llevada a cabo. Nuestro trabajo se basa en las ideas de esta teoría para estudiar las decisiones de diversificació...
Article
En los últimos años, una nueva generación de multinacionales chinas se ha lanzado a conquistar los mercados globales, protagonizando importantes adquisiciones internacionales, impensables hasta hace poco tiempo. Este trabajo pretende analizar la naturaleza de este fenómeno emergente, mostrando los motivos para la expansión internacional de las mult...
Article
The increasing globalization and the importance of knowledge as a strategic resource are leading to the companies to cross the nacional borders and establis subsidiaries in the foreign countries when they try to transfer assets highly tacit and difficult to codify. The present work tries to contribute to light in the existing relation between knowl...
Article
Over the last years, the economic environment has led firms to face an increasingly difficult situation, where both new demands from customers and intense competition have forced them to continuously open new grounds regarding innovation. By the mid-nineties, a knowledge-based view started to emerge, whereby knowledge becomes one of the most import...
Article
Full-text available
During last decades a great number of companies and industries have increased their global orientation. For this reason, the internationalisation process has also had to be realized by family businesses as an instrument for expansion and growth. In this sense, we pay special attention to the comparison between family and non-family companies with t...
Article
Purpose – The central aim of this paper is to identify some of the motives behind the type of growth strategy followed by Spanish hotel enterprises in recent years. Design/methodology/approach – This study was elaborated from secondary data corresponding to news published on the web page of a digital newspaper specialising in tourism – HostelTur....
Article
Debido a que durante las últimas décadas un gran número de empresas e industrias han incrementado su orientación global, el proceso de internacionalización también ha tenido que ser advertido por la empresa familiar como instrumento de expansión y crecimiento. Así, hemos querido prestarle una especial atención a la comparación entre las empresas fa...
Article
El riesgo del país de destino y su distancia cultural respecto al país de origen de la empresa son dos de los condicionantes más importantes de la elección de la estrategia de entrada en los mercados exteriores. El presente estudio, a partir de una muestra de 471 entradas efectuadas por empresas españolas entre 1999 y 2004, aporta nueva evidencia e...
Article
Full-text available
Las estrategias de diversificación y su influencia sobre los resultados empresariales ha sido uno de los temas de investigación que más atención ha recibido en la literatura de la Dirección Estratégica. En este sentido, nuestro trabajo trata de analizar dos de las variables más estudiadas sobre las que la diversificación puede tener influencia como...
Article
Partiendo de la consideración de que la creación de conocimiento empresarial se materializa en la generación de capacidades de innovación y desarrollo en diferentes áreas funcionales, de que la misma precisa de una interacción entre individuos y organizaciones, y que la empresa multinacional ofrece oportunidades para analizar la colaboración entre...
Article
Una de las decisiones clave en el proceso de internacionalización de las empresas hoteleras es la elección de la estrategia de entrada en cada país. Sobre dicha decisión estratégica influyen factores de diversa índole. El presente estudio, a partir de una muestra de 127 entradas efectuadas por empresas hoteleras españolas en el periodo 2001-2003, a...
Article
One of the issues attracting wider attention within research into corporate internationalisation is the choice of mode of entry into a foreign country. At present, China is one of the destinations which is acquiring greater importance in the international expansion of firms from various countries around the world. In this context, by combining the...
Article
Una de las cuestiones que más interés despierta entre los investigadores del campo de la internacionalización empresarial es la selección de la estrategia de entrada en un país extranjero. Actualmente, China es uno de los destinos que está cobrando una mayor relevancia en la expansión internacional de muchas empresas. En ese contexto, este trabajo...
Article
Marruecos es un destino que, pese a su relativa lejanía cultural, se encuentra muy cerca geográficamente para las empresas españolas, lo que, sin duda, supone una oportunidad para su proceso de internacionalización. En este contexto, combinando la teoría tradicional de la inversión directa en el exterior con la visión de la empresa basada en los re...
Article
A central theme in the strategic groups literature is the theoretical relationship between groups and firm performance. The empirical evidence is conflicting, however. The aim of this research is to study this linkage through two analyses. Thus, the analysis that has been traditionally used – performance differences between groups – is complemented...
Article
La réalité économique actuelle est caractérisée par deux phénomènes d’une importance indubitable : la globalisation et le poids significatif des petites et moyennes entreprises (PME) dans les économies. Une modernisation graduelle, la coopération entre elles ou l’entrée sur un nouveau marché comme celui des pays moins développés sont quelques-unes...
Article
Quand l'entreprise progresse dans son processus d'internationalisation jusqu'au point d'aboutir à l'investissement direct à l'extérieur (IDE) elle acquiert le caractère multinational. La recherche traditionnelle s'est centrée sur de grandes corporations avec des filiales dans de nombreux pays, prêtant une moindre attention aux entreprises qui possè...