Diego Muro

Diego Muro
University of St Andrews · School of International Relations

PhD in Political Science (LSE)

About

36
Publications
15,051
Reads
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417
Citations
Introduction
DIEGO MURO is Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) in International Relations at the Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence (CSTPV) at the University of St Andrews. He previously held positions at King’s College London (2003-2009) and the Pompeu Fabra University (2009-2016). He has also been Max Weber postdoctoral fellow at the European University Institute (2008-09) and Senior Fellow at the University of Oxford (2011-12).
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
University of St Andrews
Position
  • Senior Lecturer
September 2009 - August 2016
University Pompeu Fabra
Position
  • Assistant Professor in Comparative Politics
September 2003 - August 2009
King's College London
Position
  • Lecturer
Education
September 1999 - June 2004

Publications

Publications (36)
Book
Full-text available
Durante las dos últimas décadas, Europa se ha enfrentado a tres desafíos de seguridad: el incremento del terrorismo autóctono (home-grown terrorism), el fenómeno de los combatientes extranjeros y el aumento de la extrema derecha violenta. Ante este escenario, varios países europeos han desarrollado diversas políticas públicas y estrategias cuyo obj...
Article
Full-text available
A diferencia de la lucha antiterrorista y la lucha contra la radicalización violenta –ambas enfocadas en la amenaza existente–, la PEV se presenta como un concepto que hace referencia a una serie de estrategias, políticas y programas cuya finalidad es evitar que la amenaza de la radicalización violenta aparezca. Además, aunque las estrategias PEV f...
Book
Full-text available
ETA forma parte de la memoria colectiva de las españolas y españoles que han cohabitado en sus diversas generaciones en los últimos setenta años. La investigación científica sobre esta organización, su práctica de la violencia y el terror, su sustrato sociológico y su influencia en la política española es ingente y este libro demuestra que sigue en...
Book
Full-text available
The Oxford Handbook of Spanish Politics provides a comprehensive and comparative overview of the Spanish political system through the lens of political science. It aims to move away from a complacent analysis of Spanish democracy and provide a nuanced view of some of its strengths and challenges. The Handbook introduces Spanish politics to an inte...
Book
Full-text available
How can we understand the strategic interaction between secessionist movements and sovereign states? A casual review of the many secessionist struggles around the world, both violent and peaceful, shows a variety of types. Some, like Catalonia, are pursuing their ends using combinations of electoral capture and civil demonstrations, just as the Sp...
Article
How much do the prospects of international recognition of a possible new state affect the domestic support for secession? To answer this research question, we adopted a most similar systems design and conducted a Web‐based survey experiment in Catalonia and Scotland. Respondents were presented with plausible scenarios regarding the international re...
Chapter
Full-text available
The goal of this chapter is to apply political economy metaphors to examine the EU’s measures to contain and defeat terrorism. The remainder of this chapter is organised as follows. Section 2 considers the ‘political economy of terrorism’ to depict the public policies that aim to integrate both counter-terrorist (supply-side) and prevention efforts...
Book
Full-text available
This book examines the question of when terrorism works. Determining if political violence is effective and, if at all possible, when it is effective, is vital for both intellectual and practical reasons. The volume contains chapters from scholars who have been at the forefront of the efficaciousness debate and argues that terrorism can be effectiv...
Article
Legality and legitimacy must be reconciled to address political disaffection and find a more stable accommodation for Catalonia within Spain.
Book
Full-text available
In 1945, there were 74 independent countries. Today there are 195. The breakup of colonial empires, the collapse of the Soviet Union, and various secessions all over the world have led to the creation of numerous new sovereign states since World War II. Historically, the expansion and contraction of states has resulted from the competition between...
Chapter
Full-text available
Liberal democracies are in a fragile state. Simplistic populist messages of us vs. them with often-xenophobic undertones and attempts to undermine the legitimacy of democratic institutions can count on a receptive audience and a transformed (social) media landscape in Europe. In some countries such as France and Austria populist parties have moved...
Book
Full-text available
This book analyses the rise and decline of the Basque terrorist group Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA, Basque Homeland and Freedom). ETA declared a unilateral ceasefire in November 2011, bringing to a close a campaign of political violence that started in the late 1960s. By the beginning of the twenty-first century, the overwhelming majority of secessio...
Article
The political effects of the Great Recession on southern Europe were substantial. The rapid economic deterioration of Portugal, Italy, Greece and Spain from 2008 onwards was accompanied by an increase in citizens’ dissatisfaction towards national political institutions. The sources of political mistrust in the southern periphery were of a political...
Article
Full-text available
The question of terrorism’s effectiveness is of great political importance to its perpetrators, victims and society in general. Assessing the effectiveness of political violence requires a detailed analysis of the terrorist groups’ whole range of goals and to distinguish between the tactical and strategic levels. Though most clandestine groups fail...
Article
The past years have been eventful for secessionist movements in Europe and in particular in Scotland and Catalonia. Supporters and opponents of secession of both stateless nations considered their prospects for future EU membership as an important part of the campaigns leading to the referendums. The article’s aim is to explore whether internationa...
Article
Full-text available
When do terrorist campaigns end? Why do terrorist groups decline? What are the causes of terrorist disbandment? What are the explanatory factors that account for individual and collective disengagement? This paper analyzes the case of Terra Lliure, a Catalan terrorist group active between 1979 and 1995, in order to identify the independent variable...
Book
Full-text available
La cuestión de la eficacia del terrorismo es de gran relevancia política para los perpetradores, las víctimas y la sociedad en general. Evaluar la eficacia de la violencia política requiere analizar con detalle la gama de objetivos de los grupos terroristas y distinguir entre los niveles estratégicos y tácticos. Si bien la mayoría de las organizaci...
Article
The Spanish executive centralized political power to manage the politics of austerity better in the aftermath of the Great Recession. This article analyzes the reinforcement of the power of the central government and argues that three explanatory variables—economic crisis, ideology, and party politics—account for recentralization, which is defined...
Article
Spain and the United Kingdom have experienced similar types of political violence. Since the 1960s, both countries have suffered casualties as a result of long-standing ethno-nationalist conflicts as well as terrorist attacks by Al Qaeda-inspired groups. In spite of these similarities, the two countries display a striking variation in the attitudes...
Chapter
ETA is the acronym for Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (Basque Country and Freedom), a separatist armed group seeking an independent socialist state for the Basque Country. According to ETA supporters, the Basque homeland (Euzkadi or Euskal Herria) is made up of seven provinces (Vizcaya, Guipúzcoa, Álava, Navarra, Basse-Navarre, Soule, and Labourd) currently...
Book
Full-text available
Most accounts on the Spanish transition to democracy of the late 1970s are based on a false dilemma. Its simplest formulation could be: was it the pressure from below, i.e. the organized working classes, students and neighbors associations that triggered political change; or was the elite settlement reached by the regime soft-liners and the moderat...
Article
The term ‘accommodation’ refers to the capacity of states to contain conflict within the mechanisms and procedures embedded in existing institutional arrangements. During the first government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (2004–8), the Socialist government had to accommodate the Catalan proposal to reform the statute of autonomy and the controver...
Article
This paper examines how war memory has been appropriated, interpreted and domesticated by radical Basque nationalism. The so-called patriotic left presents an interesting case study because of its need to justify ETA's use of unconventional methods and political violence. The politics of war memory places violent conflicts in a historical continuum...
Article
This paper provides an historical overview of Spain's nation-building process from the nineteenth century to the present time. Using Stein Rokkan's centre-periphery paradigm, the paper argues that a pervasive feature in contemporary Spanish history is the dialectical relationship between the Spanish nation and the peripheral nations of Catalonia an...
Book
Full-text available
This book provides a genealogy of radical Basque nationalism and the means by which this complex, often violent, political movement has reinforced Basque identity. Radical nationalists are mobilized by a shared frame of reference where ethnicity and violence are intertwined in a nostalgic recreation of a golden age and a quasi-religious imperative...
Article
This article argues that the myth of the Golden Age is a key mobilising element within radical Basque nationalism. By using an ethno-symbolist approach, this article argues that nostalgia, a catchword for looking back, usually relates to an idealised past. It then proceeds to explain how ETA in particular has domesticated the past to justify its po...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, it has been a common complaint among scholars to acknowledge the lack of research on Spanish nationalism. This article addresses the gap by giving an historical overview of ‘ethnic’ and ‘civic’ Spanish nationalist discourses during the last two centuries. It is argued here that Spanish nationalism is not a unified ideology but it h...
Article
To date, there is no synthetic, general theory of violence able to integrate the less complete theories of violent behaviour. There is little agreement among researchers about the causes of violence (not to mention what to do about it) and the field has become vast in terms of literature. This paper reviews theories of violence, mostly from sociolo...

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