Dianne H. B. Welsh

Dianne H. B. Welsh
University of North Carolina at Greensboro | UNCG · Department of Marketing, Entrepreneurship, Hospitality and Tourism

Ph.D. University of Nebraska

About

190
Publications
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3,408
Citations

Publications

Publications (190)
Article
Entrepreneurial ecosystems have become a popular concept within research and practitioner contexts. Yet, while both literature streams have produced relevant eco-factors, no clear empirical evidence has emerged on their impact. This study addresses the following question: in impoverished areas, to what extent does the business ecosystem reduce gend...
Article
Purpose Female entrepreneurs play an increasingly recognised role in countries' overall well-being by contributing to job creation, wealth, family income and innovation. This study identifies combinations of family support that enhance business performance most effectively. Design/methodology/approach This study employs a fuzzy-set qualitative com...
Article
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An alliance is an effective strategy for knowledge-intensive businesses in competition. Yet, little is known about how strategic alliances work within small firms in the telecommunications industry, which plays an essential part in the COVID-19 pandemic infrastructure. The purpose of this article is to examine the impact of strategic alliance on fi...
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According to the research-based view of the firm, innovation is a key capability that can foster a sustainable competitive advantage and explain firm heterogeneity in export performance. However, few studies have focused on the effect of innovation on export performance in the context of low levels of innovation, which developing markets are charac...
Article
The impact of professional organizations is well known, and in this paper, we focus on the Small Business Institute ® (SBI), initially formed out of a federal Small Business Administration (SBA) grant program. Through its evolution, the SBI has remained a steady resource for faculty and administrators to learn and be rewarded for efforts involving...
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This paper advances the concept of the entrepreneurial mindset for women entrepreneurs in a developing country. This paper conceptualizes entrepreneurial mindset from a female perspective and explores its impact on individual life, family, and community. We present the Women Entrepreneurship Plus Model (WE-PLUS) framework embedded in the socio-reli...
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This research explores the local factors that drive the competitiveness of Middle Eastern food service franchises in international markets. The literature on franchising is largely concerned with the success and competitiveness of Western franchises in global markets, with little information on the Middle East. This is despite its relevance as a ma...
Article
Women-owned family businesses have proliferated since the fall of communism in formerly Central and Eastern European countries. Unfortunately, we have a limited understanding regarding how women entrepreneurs in this part of the world navigate the challenges they face. Research suggests that a significant challenge that family business owners face...
Article
Women-owned businesses represent a significant segment of the contemporary economy upon a global basis. However, women entrepreneurs still experience more obstacles than men depending on cultural context; for example, research on the Arab world concerning the interaction between women entrepreneurs and their families remains under-developed. Conseq...
Article
This article contributes to the body of knowledge on emerging economy entrepreneurship in terms of franchisor entry and expansion. The study shows that franchisors in Brazil use strategic signaling to attract potential franchisees and expand their network, in contrast with previous results regarding developed countries. Strategic signaling is assoc...
Article
Purpose We investigate the entrepreneurial intentions of a population under crisis — namely, recent Syrian refugees in Jordan — and Jordanian citizens to start small businesses during the COVID-19 pandemic. Design/methodology/approach Using a structured two-part survey, data were collected through online self-reported questionnaires in which respo...
Article
The success of women-owned businesses with regard to the stages of economic development of countries is under-examined on a global basis. This study explores the relationship between country economic and poli- tical contexts and assesses the importance of entrepreneurs’ networks and managerial skills on women’s entrepreneurial success. The research...
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The study explores transformational and transactional leadership styles among 173 university students. The results show that different leadership styles are impacted by students’ backgrounds. Consequently, leadership styles are influenced by either networking or the business environment. The importance of the leadership courses at universities is h...
Chapter
This chapter offers insights into women entrepreneurship in the Republic of Kosovo. The chapter initially provides the historical and demographic overview of Kosovo. The study continues by presenting the current state of women entrepreneurship through the available data. Further government policies for women entrepreneurship promotion followed by t...
Chapter
The Kudu case invites reflection on the multiple challenges faced by emerging market-based franchises as they venture into foreign markets.
Article
The role of sustainable economies in the success of women-owned businesses across countries is under-researched. This study examines how country economic and political contexts are related to processes that occur in the work–life interface of women entrepreneurs. The research uses data from 10 countries chosen on the basis of multi-dimensional coun...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this article is to extend effectuation theory at the front end by building cognitive foundations for the effectual design process. Design/methodology/approach We adopt an integrative conceptual approach drawing on design cognition theory to explain entrepreneurial cognition. Findings We find a significant gap in the entrepr...
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This study investigates entrepreneurs’ judgment and decision-making when faced with decision anomalies in the context of mental accounting and the framing effect. Both contexts can pave the way for the evaluation of entrepreneurs’ judgment and decisions in terms of anomalous situations and comparison with nonentrepreneurial judgment and decision-ma...
Article
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Drawing from resource-based theory, we argue that family firm franchisors behave and perform differently compared to non-family firm franchisors. Our theorizing suggests that compared to a non-family firm franchisor, a family firm franchisor cultivates stronger relationships with franchisees and provides them with more training. Yet, we predict tha...
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Managing work and family is a topic of continual interest. Drawing on work-family interface (WFI) literatures, we test a model linking family-to-business enrichment and family-to-business interference, directly and indirectly, to the entrepreneurial success of women-owned businesses. We consider two types of enrichment: family instrumental (financi...
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Although course syllabi serve a variety of important roles in higher education contexts, they are largely overlooked in management education research. We propose that educators can influence the attitudes of learners towards their courses through the andragogical design of learner-centered syllabi, before they even meet with their students in class...
Article
This study focuses on the creation of a family identity as a central communication objective in business storytelling. We contribute to the field of business website marketing by identifying, through textual analysis of US winery website narratives, how businesses communicate family brand identities. Results show that three claims that are critical...
Article
Exploring differences within a U.S. sample of Hispanic direct sellers provides insights into the impact of acculturation on satisfaction survey responses. The scope of the study is constrained to sellers who self‐identified ethnically as Latino/Hispanic on a U.S. national survey of direct sellers. Findings show evidence of cultural heterogeneity wi...
Article
Entrepreneurship is now a mainstream curriculum in higher education across the globe. On many campuses, entrepreneurship education programs have expanded to include cross-disciplinary courses that contain learning objectives in entrepreneurship and the home discipline. While research has been conducted on cross-disciplinary entrepreneurship educati...
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Recently, there are renewed calls to develop new models addressing the intricacies of women-owned businesses and the women that head them. A new conceptual model of women’s entrepreneurship that involves relationships between business-family-interface and firm performance is introduced in our paper. We test the model based on data from countries ar...
Chapter
This case study discusses the journey of Mr. NK Choudhary when he ventured to set up Jaipur Rugs and evolved the process of community involvement into the carpet industry
Article
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Family firms add to the economic and social well-being of countries. While research on heterogeneity of family firms is gaining momentum, it has mostly been gender-neutral. The study fills this gap by examining heterogeneity of family firms owned and managed by women, in the context of a developing country—Brazil. The study draws upon the resource-...
Article
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This paper advocates for the role and importance of Entrepreneurship Education (EE) as part of the core curriculum in higher education institutions in order to stimulate XXI Century entrepreneurial mindsets among students. It is focused on how Entrepreneurship should be taught and not why it should be taught. Based on empirical research, the paper...
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This study examines the mission statements of select colleges and universities in the United States in comparison to the mission statements of entrepreneurship centers at their respective institutions. A mission statement is important because the strategic direction, goals and objectives of the organization flow directly from it. It is a public pro...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore whether job rotation strategies and joint reward systems are equally effective in encouraging cross-functional collaboration (CFC) under all organizational contexts, ranging from young and small firms to mature and large ones. Design/methodology/approach To ensure a wide applicability of findings in...
Article
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Purpose We examined the relationships between women entrepreneurs’ firm performance and two dimensions (enrichment and interference) of the business-family interface (BFI) in the moderating context of the level of economic development in two emerging countries − Morocco and Turkey. The enrichment perspective was operationalized as family instrumen...
Article
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We are pleased to have the Special Issue on “Internationalization Strategies of Family Firms: Challenges and Perspectives” addressing timely topics that family firms are facing as globalization continues to present opportunities and challenges. This is in conjunction with the Family Enterprise Research Conference (FERC) held in June of 2017 in Ashe...
Article
The decision-making process concerning succession issues for family businesses is crucial as it affects long term performance and sustainability. However, while succession issues in family business has been extensively studied, the decision-making process for women-owned family businesses is sparse, particularly in transition economies. This is des...
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This paper examines sustainability reporting as a global performance metric for the family business concerned with environmental sustainability. Examples of reporting requirements and widely employed reporting frameworks are provided, including consideration of how these can advance sustainability goals. Implications for family firms to integrate s...
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Purpose: Female entrepreneurship is a growing segment in the context of developing countries and has the potential to become a driving force for economic development. However, research suggests that females are less inclined towards entrepreneurship when compared to their male counterparts. This fact is related to a complex mix of causes such as th...
Article
This study examines the determinants of firm performance for women entrepreneurs in the context of an emerging economy affected by a turbulent political and socio-cultural environment. The study draws from the resource-based and institutional-based views embedded in the gender-aware 5M (money, management, market, macro/meso environments, and mother...
Conference Paper
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Andragogical frameworks for the delivery of university-level social entrepreneurship courses have recently been suggested to support the development and delivery of social entrepreneurship education. Using the theory of planned behavior, we argue that andragogy entails an inspirational element and creates positive attitudes toward social entreprene...
Article
The authors examine how work-family balance and marketing capabilities are related to Chinese women entrepreneurs' firm performance. Drawing on the family embeddedness perspective, findings show that both factors are positively related to firm performance. Public policy recommendations, implications, and suggestions for future research are discusse...
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Our study answers the call for a better understanding of female entrepreneurs in Morocco and the role families play in launch decisions. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the influence of perceived management skills and perceived gender discrimination in obtaining funds on women entrepreneurs’ propensity to start their businesses with or with...
Article
Women entrepreneurs add to the economic well-being of countries. This study examines whether stages of economic development (SEDs) influence women entrepreneurs similarly across national settings. This study approaches the environments in which women entrepreneurs launch their businesses from two perspectives – family support and personal problems...
Article
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There has been a prominent stream of research investigating internationalisation of organisations. While the importance of transaction costs in the governance decisions of firms has been well established in the literature, transaction cost theory (TCT) in family firms remains underutilised. We examine the impact of family governance (i.e. family ow...
Article
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There has been a prominent stream of research investigating internationalisation of organisations. While the importance of transaction costs in the governance decisions of firms has been well established in the literature, transaction cost theory (TCT) in family firms remains underutilised. We examine the impact of family governance (i.e. family ow...
Conference Paper
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International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business (http://www.inderscience.com/jhome.php?jcode=ijesb) IMMIGRANT, GENDER AND SUCCESSION ISSUES IN FAMILY FIRMS Special issue for the FERC Conference, June 8-10 2017, Ashville, USA (https://fbf.unca.edu/conference-details) Guest Editors: Dianne H.B. Welsh Hayes Distinguished Professor of...
Article
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Purpose The study aims to offer a general review of website evaluation, with particular application to the winery tourism field. Automated website evaluation is explored as a complementary tool in the evaluation of small and medium enterprise (SME) winery websites. Design/methodology/approach The study adopted a mixed-method investigation includin...
Article
Women entrepreneurs add to the economic well-being of countries. This study examines whether stages of economic development (SEDs) influence women entrepreneurs similarly across national settings. This study approaches the environments in which women entrepreneurs launch their businesses from two perspectives – family support and personal problems...
Article
Full-text available
It is well documented that women entrepreneurs add exponential growth to the economic well-being of countries. The impact of family moral support on Turkish women entrepreneurs’ is examined including major challenges (i.e. personal problems and recognition of poor managerial skills and knowledge) and advantages (i.e. perceptions of helpfulness of e...
Article
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Transformative changes are happening in Higher Education Institutions worldwide in entrepreneurship education. These changes are conceptual as well as technological due to the upheaval in the global, social, political, and technological environment. We argue that the process theory of Alfred North Whitehead best explains why entrepreneurship educat...
Chapter
Women entrepreneurs are a major economic driver in Africa. The rate of women’s entrepreneurship in Africa is higher than any other region of the world. This chapter focuses on women-owned family businesses and their opportunities, challenges, and future. Studies on women-owned family businesses in Africa are divided into South Africa, Central Afric...
Article
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We first discuss the notion of social entrepreneurship and how it extends beyond its geopolitical confines. This includes the various definitions of being a social entrepreneur, mission, opportunities and challenges. While the field of social entrepreneurship is moving forward globally, there still lacks a measure of social entrepreneurship. We tes...
Article
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There is a dearth of research that investigates the effectiveness of different pedagogical methods for teaching entrepreneurship. This paper focuses on three learning design choices: experiential learning, use of teamwork, and focus on quantitative methods. The paper examines pedagogical variables that could contribute to raising student scores on...
Research
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As an emerging field of practice and investigation Social Entrepreneurship (SE) provides many opportunities and challenges. This paper is exploring specific insights of the concept, including its fine borders with two other related terms: social economy and social enterprise. It also outlines steps forward in the process of enhancing SE eco-systems...
Article
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine the generational differences among publicly traded family firms in regards to value creation and value appropriation in the innovation process by drawing upon the knowledge-based view (KBV) and family business literature with a focus on socioemotional wealth perspective. Design/methodology/approac...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the factors influencing the total factor productivity (TFP) gap between the USA and eight Latin American countries for the period of 1970-2000. Design/methodology/approach – The paper provides an explicit application of TFP estimation by employing a growth accounting approach (Solow Residual) i...
Article
Full-text available
As an emerging field of practice and investigation Social Entrepreneurship (SE) provides many opportunities and challenges. This paper is exploring specific insights of the concept, including its fine borders with two other related terms: social economy and social enterprise. It also outlines steps forward in the process of enhancing SE eco-systems...
Article
Over the years, the management field has had many important contributors to its theoretical development and practical application of its major concepts. As a relatively young academic discipline, the management field has the good fortune to have access to many of those pioneers who are responsible for its foundation, history, and evolution. Many of...
Article
Building on a resource-based logic and the notion that family firms are characterized by the enduring interaction of the family and the business that provides a distinctive bundle of resources to family firms, our study explores whether family-firm franchisors behave and thus perform differently than nonfamily-firm franchisors. Our results suggest...
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Less than one-fifth of all entrepreneurs are women in Korea (Xavier et al., 2012). We investigate the determinants of Korean women entrepreneurs' firm performance. Specifically, we examine the impact of personal problems and family support and their interaction effects on firm performance. We find empirical support for the negative effects of perso...
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The purpose of this study is to explore the sources of knowledge and support for Saudi Arabian women entrepreneurs when starting or operating a new venture. The study examines factors relevant to knowledge base, family support, and external support from outside sources that may influence venture creation. The findings reveal that women are the prin...
Article
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Japanese women entrepreneurs and their predominately family-owned firms are a growing economic segment in Japan. The number of entrepreneurs of both genders in Japan is proportionately very small compared to other countries. The purpose of this research is to investigate the characteristics of Japanese women entrepreneurs and their family firms, id...
Article
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Microenterprises continue to proliferate in countries around the globe, creating jobs while improving the overall economic outlook of countries. A preliminary study of 151 microenterprises in Malaysia found performance and Entrepreneurial Orientation were significantly affected by key management activities. Performance was influenced little, if any...
Article
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Entrepreneurship education has revolutionized all aspects of business. Entrepreneurship education has progressed from programs housed only in business schools to cross-disciplinary programs in departments across college and university campuses in the past 10 years. This blended approach that encompasses various disciplines with entrepreneurship thr...
Chapter
The reason we need cross-disciplinary entrepreneurship is that students need it. The skill sets they need for tomorrow include the ability to be adaptable, flexible, creative, resourceful, and innovative. Entrepreneurship builds stronger and more flexible societies over time (Bucha, 2007). Leo Higdon (2005) in his seminal article on liberal educati...
Chapter
There is no question that entrepreneurship has had a major impact on society. Jerome Katz’s (2003) comprehensive summary of entrepreneurship education goes back to 1876. However, entrepreneurial education is a relatively new field in higher education that has proliferated since the 1970s but really took off only in the 1980s (Katz, 2003). With over...
Chapter
Entrepreneurship can be simply defined to fit all disciplines. I define entrepreneurship as “being creative and innovative in anything we do that produces value.” When we couple innovation with entrepreneurship, it produces something useful for society that has value. Entrepreneurship has always existed with human civilizations. Therefore, it is no...
Chapter
Entrepreneurship Education (EE) was first a topic of interest at UNCG through a state-wide proposed grant. The Kauffman Foundation in Kansas City, Missouri, approached the University of North Carolina System (UNC System) to fund entrepreneurship efforts on 16 of the 17 state campuses in the state. UNC Chapel Hill already had a Kauffman Foundation g...
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What are the key themes of an entrepreneurship program and what are the implications? We discussed this at a brainstorming session at the Price-Babson College Fellows Program, REFLECT 2000. The key themes identified were: “1. Entrepreneurship is a process or a continuum. The implication of this is that there is a focus on transition points/stages/c...
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Entrepreneurship across the curriculum, or cross-disciplinary entrepreneurship, answers the call for more practical applications of education to meet the workforce challenges of the twenty-first century and beyond. While entrepreneurship has applicability to every discipline—even Library Science has a national Entrepreneurship Conference now (See h...
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Information is needed at every level for universities as well as for specific programs. In the case of entrepreneurship programs, particularly cross-disciplinary entrepreneurship programs, prove the value of cross-disciplinary programs and their impact. These programs are new and not yet well established on most campuses. Therefore, across campus e...
Article
Creative Cross-Disciplinary Entrepreneurship responds to educational demands created through dramatic changes in the nature of business, by describing how to develop a cross-disciplinary curriculum in Entrepreneurship that further increases students' knowledge base in specific areas of interest and the development of an 'entrepreneurial mindset’. T...
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Women entrepreneurs around the world have increasingly contributed to innovation, employment, and wealth creation (Brush & Cooper, 2012; Brush, de Bruin, & Welter, 2009). Studies suggest that foreign direct investment can be an important determinant of entrepreneurship in general. However, the link between foreign ventures and women entrepreneurs r...