Diann S Eley

Diann S Eley
The University of Queensland | UQ · Academy for Medical Education, Medical School

BSc, MSc FHEA PhD

About

181
Publications
41,373
Reads
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3,076
Citations
Citations since 2017
23 Research Items
1666 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Additional affiliations
January 2003 - April 2020
The University of Queensland
Position
  • Chair

Publications

Publications (181)
Article
Full-text available
Background: The continuing decline in clinician scientists is a global concern. This paper reports on a two-fold rationale to address this decline by increasing the number of students on a formal pathway to an academic research career, and building a 'teaching-research nexus' using the research intensive environment at our University. Methods: T...
Article
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Over the past decade, the medical education literature has recognized the need to develop a culture that nurtures wellbeing and resilience in students. However, the introduction of or increase in student fees precipitated a shift in higher education policies toward a consumer model of education. Importantly, it has altered the expectations of stude...
Article
Medical schools worldwide have developed rural primary care immersive experiences to nurture students' interest in future rural careers and address workforce shortages. Few studies have looked at the students who participate in these programs. This study explores personality traits in US and Australian students who undertake rural-focused medical t...
Article
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Objective. The health and well being of medical doctors is vital to their longevity and safe practice. The concept of resilience is recognised as a key component of well being and is an important factor in medical training to help doctors learn to cope with challenge, stress, and adversity. This study examined the relationship of resilience to pers...
Article
Australia shares many dilemmas with North America regarding shortages of doctors in rural and remote locations. This preliminary study contributes to the establishment of a psychobiological profile for rural doctors by comparing temperament and character traits with an urban cohort. The aim was to compare the individual levels and combinations of t...
Article
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Background The medical degree is a long and challenging program, not just academically, but regarding the expectations engrained in the culture of medical education. The recent proliferation of literature on the poor mental well-being among students suggests a dilemma that often lays the onus on students to improve their health. The link between pe...
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Introduction: The Doctor of Medicine (MD) and the Bachelor of Dental Science Honours (BDSc) degrees are challenging, with similar prerequisites regarding the scope of prior knowledge and academic performance. Studies have previously explored personality traits of students within each degree, but few have compared traits between the MD and BDSc coho...
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Producing enough doctors working in general practice or rural locations, or both, remains a key global policy focus. However, there is a lack of evidence about doctors’ emerging commitment to these decisions. This study aimed to explore changes in the level of certainty about career interest in working in general practice and working rurally, as do...
Article
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Background: An educational partnership between The University of Queensland (UQ) in Australia and Ochsner Health in the United States developed the UQ-Ochsner medical program that trains American citizens to practice medicine in the United States. This program provides the opportunity to explore and compare the personal characteristics of UQ-Ochsne...
Article
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Chapter 1: Characterising Australia’s rural specialist physician workforce: the professional profile and professional satisfaction of junior doctors and consultants Objective: To assess differences in the demographic characteristics, professional profile and professional satisfaction of rural and metropolitan junior physicians and physician consult...
Article
Introduction Dental therapists, hygienists and oral health therapists constitute up to a third of the dental workforce in Australia and New Zealand. Personality is often explored in health professions to provide insights into traits that are conducive to workforce retention and to assist in planning and training. This study aimed to investigate the...
Article
Introduction The transactional model of stress is a framework describing the process for coping with stressful events as a relationship between the individual person and environment. This study aimed to investigate the associations between personality, learning environment and experiences of mental health for a cohort of Australian dentistry studen...
Article
Australia's clinical research communities responded quickly to COVID-19. Similarly, research funding to address the pandemic was appropriately fast-tracked and knowledge promptly disseminated. This swift and purposeful research response is encouraging and reflects thorough and meticulous training of the academic workforce; in particular the clinici...
Article
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Objective Medical students have personalities that are often shown to be perfectionistic. Perfectionism can manifest as maladaptive and lead to psychological distress. This study examined the mediating role of perfectionism on the association between personality trait profiles and levels of psychological distress. Methods First-year medical studen...
Article
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Having ‘good’ doctors is important to everybody. How to select medical students better has been discussed repeatedly for more than seventy years, implying that prevailing methods could be improved. A significant body of research exists about selection methods and their application in medicine. Yet most medical schools world-wide continue to use pri...
Article
Introduction: Dentistry students face a challenging academic and clinical curriculum that can result in depression and anxiety. While studies usually report sources of stress for dentistry students, there is less information on levels of stress. This study used the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21), to report perceived levels of depre...
Article
Introduction: The success of rural longitudinal integrated clerkship (LIC) programs has contributed to our understanding of selecting and training students for rural practice. Studies have explored the personality traits of students who participate in rural LICs although few have compared them with classmates who have not. The purpose is to compare...
Article
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Background: Certain personal attributes, such as perfectionism and tolerance of ambiguity, have been identified as influential in high achieving students. Medical students have been identified as high achievers and perfectionistic, and as such may be challenged by ambiguity. Medical students undertake a long and challenging degree. Personality has...
Article
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Background: Clinician-scientist training represents the epitome of preparation for biomedical scientific discovery. The significance of, and need for, clinician-scientists is universally recognised as essential to progress medical research across what is regarded as the 'translational gap'. Despite a rich history of cutting-edge biomedical researc...
Conference Paper
Understanding the factors medical students’ consider when deciding where to spend their clinical years is important for Rural Clinical School’s (RCS) to address negative and capitalise on positive perceptions.
Article
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Written tests for selection into medicine have demonstrated reliability and there is accumulating evidence regarding their validity, but we know little about the broader impacts or consequences of medical school selection tests from the perspectives of key stakeholders. In this first Australian study of its kind, we use consequential validity as a...
Article
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Introduction Continuous evaluation and improvement of the learning environment are required to respond to the changing nature of dental practice and dental education. This study aimed to describe a cohort of undergraduate dentistry students’ perceptions of their learning environment. Methods Students enrolled in years 1‐4 of the Bachelor of Dental...
Article
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Introduction Dentistry is known to be a challenging degree and students are often under considerable academic pressure which may lead to stress and difficulties in coping. Personality influences coping ability, yet very little is known about the personality traits of dentistry students. This study aimed to describe the personality profiles of stude...
Article
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Background: Clinician-scientists are in decline worldwide. They represent a unique niche in medicine by bridging the gap between scientific discovery and patient care. A national, integrated approach to training clinician-scientists, typically programs that comprise a comprehensive MD-PhD pathway, are customary. Such a pathway is lacking in Austra...
Article
Trigger warnings are proposed as a strategy to keep university students safe from potentially distressing material. While used internationally for several years, they have begun to be formally implemented in some Australian universities. This paper provides a critical review of the underlying theoretical premises of trigger warnings and the persona...
Article
Purpose: Resilience, coping with uncertainty and learning from mistakes are vital characteristics for all medical disciplines – particularly rural practice. Levels of coping constructs were examined in medical students with and without a rural background or an interest in rural practice. Methods: Cross-sectional surveys identified two personality p...
Article
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Purpose Allied health workforce recruitment and retention in remote areas is a global problem. Using case studies from the Australian allied health workforce, this paper adds new information by combining personality trait information with a detailed understanding of how the cases construe the demands of remote work, which may be useful in addressin...
Article
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Purpose The primary aim of this study was to assess the predictive validity of cumulative grade point average (GPA) for performance in the International Foundations of Medicine (IFOM) Clinical Science Examination (CSE). A secondary aim was to develop a strategy for identifying students at risk of performing poorly in the IFOM CSE as determined by t...
Article
Background: Evidence suggests that current models of chronic disease management within general practice are not effective in meeting the needs of the community. Objective: The objective of this article is to examine patients' perceptions of a nurse-led collaborative model of care trialled in three general practices in Australia. Methods: This...
Data
Case Study Repertory Grid Dataset. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Clinician-scientists are a valuable resource and are crucial to ensuring that high-quality health and medical research is undertaken and translated to patients. Although the literature notes the global decline in clinician-scientists and infers the worldwide similarity in the challenges to reverse this decline, Australia continues to lag behind in...
Article
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Purpose: There is a high prevalence of stress, depression, and burn-out in medical students. Medical students differ widely in personality traits, self-perceptions, and values that may have an impact on their well-being. This study aimed to investigate variability in their personality profiles in relation to their potential for well-being and resi...
Data
Distribution of TCI scores by 3 profile solution. (TIF)
Article
The Queensland branch of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians (RACP) commissioned this study to update their workforce profile and examine rural practice. The present investigation aimed to describe characteristics of Queensland physicians and determine the influence of childhood and training locations on current rural practice. A cross-sec...
Article
The individual Teamwork Observation and Feedback Tool (iTOFT) was devised by a consortium of seven universities in recognition of the need for a means of observing and giving feedback to individual learners undertaking an interprofessional teamwork task. It was developed through a literature review of the existing teamwork assessment tools, a discu...
Article
Objectives: To describe the personality profiles of International Medical Graduates (IMGs) undertaking General Practice (GP) training in Australia. A better understanding of the personal characteristics of IMGs may inform their training and enhance support for their vital contribution to the Australian rural workforce. Design: Cross-sectional se...
Article
Background Evidence suggests that current models of chronic disease management within general practice are not effective in meeting the needs of the community. Objective The objective of this article is to examine patients’ perceptions of a nurse-led collaborative model of care trialled in three general practices in Australia. Methods This article...
Article
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Introduction: The ongoing rural doctor workforce shortage continues to stimulate interest in new strategies to alleviate the situation. Alongside increasingly promising approaches is the notion that attracting and nurturing the 'right' individuals may be paramount to achieving long-term success in recruitment and retention. This study compares the...
Article
AimPersonality traits refer to habitual patterns of behaviour, thoughts and emotions, and have been shown to influence health professionals' career pathways. The present study explored the associations between dietitians' personality profiles and the areas of dietetic practice they have previously worked.Methods Survey of 346 dietitians; 95% female...
Article
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Pathology is a discipline that provides the basis of the understanding of disease in medicine. The past decades have seen a decline in the emphasis laid on pathology teaching in medical schools and outdated pathology curricula have worsened the situation. Student opinions and thoughts are central to the questions of whether and how such curricula s...
Article
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Physician workforce projections fuel interest in addressing the shortage of family physicians. Copious research has investigated personality as a variable influencing specialty intention. Medical school rural longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs) nurture interest in family medicine. This study examined whether rural LIC students who intended to...
Article
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This paper reports on a pilot study that incorporated discipline specific clinical skill development with intercultural and interprofessional education (IPE) experiences for eight health professions students on clinical placement in a Disability Program in Vietnam. The aim of this study was to examine students' experiences of interprofessional work...
Article
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To determine the role of rural background and years of rural clinical school training on subsequent rural clinical practice. Retrospective cohort study of University of Queensland (UQ) medical graduates who graduated during the period 2002-2011 (contacted via internet, telephone and mail, using information obtained from UQ, the Australian Health Pr...
Article
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Objective: A major challenge for medical schools is the provision of clinical skills training for increasing student numbers. This case study describes the expansion of the clinical school network at The University of Queensland (UQ). The purpose of the study was to investigate consistency in medical education standards across a regional clinical...
Article
Background Personality traits refer to habitual patterns of behaviour, thought and emotions, and have been shown to influence health professionals’ career decisions, career development, job satisfaction and retention. There is an opportunity to better understand and support the career pathways of dietitians by exploring their personality traits. Th...
Article
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Objective: To determine the economic feasibility in Australian general practices of using a practice nurse (PN)-led care model of chronic disease management. Methods: A cost-analysis of item numbers from the Medicare Benefit Schedule (MBS) was performed in three Australian general practices, one urban, one regional and one rural. Patients (n =25...
Article
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The need for competent interprofessional health care professionals is well recognised. Various educational activities have been developed to facilitate the development of interprofessional competence. In this paper we describe an interprofessional, fieldwork experience conducted in a developing country, and the learning gained by the first cohort o...
Article
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Background: Although contentious most medical schools interview potential students to assess personal abilities such as communication. Aims: To investigate any differences in clinical communication skills (CCS) between first year students admitted to UQ medical school with or without an admissions interview. Methods: A retrospective analysis o...
Article
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To report, and determine reasons for, a change in the gender ratio observed among enrolled medical students after removal of the interview from the selection process. Cross-sectional study of 4051 students admitted to the medical program at the University of Queensland between 2004 and 2012. Students are enrolled either directly as graduates or via...
Article
Preparing medical graduates who are competent to work in a global environment requires broad integration of international and intercultural perspectives throughout the medical curriculum. Employing Leask and Bridge's conceptual framework of internationalisation of the curriculum, this article first highlights the emphasis placed on international mo...
Article
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Objective: Allied health (AH) includes many diverse professions, each with a unique contribution to healthcare, making it possible to consider these professions as person oriented (PO) or technique oriented (TO). This paper explored the personality traits of AH professionals from the perspective of both the PO or TO orientation and the individual...
Article
Purpose: To perform a gap analysis of rehabilitation medicine learning objectives (RMLOs) coverage within school of medicine (SOM) curriculum and educational resources as a basis for development of educational resources to fill any identified gaps. Method: Following ethics approval, interviews were carried out with SOM academics and clinicians t...
Article
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Background: Medical schools worldwide are challenged to address the rural primary care workforce shortage by creating community-engaged curricula to nurture student interest in rural practice. Aim: To examine the personal characteristics of six consecutive rural longitudinal integrated clerkship student cohorts to understand whom the programs at...
Article
Objective: To report pilot results for international benchmarking of learning outcomes among 426 final year medical students at the University of Queensland (UQ), Australia. Methods: Students took the International Foundations of Medicine (IFOM) Clinical Sciences Exam (CSE) developed by the National Board of Medical Examiners, USA, as a required...
Article
To describe the personality (temperament and character traits) of remote Australian allied health professionals (AHPs). Recent research shows that health professionals can be differentiated by personality traits but little is known about the personality traits of AHPs. Cross-sectional (online) survey design with snowball sampling of participants. A...
Article
Introduction: While there have been studies exploring the impact of personality on medical student selection and performance there has not been an investigation of the personality of students at different schools. Method: Demographic data and responses to the NEO measure of personality traits were collected from medical students in the first two...
Article
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Diann Eley and colleagues look at the key personality traits that increase doctors’ resilience and help them cope with challenges in medicine
Article
Recent efforts to redress the deficit of rural medical practitioners have considered the problem of recruitment and retention of rural doctors as one of influencing individuals' career choices. Exposure to rural medical environments during basic medical training is one long-standing example of an initiative aimed in this direction and there is some...
Article
This was the first Australian study investigating the acceptability, feasibility and sustainability of a nurse-led model of chronic disease management in general practice. A concurrent mixed-methods design was used within a 12-month intervention of nurse-led care in three general practices. Adult patients with type 2 diabetes, hypertension and/or s...
Article
Background Obese parturients are recognised as high risk and an antenatal anaesthetic consultation is recommended. The potential positive and negative effects of this consultation have not been investigated. This prospective observational study aimed to determine if antenatal anaesthetic consultation affects decisional conflict, anxiety scores or r...
Article
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Our understanding of the qualities and value of clinical supervision is based on uniprofessional clinical education models. There is little research regarding the role and qualities needed in the supervisor role for supporting interprofessional placements. This paper reports the views and perceptions of medical and allied heath students and supervi...
Article
Rural physicians wrestle with professional boundary issues routinely in everyday interactions, and their situation differs from the experience of their urban colleagues. Medical students receive limited exposure to professional boundary management in preclinical training. Increasingly, schools are implementing rural longitudinal clinical clerkships...
Article
The Australian government's commitment to health service reform has placed general practice at the centre of its agenda to manage chronic disease. Concerns about the capacity of GPs to meet the growing chronic disease burden has stimulated the implementation and testing of new models of care that better utilise practice nurses (PN). This paper repo...
Article
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Recruitment and retention of allied health professionals (AHPs) to remote and rural Australia is challenging and correlates with poorer health status of remote and rural residents. While much has been written about the recruitment and retention problem, this study took a new approach by reviewing the literature describing the motivation of AHPs to...
Article
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The Australian Rural Clinical School (RCS) initiative has been addressing the rural medical workforce shortage at the medical education level for over a decade. A major expectation of this initiative is that it will improve rural medical workforce recruitment and subsequent retention through a rurally based undergraduate clinical training experienc...
Article
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This article is a report of a mixed method study of the association between personality traits of nurses and their reasons for entering nursing. Background.  The worldwide nursing shortage prompts research into better understanding of why individuals enter nursing and may assist in exploring ways to increase their recruitment and long term retentio...
Article
Dermatoscopy improves accuracy of melanoma diagnosis, but the impact of subspecialization in skin cancer practice among general practitioners on melanoma diagnostic accuracy is not known. To assess the impact of dermatoscopy use and subspecialization on the accuracy of melanoma diagnosis by general practitioners. We did a prospective study on the S...
Article
This study uses data from a prospective randomized controlled trial to estimate predictors of pharmaceutical expenditure in diabetes (DM) or cardiovascular disease (CVD) patients. Identifying drivers of pharmaceutical use and the extent to which they are modifiable may inform cost-effective policy-making. The trial followed 260 patients aged >18 ye...