Diana Marre

Diana Marre
Autonomous University of Barcelona | UAB · Departamento de Antropología Social y Cultural

Social Anthropology PhD

About

90
Publications
24,090
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Introduction
Diana Marre is Professor (Associate) at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona. She works on human reproduction, gender, mothering, childhood and youth in Spain. She is the author and co-author of several articles, chapters and books and she is currently working on a book about Spanish 'stolen babies' in XX century. She is the director of AFIN Research Group and Outreach Centre and the PI of a R&D research project on Assisted Reproduction (Transnational Adoption, NRTs and Surrogacy).
Additional affiliations
January 2000 - December 2004
University of Barcelona
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (90)
Article
Full-text available
Prenatal loss, such as miscarriage and stillbirth, may be understood as the confluence of birth and death. The most significant of life’s transitions, these events are rarely if ever expected to coincide. Although human cultures have long recognized death through ritual, it has not typically been used in cases of pregnancy loss. Interest in prenata...
Chapter
Healthcare workers (HCWs) had to work with a lack of PPE at the beginning of COVID-19 pandemic in a diversity of worldwide healthcare systems, exposing them to a high risk of infection. This chapter illustrates HCWs experiences of “protecting” and “feeling protected” in Argentina, Burkina Faso, Ecuador, The Gambia, India, Senegal, Spain, United Kin...
Book
Full-text available
Horizontes Antropológicos Número 61, ano 27, 2021 Disponível on line em https://www.scielo.br/j/ha/i/2021.v27n61/
Article
The irregular adoption of displaced children during the Spanish Civil War, the Franco dictatorship and the early years of Spanish democracy remains silent and unrecognised. The difficulty in recognising these irregular practices is linked to remnant infrastructures of memory (Rubin (2018) How Francisco Franco governs from beyond the grave: An infra...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Explore nurses’ experiences and perception of risk regarding the use of personal protective equipment during the first wave of the pandemic in Spain. Design: Qualitative descriptive design according to the Rapid Research Evaluation and Appraisal model. Methods: Semi-structured videoconference interviews were conducted to explore the experience...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT We analyze the mechanisms of reproductive governance that influence reproduction in Spain through 66 semi-structured interviews with heterosexual parents. We examine reproductive governance through moral regimes surrounding four arenas: the labor market, gender relations at home, institutional feminist discourses, and the narrative of choi...
Article
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Aims: Identify the organizational changes faced by front-line nurses working with COVID-19 patients during the first wave and describe how they responded to these changes. Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has altered the provision of care and the man-agement of health care around the world. Evolving information about SARS-coV-2 meant that health...
Article
There has been a global increase in the number of adults who were adopted searching for their origins. This trend has promoted the interest of social sciences researchers, as well as carry out the obligations of states to provide specialized services. In this article, we present some results from the first qualitative study that explores the experi...
Poster
Full-text available
This event to be held in Granada, Spain on September 4-6, 2019. Simultaneous translation Spanish/English available for Keynotes and Round tables / Este evento se desarrollará en Granada, España, entre el 4 y 6 de septiembre con traducción simultánea de las conferencias y mesas redondas en castellano e inglés.
Article
Spain’s plummeting fertility since the late twentieth century may seem to reflect a waning desire for children. Nevertheless, reproductive disappointments resulting from gender inequalities cause many Spanish women to postpone motherhood and experience age-related fertility problems. For them, creating a family often becomes possible only through t...
Article
Full-text available
The diversity of sexual behaviors is driven by multiple determinants, including physiological, cultural, educational, and sociological factors. However, the definition of sexual behavior profiles has been barely addressed from a comprehensive point of view. We aimed to develop a multidisciplinary questionnaire for defining individual sexual behavio...
Article
We use the transnational adoption screening process as a lens for examining the co-production of the home and the family in Spain. We propose the term ‘homework’ to describe the efforts of adoption applicants to perform an appropriate home and thus receive approval to adopt. The transnational adoption screening process is a key site of state-indivi...
Article
The problems of ‘lost in translation’ are well known. Yet some terms of English managerial vocabulary, which are perfectly translatable in other languages, remain untranslated. One explanation of this phenomenon is what Linguistic anthropology call negative semantic resonances. Semantic resonances focused on the issue of which meanings can or canno...
Article
Full-text available
La familia es la institución privada por excelencia y, sin embargo, es objeto de intervención política. En este artículo reflexionamos acerca de los componentes ideológicos que subyacen en las políticas públicas que afectan a la familia y el significado que tienen en el contexto en que se activan. Para ello, analizamos el Plan Integral de Apoyo a l...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: We aimed to explore the meaning of obesity in elderly persons with knee osteoarthritis (KO) and to determine the factors that encourage or discourage weight loss. Background: Various studies have demonstrated that body mass index is related to KO and that weight loss improves symptoms and functional capacity. However, dietary habits are dif...
Article
Les jeunes adoptés à l’international, depuis une vingtaine d’année à Barcelone, convoque de manière paradoxale la figure de l’étranger décrite par Simmel, au début du siècle dernier: à la fois proches et lointains ; semblables pour avoir vécu la majeure partie de leur vie au sein de la population à laquelle leurs parents sont originaires et pourtan...
Article
Family is the private institution par excellence; however, it is subject to political intervention. In this article, we reflect on the ideological components that underlie public policies affecting the family and what they mean in the context in which they are activated. We analyze the Plan Integral de Apoyo a la Familia 2015-2017, drawn up by the...
Article
Transnational adoption is very difficult to talk about in Spain. For this reason, speakers use “communicative vigilance” to emphasize the appropriate ways to speak and particularly not to speak about it. Part of the difficulty, we demonstrate, is that adoption talk must mediate two contradictory understandings of talk and kinship: (1) a referential...
Article
Full-text available
Until the last quarter of the 20th century, Spain was a place where foreign couples adopted children. However, by 2004 it was the country with the highest number of foreign adoptions, second only to the United States. This article examines the impact of the transnational adoption research of an interdisciplinary group of Catalan researchers (AFIN)....
Research
Full-text available
Briggs, L.; Fonseca, C.; Cardarello, A.; Marre, D.; Collard, C. and Yngvesson, B. (2012). Feminism and transnational adoption: Poverty, precarity, and the politics of raising (other people’s?) children. Feminist Theory 13(1): 81-100.
Chapter
Full-text available
http://www.cambridgescholars.com/the-intercountry-adoption-debate In a multidisciplinary volume such as this, perhaps the wisest strategy for this chapter --focusing on anthropology’s contribution to the study of transnational adoption– is to begin by clarifying anthropologists’ particular approach to the adoption process. Our goal is not to duplic...
Conference Paper
The paper analyses why, in Spain, the displacement of children since the Civil War and the theft of babies placed into new families until the 90’s still remains unrecognized and unpunished. The hypothesis is that this is due to a long state of exception (Agamben ([2003] 2005) that as a technique of government has predominated in Spanish politics, i...
Article
The attachment pattern of a sample of 168 internationally adopted children was explored in this study using the semi-structured Friends and Family Interview. The pattern was analysed in relation to the development of adaptive skills as an expression of the children's resilience. The secure attachment pattern rates were slightly lower and the insecu...
Chapter
Full-text available
El desarrollo de los estudios sobre infancias y, en general, sobre todo aquello que se incluye en el campo de los denominados Childhood Studies ha corrido paralelo y vinculado al desarrollo de los estudios de género. De la misma manera que se han incrementado los estudios sobre las mujeres como actores sociales y la necesidad de contextua- lizarlas...
Article
Full-text available
To examine whether drawing is useful in the detection of problems of psychosocial adaptation in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and in improving communication with health professionals. We performed an exploratory descriptive study in 199 children and adolescents with T1D aged 4-13 years. The participants were asked to render a...
Chapter
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La adopción transnacional se inició en España en la segunda mitad de la década de 1990. casi veinte años después, cerca de 50.000 niños y niñas nacidos en otros países viven con sus familias adoptivas en su territorio. Buena parte de ellas adoptaron inicialmente en Latinoamérica, luego en Europa del este y en países asiáticos como China —el país do...
Chapter
En los últimos años hemos vivido y estamos viviendo un conjunto de transformaciones en las formas de reproducción y filiación que han sido acompañadas por similares transformaciones en los estudios sobre ellas desde la antropología. A principios de la década de 1990, las obras de Ginsburg y Rapp (1991), Strathern (1992), Bouquet (1993) y Ragoné (1...
Book
Las relaciones de parentesco han sido definidas en términos de altruismo y mutualidad de los seres. En estas relaciones se sintetiza el aspecto cooperativo de los humanos. Los parientes son personas que participan intrínsecamente en la existencia de cada uno; son miembros unos de otros. En este libro hemos querido presentar de forma etnográfica un...
Article
Full-text available
Estudios previos sobre menores adoptados han mostrado que los menores adoptados en Europa del Este (EE) tienen más probabilidades de mostrar inatención e hiperactividad/impulsividad mientras que las niñas adoptadas en China (CH) suelen obtener puntuaciones normales en adaptación, aunque a medida que crecen, puede que aumenten las conductas internal...
Article
Previous research looking at adopted children has shown that children adopted from Eastern Europe (EE) are more likely to show inattention and hyperactivity/impulsivity whereas girls adopted from China (CH) tend to have normative adjustment scores, although as they grow up, internalising behaviours might increase. We directly compare parental ratin...
Article
Full-text available
Internationally adopted children seem to be more likely to show ADHD-like symptoms than non-adopted children. The aims of this study were to explore the existence of ADHD-like symptoms and/or diagnosis in a sample of internationally adopted children depending on their country of origin and to describe the links that may exist between the display of...
Article
Full-text available
he best interest of the child is widely cited in the legislation and practices related to child protection as a guiding principle to consider in making any decision about the situation or the future of a child. Generally no explicit definition of it is given, assuming its evidence. However, the ethnographic data on transnational adoptions show that...
Article
Full-text available
In 2010, the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) celebrated its 20th anniversary. The CRD principles have been gradually incorporated into the legislation on children and adolescents of those countries that have ratified it since it began on 1990. Among them, the “best interests of the child” is probably the most quoted and referred no...
Article
Full-text available
In 2010, the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) celebrated its 20th anniversary. The CRD principles have been gradually incorporated into the legislation on children and adolescents of those countries that have ratified it since it began on 1990. Among them, the “best interests of the child” is probably the most quoted and referred no...
Chapter
Full-text available
La adopción transnacional se inició en el siglo XX a partir de la Gran Guerra que convulsionó a Europa entre 1914 y 1919 y continúa en la actualidad. Su historia está marcada por guerras, enfrentamientos civiles y conflictos internacionales que desestructuraron familias, provocaron crisis alimentarias, limpiezas étnicas y movimientos de refugiados....
Chapter
Full-text available
Hace cuarenta años, en un trabajo sobre antropología y adopción, Jack Goody (1969), señaló que en las sociedades occidentales la adopción tiene tres funciones esenciales: a) proveer de un hogar a huérfanos, expósitos y menores con familias en dificultades b) proveer a parejas infértiles de una descendencia social c) proveer a una pareja o individuo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Los trabajos sobre el proceso a través del cual un niño o niña ‘desconocido’, ‘extraño’, ‘extranjero’, se incorpora a una familia, es decir, se incluye a través de la adopción en una familia en el ámbito de la cual no ha nacido, han sido, probablemente, los primeros, los más frecuentes y, también, más abundantes en los estudios sobre adopción trans...
Chapter
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En la introducción del libro The Ethics of Anthropology: Debates and Dilemmas publicado en 2003, su editora, la antropóloga británica P. Caplan (2003) señalaba que en los años precedentes, especialmente desde 1997, se había producido una ‘explosión discursiva’ sobre aspectos éticos en Occidente en diferentes ámbitos de la sociedad: la política, los...
Chapter
Full-text available
En este artículo se analiza la relación hay, si es que la hay, entre el “derecho al superior interés”, en tanto que derecho de menores, y el “derecho al hijo”, en tanto que derecho de adultos, a partir del caso de la adopción internacional en España y en el marco de la antropología de la infancia. La adopción transnacional y la nacional no siguier...
Article
Full-text available
La finalidad del artículo es analizar por qué, a más de diez años de iniciada la adopción transnacional en España, los “silencios” que no permiten hablar de la tríada ‒familias bio- lógicas, adoptivas e hijos e hijas‒, es decir, del multimaternaje inherente a toda adopción, vulneran los derechos de quienes han sido adoptados o adoptadas. Para ello...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, I explore the blurring of “race” with “culture” and “ethnicity” that pervades the narratives of professionals, bureaucrats, and parents with adopted children born in Asia, Africa, and Latin America who do not look like them. Today, culture and/or ethnicity often stand in as euphemisms for race, since that term is hardly ever used i...
Book
In the past two decades, transnational adoption has exploded in scope and significance, growing up along increasingly globalised economic relations and the development and improvement of reproductive technologies. A complex and understudied system, transnational adoption opens a window onto the relations between nations, the inequalities of the ric...
Chapter
Full-text available
In the early twenty-first century, many concerned observers suggest, we are entering a brave new world in reproduction, with medical technologies sundering genetics, gestation, and parenting, the globalisation of adoption, and unprecedented waves of migration separating parents and children. This is true. Yet, at the same time, we are contending wi...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this article is to analyse why more than ten years after transnational adoption began in Spain, the "silences" that impede to talk about the adoption triad -biological and adoptive families and adopted children-, which is in fact about multimothering, infringe the rights of adoptees. A way to this analysis is looking at certain forms of...
Article
Full-text available
In this chapter, I explore the blurring of “race” with “culture” and “ethnicity” that pervades the narratives of professionals, bureaucrats, and parents with adopted children born in Asia, Africa, and Latin America who do not look like them. Today, culture and/or ethnicity often stand in as euphemisms for race, since that term is hardly ever used i...
Chapter
The theme of the ‘cultural origins’ of adopted children is a recurrent one among adoptive families. The adoptive mother of an eleven-month-old baby, who was adopted in China and arrived in Barcelona when she was three months old,emphatically said in a prime-time television show that she did not want her baby to lose her cultural origins: ‘I want he...
Article
Full-text available
Transnational adoption has become a major means for involuntarily childless people to become a family, and for people who do not want to go through the ‘normal’ procedures to obtain a child. In this paper we present a comparative analysis of some pertinent features pertaining to the understanding of kinship that arise out of the practice of transna...
Book
Full-text available
Este libro es el resultado de las jornadas que con el título "La Adopción y el Acogimiento: un Estado de la Cuestión" se realizaron el pasado 2 de octubre de 2004 en el Parc Científic de la Universidad de Barcelona. Como se mencionó en el tríptico con el que convocamos las jornadas, la adopción internacional se inició en España a principios de la...
Article
Full-text available
En España las adopciones internacionales se cuadruplicaron entre 1997 y 2002. Si bien se trata de un proceso global iniciado al final de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y la guerra de Corea al que España se incorporó en la década de 1990, la magnitud adquirida en pocos años requirió de un singular esfuerzo legislativo a la vez que estimuló movimientos so...
Article
Full-text available
En España las adopciones internacionales se cuadruplicaron entre 1997 y 2002. Si bien se trata de un proceso global iniciado al final de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y la guerra de Corea al que España se incorporó en la década de 1990, la magnitud adquirida en pocos años requirió de un singular esfuerzo legislativo a la vez que estimuló movimientos so...
Book
Estudio se acerca a la construcción de la nación argentina desde la mirada transversal de género a partir de la figura de la china, mujer del gaucho, la cual influyó en la conformación del nacionalismo, las identidades nacionales y la construcción del Estado-nación.
Book
Este libro, realizado en el marco del Grupo consolidado de Investigación Multiculturalismo y Género de la Universidad de Barcelona dirigido por la Dra. Mary Nash, aporta una amplia reflexión internacional sobre el significado de las representaciones culturales y las prácticas sociales en la construcción de las diferencias de género, etnicidad y cla...
Book
Este libro contribuye al debate sobre el multiculturalismo al abrir nuevas vías e instrumentos analíticos que ofrecen una visión plural sobre el tema. Inspirado en un enfoque interdisciplinario, recoge amplias pesrpectivas teóricas y estudios de casos que examinan las manifestaciones del multiculturalismo y género en ámbitos territoriales internaci...
Article
Full-text available
Con escasas excepciones, la mayor parte de los estudiosos de la nación y de las identidades nacionales asignan un papel destacado al lenguaje y a la producción escrita en el proceso de construcción y mantenimiento de una nación. Benedict Anderson ha sido sin duda quien atribuyó la máxima influencia a lo que él denominó el “capitalismo impreso” en l...
Article
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Publicamos en este número dos comentarios recibidos al artículo "Los inmigrantes extranjeros en España", publicado en el nº 81 de Scritpa Nova (http://www.ub.es/geocrit/sn-81.htm). Una respuesta del autor a anteriores comentarios ha sido publicada en el nº 83 de esta misma revista (http://www.ub.es/geocrit/sn-83.htm)
Article
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El artículo analiza la importancia atribuida a la historia y el relato en la construcción de la nación y las identidades nacionales. Una importancia que ha conducido a la búsqueda del consenso o a la imposición de ciertos relatos como fundacionales y la ocultación u omisión de otros por inconvenientes para el proyecto nacional. Desde una mirada que...
Article
Full-text available
El día después del inicio del año 2000, el mundo, especialmente el mundo rico, respiró aliviado: el tan temido "efecto 2000" sobre los ordenadores se había superado sin nada que lamentar. No sólo no se habían registrado problemas en cuestiones tan delicadas como las vinculadas a la carrera espacial o armamentista sino que tampoco el ciudadano medio...

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Projects

Projects (11)
Project
‘Desplazamientos’ y ‘emplazamientos’ forzosos de niños, niñas, y bebés en España (1934-1996) a través de adopciones irregulars [Forced ‘Displacements’ and ‘Placements’ of Children and Babies in Spain (1934-1996) through irregular adoptions]. Ministerio de Presidencia, Relaciones con las Cortes y Memoria Democrática (092-MD-2021). 02/2022-12/2022. PI: Diana Marre. Amount granted: €8,000. Researcher.
Project
This coordinated project aims to study these mechanisms, which are enacted at both local nation-state and supranational levels in Europe and beyond (Mishtal, 2014), in the context of the current demographic anxieties related to fertility decline, abortion and new forms of reproduction (De Zordo, Marre & Smietana, forthcoming in 2022). More specifically, it aims to investigate, within this context, the different repro-flows (of people seeking access to reproduction-related technologies – assisted reproductive technologies (ARTs), adoption, abortion - as well as of gametes) that these mechanisms produce in three world regions strictly related to each other: Europe, North-Africa and Latin-America. Thus, it seems urgent to ask ourselves the following, fundamental questions that we aim to respond via this project, which will give an important contribution to the international academic and political debate on reproductive justice (Luna & Luker, 2013; Ross & Solinger, 2017; Smietana, Thompson & Twine, 2018) and cross-border reproductive care (De Zordo et al. 2020a, 2020b; Hudson et al., 2016; Kroløkke, 2014a, 2014b; Marre et al., 2018; Rozée Gómez et al, 2013; Smietana, 2017): Who has the right to make her/his own reproductive decisions, including whether to have and/or raise children, when to do so and how?; Who can easily access the reproductive technologies that she/he needs to fulfill her/his reproductive desires where she/he lives, and who has to, and can travel to seek reproductive care including cross-borders, in a fragmented legal landscape marked by more or less restrictive legislations on ARTs, abortion and adoption?; What kind of challenges and burdens do reproductive travels imply for different groups of people in a period of increasing economic precariousness, marked also by the restrictions to people’s mobility due to the current pandemic?; How do people seeking access to different kinds of reproductive technologies overcome the legal barriers they face where they live and the challenges implied by having to travel across different parts of the world, or within their own country/region of residence? And how do these repro-flows (of people as well as gametes) transform some countries into repro-hubs for ARTs, abortion and adoption in Europe, North-Africa and Latin-America?; Finally, who is (or is not) able to travel to learn about her/his biogenetic origins? Do children born after ARTs and adoptees have the right to access this information in the age of reproductive biotechnology? What are the implications for secrecy, privacy, and the right to medical information?
Project
Contribuir a diseñar y ejecutar un proyecto de investigación-acción sobre educación afectivo sexual y reproductiva que se lleve a cabo con niños, niñas y jóvenes de los centros educativos de Ciudad-Juárez (México), incluyendo a la comunidad rarámuri, a través de la Universidad Autónoma de Ciudad Juárez, la Universidad Pedagógica Nacional y el Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia. Este proyecto es parte de SexAFIN-Catalunya, un proyecto que pretende realizar una investigación a la vez que una intervención social con las comunidades educativas de las escuelas de primaria. E