Diana Fernández Fernández

Diana Fernández Fernández
Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INABIO), Ecuador · Unidad de Investigación

Doctora en Biología, especialidad Botánica

About

47
Publications
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174
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2011 - February 2018
Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INABIO), Ecuador
Position
  • Curadora-Investigadora
April 2011 - February 2018
Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INABIO), Ecuador
Position
  • Curadora-Investigadora

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
Animal pollinators mediate gene flow among plant populations, but in contrast to well‐studied topographic and (Pleistocene) environmental isolating barriers, their impact on population genetic differentiation remains largely unexplored. Comparatively investigating how these multifarious factors drive microevolutionary histories is, however, crucial...
Preprint
Full-text available
Animal pollinators mediate gene flow among plant populations, but, in contrast to well-studied topographic and (Pleistocene) environmental isolating barriers, their impact on population genetic differentiation remains largely unexplored. Comparatively investigating how these multifarious factors drive microevolutionary histories is, however, crucia...
Article
Full-text available
Heteranthery, the presence of distinct stamen types within a flower, is commonly explained as functional adaptation to alleviate the ‘pollen dilemma’, defined as the dual and conflicting function of pollen as pollinator food resource and male reproductive agent. A single primary hypothesis, ‘division of labour’, has been central in studies on heter...
Article
Full-text available
Evolutionary shifts from bee to vertebrate pollination are common in tropical mountains. Reduction in bee pollination efficiency under adverse montane weather conditions was proposed to drive these shifts. Although pollinator shifts are central for the evolution and diversification of angiosperms, we lack experimental evidence of the ecological pro...
Article
Full-text available
A new species collected in the lowland forests of the Chocó region of Ecuador, Sloanea cayapensis, is described and illustrated and its morphological similarities with other species of Sloanea are discussed.
Article
Full-text available
We describe two new species of Meriania (Melastomataceae), Meriania ardyae from Llanganates National Park and Meriania zunacensis from the Río Zuñac Reserve in Ecuador. Meriania ardyae is characterized by dark crimson petals, hypanthium and calyx with a dark purple coloration, young branches and internodes covered with a dense pubescence of violet-...
Article
Full-text available
Leptoscyphus Mitten (1851: 358), a medium-sized genus of the Lophocoleaceae, is mainly distributed in tropical and temperate South America, Africa and Australasia, and is generally characterized by the brownish gametophyte colour and a laterally compressed perianth with a more or less bilabiate mouth due to the reduction of the ventral lobe (Vander...
Book
Full-text available
El libro “Medicina de Payamino: Una guía de plantas medicinales de la comunidad kichwa”, un esfuerzo de investigación entre Alma College, el Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad (INABIO) conjuntamente con la comunidad de Payamino, detalla el nombre científico, nombres kichwa, descripción botánica de la planta, usos, formas de preparación, e imágenes...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Full-text available
Angiosperm flowers have diversified in adaptation to pollinators, but are also shaped by developmental and genetic histories. The relative importance of these factors in structuring floral diversity remains unknown. We assess the effects of development, function and evolutionary history by testing competing hypotheses on floral modularity and shape...
Data
Las especies vegetales reportadas son iguales o mayores a 2.5 cm de DAP en transectos lineales de 50 x 4 m y colecciones generales provenientes de ecosistemas de Bosque siempreverde montano bajo y Bosque siempreverde estacional piemontano de la Cordillera Costera del Chocó en el Cerro Zapallo de la provincia de Esmeraldas. Las colecciones botánicas...
Data
Se presenta una lista de especies de árboles de la Amazonía ecuatoriana, revisada taxonómicamente, que es el resultado de 20 años de inventarios florísticos y revisiones de especímenes en los herbarios ecuatorianos. Los resultados determinaron que hay 2296 especies de árboles, el 90% de estas especies se encuentran actualmente en la lista de No Eva...
Poster
Full-text available
La comunidad de San José de Payamino es parte de la etnia Kichwa de la Amazonía ecuatoriana, está situada aproximadamente a 45 km al oeste del Puerto Francisco de Orellana (Coca), cantón Loreto en la provincia de Orellana. Su población comprende cerca de 300 personas distribuidas en aproximadamente 80 familias, practican la agricultura de subsisten...
Article
Full-text available
We compiled a data set for all tree species collected to date in lowland Amazonian Ecuador in order to determine the number of tree species in the region. This data set has been extensively verified by taxonomists and is the most comprehensive attempt to evaluate the tree diversity in one of the richest species regions of the Amazon. We used four m...
Article
Full-text available
Floral adaptation to a single most effective functional pollinator group leads to specialized pollination syndromes. However, adaptations allowing for pollination by two functional groups (bimodal pollination systems) remain a rarely investigated conundrum. We tested whether floral scent and nectar traits of species visited by two functional pollin...
Data
Fig. S1 Nectar‐producing Meriania species with known pollinators grouped into the ‘mixed‐vertebrate’ pollination syndrome. Fig. S2 Ranking of all 61 floral traits by decrease in Gini index using random forest (RF) analyses. Fig. S3 Structural properties of petals and stamens in Merianieae. Fig. S4 Stochastic character mapping of pollination synd...
Article
A new species, Miconia yeseniae, is described and illustrated. The species is part of the Amblyarrhena section and is distinguished from others of the genus by the large (2–2.5 cm long) pink petals, the well-developed outer calyx teeth (4.9–5.1 mm long) and the 10-angular ovary. The most related species are Miconia glandulistyla, M. floribunda, M....
Presentation
Full-text available
El 24 de octubre del 2014 mediante Acta Constitutiva se crea la Red de Herbarios del Ecuador conformada inicialmente por 11 herbarios: QCNE, QCA, LOJA, QPLS, QUSF, ECUAMZ, HA, HUTPL, CHEP, HUTN y HUTI, con el objetivo de fomentar y difundir la investigación botánica en Ecuador, además de establecer relaciones científicas con los herbarios y centros...
Presentation
Full-text available
La familia Melastomataceae es una de las familias más abundantes y diversas del Ecuador, con cerca de 574 especies distribuidas en 43 géneros (Wurdack, 1980; Renner, 1999; Ulloa y Neill, 2004), ocupa el tercer lugar después de Orchidaceae y Asteraceae, su número de especies representa a un 3% de la riqueza total de plantas vasculares del país (Jørg...
Article
Full-text available
Pollination syndromes describe recurring adaptation to selection imposed by distinct pollinators. We tested for pollination syndromes in Merianieae (Melastomataceae), which contain bee‐ (buzz‐), hummingbird‐, flowerpiercer‐, passerine‐, bat‐ and rodent‐pollinated species. Further, we explored trait changes correlated with the repeated shifts away f...
Book
Full-text available
Para el estudio de las orquídeas y las bromelias en la provincia de El Oro tuvimos una cobertura de ocho de los 15 ecosistemas entre los 300 – 3.300 m de elevación. Estos ecosistemas incluyen desde los bosques deciduos, piemontanos, montanos hasta los páramos. Esta información fue fortalecida con la inclusión de los registros de colecciones de brom...
Article
A new and rare species collected in Amazonian Ecuador, Sloanea jaramilloi, is described, illustrated, and its morphological similarities with other species of Sloanea is discussed. It resembles S. geniculata but is distinguished by the absence of persistent, adaxially concave stipules in the young branchlets, 4–6 sepals not covering entirely the re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La familia Melastomataceae es una de las familias más abundantes y diversas del Ecuador, con cerca de 574 especies distribuidas en 43 géneros [1, 2, 3], ocupa el tercer lugar después de Orchidaceae y Asteraceae, su número de especies representa a un 3% de la riqueza total de plantas vasculares del país [4]. Aproximadamente el 36% del número total d...
Article
Full-text available
We describe a new species native to Ecuador and Peru, Miconia complanata. This species has been collected from two different localities: Parque Nacional Podocarpus (Ecuador) and Cordillera del Cóndor (Ecuador and Peru). The strongly quadrangular to winged stem, ridged nodes and coriaceous leaves make this species distinctive even within a large gen...
Article
Full-text available
Lysipomia petrosa from Azuay province, Ecuador, is described as new and compared with the related species L. bilineata and L. caespitosa. Se describe una especie nueva, Lysipomia petrosa de la provincia de Azuay, Ecuador, y se compara con las especies similares, L. bilineata y L. caespitosa.
Article
Full-text available
p class="normal">Traditional knowledge, such as knowledge of the use of plants as medicine, influences how indigenous people manage forest resources. Gender and age-associated differences in traditional knowledge may impact forest resource management because of the traditional division of labor. We interviewed 18 men and 18 women between 9 and 74 y...
Article
Full-text available
A new species, Blakea nangaritzana D. Fernández, C. Ulloa & Penneys from Nangaritza canton, Zamora-Chinchipe, southern Ecuador is described and illustrated. It differs from all other species of the genus by the character combination of terrestrial trees up to 25 m tall, outer and inner floral bracts free, narrowly oblanceolate to linear, hypanthium...
Presentation
Full-text available
Los especímenes tipo representan la referencia nomenclatural permanentemente ligada a los nombres científicos de los taxones, su revisión es fundamental para la resolución de diversos problemas taxonómicos y nomenclaturales, además, la designación de un tipo en la descripción de una especie nueva es un requisito del Código Internacional de Nomencla...
Article
Full-text available
Sloanea multinervis, a new species collected in the terra firme forests of the Ecuadorean Amazon, is described and illustrated, and its morphological similarities with other species of Sloanea are discussed.
Book
Full-text available
Se presenta un documento técnico de divulgación sobre las plantas de los páramos del DMQ, se realiza una síntesis de los ecosistemas y se describen varias especies representativas. El propósito es dar a conocer la riqueza, la estructura y composición florística, el funcionamiento y los servicios ambientales que ofrece el páramo para los habitantes...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Existen 17 herbarios ecuatorianos activos que mantienen aproximadamente 740.000 colecciones botánicas. Juntas representan un patrimonio científico, natural y cultural de incalculable valor porque su estudio es fundamental para impulsar el estudio taxonómico, la investigación científica y la conservación y manejo sostenible de los recursos florístic...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Existen 17 herbarios ecuatorianos activos que mantienen aproximadamente 740.000 colecciones botánicas. Juntas representan un patrimonio científico, natural y cultural de incalculable valor porque su estudio es fundamental para impulsar el estudio taxonómico, la investigación científica y la conservación y manejo sostenible de los recursos florístic...
Article
Full-text available
A new species, Chalybea brevipedunculata, from the Ecuador-Peru border is herein described and illustrated. It differs from all other species in the genus by having inflorescence peduncles that are shorter than their subtending leaf petioles.
Article
Full-text available
La colección de especímenes tipo del Herbario Nacional del Ecuador (QCNE) preserva importantes ejemplares testigo procedentes de todo el Ecuador colectados por investigadores ecuatorianos y extranjeros. Los tipos son de gran importancia para entender la biodiversidad porque su designación es un requisito para la descripción de nuevas especies. Pres...
Poster
Full-text available
El Herbario Nacional QCNE, creado en 1977, conserva la colección más grande e importante del Ecuador, con cerca de 235.000 especímenes, constituye un patrimonio científico nacional de incalculable valor para el entendimiento de la diversidad biológica y cultural del país. Desde el año 2011, en su afán de continuar impulsando el desarrollo de la inv...
Article
As the focus of an undergraduate-level field course, we recently began documenting the traditional medicine of San José de Payamino, a Kichwa community in Orellana Province, Ecuador. Like many indigenous communities in the region, Payamino is rapidly changing, and knowledge of medicinal plants – still the primary means of treatment for the Payamino...
Article
Full-text available
As the focus of an undergraduate-level field course, we recently began documenting the traditional medicine of San José de Payamino, a Kichwa community in Orellana Province, Ecuador. Like many indigenous communities in the region, Payamino is rapidly changing, and knowledge of medicinal plants – still the primary means of treatment for the Payamino...
Article
As the focus of an undergraduate-level field course, we recently began documenting the traditional medicine of San José de Payamino, a Kichwa community in Orellana Province, Ecuador. Like many indigenous communities in the region, Payamino is rapidly changing, and knowledge of medicinal plants – still the primary means of treatment for the Payamino...
Thesis
Full-text available
Meriania (Merianieae: Melastomataceae) es un género con 85 especies, distribuidas en el Neotrópico. En Ecuador se registran 31 especies, de las cuales, 20 son endémicas y crecen por lo general en los Andes entre 1000 y 3500 m. Meriania presenta problemas de circunscripción con respecto a Adelobotrys, Axinaea, Centronia y Graffenrieda; adicionalment...
Article
Full-text available
Se describe e ilustra una especie nueva, Meriania aurata C. Ulloa, D. Fernández & D. A. Neill (Melastomataceae) del Parque Nacional Llanganates, Ecuador. Se parece a M. hernandoi L. Uribe; ambas especies tienen hojas de gran tamaño con la base de la lámina auriculada y con un escudo en la inserción del pecíolo, la inflorescencia robusta, el cáliz a...
Thesis
Full-text available
Melastomataceae is an important family of trees with related flora structure and composition of Ecuadorian montane forests. This family is characterized by its high diversity and abundance and plays an important ecological role in natural ecosystems. This study was carried out in two cloud forest sites. The first site is the Estación Científica San...
Article
Full-text available
Melastomataceae es una familia con aproximadamente 4500 especies distribuidas en los trópicos y subtrópicos, principalmente en América del Sur. En Ecuador se han registrado 43 géneros y 553 especies, de éstos, 24 géneros y 124 reportan alguna utilidad para el ser humano. Según los registros de los herbarios QCNE y QCA y la literatura, las especies...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La investigación se realizó en el volcán Atacazo (4457 m), ubicado en la Cordillera Occidental (Provincia de Pichincha), 78°01'56"S 00°01'22"W. Corresponde a una zona de vida Muy húmedo Sub-temperado y Lluvioso Sub-temperado, y a las formaciones vegetales Matorral Húmedo Montano, Bosque Siempre Verde Montano Alto y Páramo Herbáceo. El trabajo de ca...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
The tremendous diversity of angiosperm flowers has most likely evolved primarily in connection with their manifold pollinators. A particularly interesting topic located at the interface of pollination ecology and floral evolution is the occurrence of so-called pollinator shifts, i.e., the shift from one functional group of pollinators to another (e.g., from bees to birds). This project focuses on a group of Central- and South American plants (the tribe Merianieae) belonging to the melastome family (Melastomataceae). The Merianieae include bee-, bat-, hummingbird- as well as passerine pollinated species. Using high resolution x-ray computed tomography combined with geometric morphometrics, we aim at analyzing in detail the differences in floral traits associated with different functional groups of pollinators. In addition, using a population genetic approach, we will assess gene flow and pollination efficiency in the different pollination systems.
Archived project
Plantas de los Páramos del Distrito Metropolitano de Quito,