Di Zhu

Di Zhu
University of Minnesota Twin Cities | UMN · Department of Geography, Environment and Society

Ph.D

About

35
Publications
22,331
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534
Citations
Introduction
Di's research interests are geospatial modeling, applied artificial intelligence, spatio-temporal data mining, urban social sensing, etc. Personal website: https://dizhu-gis.com Google scholar webpage: https://scholar.google.com/citations?user=1hQ-KuEAAAAJ&hl=zh-CN

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Full-text available
Spatial interpolation is a traditional geostatistical operation that aims at predicting the attribute values of unobserved locations given a sample of data defined on point supports. However, the continuity and heterogeneity underlying spatial data are too complex to be approximated by classic statistical models. Deep learning models, especially th...
Article
Full-text available
Inferring the unknown properties of a place relies on both its observed attributes and the characteristics of the places to which it is connected. Because place characteristics are unstructured and the metrics for place connections can be diverse, it is challenging to incorporate them in a spatial prediction task where the results could be affected...
Article
Full-text available
We describe the use of network modeling to capture the shifting spatiotemporal nature of the COVID-19 pandemic. The most common approach to tracking COVID-19 cases over time and space is to examine a series of maps that provide snapshots of the pandemic. A series of snapshots can convey the spatial nature of cases but often rely on subjective inter...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Simulating urban morphology with location attributes is a challenging task in urban science. Recent studies have shown that Genera-tive Adversarial Networks (GANs) have the potential to shed light on this task. However, existing GAN-based models are limited by the sparsity of urban data and instability in model training, hampering their application...
Article
Full-text available
Geospatial artificial intelligence (GeoAI) has emerged as a subfield of GIScience that uses artificial intelligence approaches and machine learning techniques for geographic knowledge discovery. The non-regularity of data structures has recently led to different variants of graph neural networks in the field of computer science, with graph convolut...
Article
Neural networks (NNs) have demonstrated the potential to recover finer textural details from lower-resolution images by superresolution (SR). Given similar grid-based data structures, some researchers have transferred image SR methods to digital elevation models (DEMs). These efforts have yielded better results than traditional spatial interpolatio...
Article
Full-text available
Crime changes have been reported as a result of human routine activity shifting due to containment policies, such as stay-at-home (SAH) mandates during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the way in which the manifestation of crime in both space and time is affected by dynamic human activities has not been explored in depth in empirical studies. Here,...
Article
Full-text available
The rapid development of remote sensing techniques provides rich, large-coverage, and high-temporal information of the ground, which can be coupled with the emerging deep learning approaches that enable latent features and hidden geographical patterns to be extracted. This study marks the first attempt to cross-compare performances of popular state...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Exploring the human activity zones (HAZs) gives significant insights into understanding the complex urban environment and reinforcing urban management and planning. Though previous studies have reported the significant human activity shifting at the city-level in global metropolises due to COVID-19 containment policies, the dynamic of human activit...
Article
Full-text available
The large volume of data automatically collected by smart card fare systems offers a rich source of information regarding daily human activities with a high resolution of spatial and temporal representation. This provides an opportunity for aiding transport planners and policy-makers to plan transport systems and cities more responsively. However,...
Preprint
Full-text available
The rapid development of remote sensing techniques provides rich, large-coverage, and high-temporal information of the ground, which can be coupled with the emerging deep learning approaches that enable latent features and hidden geographical patterns to be extracted. This study marks the first attempt to cross-compare performances of popular state...
Article
Full-text available
The spatial concentration of the human activity is a crucial indication of socioeconomic vitality. Accurately mapping activity volumes is fundamental to support the regional sustainable development. Current approaches rely on mobile positioning data, which record information about human daily activity but are inaccessible in most cities due to priv...
Article
Full-text available
Public transport performance not only directly depicts the convenience of a city’s public transport, but also indirectly reflects urban dwellers’ life quality and urban attractiveness. Understanding why some regions are easier to get around by public transport helps to build a green transport friendly city. This paper initiates a new perspective an...
Article
There is a Chinese proverb, “if your wine tastes really good, you do not need to worry about the location of your bar (酒香不怕巷子深)”, which implies that the popular places for local residents are sometimes hidden behind an unassuming door or on unexpected streets. Discovering these unassuming places (e.g. restaurants) of a city will benefit the underst...
Article
Full-text available
The scale effect is an important research topic in the field of geography. When aggregating individual-level data into areal units, encountering the scale problem is inevitable. This problem is more substantial when mining collective patterns from big geo-data due to the characteristics of extensive spatial data. Although multi-scale models were co...
Article
Full-text available
Street-level imagery has covered the comprehensive landscape of urban areas. Compared to satellite imagery, this new source of image data has the advantage in fine-grained observations of not only physical environment but also social sensing. Prior studies using street-level imagery focus primarily on urban physical environment auditing. In this st...
Article
In the era of big data, large amounts of detailed spatial interaction data are readily available due to the increasing pervasiveness of location-aware devices and techniques. Such data are often applied in the research of spatial structures, land use characteristics, and human activity regularities. However, visualizing such data on maps is a great...
Article
Full-text available
Mixed use has been extensively applied as an urban planning principle and hinders the study of single urban functions. To address this problem, it is worth decomposing the mixed use. Inspired by the concept of spectral unmixing in remote sensing applications, this paper proposes a framework for mixed-use decomposition based on big geo-data. Mixed-u...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial scale is a fundamental issue for geographical phenomena because the size of the spatial unit adopted for analysis can have a significant effect on aggregated spatial data and the corresponding analytical results. There exists much research on the scale issue of spatial distribution data while few has paid attention to the scale effect on sp...
Preprint
The understanding of geographical reality is a process of data representation and pattern discovery. Former studies mainly adopted continuous-field models to represent spatial variables and to investigate the underlying spatial continuity/heterogeneity in the regular spatial domain. In this article, we introduce a more generalized model based on gr...
Preprint
Full-text available
The understanding of geographical reality is a process of data representation and pattern discovery. Former studies mainly adopted continuous-field models to represent spatial variables and to investigate the underlying spatial continuity/heterogeneity in the regular spatial domain. In this article, we introduce a more generalized model based on gr...
Conference Paper
The understanding of geographical reality is a process of data representation and pattern discovery. Former studies mainly adopted continuous-field models to represent spatial variables and to investigate the underlying spatial continuity/heterogeneity in a regular spatial domain. In this article, we introduce a more generalized model based on grap...
Article
Full-text available
Massive flows that represent the individual level of movements and communications can be easily obtained in the age of big data. Generalizing spatial and temporal flow patterns from such data is essential to demonstrate spatial connections and mobility trends. Clustering approaches provide effective methods to handle datasets that contain massive i...
Presentation
地理现象的空间格局是复杂的,其背后的规律表现为空间上的非独立关系,可以用地理学第一定律进行概括。地理学是探讨地理现象综合规律,刻画地球表面相似性与差异性的学科。地理空间格局研究是人类认知和理解地理世界的过程中非常重要的研究内容,依赖于对地理现实的抽象表达、基于空间数据的定量分析以及对空间格局的整合归纳。本文通过梳理生态学、计量地理学和地理信息科学领域的诸多研究工作,总结了地理空间格局的含义及其研究内容,将其拆解为空间格局表达模型、空间格局分析方法以及空间分区与地理研究单元问题。 首先,空间格局表达模型是认知地理现象的基础,通过对现实世界进行抽象,形成能够被定量分析的空间信息,并以特定的模型进行存储。对地理现实进行抽象表达的模型可以概括为场模型、要素模型和网络模型。场模型用于表达空间中能够被...
Article
Full-text available
Spatial interactions underlying consecutive sequential snapshots of spatial distributions, such as the migration flows underlying temporal population snapshots, can reflect the details of spatial evolution processes. In the era of big data, we have access to individual-level data, but the acquisition of high-quality spatial interaction data remains...
Article
Quantitative research of urban geography has benefited greatly from the rapid development of big geo-data. Spatial assembly is an essential analytical step to summarize and perceive geographical environment from individual behaviours. Most research focuses on the methodology of how to utilize the big data, while the adopted spatial units for data a...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of big spatio-temporal data brings brand new perspectives as well as challenges for us to investigate and understand urban space. Due to existence of GPS position error, it is inevitable to adopt the map-matching methods to map the spatio-temporal trajectories onto geographic space. This research focuses on the low-sampling trajectori...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant no. 2017YFB0503602)
Project
The National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant no. 41625003).