Derrick Charles Mancini

Derrick Charles Mancini
Illinois Institute of Technology | IIT · Department of Physics

Ph. D. Uppsala University

About

205
Publications
14,198
Reads
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3,920
Citations
Citations since 2016
6 Research Items
1084 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
Adjunct Professor of Physics at Illinois Institute of Technology. Current research interests are in the areas of advanced micro- and nanofabrication techniques; x-ray optics; hydrogels; simulation of nanooptics, MEMS, and polymers using parallel computing; nanoscience and nanotechnology; and the applications of synchrotron radiation to technological problems. Co-advisor for 6 Ph.D student theses. Coauthor of over 200 papers and 6 patents.
Additional affiliations
November 2010 - present
Illinois Institute of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
August 2010 - present
Illinois Institute of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2000 - August 2017
University of Illinois at Chicago
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
July 1992 - July 1994
Uppsala University
Field of study
  • Physics

Publications

Publications (205)
Article
Full-text available
The gravitational acceleration of antimatter,ḡ, has yet to be directly measured; an unexpected outcome of its measurement could change our understanding of gravity, the universe, and the possibility of a fifth force. Three avenues are apparent for such a measurement: antihydrogen, positronium, and muonium, the last requiring a precision atom interf...
Article
Full-text available
A low temperature deposition of high quality ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) film onto a finished Si-based CMOS chip was performed to investigate the compatibility of the UNCD deposition process with CMOS devices for monolithic integration of MEMS on Si CMOS platform. DC and radio-frequency performances of the individual PMOS and NMOS devices o...
Conference Paper
The gravitational acceleration of antimatter, $\bar g$, has yet to be directly measured but could change our understanding of gravity, the Universe, and the possibility of a fifth force. Three avenues are apparent for such a measurement: antihydrogen, positronium, and muonium, the last requiring a precision atom interferometer and benefiting from a...
Article
Full-text available
The gravitational acceleration of antimatter, $\bar g$, has yet to be directly measured but could change our understanding of gravity, the Universe, and the possibility of a fifth force. Three avenues are apparent for such a measurement: antihydrogen, positronium, and muonium, the last requiring a precision atom interferometer and benefiting from a...
Article
Full-text available
The gravitational acceleration of antimatter, $\bar{g}$, has never been directly measured and could bear importantly on our understanding of gravity, the possible existence of a fifth force, and the nature and early history of the universe. Three avenues appear feasible for such a measurement: antihydrogen, positronium, and muonium. The muonium mea...
Article
Full-text available
The needs both for increased experimental throughput and for in operando characterization of functional materials under increasingly realistic experimental conditions have emerged as major challenges across the whole of crystallography. A novel measurement scheme that allows multiplexed simultaneous measurements from multiple nearby sample volumes...
Patent
Full-text available
The present invention provides for an electrostatic microelectromechanical (MEMS) device comprising a dielectric layer separating a first conductor and a second conductor. The first conductor is moveable towards the second conductor, when a voltage is applied to the MEMS device. The dielectric layer recovers from dielectric charging failure almost...
Article
The gravitational acceleration of antimatter, ḡ, has never been directly measured and could bear importantly on our understanding of gravity, the possible existence of a fifth force, and the nature and early history of the universe. Only two avenues for such a measurement appear to be feasible: antihydrogen and muonium. The muonium measurement requ...
Patent
A nanopositioning system for producing a coupling interaction between a first nanoparticle and a second nanoparticle. A first MEMS positioning assembly includes an electro-static comb drive actuator configured to selectively displace a first nanoparticle in a first dimension and an electrode configured to selectively displace the first nanoparticle...
Article
Hard X-ray phase zone plates are focusing optics used for X-ray microscopes at synchrotron radiation facilities. The resolution is determined by the outer-most zone width (OZW) and modern lithographic techniques are capable of patterning OZW less than 100 nm. Efficiency of a phase zone plate will peak when the zones have a thickness that provides a...
Article
Transverse coherence of the x-ray beam from a bending magnet source was studied along multiple directions using a 2-D π/2 phase grating by measuring interferogram visibilities at different distances behind the grating. These measurements suggest that the preferred measuring orientation of a 2-D checkerboard grating is along the diagonal directions...
Article
Full-text available
Molecular dynamics simulations in conjunction with finite element calculations are used to explore the conformational dynamics of a thermo-sensitive oligomer, namely poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), subjected to an ultra-fast heating-cooling cycle. Finite element (FE) calculations were used to predict the temperature profile resulting from las...
Article
Full-text available
Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) is a thermosensitive polymer that is well-known for its behavior at a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) around 305 K. Below the LCST, PNIPAM is soluble in water, and above this temperature, polymer chains collapse and transform into a globule state. The conformational dynamics of single chains of polyme...
Article
Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) is a thermo-sensitive polymer that exhibits a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) around 305 K. Below the LCST, PNIPAM is soluble in water and above this temperature polymer chains collapse prior to aggregation. In the presence of methanol, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy suggests that,...
Conference Paper
All-atom Molecular Dynamics Simulations of Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) Grafted Architectures Ganesh Kamath3, Sanket A. Deshmukh1, Derrick C. Mancini2, Subramanian K.R.S. Sankaranarayanan1 1Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 2Physical Sciences and Engineering, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL...
Article
Nano-Crystalline Diamond (NCD) thin films are a topic of recent interest due to their excellent mechanical and electrical properties. The inclusion of nitrogen is a specific interest as its presence within NCD modifies its conductive properties. The methodology adopted for the characterization of nitrogen incorporated NCD films grown on a chromium...
Conference Paper
This paper presents the results of our fully coupled, two-dimensional (2D) simulation of the swelling behavior of glucose-sensitive hydrogels at a constant glucose level with change in the surrounding pH. The model consists of a system of glucose-sensitive hydrogel and ionic fluid as a solvent. The hydrogel consists of two enzymes: glucose-oxidase...
Conference Paper
We present our simulation results of swelling responses of the pH-sensitive, 3D-arbitarary-geometry hydrogel in steady state conditions. The swelling responses of the hydrogels to the changes in environmental stimuli such as solution pH are discussed. The finite element simulation uses three nonlinear partial-differential equations for responsible...
Article
Full-text available
We consider a measurement of the gravitational acceleration of antimatter, gbar, using muonium. A monoenergetic, low-velocity, horizontal muonium beam will be formed from a surface-muon beam using a novel technique and directed at an atom interferometer. The measurement requires a precision three-grating interferometer: the first grating pair creat...
Article
We have perfected a micromachining technology based on microlithography and electroforming for producing uniformly redundant arrays (URA) and Young's slits for coherence measurements in synchrotron radiation beamlines. The structures may act as absorbent objects or as phase objects. Two microfabrication techniques were used. Optical lithography in...
Article
Thermodynamic considerations based on the free energy of hydration, free energy of solvation and partition coefficient predictions of the monomer N-isopropyl-acrylamide (NIPAM) determined using various intermolecular potentials are used to elucidate the origin of hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity across the lower critical solution temperature (LCST). T...
Article
Full-text available
High-heat-load studies on Si double crystal monochromator that is internally cooled with liquid nitrogen flow were performed as APS-Upgrade planned to increase ring current to 150 mA. The monochromator consists of two separated Si crystals with diffraction surfaces oriented along (111), diffracting vertically to produce a fixed 35 mm beam offset. R...
Patent
Full-text available
An efficient deposition process is provided for fabricating reliable RF MEMS capacitive switches with multilayer ultrananocrystalline (UNCD) films for more rapid recovery, charging and discharging that is effective for more than a billion cycles of operation. Significantly, the deposition process is compatible for integration with CMOS electronics...
Article
This paper investigated the effect of chromium underlayer on the structure, microstructure and composition of the nano-crystalline diamond films. Nano-crystalline diamond thin films were deposited at high temperature in microwave-induced plasma diluted with nitrogen, on silicon substrate with a thin film of chromium as an underlayer. The compositio...
Article
Solvation dynamics and conformational transformation in oligomers with varying degree of temperature sensitivity is studied using molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. Conformational transformation in three model systems namely poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), poly(acrylamide) (PAA), and poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) are compared and contrasted t...
Article
We report a simple synthesis technique to attached poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) on magnetic nanoparticles. Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles were prepared using co-precipitation method. Nearly monodisperse nanoparticles were separated by terminating surface of Fe3O4 with dopamine followed by careful centrifugation and decantation. NHS/EDC coupling chemis...
Article
Temperature-sensitive ferrogel prepared using Fe3O4 nanoparticles are characterized under varying temperature conditions. The nanoparticles were distributed in Nisopropylacrylamide (NIPAm) during their polymerization to form hydrogel. Particle distribution and agglomeration characteristics of the prepared ferrogels were investigated using ultra sma...
Article
Here we report on the effort to develop a hard x-ray grating interferometry technique for application to hard x-ray optics and wavefront characterization at the Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory, USA. We will mention the motivation for developing an x-ray interferometer at the APS and discuss the design of the interferometer...
Article
We report on the ongoing effort to develop hard x-ray Talbot interferometry at the Advanced Photon Source (APS), Argonne National Laboratory, USA. We describe the design of the interferometer and preliminary results obtained at 25 keV using a feather and a phantom sample lithographically fabricated of gold. We mention the future developmental goals...
Article
The vibrational spectrum of water near a thermo-sensitive polymer poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) undergoing conformational transition through the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) is calculated using molecular dynamics simulations. The characteristic structural features observed at the atomic scale for these proximal water molecules...
Article
Molecular dynamics simulations (MD) are used to calculate the vibrational spectra of a thermo-sensitive oligomer, namely, poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM) and a non-thermo-sensitive oligomer, namely, poly(acrylamide) (PAAM) and characterize the atomic scale conformations. Despite the structural similarity between the two polymers, the response...
Article
Full-text available
Conformational transitions in thermo-sensitive polymers are critical in determining their functional properties. The atomistic origin of polymer collapse at the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) remains a fundamental and challenging problem in polymer science. Here, molecular dynamics simulations are used to establish the role of solvation...
Article
We compare the characteristics of ferrogels prepared with and without the presence of a uniform magnetic field using Fe3O4 and Fe2O3 nanoparticles immobilized in hydrogels of N-isopropylacrylamide. The spatial distribution and agglomeration of the nanoparticles within the ferrogels were investigated using ultra small angle x-ray scattering (USAXS)...
Article
Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAM), a classic thermo-sensitive polymer, has a lower critical solution temperature (LCST) at ∼32°C. In this work we have used molecular dynamics simulations to understand the origin of the LCST and agglomeration of PNIPAM chains of 5 and 30 monomer units (5-mer and 30-mer). Experimentally, when the concentration of...
Article
Full-text available
Measurements of the spatial and temporal coherence of single, femtosecond x-ray pulses generated by the first hard x-ray free-electron laser, the Linac Coherent Light Source, are presented. Single-shot measurements were performed at 780 eV x-ray photon energy using apertures containing double pinholes in "diffract-and-destroy" mode. We determined a...
Article
Full-text available
While hard x‐ray zone plates have made great advances recently towards improved resolution, their focusing efficiency requires further development. This problem becomes more important as higher‐energy x‐rays are used for x‐ray microscopy. The current method for fabricating zone plates involves a dielectric mold, which is then electroplated into, b...
Article
Determination of the elemental composition is important to correlate the properties of nitrogen incorporated Ultrananocrystalline Diamond (UNCD) thin films with their growth conditions. Films were deposited by CVD deposition technology and nitrogen incorporation was introduced by diluting the growth Ar/CH4 plasma with N2 gas. Deposition of UNCD thi...
Article
Investigations into the effects of high-energy ion bombardment of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) thin films was performed using 3 and 6 MeV protons and 24 MeV F4+, with the fluence of 2.1×1017 ions/cm2, 2.9×1017 ions/cm2, and 6.7×1015 ions/cm2 respectively. Objective of the research is to investigate the effect of structural damage on the phys...
Article
Nanowires and nanowire-like arrays have received substantial attention as a result of both their proven and potential relevance in technological applications. Among the nanowire fabrication technologies, block copolymer (BCP) lithography is currently attaining increased interest due to a number of advantages including: (a) large throughput patterni...
Article
This paper presents the results of our analysis of ferrogels prepared using uncoated and polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-coated magnetite (Fe3O4) nanoparticles. The N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) based hydrogel is used with 15-25 nm Fe3O4 nanoparticles different concentrations in the range 1.25 -14%. These samples were analyzed using ultra small angle x-...
Article
X-ray fluorescence spectra from magnetized iron excited by circularly polarized synchrotron radiation are reported. The Fe L2.3 emission band gives rise to a distinct dichroic signal in confirmation of a recent theoretical prediction. These preliminary experiments carried out with “white” and only partially circularly-polarized synchrotron radiatio...
Article
Full-text available
Soft-polymer based microparticles are currently being applied in many biomedical applications, ranging from bioimaging and bioassays to drug delivery carriers. As one class of soft-polymers, hydrogels are materials, which can be used for delivering drug cargoes and can be fabricated in controlled sizes. Among the various hydrogel-forming polymers,...
Article
X-ray zone plates are diffractive focusing optics composed of concentric rings of phase-shifting material with a changing period along their radii. Hard x-ray zone plates operate primarily in a range of photon energies from 3 to 30 keV. In order to achieve needed resolution and efficiency, high-aspect-ratio structures are typically patterned and fa...
Article
The simulation results of the swelling of hydrogels in steady state conditions are presented with an emphasis on its response to environmental stimuli such as solvent pH and external electrical potential. The simulation uses numerical model consisting of three partial differential equations namely the Nernst-Planck equation, Poisson's equation for...
Article
We report the fabrication results for an all-copper 220 GHz folded waveguide circuit. The fabrication method is based on UV lithography using SU-8 negative photoresist followed by copper electroforming. The method achieved the necessary dimensional accuracy, smooth vertical side walls, low cost of fabrication, and all-copper structure suitable for...
Article
Most current capacitive RF-MEMS switch technology is based on conventional dielectric materials such as SiO2 and Si3N4. However, they suffer not only from charging problems but also stiction problems leading to premature failure of an RF-MEMS switch. Ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD(R) (2-5 nm grains) and nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) (10- 100 nm...
Article
Full-text available
Hydrogels are 3-D network polymeric materials that exhibit a large volume phase-transition due to a of change in their environment so that the response causes the hydrogel to swell or shrink. Since hydrogels have been found to be useful for chemical sensing and delivery, there is a growing interest in their use for medicine. This ,requires a thorou...
Article
Full-text available
We present the details of our study on the internal stresses and adhesion strengths of SU-8 structures to different substrate seed layers. The effect of adhesion promoter - methacryloxy [propl] trimethoxysilane (MPTS), and OmniCoat - and different seed layer combinations (Ti/Cu/Ti, Ti/Cu, Cr/Au, and Cr/Au/Cr) was examined for internal stress and ad...
Conference Paper
Hydrogels are 3-D network polymeric materials that exhibit a phase-transition due to a change in their environment so that the response causes the hydrogel to swell or shrink. The changes in the solvent pH cause the hydrogel to swell or shrink, which is exploited for designing a drug delivery system. The time taken for drug uptake or delivery is an...
Conference Paper
The ferrogels elongate, contract, and deflect in response to an applied magnetic field. In order to study its response to magnetic fields, ferrogels were prepared using meghamite (Fe304) nanoparticles (size ∼ 10–25 nm) using the hydrogel based on N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAm). The particle distribution is determined for different cross-linking dens...
Article
The simulation results of the swelling of hydrogels in steady state conditions are presented with an emphasis on its response to environmental stimuli such as solvent pH and external electrical potential. The simulation uses numerical model consisting of three partial differential equations namely the Nernst–Planck equation, Poisson's equation for...
Article
Full-text available
Determination of the elemental composition is important to correlate the electrical and the optical properties of ultrananocrystalline diamond (UNCD) films, doped with and without nitrogen. To obtain the complete picture of impurities in the UNCD thin films, Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (RBS), Non-Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy (N...
Article
A novel fabrication process produces high porosity polymer nanofilters with smooth, uniform, and straight pores with high aspect ratios. The process utilizes electron beam lithography and energetic neutral atom beam lithography and epitaxy techniques. The method has the potential to produce a new generation of high-precision, very-high-porosity, bi...
Article
Full-text available
Because of exceptional mechanical, chemical, and tribological properties, diamond has a great potential to be used as a material for the development of high-performance MEMS and NEMS such as resonators and switches compatible with harsh environments, which involve mechanical motion and intermittent contact. Integration of such MEMS/NEMS devices wit...
Article
In this study, we compare the characteristics of ferrogels prepared using gamma-Fe2O3 and Fe3O4 nanoparticles. The magnetic nanoparticles with ~ 20 nm diameter were distributed in N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAM) gel prepared using N,N'-methylenebisacrylamide (BIS), ammonium persulfate (APS) and N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine (TEMED). Particle d...
Article
Full-text available
Fresnel zone plates are important x-ray diffractive optics which offer a focusing resolution approaching the theoretical limit. In hard x-ray region, the refractive indices of all the materials are close to unity, which requests thick zone plate to achieve a reasonable efficiency. It makes high-resolution zone plate extremely difficult to fabricate...
Article
Full-text available
We have developed a novel method for patterning nanoscale composite hydrogel materials on silicon through electron beam lithography. Gold particles were introduced into poly N-isopropylacrylamide (PNIPAam) patterned by e-beam lithography. By including BAC, the polymer can covalently bond to the colloidal gold nanoparticles. Such composites can be s...
Article
Chemical and morphological changes induced by an X-ray photochemical reaction in tetrachloroauric solutions leading to Au(3+)-to-Au(0) reduction are monitored in real time by X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray small angle scattering. Prior to metal precipitation, the intermediate state, also observed by other techniques, is unambiguously deter...
Article
Full-text available
This paper outlines new approaches for utilizing X-rays for gold nanoparticles deposition by performing Surface Photochemistry Induced by X-ray Irradiation (SPIXI). High-energy synchrotron radiation was used to induce the deposition of gold nanoparticles from a gold-salt solution onto different sur-faces. By controlling the deposition parameters (d...
Article
This paper presents the results of our work in building a finite element based numerical model, to study and understand the actuation characteristics of gels especially in response to the changes in pH, temperature and electrical potential. Steady state behavior of the gel is considered initially within an overall model based on 'equilibrium mechan...
Article
Full-text available
Highly luminescent semiconductor quantum dots have been synthesized in porous materials with ultraviolet and x-ray lithography. For this, the pore-filling solvent of silica hydrogels is exchanged with an aqueous solution of a group II metal ion together with a chalcogenide precursor such as 2-mercaptoethanol, thioacetamide or selenourea. The chalco...
Article
A polymer synthesis method is presented in which chain growth driven by exothermic reaction stimulates a gradual chain collapse. The globular precipitates in such systems can be restrained from coalescing by polymerizing in a quiescent environment. Time-resolved small-angle scattering study of the methacrylic acid polymerization kinetics in a quies...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, the authors report the mechanical properties of three emerging materials in thin film form: single crystal silicon carbide (3C- Si C ) , ultrananocrystalline diamond, and hydrogen-free tetrahedral amorphous carbon. The materials are being employed in micro- and nanoelectromechanical systems. Several reports addressed some of the mecha...
Article
Full-text available
A wet metal deposition process on GaAs surfaces is described. The process is induced by high energy x-ray photons and is mediated by photon-generated carriers through the photoelectrochemical mechanism similar to that for light-induced wet etching. The micrometer to submicrometer feature fabrication using this process is demonstrated.