# Denisse PastenUniversity of Chile · Departamento de Física (Ciencias)

Denisse Pasten

PhD. Physics

## About

40

Publications

3,246

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273

Citations

Introduction

Additional affiliations

May 2018 - December 2021

November 2011 - January 2015

## Publications

Publications (40)

We focus on characterizing the high-energy emission mechanisms of blazars by analyzing the variability in the radio band of the light curves of more than a thousand sources. We are interested in assigning complexity parameters to these sources, modeling the time series of the light curves with the method of the Horizontal Visibility Graph (HVG), wh...

{We focus on characterizing the high-energy emission mechanisms of blazars by analyzing the variability in the radio band of the light curves of more than a thousand sources. We are interested in assigning complexity parameters to these sources, modeling the time series of the light curves with the method of the Horizontal Visibility Graph (HVG), w...

Studies from complex networks have increased in recent years, and different applications have been utilized in geophysics. Seismicity represents a complex and dynamic system that has open questions related to earthquake occurrence. In this work, we carry out an analysis to understand the physical interpretation of two metrics of complex systems: th...

One of the fundamental open questions in plasma physics is the role of non-thermal particles distributions in poorly collisional plasma environments, a system that is commonly found throughout the Universe, e.g., the solar wind and the Earth’s magnetosphere correspond to natural plasma physics laboratories in which turbulent phenomena can be studie...

One of the fundamental open questions in plasma physics is the role of non-thermal particles distributions in poorly collisional plasma environments, a system commonly found throughout the Universe, e.g. the solar wind and the Earth’s magnetosphere correspond to natural plasma physics laboratories in which turbulent phenomena can be studied. Our st...

In this Chapter we introduce the basic tools of fractals and complex networks and we show some applications to earthquakes.
In a first approach from complex systems to earthquakes, we introduce the fractal theory, talking about dimensions and describing the box-counting dimension and the multifractal spectrum of dimension. In this way, it is possib...

Four geographical zones are defined along the trench that is formed due to the subduction of the Nazca plate underneath the South American plate; they are denoted A, B, C and D from north to south; zones A, B and D had a major earthquake after 2010 (magnitude over 8.0), while zone C has not, thus offering a contrast for comparison. For each zone, a...

The intraplate and interplate seismic catalogues of Iquique (Chile) area were investigated by using seismological (b value of the Gutenberg–Richter law), fractal (Allan Factor and detrended fluctuation analysis) and topological (Horizontal Visibility Graph) methods. The two catalogues show different stress state indicated by the different b value,...

Abstract. Four geographical zones are deﬁned along the trench that is formed due to the subduction of the Nazca Plate underneath the South American plate; they are denoted A, B, C and D from North to South; zones A, B, and D had a major earthquake after 2010 (Magnitude over 8.0), while zone C has not, thus oﬀering a contrast for comparison. For eac...

Abstract. Four geographical zones are defined along the trench that is formed due to the subduction of the Nazca Plate underneath the South American plate; they are denoted A, B, C and D from North to South; zones A, B and D have had a major earthquake after 2010 (8.0), while zone C has not, thus offering a contrast for comparison. For each zone a...

We have studied turbulent plasma as a complex system applying the method known as Horizontal Visibility Graph (HVG) to obtain the Kullback-Leibler Divergence (KLD) as a first approach to characterize the reversibility of the time series of the magnetic fluctuations. For this, we have developed the method on Particle In Cell (PIC) simulations for a...

In this work we have analyzed turbulent plasma in the kinetic scale by the characterization of magnetic fluctuations time series. Considering numerical Particle-In-Cell (PIC) simulations we apply a method known as MultiFractal Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (MFDFA) to study the fluctuations of solar-wind-like plasmas in thermodynamic equilibrium (r...

A fractal and multifractal study on a sample of superficial interplate and intraplate earthquakes in the central zone of Chile is presented. Epicenter and hypocenter data are considered. We find that the fractal dimension and the multifractal spectrum exhibit dependence on location, which suggests that these measures of complexity are able to disti...

We introduce a new method of characterizing the seismic complex systems using a procedure of transformation from complex networks into time series. The undirected complex network is constructed from seismic hypocenters data. Network nodes are marked by their connectivity. The walk on the graph following the time of succeeding seismic events generat...

We explore bursty multiscale energy dissipation from earthquakes flanked by latitudes 29° S and 35.5° S, and longitudes 69.501° W and 73.944° W (in the Chilean central zone). Our work compares the predictions of a theory of nonequilibrium phase transitions with nonstandard statistical signatures of earthquake complex scaling behaviors. For temporal...

The problem of universality of critical exponents in complex networks is studied based on networks built from seismic data sets. Using two data sets corresponding to Chilean seismicity (northern zone, including the 2014 Mw=8.2 earthquake in Iquique; and central zone without major earthquakes), directed networks for each set are constructed. Connect...

The 2001 Mw7.7 Bhuj mainshock seismic sequence in the Kachchh area, occurring during 2001 to 2012, has been analyzed using mono-fractal and multi-fractal dimension spectrum analysis technique. This region was characterized by frequent moderate shocks of Mw≥5.0 for more than a decade since the occurrence of 2001 Bhuj earthquake. The present study is...

Three seismic sequences of several thousand earthquakes each are analyzed by means of a tunable information recognizer known as wlzip. These sequences are different both in the geographical coverage and the time span, including earthquakes of magnitude larger than 8.0. The main variable under scrutiny here is the time interval between consecutive e...

A complex network analysis of the seismic activity in the central zone of Chile is made, where each node corresponds to a location, where a seism occurs. The M
w
= 8.3 Illapel earthquake (16 September 2015) is included in the data set studied. Assuming a self-similar data network, the value of the power law characteristic exponent γ for the link pr...

A complex network analysis of the seismic activity in the central zone of Chile is made, where each node corresponds to a location, where a seism occurs. The \(M_w =\) 8.3 Illapel earthquake (16 September 2015) is included in the data set studied. Assuming a self-similar data network, the value of the power law characteristic exponent \(\gamma\) fo...

We explore bursty multiscale energy dissipation from earthquakes flanked by latitudes 29 and 35.5 • S, and longitudes 69.501 and 73.944 • W (in the Chilean central zone). Our work compares the predictions of a theory of nonequilibrium phase transitions with non-standard statistical signatures of earthquake complex scaling behaviors. For temporal 5...

We explore bursty multiscale energy dissipation from earthquakes
flanked by latitudes 29 and 35.5° S, and longitudes 69.501
and 73.944° W (in the Chilean central zone). Our work
compares the predictions of a theory of nonequilibrium phase
transitions with nonstandard statistical signatures of earthquake
complex scaling behaviors. For temporal scale...

A multifractal analysis of seismicity of three large earthquakes in Chile is made: the Central Zone 1985 (M
W
= 8.0), Antofagasta 1995 (M
W
= 8.1), and Maule 2010 (M
W
= 8.8) earthquakes. The analysis shows that the fractal dimension spectrum D
q
decreases with time before an earthquake. This fact suggests that the spatial distribution of seismic e...

The effect of green/red asymmetry is studied for the single-car traffic model proposed in [B.A. Toledo, V. Muñoz, J. Rogan, C. Tenreiro, J.A. Valdivia, Modeling traffic through a sequence of traffic lights, Phys. Rev. E 70 (1) (2004) 016107], on two different signal synchronization strategies, namely, all signals in phase, and a green wave. The asy...

Statistical and fractal properties of the spatial distribution of earthquakes in the central zone of Chile are studied. In particular, data are shown to behave according to the well-known Gutenberg-Richter law. The fractal structure is evident for epicenters, not for hypocenters. The multifractal spectrum is also determined, both for the spatial di...

The scale-free and small-world properties are studied in detail for the complex earthquake networks constructed from the seismic data sets taken from California (USA), Japan, Iran and Chile. It is found that, in all these geographical regions, both the exponent γ of the power-law connectivity distribution and the clustering coefficient C take the u...

When the target is in the solid state, most infrared spectral features are manifestly asymmetric; hence, a line shape function well-grounded in theory is necessary to ascertain the net energy taken by the associated electronic transition. The main sources for spectral line broadening, asymmetry, and shift, no matter the transferred energy, are mult...

Earthquake network is known to be of the small-world type. The values of the
network characteristics, however, depend not only on the cell size (i.e., the
scale of coarse graining needed for constructing the network) but also on the
size of a seismic data set. Here, discovery of a scaling law for the clustering
coefficient in terms of the data size...

The properties of earthquake networks have been studied so far mainly for the seismic data sets taken from California, Japan and Iran, and features common in these regions have been reported in the literature. Here, an earthquake network is constructed and analyzed for the Chilean data to examine if the scale-free and small-world properties of the...

We explore in detail the nontrivial and chaotic behavior of the traffic model proposed by Toledo et al. [Phys. Rev. E 70, 016107 (2004)] due to the richness of behavior present in the model, in spite of the fact that it is a minimalistic representation of basic city traffic dynamics. The chaotic behavior, previously shown for a given lower bound in...

This paper describes a large obsidian deposit located along the southern banks of Laguna Blanca, on the eastern slope of the Jarellón volcanic caldera near the Chilean–Bolivian border. The obsidian at this site occurs in flows or sheets of deflated black or reddish to brown pebbles, redeposited on the shores of a lake. Blocks of obsidian are only f...

The PF-400J plasma focus device (400 J of energy) was studied in a similar way to a pulsed source of high-energy x-ray radiation. High-sensitivity fast-response commercial radiographic film and different metal filter array combinations were used to study the energy of the proper emitted x-ray. The effective energy of the hard x-ray radiation is stu...

The shape of the bands for photon absorption and emission by the local constituents of a solid is governed mainly by processes involving many low-energy acoustic phonons. This applies not only to wide bands, such as those exhibited by F centers, but also to narrow ones, as those observed for infrared absorption by local vibration modes of U centers...

## Projects

Projects (2)

The main goal of this research proposal is to describe and characterize the point of transition when a main earthquake occurs,
by studying some characteristic parameters of a seismic complex network before and after a large seismic event. For this
purpose, we will compare two methods to build a complex network from a sequence of seismic events: a time based complex
network, which has information on the spatial distribution of seisms, and a visibility graph [5], which has information on
magnitude distribution. These two methods will be applied to seismic data obtained for various zones in Chile.